Astronomy Picture of the Day

Last updated on 2 August 2017

Astronomy Picture of the Day (APOD) is a website provided by NASA and Michigan Technological University (MTU). According to the website, "Each day a different image or photograph of our universe is featured, along with a brief explanation written by a professional astronomer."[1] The photograph does not necessarily correspond to a celestial event on the exact day that it is displayed, and images are sometimes repeated.[2] However, the pictures and descriptions often relate to current events in astronomy and space exploration. The text has several hyperlinks to more pictures and websites for more information. The images are either visible spectrum photographs, images taken at non-visible wavelengths and displayed in false color, video footage, animations, artist’s conceptions, or micrographs that relate to space or cosmology. Past images are stored in the APOD Archive, with the first image appearing on June 16, 1995.[3] This initiative has received support from NASA, the National Science Foundation, and MTU. The images are sometimes authored by people or organizations outside NASA, and therefore APOD images are often copyrighted, unlike many other NASA image galleries.[4]

When APOD began it received only 14 page views on its first day. As of 2012 it had received over a billion image views.[5] APOD is also translated into 21 languages daily.[6]

APOD was presented at a meeting of the American Astronomical Society in 1996.[7] Its practice of using hypertext[2] was analyzed in a paper in 2000.[8] It received a Scientific American Sci/Tech Web Award in 2001.[9] In 2002, the website was featured in an interview with Nemiroff on CNN Saturday Morning News.[10] In 2003, the two authors published a book titled The Universe: 365 Days[11] from Harry N. Abrams, which is a collection of the best images from APOD as a hardcover "coffee table" style book. APOD was the Featured Collection in the November 2004 issue of D-Lib Magazine.[12]

During the United States federal government shutdown of 2013, APOD continued its service on mirror sites.[13][14]

Dr. Robert J. Nemiroff and Dr. Jerry T. Bonnell were awarded the 2015 Klumpke-Roberts Award by the Astronomical Society of the Pacific "for outstanding contributions to public understanding and appreciation of astronomy" for their work on APOD.[15][16]

APOD161231-InfraredTrifid.png
APOD161231-InfraredTrifid.png

Pictures

The Earth seen from Apollo 17.jpg

Welcome to Planet Earth (March 25, 2007;[17] July 13, 2010[18])

Opportunity%27s shadow sol 180 (PIA06739).jpg

Shadow of a Martian Robot (August 3, 2004;[19] February 4, 2007;[20] June 29, 2008;[21] May 8, 2011;[22] March 29, 2015[23])

Trifid Nebula.jpg

Infrared Trifid (January 13, 2005;[24] July 7, 2007;[25] July 25, 2015;[26] December 31, 2016[27])

Mars Valles Marineris.jpeg

Valles Marineris: The Grand Canyon of Mars (July 16, 1995;[28] July 20, 1995;[29] June 27, 1997;[30] August 27, 2002;[31] August 24, 2003;[32] July 30, 2006;[33] March 27, 2011;[34] May 11, 2014;[35] May 29, 2016[36])

Eagle nebula pillars.jpg

M16: Pillars of Star Creation (November 6, 1995;[37] January 19, 1997;[38] April 12, 1998;[39] May 2, 1999;[40] September 24, 2000;[41] November 25, 2001;[42] October 26, 2003;[43] April 24, 2005;[44] February 18, 2007;[45] March 28, 2010;[46] July 22, 2012;[47] April 24, 2016[48])

Cat%27s Eye Nebula.jpg

The Cat's Eye Nebula (June 28, 1995;[49] July 4, 1996;[50] August 2, 1997;[51] November 1, 1998;[52] October 31, 1999;[53] March 24, 2002;[54] November 12, 2006;[55] December 27, 2009;[56] August 26, 2012;[57] July 3, 2016[58])

Moon Farside LRO.jpg

Lunar Farside (April 9, 2011;[59] April 5, 2014;[60] December 30, 2016[61])

3C75 in Radio%2BXray.jpg

Two Black Holes Dancing in 3C 75 (April 12, 2006;[62] November 9, 2008;[63] March 14, 2010;[64] September 28, 2014[65])

