96th United States Congress

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The Ninety-sixth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from January 3, 1979, to January 3, 1981, during the last two years of the administration of U.S. President Jimmy Carter.

The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the 1970 Census. Both chambers had a Democratic majority.

96th United States Congress
95th ←
→ 97th
USCapitol.jpg
January 3, 1979 – January 3, 1981
Senate President Walter Mondale (D)
Senate Pres. pro tem Warren Magnuson (D)
except December 5, 1980
Milton Young (R)
December 5, 1980
House Speaker Tip O'Neill (D)
Members 100 senators
435 representatives
5 non-voting delegates
Senate Majority Democratic
House Majority Democratic
Sessions
1st: January 15, 1979 – January 3, 1980
2nd: January 3, 1980 – December 16, 1980

Major events

Major legislation

Party summary

Senate

096senate.svg
Party standings on the opening day of the 96th Congress
  57 Democratic Senators
  1 Independent Senator, caucusing with Democrats
  42 Republican Senators
Party
(shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic
(D)
Independent
(I)
Republican
(R)
End of the previous congress 58 1 41 100 0
Begin 58 1 41 100 0
End 55 44
Final voting share 55.0% 1.0% 44.0%
Beginning of the next congress 46 1 53 100 0

House of Representatives

96 us house membership.png
House seats by party holding plurality in state
  80+% to 100% Republican
  80+% to 100% Democratic
  60+% to 80% Republican
  60+% to 80% Democratic
  50+% to 60% Republican
  50+% to 60% Democratic
  striped: 50–50 split

Total members: 435

Leadership

Senate

Majority (Democratic) leadership

Minority (Republican) leadership

House of Representatives

Majority (Democratic) leadership

Minority (Republican) leadership

Caucuses

Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate

Senators are popularly elected statewide every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress, In this Congress, Class 3 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1980; Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1982; and Class 2 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1984.

Alabama

Alaska

Arizona

Arkansas

California

Colorado

Connecticut

Delaware

Florida

Georgia

Hawaii

Idaho

Illinois

Indiana

Iowa

Kansas

Kentucky

Louisiana

Maine

Maryland

Massachusetts

Michigan

Minnesota

Mississippi

Missouri

Montana

Nebraska

Nevada

New Hampshire

New Jersey

New Mexico

New York

North Carolina

North Dakota

Ohio

Oklahoma

Oregon

Pennsylvania

Rhode Island

South Carolina

South Dakota

Tennessee

Texas

Utah

Vermont

Virginia

Washington

West Virginia

Wisconsin

Wyoming

House of Representatives

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

Alabama

(4–3 Democratic)

Alaska

(1 Republican)

Arizona

(2–2 split)

Arkansas

(2–2 split)

California

(26–17 Democratic)

Colorado

(3–2 Democratic)

Connecticut

(5–1 Democratic)

Delaware

(1 Republican)

Florida

(12–3 Democratic)

Georgia

(9–1 Democratic)

Hawaii

(2 Democrats)

Idaho

(2 Republicans)

Illinois

(13–11 Republican)

Indiana

(7–4 Democratic)

Iowa

(3–3 split)

Kansas

Kentucky

(4–3 Republican)

Louisiana

(5–3 Democratic)

Maine

(2 Republicans)

Maryland

(6–2 Democratic)

Massachusetts

(10–2 Democratic)

Michigan

(13–6 Democratic)

Minnesota

(4–4 split)

Mississippi

(3–2 Democratic)

Missouri

(8–2 Democratic)

Montana

(1–1 split)

Nebraska

(2–1 Republican)

Nevada

(1 Democrat)

New Hampshire

(1–1 split)

New Jersey

(10–5 Democratic)

New Mexico

(1–1 split)

New York

(26–13 Democratic)

North Carolina

(9–2 Democratic)

North Dakota

(1 Republican)

Ohio

(13–10 Republican)

Oklahoma

(5–1 Democratic)

Oregon

(4 Democrats)

Pennsylvania

(15–10 Democratic)

Rhode Island

(2 Democrats)

South Carolina

(4–2 Democratic)

South Dakota

(1–1 split)

Tennessee

(5–3 Democratic)

Texas

(20–4 Democratic)

Utah

(1–1 split)

Vermont

(1 Republican)

Virginia

(6–4 Republican)

Washington

(6–1 Democratic)

West Virginia

(4 Democrats)

Wisconsin

(6–2 Democratic)

Wyoming

(1 Republican)

Non-voting members

(4–1 Democratic)

