Arothron is a genus in the pufferfish family Tetraodontidae found in warm parts of the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Ocean. These species are sometimes kept in aquaria. The largest species is A. stellatus, which can reach 1.2 m (3.9 ft) in length.
There are currently 14 recognized species in this genus:
- Arothron caeruleopunctatus Matsuura, 1994 (Blue-spotted puffer)
- Arothron carduus (Cantor, 1849)
- Arothron diadematus (Rüppell, 1829) (Masked puffer)
- Arothron firmamentum (Temminck & Schlegel, 1850) (Starry puffer)
- Arothron hispidus (Linnaeus, 1758) (White-spotted puffer)
- Arothron immaculatus (Bloch & J. G. Schneider, 1801) (Immaculate puffer)
- Arothron inconditus J. L. B. Smith, 1958 (Belly-striped puffer)
- Arothron manilensis (Marion de Procé, 1822) (Narrow-lined puffer)
- Arothron mappa (Lesson, 1831) (Map puffer)
- Arothron meleagris (Anonymous, referred to Lacépède, 1798) (Guineafowl puffer)
- Arothron multilineatus Matsuura, 2016 (Many-lined puffer)
- Arothron nigropunctatus (Bloch & J. G. Schneider, 1801) (Black-spotted puffer)
- Arothron reticularis (Bloch & J. G. Schneider, 1801) (Reticulated puffer)
- Arothron stellatus (Anonymous, referred to Lacépède, 1798) (Stellate puffer)
- ^ a b Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2016). Species of Arothron in FishBase. December 2016 version.
- ^ Eschmeyer, W. N., R. Fricke, and R. van der Laan, eds. (20 December 2016). Catalog of Fishes. California Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 20 December 2016.
- ^ Matsuura, K. (2016): A new pufferfish, Arothron multilineatus (Actinopterygii: Tetraodontiformes: Tetraodontidae), from the Indo-West Pacific. Ichthyological Research, 63 (4): 480-486.
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