Björn Borg

Last updated on 15 September 2017

Björn Rune Borg (Swedish pronunciation: [bjœːɳ bɔrj]; born 6 June 1956) is a Swedish former world No. 1 tennis player widely considered to be one of the greatest in the history of the sport.[1][2][3] Between 1974 and 1981 he became the first man in the Open Era to win 11 Grand Slam singles titles (six at the French Open and five consecutive at Wimbledon). He also won three year-end championships and 15 Grand Prix Super Series titles. Overall, he set numerous records that still stand.

A teenage sensation at the start of his career, Borg's unprecedented stardom and consistent success helped propel the rising popularity of tennis during the 1970s.[4] As a result, the professional tour became more lucrative, and in 1979 he was the first player to earn more than one million dollars in prize money in a single season. He also made millions in endorsements throughout his career. The downside, however, was the constant attention and pressure eventually caused burnout and his retirement at the age of 26.[5]

Bj%C3%B6rn Borg (1987) color.jpg
Björn Borg (1987) color.jpg

Early life

Björn Borg was born in Stockholm, Sweden, on 6 June 1956, as the only child of Rune and Margaretha Borg.[3] He grew up in nearby Södertälje. As a child, Borg became fascinated with a golden tennis racket that his father won at a table-tennis tournament. His father gave him the racket, beginning his tennis career.[6]

A player of great athleticism and endurance, he had a distinctive style and appearance—bowlegged and very fast. His muscularity allowed him to put heavy topspin on both his forehand and two-handed backhand. He followed Jimmy Connors in using the two-handed backhand. By the time he was 13 he was beating the best of Sweden's under-18 players, and Davis Cup captain Lennart Bergelin (who served as Borg's primary coach throughout his professional career) cautioned against anyone trying to change Borg's rough-looking, jerky strokes.[7]

Career

1972/73 – Davis Cup debut and first year on the tour

At the age of 15 Borg represented Sweden in the 1972 Davis Cup and won his debut singles rubber in five sets against veteran Onny Parun of New Zealand. Later that year, he won the Wimbledon junior singles title, recovering from a 5–2 deficit in the final set to overcome Britain's Buster Mottram. Then in December he won the Orange Bowl Junior Championship for boys, 18 and under after a straight sets victory in the final over Vitas Gerulaitis.[8][9] Borg joined the professional circuit in 1973, and reached his first singles final in April at the Monte Carlo Open which he lost to Ilie Năstase.[10] He was unseeded at his first French Open and reached the fourth round where he lost in four sets to eight-seeded Adriano Panatta. Borg was seeded sixth at his first Wimbledon Championships, in large part due to a boycot by the ATP, and reached the quarterfinal where he was defeated in a five-set match by Roger Taylor.[11] In the second half of 1973 he was runner-up in San Francisco, Stockholm and Buenos Aires and finished the year ranked No. 18.[10][12]

1974 – First French Open title

Borg made his only appearance at the Australian Open, at the age of 17, and reached the third round where he lost in straight sets to eventual finalist Phil Dent. In January he won his first career singles title at the New Zealand Open[13], followed by titles in London and São Paulo in February and March respectively. Just before his 18th birthday in June 1974, Borg won his first top-level singles title at the Italian Open, defeating defending champion and top-seeded Ilie Năstase in the final and becoming its youngest winner.[14][15][16] Two weeks later he won the singles title at the French Open, his first Grand Slam tournament title, defeating Manuel Orantes in the final in five sets. Barely 18, Borg was the youngest-ever male French Open champion up to that point.