Changes in Membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate

  • replacements: 4
  • deaths:
  • resignations: 4
  • vacancy:
  • Total seats with changes: 4
State
(class)
Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation
Maine
(Class 1)
Edmund Muskie
(D)
Resigned May 7, 1980 to become United States Secretary of State.
Successor appointed to finish the term.
George J. Mitchell
(D)
May 19, 1980
New Hampshire
(Class 3)
John A. Durkin
(D)
Resigned December 29, 1980 to give successor priority in seniority.
Successor appointed to finish the term.
Warren Rudman
(R)
December 29, 1980
Florida
(Class 3)
Richard Stone
(D)
Resigned December 30, 1980 to give successor priority in seniority.
Successor appointed to finish the term.
Paula Hawkins
(R)
January 1, 1981
Alabama
(Class 3)
Donald Stewart
(D)
Resigned January 2, 1981 to give successor priority in seniority.
Successor appointed to finish the term.
Jeremiah Denton
(R)
January 2, 1981

House of Representatives

  • replacements: 7
  • deaths: 1
  • resignations: 4
  • expulsion: 1
  • contested election:
  • Total seats with changes: 10
District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date successor
seated
California 11th Vacant Rep. Leo Ryan died during previous congress William Royer (R) April 3, 1979
Wisconsin 6th Vacant Rep. William A. Steiger died during previous congress Tom Petri (R) April 3, 1979
Illinois 10th Abner J. Mikva (D) Resigned September 26, 1979, after being appoined judge of U.S. Court of Appeals John Porter (R) January 22, 1980
Pennsylvania 11th Daniel J. Flood (D) Resigned January 31, 1980 Ray Musto (D) April 9, 1980
Louisiana 3rd David Treen (R) Resigned March 10, 1980, after being elected Governor of Louisiana Billy Tauzin (D) May 22, 1980
West Virginia 3rd John M. Slack, Jr. (D) Died March 17, 1980 John G. Hutchinson (D) June 30, 1980
Michigan 13th Charles Diggs (D) Resigned June 3, 1980 George W. Crockett, Jr. (D) November 4, 1980
New Mexico 2nd Harold L. Runnels (D) Died August 5, 1980 Vacant Not filled this term
Pennsylvania 1st Michael Myers (D) Expelled October 2, 1980 Vacant Not filled this term
South Carolina 6th John Jenrette (D) Resigned December 10, 1980 Vacant Not filled this term
New Jersey 4th Frank Thompson (D) Resigned December 29, 1980, after being censured by the House of Representatives Vacant Not filled this term

Committees

Lists of committees and their party leaders, for members (House and Senate) of the committees and their assignments, go into the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of the article and click on the link (2 links), in the directory after the pages of terms of service, you will see the committees of the Senate, House (Standing with Subcommittees, Select and Special) and Joint and after the committee pages, you will see the House/Senate committee assignments in the directory, on the committees section of the House and Senate in the Official Congressional Directory, the committee's members on the first row on the left side shows the chairman of the committee and on the right side shows the ranking member of the committee.