GRO J1655-40.jpg

The View Near a Black Hole (May 8, 2001;[66] June 1, 2003[67] December 26, 2004;[68] May 28, 2006;[69] April 19, 2009;[70] September 5, 2010;[71] March 23, 2014[72])

References

  1. ^ Nemiroff, Robert; Jerry Bonnell (April 3, 2007). "APOD homepage". NASA. Archived from the original on 29 December 2010. Retrieved December 30, 2010.
  2. ^ a b Nemiroff, Robert; Jerry Bonnell. "APOD Frequently Asked Questions". NASA. Retrieved December 30, 2010.
  3. ^ Nemiroff, R.; Bonnell, J., eds. (16 June 1995). "Neutron Star Earth". Astronomy Picture of the Day. NASA. Retrieved February 18, 2017.
  4. ^ Nemiroff, Robert; Jerry Bonnell. "About APOD Image Permissions". NASA. Retrieved December 30, 2010.
  5. ^ Nemiroff, R.; Bonnell, J., eds. (16 June 2012). "APOD Turns 17". Astronomy Picture of the Day. NASA. Retrieved September 25, 2012.
  6. ^ "About APOD". APOD. Retrieved September 25, 2012.
  7. ^ "AAS Meeting 187th Program". American Astronomical Society. 1996. Archived from the original on September 7, 2007. Retrieved April 3, 2007.
  8. ^ Carr, Leslie; Hall, Wendy; Miles-Board, Timothy (February 29, 2000). "Writing and Reading Hypermedia on the Web". Technical Report, Electronics and Computer Science, University of Southampton. Retrieved April 3, 2007.
  9. ^ "Sci/Tech Web Awards 2001—Astronomy and Astrophysics". Scientific American. May 14, 2001. Retrieved April 3, 2007.
  10. ^ "Saturday Morning News — Astronomy Picture of Day transcript". CNN. September 21, 2002. Retrieved April 3, 2007.
  11. ^ The Universe: 365 Days: Robert J. Nemiroff, Jerry T. Bonnell: Books
  12. ^ Wilson, Bonita (November 2004). "Featured Collection". D-Lib Magazine. 10 (11). doi:10.1045/november2004-featured.collectiones.
  13. ^ "How to follow APOD during a US government shutdown - Starship Asterisk*".
  14. ^ APOD mirror Archived October 3, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. accessdate October, 4th, 2013
  15. ^ "Klumpke-Roberts Award of The Astronomical Society of the Pacific". Astronomical Society.
  16. ^ "The Astronomical Society of the Pacific Announces Its 2015 Award Recipients For Astronomy Research And Education". Astronomical Society.
  17. ^ Nemiroff, R.; Bonnell, J., eds. (25 March 2007). "Welcome to Planet Earth". Astronomy Picture of the Day. NASA.
  18. ^ Nemiroff, R.; Bonnell, J., eds. (13 July 2010). "Mosaic: Welcome to Planet Earth". Astronomy Picture of the Day. NASA.
  19. ^ Nemiroff, R.; Bonnell, J., eds. (3 August 2004). "Shadow of a Martian Robot". Astronomy Picture of the Day. NASA.
  20. ^ Nemiroff, R.; Bonnell, J., eds. (4 February 2007). "Shadow of a Martian Robot". Astronomy Picture of the Day. NASA.
  21. ^ Nemiroff, R.; Bonnell, J., eds. (29 June 2008). "Shadow of a Martian Robot". Astronomy Picture of the Day. NASA.
  22. ^ Nemiroff, R.; Bonnell, J., eds. (8 May 2011). "Shadow of a Martian Robot". Astronomy Picture of the Day. NASA.
  23. ^ Nemiroff, R.; Bonnell, J., eds. (29 March 2015). "Shadow of a Martian Robot". Astronomy Picture of the Day. NASA.