1975 – Retained French Open title

In early 1975, Borg defeated Rod Laver, then 36 years old, in a semifinal of the World Championship Tennis (WCT) finals in Dallas, Texas, in five sets. Borg subsequently lost to Arthur Ashe in the final. Borg retained his French Open title in 1975, beating Guillermo Vilas in the final in straight sets.[17] Borg then reached the Wimbledon quarterfinals, where he lost to eventual champion Ashe. Borg did not lose another match at Wimbledon until 1981. Borg won two singles and one doubles rubber in the 1975 Davis Cup final, as Sweden beat Czechoslovakia 3–2. With these singles wins, Borg had won 19 consecutive Davis Cup singles rubbers since 1973. That was already a record at the time. However, Borg never lost another Davis Cup singles rubber, and, by the end of his career, he had stretched that winning streak to 33.[18]

1976 – First Wimbledon title

In early 1976, Borg won the World Championship Tennis year-end WCT Finals in Dallas, Texas, with a four-set victory over Guillermo Vilas in the final. At the 1976 French Open, Borg lost to the Italian Adriano Panatta, who remains the only player to defeat Borg at this tournament. Panatta did it twice: in the fourth round in 1973, and in the 1976 quarterfinals. Borg won Wimbledon in 1976 without losing a set, defeating the favored Ilie Năstase in the final. Borg became the youngest male Wimbledon champion of the modern era at 20 years and 1 month (a record subsequently broken by Boris Becker, who won Wimbledon aged 17 in 1985). It would be the last time Borg played Wimbledon as an underdog. Năstase later exclaimed, "We're playing tennis, he's [Borg] playing something else." Borg also reached the final of the 1976 US Open, which was then being played on clay courts. Borg lost in four sets to world no. 1 Jimmy Connors.

1977 – Second Wimbledon title and world No.1 ranking

In February 1977 World Championship Tennis (WCT) sued Borg and his management company IMG claiming that Borg had committed a breach of contract by electing to participate in the competing 1977 Grand Prix circuit instead of the WCT circuit. Borg eventually played, and won, a single WCT event, the Monte Carlo WCT.[19][20] An out-of-court settlement was reached whereby Borg committed to play six or eight WCT events in 1978 which were then part of the Grand Prix circuit.[21]

Borg skipped the French Open in 1977 because he was under contract with WTT, but he repeated his Wimbledon triumph, although this time he was pushed much harder. He defeated his good friend Vitas Gerulaitis in a semifinal in five sets.[22] In the final, Borg was pushed to five sets for the third time in the tournament, this time by Connors.[23] The win propelled Borg to the no. 1 ranking on the computer, albeit for just one week in August. Prior to the 1977 US Open, Borg aggravated a shoulder injury while waterskiing with Vitas Gerulaitis. This injury ultimately forced him to retire from the Open during a Round of 16 match vs Dick Stockton.[24] Through 1977, he had never lost to a player younger than himself.

1978 – French and Wimbledon titles

Borg was at the height of his career from 1978 through 1980, completing the difficult French Open-Wimbledon double all three years. In 1978, Borg won the French Open with a win over Vilas in the final. Borg did not drop a set during the tournament, a feat only he, Năstase (in 1973), and Rafael Nadal (in 2008, 2010 and 2017) have accomplished at the French Open during the open era. Borg defeated Connors in straight sets at the 1978 Wimbledon. At the US Open, now held on hard courts in Flushing Meadow, New York, he lost the final in straight sets to Connors. Borg was suffering from a bad blister on his thumb that required pre-match injections.[25] That autumn, Borg faced John McEnroe for the first time in a semifinal of the Stockholm Open, and lost to McEnroe.

Bjorn Borg (1979).jpg
Björn Borg playing a double-handed backhand shot at the 1979 ABN World Tennis Tournament

1979 – French and Wimbledon titles and year-end No.1 ranking

Borg lost to McEnroe again in four sets in the final of the 1979 WCT Finals but was now overtaking Connors for the top ranking. Borg established himself firmly in the top spot with his fourth French Open singles title and fourth straight Wimbledon singles title, defeating Connors in a straight-set semifinal at the latter tournament. At the French Open, Borg defeated big-serving Victor Pecci in a four-set final, and at Wimbledon, Borg took five sets to overcome an even bigger server, Roscoe Tanner. Borg was upset by Tanner at the US Open, in a four-set quarterfinal played under the lights. At the season-ending Masters tournament in January 1980, Borg survived a close semifinal against McEnroe. He then beat Gerulaitis in straight sets, winning his first Masters and first title in New York.