Senate

House of Representatives

  • Aging (Select) (Chair: Claude Pepper)
  • Agriculture (Chair: Tom Foley)
    • Cotton
    • Dairy and Poultry
    • Forests
    • Livestock and Grains
    • Oilseeds and Rice
    • Tobacco
    • Conservation and Credit
    • Department Investigations, Oversight and Research
    • Domestic Marketing, Consumer Relations and Nutrition
    • Family Farms, Rural Development and Special Studies
  • Appropriations (Chair: Jamie L. Whitten)
    • Agriculture, Rural Development and Related Agencies
    • Defense
    • District of Columbia
    • Energy and Water Development
    • Foreign Operations
    • HUD-Independent Agencies
    • Interior
    • Labor-Health, Education and Welfare
    • Legislative
    • Military Construction
    • State, Justice, Commerce and Judiciary
    • Transportation
    • Treasury, Postal Service and General Government
  • Armed Services (ChaiR: Charles Melvin Price)
    • Procurement and Military Nuclear Systems
    • Seapower, Strategic and Critical Materials
    • Research and Development
    • Military Personnel
    • Investigations
    • Military Installations and Facilities
    • Military Compensation
    • Nato Standardization, Interoperability and Readiness
  • Assassinations (Select)
  • Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs (Chair: Henry S. Reuss)
    • The City
    • Housing and Community and Development
    • Economic Stabilization
    • Financial Institutions Supervision, Regulation and Insurance
    • International Development Institutions and Finance
    • General Oversight and Renegotiation
    • Consumer Affairs
    • Domestic Monetary Policy
    • Historic Preservation and Coinage
    • International Trade, Investment and Monetary Policy
  • Budget (Chair: Robert Giaimo)
    • Task Forces
    • Economic Policy, Projections and Productivity
    • State and Local Governments
    • Regulations and Spending Limitations
    • Inflation
    • Budget Process
    • Defense and International Affairs
    • Tax Expenditures and Tax Policy
    • Legislative Savings
  • Committees (Select)
  • Congressional Operations (Select)
  • Crime (Select)
  • District of Columbia (Chair: Ron Dellums)
    • Fiscal Affairs and Health
    • Governmental Affairs and Budget
    • Judiciary, Manpower and Education
    • Metropolitan Affairs
  • Education and Labor (Chair: Carl D. Perkins)
    • Elementary, Secondary and Vocational Education
    • Labor-Management Relations
    • Employment Opportunities
    • Postsecondary Education
    • Health and Safety
    • Human Resources
    • Select Education
    • Labor Standards
  • Ethics (Select)
  • Foreign Affairs (Chair: Clement J. Zablocki)
    • International Security and Scientific Affairs
    • International Operations
    • Europe and the Middle East
    • Asian and Pacific Affairs
    • International Economic Policy and Trade
    • Inter-American Affairs
    • Africa
    • International Organizations
  • Government Operations (Chair: Jack Brooks)
    • Legislation and National Security
    • Ingovernmental Relations and Human Resources
    • Commerce, Consumer and Monetary Affairs
    • Manpower and Housing
    • Government Activities and Transportation
    • Government Information and Individual Rights
    • Environment, Energy and Natural Resources
  • House Administration (Chair: Frank Thompson, then Lucien N. Nedzi)
    • Accounts
    • Libraries and Memorials
    • Printing
    • Personnel and Police
    • Contracts
    • Services
    • Office Systems
  • House Beauty Shop (Select)
  • Intelligence (Select) (Chair: Edward Boland)
  • Insular Affairs (Chair: Mo Udall)
    • Energy and the Environment
    • Water Resources
    • Public Lands
    • National Parks and Insular Affairs
    • Mines and Mining
    • Oversight/Special Investigations
    • Pacific Affairs
  • Interstate and Foreign Commerce (Chair: Harley Orrin Staggers)
    • Energy and Power
    • Communications
    • Oversight and Investigations
    • Consumer Protection and Finance
    • Health and the Environment
    • Transportation and Commerce
  • Judiciary (Chair: Peter W. Rodino)
    • Immigration, Citizenship and International Law
    • Administrative Law and Governmental Relations
    • Courts, Civil Liberties and the Administration of Justice
    • Civil and Constitutional Rights
    • Monopolies and Commercial Law
    • Crime
    • Criminal Justice
  • Merchant Marine and Fisheries (Chair: John M. Murphy, then Thomas W. L. Ashley)
    • Merchant Marine
    • Fisheries, Wildlife Conservation and the Environment
    • Coast Guard and Navigation
    • Oceangraphy
    • Panama Canal
  • Modernization of House Gallery Facilities (Special)
  • Narcotics Abuse and Control (Select)
  • Outer Continental Shelf (Ad Hoc/Select)
  • Post Office and Civil Service
    • Investigations
    • Postal Operations and Services
    • Postal Personnel and Modernization
    • Civil Service
    • Compensations and Employee Benefits
    • Census and Population
    • Human Resources
  • Public Works and Transportation (Chair: Harold T. Johnson)
    • Aviation
    • Economic Development
    • Oversight and Review
    • Public Buildings and Grounds
    • Surface Transportation
    • Water Resources
  • Rules (Chair: Richard Walker Bolling)
    • The Legislative Process
    • Rules of the House
  • Science and Technology (Chair: Don Fuqua)
    • Space Science and Applications
    • Energy Research and Development
    • Science, Research and Technology
    • Energy Development and Applications
    • Transportation, Aviation and Communication
    • Investigations and Oversight
    • Natural Resources and Environment
  • Small Business (Chair: Neal Edward Smith)
    • SBA and SBIC Authority and General Small Business
    • General Oversight and Minority Enterprise
    • Impact of Energy Programs, Environment, Safety Requirements and Government Research on Small Business
    • Access to Equity Capital and Business Opportunities
    • Capital Investment and Business Opportunities
    • Special Small Business Problems
  • Standards of Official Conduct (Chair: Charles Edward Bennett)
  • Veterans' Affairs (Chair: Ray Roberts)
    • Medical Facilities and Benefits
    • Compensation, Pension and Insurance
    • Housing
    • Education, Training and Employment
    • Special Investigations
  • Ways and Means (Chair: Al Ullman)
  • Whole

Joint committees

Employees and legislative agency directors

Legislative branch agency directors

Senate

House of Representatives

See also

References

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.

External links

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