  24. ^ Nemiroff, R.; Bonnell, J., eds. (13 January 2005). "Infrared Trifid". Astronomy Picture of the Day. NASA.
  25. ^ Nemiroff, R.; Bonnell, J., eds. (7 July 2007). "Infrared Trifid". Astronomy Picture of the Day. NASA.
  26. ^ Nemiroff, R.; Bonnell, J., eds. (25 July 2015). "Infrared Trifid". Astronomy Picture of the Day. NASA.
  27. ^ Nemiroff, R.; Bonnell, J., eds. (31 December 2016). "Infrared Trifid". Astronomy Picture of the Day. NASA.
  28. ^ Nemiroff, R.; Bonnell, J., eds. (16 July 1995). "The Exploration of Mars". Astronomy Picture of the Day. NASA.
  29. ^ Nemiroff, R.; Bonnell, J., eds. (20 July 1995). "The Grand Canyon of Mars". Astronomy Picture of the Day. NASA.
  30. ^ Nemiroff, R.; Bonnell, J., eds. (27 June 1997). "Mars: Just The Facts". Astronomy Picture of the Day. NASA.
  31. ^ Nemiroff, R.; Bonnell, J., eds. (27 August 2002). "Valles Marineris: The Grand Canyon of Mars". Astronomy Picture of the Day. NASA.
  32. ^ Nemiroff, R.; Bonnell, J., eds. (24 August 2003). "Valles Marineris: The Grand Canyon of Mars". Astronomy Picture of the Day. NASA.
  33. ^ Nemiroff, R.; Bonnell, J., eds. (30 July 2006). "Valles Marineris: The Grand Canyon of Mars". Astronomy Picture of the Day. NASA.
  34. ^ Nemiroff, R.; Bonnell, J., eds. (27 March 2011). "Valles Marineris: The Grand Canyon of Mars". Astronomy Picture of the Day. NASA.
  35. ^ Nemiroff, R.; Bonnell, J., eds. (11 May 2014). "Valles Marineris: The Grand Canyon of Mars". Astronomy Picture of the Day. NASA.
  36. ^ Nemiroff, R.; Bonnell, J., eds. (29 May 2016). "Valles Marineris: The Grand Canyon of Mars". Astronomy Picture of the Day. NASA.
  37. ^ Nemiroff, R.; Bonnell, J., eds. (6 November 1995). "M16: Stars Upon Pillars". Astronomy Picture of the Day. NASA.
  38. ^ Nemiroff, R.; Bonnell, J., eds. (19 January 1997). "From Eagle's EGGs A Star Is Born". Astronomy Picture of the Day. NASA.
  39. ^ Nemiroff, R.; Bonnell, J., eds. (12 April 1998). "Stars from Eagle's EGGs". Astronomy Picture of the Day. NASA.
  40. ^ Nemiroff, R.; Bonnell, J., eds. (2 May 1999). "Stars from Eagle's EGGs". Astronomy Picture of the Day. NASA.
  41. ^ Nemiroff, R.; Bonnell, J., eds. (24 September 2000). "M16: Stars from Eagle's EGGs". Astronomy Picture of the Day. NASA.
  42. ^ Nemiroff, R.; Bonnell, J., eds. (25 November 2001). "M16: Stars from Eagle's EGGs". Astronomy Picture of the Day. NASA.
  43. ^ Nemiroff, R.; Bonnell, J., eds. (26 October 2003). "M16: Stars from Eagle's EGGs". Astronomy Picture of the Day. NASA.
  44. ^ Nemiroff, R.; Bonnell, J., eds. (24 April 2005). "M16: Stars from Eagle's EGGs". Astronomy Picture of the Day. NASA.
  45. ^ Nemiroff, R.; Bonnell, J., eds. (18 February 2007). "M16: Pillars of Creation". Astronomy Picture of the Day. NASA.
  46. ^ Nemiroff, R.; Bonnell, J., eds. (28 March 2010). "M16: Pillars of Creation". Astronomy Picture of the Day. NASA.
  47. ^ Nemiroff, R.; Bonnell, J., eds. (22 July 2012). "M16: Pillars of Creation". Astronomy Picture of the Day. NASA.
  48. ^ Nemiroff, R.; Bonnell, J., eds. (24 April 2016). "M16: Pillars of Star Creation". Astronomy Picture of the Day. NASA.