1980 – Fifth consecutive Wimbledon title

In June, he overcame Gerulaitis, again in straight sets, for his fifth French Open title. Again, he did not drop a set.[26]

Borg won his fifth consecutive Wimbledon singles title, the 1980 Wimbledon Men's Singles final, by defeating McEnroe in a five-set match, often cited as the best Wimbledon final ever played – the only comparable match being the Federer – Nadal final in 2008.[27][28] Having lost the opening set to an all-out McEnroe assault, Borg took the next two and had two championship points at 5–4 in the fourth. However, McEnroe averted disaster and went on to level the match in Wimbledon's most memorable 34-point tiebreaker, which he won 18–16. In the fourth-set tiebreak, McEnroe saved five match points, and Borg six set points, before McEnroe won the set.[28] Björn served first to begin the 5th set and fell behind 15–40. Borg then won 19 straight points on serve in the deciding set and prevailed after 3 hours, 53 minutes.[27] Borg himself commented years later that this was the first time that he was afraid that he would lose, as well as feeling that it was the beginning of the end of his dominance.[28][29]

He defeated McEnroe in the final of the 1980 Stockholm Open, and faced him one more time that year, in the round-robin portion of the year-end Masters, played in January 1981. With 19,103 fans in attendance, Borg won a deciding third-set tie-break for the second year in a row. Borg then defeated Ivan Lendl for his second Masters title.[28]

1981 – Sixth and final French Open title

Borg won his last Grand Slam title at the French Open in 1981, defeating Lendl in a five-set final. Borg's six French Open Grand Slam titles was a record bettered only by Rafael Nadal in 2012.

In reaching the Wimbledon final in 1981, Borg stretched his winning streak at the All England Club to a record 41 matches. In a semifinal, Borg was down to Connors by two sets to love, before coming back to win the match. However, Borg's streak was brought to an end by McEnroe, who defeated him in four sets. Years afterward, Borg remarked "And when I lost what shocked me was I wasn't even upset. That was not me: losing a Wimbledon final and not upset. I hate to lose." Borg around that time felt that his desire to play was gone, despite McEnroe's desperate efforts to persuade him not to retire and continue their rivalry.[29]

Borg went on to lose to McEnroe at the 1981 US Open. After that defeat, Borg walked off the court and out of the stadium before the ceremonies and press conference had begun, and headed straight for the airport.[28][29] There are reports that Borg received threats after his semifinal win over Connors. In later years, Borg apologized to McEnroe. The 1981 US Open would be the Swede's last Grand Slam final. Major tournaments and tour organizers were enforcing a new rule; by 1982, that players had to play at least 10 official tournaments per year. However, Borg wanted to curtail his schedule after many years of winning so often. Although he felt in good condition physically, he recognized that the relentless drive to win and defy tour organizers had begun to fade.[29]

Borg failed to win the US Open in 10 tries, losing four finals, 1976 and 1978 to Jimmy Connors, and 1980 and 1981 to McEnroe. He played on hard courts at the US Open from 1978 to 1981 and reached the final there on three occasions, in 1978, 1980 and 1981. He led 3–2 in the fifth set of the 1980 final, before losing. That match followed Borg's classic encounter with McEnroe at the 1980 Wimbledon. In 1978, 1979 and 1980, Borg was halfway to a Grand Slam after victories at the French and Wimbledon (the Australian Open being the last Grand Slam tournament of each year at the time) only to falter at Flushing Meadow, lefty Tanner his conqueror in 1979.

In 1982, Borg played only one tournament, losing to Yannick Noah in the quarterfinals of Monte Carlo in April. Nevertheless, Borg's announcement in January 1983 that he was retiring from the game at the age of 26 was a shock to the tennis world. McEnroe tried unsuccessfully to persuade Borg to continue. He did, however, play Monte Carlo again in March 1983, reaching the second round, and Stuttgart in July 1984.

Retirement

Bj%C3%B6rn Borg2.jpg
Borg in 1991

Upon retirement, Borg had three residences, a penthouse in Monte Carlo, not far from his pro shop, a mansion on Long Island, New York and a small island off the Swedish coast.

Borg later bounced back as the owner of the Björn Borg fashion label. In Sweden his label has become very successful, second only to Calvin Klein.[29][30]

Failed comeback

In the early-1990s, Borg attempted a comeback on the men's professional tennis tour. In doing so, he grew his hair out as it had been when he retired and returned to using a wooden racket; he had kept his hair cut and used modern graphite rackets in exhibitions he played during the later 1980s. Borg, however, failed to win a single match. He faced Jordi Arrese in his first match back, again at Monte Carlo but without practising or playing any exhibition matches, and fell in two sets. In his first nine matches, played in 1991 and 1992, Borg failed to win a single set. He fared slightly better in 1993, taking a set off his opponent in each of the three matches he played. He came closest to getting a win in what turned out to be his final tour match, falling to Alexander Volkov.

In 1992 Borg, aged 35, using a Donnay Graphite Midsize racket strung at 85 lbf tension, defeated John Lloyd, 37, at the Inglewood Forum Tennis Challenge. Borg later joined the champions tour, returning to shorter hair and using modern rackets.

Personal life

Bj%C3%B6rn Borg and Mariana Simionescu 1980.jpg
Borg and Simionescu in Snagov, Romania, on 24 July 1980

Borg married Romanian tennis pro Mariana Simionescu in Bucharest on 24 July 1980.[31] The marriage ended in divorce in 1984. He fathered a child by the Swedish model Jannike Björling, and he was married to the Italian singer Loredana Berté from 1989 to 1993.[29] In 2002, Borg married for a third time, wedding Patricia Östfeld on 8 June.[32]

He narrowly avoided personal bankruptcy when business ventures failed.[33][34]

Memorabilia preserved

In March 2006, Bonhams Auction House in London announced that it would auction Borg's Wimbledon trophies and two of his winning rackets on 21 June 2006.[35] Several players then called Borg in an attempt to make him reconsider, including Jimmy Connors and Andre Agassi who volunteered to buy them to keep them together. According to Dagens Nyheter – who had talked to Borg – McEnroe called Borg from New York and asked, "What's up? Have you gone mad?" and said "What the hell are you doing?"[36] The conversation with McEnroe, paired with pleas from Connors and Agassi, eventually persuaded Borg to buy out the trophies from Bonhams for an undisclosed amount.[29]

Distinctions and honors

Recognition

With 11 Grand Slam titles, Borg ranks sixth in the list of male tennis players who have won the most Grand Slam singles titles behind Roger Federer (19), Rafael Nadal (16), Pete Sampras (14), Roy Emerson (12), and Novak Djokovic (12). The French Open—Wimbledon double he achieved three times consecutively was called by Wimbledon officials "the most difficult double in tennis"[39] and "a feat considered impossible among today's players."[40] Only Nadal (in 2008 and 2010) and Federer (in 2009) have managed to achieve this double since, and Andre Agassi, Nadal, Federer and Djokovic are the only male players since Borg to have won the French Open and Wimbledon men's singles titles over their career. Ilie Năstase once said about Borg, "We're playing tennis, and he's playing something else".

In his 1979 autobiography, Jack Kramer, the long-time tennis promoter and great player himself, had already included Borg in his list of the 21 greatest players of all time. And in 2003, Bud Collins chose Borg as one of his top-five male players of all time.[41]

In 2008, ESPN.com asked tennis analysts, writers, and former players to build the perfect open era player. Borg was the only player mentioned in four categories: defense, footwork, intangibles, and mental toughness—with his mental game and footwork singled out as the best in open era history.[42]

Borg never won the US Open or the Australian Open, losing in the final at the US Open four times. The only players to defeat Borg in a Grand Slam final were fellow World No. 1 tennis players John McEnroe and Jimmy Connors. Even though it was then played on grass, a surface where he enjoyed much success, Borg chose to play the Australian Open only once, in 1974, where he lost in the third round. Phil Dent, a contemporary of Borg, has pointed out that skipping Grand Slam tournaments—especially the Australian Open—was not unusual then, before counting Grand Slam titles became the norm.[43] Additionally, another contemporary Arthur Ashe told Sports Illustrated, "I think Bjorn could have won the U.S. Open. I think he could have won the Grand Slam, but by the time he left, the historical challenge didn't mean anything. He was bigger than the game. He was like Elvis or Liz Taylor or somebody."[44]