  49. ^ Nemiroff, R.; Bonnell, J., eds. (28 June 1995). "The Cat's Eye Nebula". Astronomy Picture of the Day. NASA.
  50. ^ Nemiroff, R.; Bonnell, J., eds. (4 July 1996). "The Cat's Eye Nebula (Revisited)". Astronomy Picture of the Day. NASA.
  51. ^ Nemiroff, R.; Bonnell, J., eds. (2 August 1997). "The Cat's Eye Nebula". Astronomy Picture of the Day. NASA.
  52. ^ Nemiroff, R.; Bonnell, J., eds. (1 November 1998). "The Cat's Eye Nebula". Astronomy Picture of the Day. NASA.
  53. ^ Nemiroff, R.; Bonnell, J., eds. (31 October 1999). "The Cat's Eye Nebula". Astronomy Picture of the Day. NASA.
  54. ^ Nemiroff, R.; Bonnell, J., eds. (24 March 2002). "The Cat's Eye Nebula". Astronomy Picture of the Day. NASA.
  55. ^ Nemiroff, R.; Bonnell, J., eds. (12 November 2006). "The Cat's Eye Nebula". Astronomy Picture of the Day. NASA.
  56. ^ Nemiroff, R.; Bonnell, J., eds. (27 December 2009). "The Cat's Eye Nebula". Astronomy Picture of the Day. NASA.
  57. ^ Nemiroff, R.; Bonnell, J., eds. (26 August 2012). "The Cat's Eye Nebula". Astronomy Picture of the Day. NASA.
  58. ^ Nemiroff, R.; Bonnell, J., eds. (3 July 2016). "The Cat's Eye Nebula". Astronomy Picture of the Day. NASA.
  59. ^ Nemiroff, R.; Bonnell, J., eds. (9 April 2011). "Lunar Farside". Astronomy Picture of the Day. NASA.
  60. ^ Nemiroff, R.; Bonnell, J., eds. (5 April 2014). "Lunar Farside". Astronomy Picture of the Day. NASA.
  61. ^ Nemiroff, R.; Bonnell, J., eds. (30 December 2016). "Lunar Farside". Astronomy Picture of the Day. NASA.
  62. ^ Nemiroff, R.; Bonnell, J., eds. (12 April 2006). "Binary Black Hole in 3C 75". Astronomy Picture of the Day. NASA.
  63. ^ Nemiroff, R.; Bonnell, J., eds. (9 November 2008). "Two Black Holes Dancing in 3C 75". Astronomy Picture of the Day. NASA.
  64. ^ Nemiroff, R.; Bonnell, J., eds. (14 March 2010). "Binary Black Hole in 3C 75". Astronomy Picture of the Day. NASA.
  65. ^ Nemiroff, R.; Bonnell, J., eds. (28 September 2014). "Two Black Holes Dancing in 3C 75". Astronomy Picture of the Day. NASA.
  66. ^ Nemiroff, R.; Bonnell, J., eds. (8 May 2001). "GRO J1655 40: Evidence for a Spinning Black Hole". Astronomy Picture of the Day. NASA.
  67. ^ Nemiroff, R.; Bonnell, J., eds. (1 June 2003). "GRO J1655 40: Evidence for a Spinning Black Hole". Astronomy Picture of the Day. NASA.
  68. ^ Nemiroff, R.; Bonnell, J., eds. (26 December 2004). "GRO J1655 40: Evidence for a Spinning Black Hole". Astronomy Picture of the Day. NASA.
  69. ^ Nemiroff, R.; Bonnell, J., eds. (28 May 2006). "GRO J1655 40: Evidence for a Spinning Black Hole". Astronomy Picture of the Day. NASA.
  70. ^ Nemiroff, R.; Bonnell, J., eds. (19 April 2009). "The View Near a Black Hole". Astronomy Picture of the Day. NASA.
  71. ^ Nemiroff, R.; Bonnell, J., eds. (5 September 2010). "GRO J1655 40: Evidence for a Spinning Black Hole". Astronomy Picture of the Day. NASA.
  72. ^ Nemiroff, R.; Bonnell, J., eds. (23 March 2014). "The View Near a Black Hole". Astronomy Picture of the Day. NASA.

External links

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