Playing style

Borg had one of the most distinctive playing styles in the Open Era.[45] He played from the baseline, with powerful ground-strokes. His highly unorthodox backhand involved taking his racket back with both hands but actually generating his power with his dominant right hand, letting go of the grip with his left hand around point of contact, and following through with his swing as a one-hander.[46] He hit the ball hard and high from the back of the court and brought it down with considerable topspin, which made his ground strokes very consistent.[47] There had been other players, particularly Rod Laver and Arthur Ashe, who played with topspin on both the forehand and backhand, yet Laver and Ashe used topspin only as a way to mix up their shots to pass their opponents at the net easily. Borg was one of the first top players to use heavy topspin on his shots consistently.[45]

Complementing his consistent ground-strokes was his fitness. Both of these factors allowed Borg to be dominant at the French Open.[48]

One of the factors that made Borg unique was his dominance on the grass courts of Wimbledon, where baseliners since World War II did not usually succeed. Some experts attributed his dominance on this surface to his consistency, an underrated serve, equally underrated volleys, and his adaptation to grass courts. Against the best players, he almost always served-and-volleyed on his first serves (but he naturally played from the baseline after his second serves).[48][49]

Another trait usually associated with Borg is his grace under pressure. His calm court demeanor earned him the nickname of the "Ice Man" or "Ice-Borg."[50]

Borg's physical conditioning was legendary and unrivalled. He could outlast most of his opponents under the most grueling conditions. Contrary to popular belief, however, this wasn't due to his exceptionally low resting heart rate, often reported to be near 35 beats per minute. In his introduction to Borg's autobiography My Life and Game, Eugene Scott relates that this rumor arose from a medical exam the 18-year-old Borg once took for military service, where his pulse was recorded as 38. Scott goes on to reveal Borg's true pulse rate as "about 50 when he wakes up and around 60 in the afternoon."[51] Borg is credited with helping to develop the style of play that has come to dominate the game today.[49]

Career statistics

Singles performance timeline

Tournament 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 SR W–L Win %
Grand Slam tournaments
Australian Open A 3R A A A A A A A 0 / 1 1–1 50.00
French Open 4R W W QF A W W W W 6 / 8 49–2 96.08
Wimbledon QF 3R QF W W W W W F 5 / 9 51–4 92.73
US Open 4R 2R SF F 4R F QF F F 0 / 9 40–9 81.63
Win–Loss 10–3 11–3 16–2 17–2 10–1 20–1 18–1 20–1 19–2 11 / 27 141–16 89.81
Year-end championship
The Masters[a] A RR F A F A W W A 2 / 5 16–6 72.72
WCT Finals A F F W A SF F A A 1 / 5 10–3 76.92
Year end rankings 18 3 3 2 3 2 1 1 4 $3,655,751
  • The Australian Open was held twice in 1977, in January and December. Borg did not play either match.

Records

All-time records

Tournament Since Record accomplished Players matched References
Grand Slams 1877 89.81% (141–16) Major winning percentage Stands alone [52]
Grand Slam 1877 Won 3 tournaments without losing a set Richard Sears, Tony Trabert, Rafael Nadal [53]
Grand Slam 1877 88.9% (24–3) five set match record Stands alone
Grand Slam 1877 3 consecutive Channel Slams, French Open + Wimbledon (1978–80) Stands alone [54]
Wimbledon 1877 92.73% (51–4) match win percentage Stands alone [55]
Wimbledon 1877 41 consecutive match wins Stands alone [56]

Open Era records

  • These records were attained in the Open Era of tennis.
  • Records in bold indicate peer-less achievements.
  • ^ Denotes consecutive streak.
Time span Selected Grand Slam tournament records Players matched References
1976 Wimbledon —
1981 French Open
41% (11/27) title winning percentage Stands alone
1976 Wimbledon —
1981 French Open
89.81% (141–16) career match winning percentage Stands alone [57][58]
1976 Wimbledon —
1980 French Open
3 titles won without losing a set Rafael Nadal
1977–1981 5 consecutive years with a match winning percentage of 90%+ Stands alone
1976 Wimbledon —
1980 French Open
60.8% (3066–1973) career games winning percentage Stands alone
1978 French Open —
1978 US Open
66.5% (380–191) games winning percentage in 1 season Stands alone
1978 French Open —
1978 US Open
79.9% (127–32) games winning in one tournament Stands alone
1976 Wimbledon —
1980 Wimbledon
6 existing Major champions defeated in finals Roger Federer [b]
1973 Wimbledon —
1981 Wimbledon
Career 5 set match record 90.9% (11–1) Stands alone
1980 Wimbledon Longest tiebreak in a final (by points – 34) vs. John McEnroe John McEnroe
Grand Slam tournaments Time span Records at each Grand Slam tournament Players matched References
French Open 1979–1981 41 consecutive sets won Stands alone [59]
French Open 1978 81.4% (127–29) games winning percentage in 1 tournament Stands alone
French Open—Wimbledon 1978–1980 Accomplished a "Channel Slam": Winning both tournaments in the same year Rod Laver
Rafael Nadal
Roger Federer
[60]
French Open—Wimbledon 1978–1980 3 "Channel Slams"^: Winning both tournaments in the same year[39] Stands alone
Wimbledon 1976–1980 5 consecutive titles Roger Federer [39][61][62]
Wimbledon 1976 Won title without losing a set Roger Federer [63]
Wimbledon 1976–1981 41 consecutive match wins Stands alone [62]
Wimbledon 1973–1981 92.72% (51–4) match winning percentage Stands alone [62]
Time span Other selected records Players matched References
1973–1981 70% (63–27) career winning percentage against top 10 players Stands alone [64]
1973–1981 95.50% (525-25) career winning percentage after taking the 1st set of a match Stands alone
1973–1981 74.80% (119-40) career winning percentage in the deciding set (3rd or 5th) of a match Stands alone
1977–1980 4 consecutive years with a match winning percentage of 90%+ Stands alone
1978 49 consecutive matches won in 1 season Stands alone [65][66]
1978–1980 2 winning streaks of 35+ matches Roger Federer
1974–1981 59 titles at the age of 25 Stands alone [67]
1975–1976 16 titles won as a teenager Rafael Nadal [68]

Professional awards

See also

Notes

  1. ^ The Masters tournaments for 1977, 1979 and 1980 were actually held in January of the following year. In this table, however, the year of the tournament is listed for the preceding year.
  2. ^ The existing Major champions Borg defeated were Guillermo Vilas (1978 French Open), Ilie Năstase (1976 Wimbledon), Jimmy Connors (1977 & 1978 Wimbledon), Roscoe Tanner (1979 Wimbledon), Vitas Gerulaitis (1980 French Open) and John McEnroe (1980 Wimbledon).Federer beat Marat Safin (Australian Open 2004), Andre Agassi (US Open 2005), Andy Roddick (US Open 2006, Wimbledon 2004, 2005, 2009), Lleyton Hewitt (US Open 2004), Rafael Nadal (Wimbledon 2006, 2007 & Australian Open 2017) & Marin Cilic (Wimbledon 2017).

References

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  2. ^ "Bjorn Borg - Top 10 Men's Tennis Players of All Time". Sports Illustrated. Archived from the original on 18 September 2010. Retrieved 10 June 2017.
  3. ^ a b Pears, Tim (5 June 2005). "When he was king". The Guardian. London.
  4. ^ Douglas Robson (25 May 2006). "Borg still making the shots". USA Today.
  5. ^ Champions: Bjorn Borg, a 1983 documentary covering the end of Borg's career
  6. ^ "CNN.com Video". CNN.
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  9. ^ Jim Martz (25 May 2008). "Orange Bowl Celebrates 60th Anniversary". www.usta.com. USTA.
  10. ^ a b John Barrett, ed. (1974). World of Tennis '74. London: Queen Anne Press. pp. 330,331. ISBN 9780362001686.
  11. ^ John Barrett, ed. (1974). World of Tennis '74. London: Queen Anne. pp. 15–17, 30–32, 45–47. ISBN 978-0362001686.
  12. ^ "ATP Singles Ranking". Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP).
  13. ^ "Sports Whirl". The Virgin Islands Daily News. AP. 17 January 1974. p. 23 – via Google News Archive.
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  16. ^ "Tireless Borg halts Nastase for crown". St. Petersburg Times. 4 June 1974.
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  18. ^ "Davis Cup - Baghdatis breaks Borg's record in Europe Zone Group III". 3 Mar 2016.
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  21. ^ Barry Lorge (13 April 1978). "Peace Still Eludes Men's Pro Tennis". The Washington Post.
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  31. ^ "TENNIS Bjorn Borg weds in Bucharest". The Canberra Times. 54, (16,374). 25 July 1980. p. 18 – via National Library of Australia.
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  34. ^ "Borg Bankruptcy Sought". The New York Times. 24 October 1996. Retrieved 7 July 2008.
  35. ^ "Borg to auction off Wimbledon trophies". Usatoday.com. 3 March 2006. Retrieved 20 April 2012.
  36. ^ "McEnroe fick Borg på andra tankar". Dagens Nyheter (in Swedish). 28 March 2006. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007.
  37. ^ "Sports Personality: The winners". BBC Sport. 10 December 2006. Retrieved 20 April 2012.
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  41. ^ "Top Stars of Tennis", Bud Collins, MSNBC
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  46. ^ Aanalys av bra spelares teknik – Slagproffset Retrieved 2 July 2015
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  49. ^ a b "Största ögonblicket i idrottshistorien...". Aftonbladet. Retrieved 2 July 2015.
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  51. ^ Borg, Björn, and Eugene L. Scott. My Life and Game (1980), page 11
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Bibliography

  • Borg, Björn (1975). The Björn Borg Story. Chicago: H. Regnery Co. ISBN 0-8092-8184-8.
  • Borg, Björn; Eugene L. Scott (1980). My Life and Game. New York: Simon and Schuster. ISBN 0-283-98663-8.
  • John Barrett, editor, World of Tennis Yearbooks, London, from 1976 through 1983.
  • Michel Sutter, Vainqueurs Winners 1946–2003, Paris, 2003. Sutter has attempted to list all tournaments meeting his criteria for selection beginning with 1946 and ending in the fall of 1991. For each tournament, he has indicated the city, the date of the final, the winner, the runner-up, and the score of the final. A tournament is included in his list if: (1) the draw for the tournament included at least eight players (with a few exceptions, such as the Pepsi Grand Slam tournaments in the second half of the 1970s which included only players that had won a Grand Slam tournament); and (2) the level of the tournaments was at least equal to the present day challenger tournaments. Sutter's book is probably the most exhaustive source of tennis tournament information since World War II, even though some professional tournaments held before the start of the open era are missing. Later, Sutter issued a second edition of his book, with only the players, their wins, and years for the 1946 through 27 April 2003, period.

Video

  • The Wimbledon Collection – Legends of Wimbledon – Bjorn Borg Standing Room Only, DVD Release Date: 21 September 2004, Run Time: 52 minutes, ASIN: B0002HODA4.
  • The Wimbledon Collection – The Classic Match – Borg vs. McEnroe 1981 Final Standing Room Only, DVD Release Date: 21 September 2004, Run Time: 210 minutes, ASIN: B0002HODAE.
  • The Wimbledon Collection – The Classic Match – Borg vs. McEnroe 1980 Final Standing Room Only, DVD Release Date: 21 September 2004, Run Time: 240 minutes; ASIN: B0002HOEK8.
  • Wimbledon Classic Match: Gerulaitis vs Borg Standing Room Only, DVD Release Date: 31 October 2006, Run Time: 180 minutes, ASIN: B000ICLR8O.

External links

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