2018 Winter Olympics

This page was last edited on 13 December 2017, at 20:47.

The 2018 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XXIII Olympic Winter Games (French: Les XXIIIeme Jeux olympiques d'hiver; Hangul제23회 동계 올림픽; RRJe-isipsamhoe Donggye Ollimpik) and commonly known as PyeongChang 2018[1] ([pʰjʌŋ.tɕʰaŋ]), is a major international multi-sport event scheduled to take place from 9 to 25 February 2018 in Pyeongchang County, South Korea.

The elected host city was announced on 6 July 2011 by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) after the 123rd IOC Session in Durban, South Africa. Pyeongchang won its bid on the first round of voting, receiving more votes than both Munich, Germany and Annecy, France.

These will be South Korea's second Olympic Games and its first Winter Games; Seoul hosted the Summer Games in 1988. Pyeongchang will be the third Asian city to host the Winter Games; the first two were in Japan, at Sapporo (1972) and Nagano (1998).[2]

XXIII Olympic Winter Games
PyeongChang 2018 Winter Olympics.svg
Host city Pyeongchang, South Korea
Motto Passion. Connected.
Korean: 하나된 열정. (Hanadoen Yeoljeong)
Nations participating 90 (estimated)
Events 102 in 7 sports (15 disciplines)
Opening ceremony 9 February (57 days from now)
Closing ceremony 25 February
Stadium Pyeongchang Olympic Stadium
Winter
Sochi 2014 Beijing 2022  >
Summer
Rio de Janeiro 2016 Tokyo 2020  >
Pyeongchang is located in South Korea
Location in South Korea
Pyeongchang Winter Olympics
Hangul 평창 동계 올림픽
Hanja 平昌 冬季 올림픽
Revised Romanization Pyeongchang Donggye Ollimpik
McCune–Reischauer P'yŏngch'ang Tonggye Ollimp'ik

Bidding

Pyeongchang bid to host both the 2010 and 2014 Winter Olympic Games but lost in the final rounds of voting by three and four votes respectively. Pyeongchang won its bid for the 2018 Winter Olympic Games in the first round of voting, receiving 63 of the 95 votes cast, giving it the majority required to be elected host city.

Munich also launched a bid to host these Games. Prior to Beijing's successful 2022 Winter Olympics bid, Munich would have become the first city to host both the Winter and the Summer Games, having previously hosted the 1972 Summer Olympics, but received 25 votes. Annecy launched a bid, but failed to secure public support from local citizens. Their bid received seven votes.

Host city election

Pyeongchang was elected as the host city at the 123rd IOC Session in Durban, earning the necessary majority of at least 48 votes in just one round of voting.

2018 Winter Olympics bidding results
City Nation Votes
Pyeongchang  South Korea 63
Munich  Germany 25
Annecy  France 7

Tickets

The ticket prices for the 2018 Winter Olympics were announced in April 2016 and went on sale in October 2016, ranging from 20,000 (approximately $17) to ₩900,000 ($776). Tickets for the opening and closing ceremonies will range from ₩220,000 ($190) to ₩1.5 million ($1293). The exact prices were determined through market research; around 50% of the tickets are due to cost about ₩80,000 ($69) or less, and tickets in sports that are relatively unknown in the region, such as biathlon and luge, will be made cheaper in order to encourage attendance. By contrast, figure skating and the Men's hockey gold medal game carry the most expensive tickets of the Games.[3]

As of 11 October, domestic ticket sales for the games have been slow. Of the 750,000 seats allocated to South Koreans, only 20.7% have been sold. International sales have been a bit better, with 59.7% of the 320,000 allocated tickets sold. In total, 55% of tickets are sold. Sales of tickets to the Paralympic Games are even more dismal, with only 4.2 percent sold.[4]

Preparations

On 5 August 2011, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) announced the formation of the Pyeongchang 2018 Coordination Commission.[5][6] On 4 October 2011, it was announced that the Organizing Committee for the 2018 Winter Olympics will be headed by Kim Jin-sun. The Pyeongchang Organizing Committee for the 2018 Olympic & Paralympic Winter Games (POCOG) was launched at its inaugural assembly on 19 October 2011. The first tasks of the organizing committee was to put together a master plan for the games as well as forming a design for the venues.[7] The IOC Coordination Commission for the 2018 Winter Olympics made their first visit to Pyeongchang in March 2012. By then, construction was already underway on the Olympic Village.[8][9] In June 2012, construction began on a high-speed rail line that will connect Pyeongchang to Seoul.[10]

2018 Olympics main locations in Gangwon.svg
Olympic venues 2018

The International Paralympic Committee met with the Pyeongchang 2018 organizing committee for an orientation in July 2012.[11] Then-IOC President Jacques Rogge visited Pyeongchang for the first time in February 2013.[12]

On 27 June 2014 the PyeongChang Olympic Committee announced their mascot selection contest.[13] The contest ran from 15 September 2014 to 30 September 2014. The 2013 Special Olympics World Winter Games were held in Pyeongchang.

The Pyeongchang Organizing Committee for the 2018 Olympic & Paralympic Winter Games created Pyeongchang WINNERS in 2014 by recruiting university students living in South Korea to spread awareness of the Olympic Games through social networking services and news articles.[14]

Torch relay

Venues

Winter 2014 Candidate City- PyeongChang Dragon Valley ski resort.jpg
Dragon Valley Ski Resort

Pyeongchang (Mountain cluster)

Alpensia Sports Park

The Alpensia Resort in Daegwallyeong-myeon will be the focus of the 2018 Pyeongchang Winter Olympics.[15][16]

Stand-alone venues

Gangneung (Coastal cluster)

The coastal cluster is located in the city of Gangneung. The Gangneung Olympic Park will include the following four venues:

In addition, a stand-alone venue is located on the grounds of Catholic Kwandong University:

Sports

The 2018 Winter Olympics will feature 102 events in 15 sports. Four new disciplines in existing sports will be introduced in Pyeongchang, including big air snowboarding (which will replace the parallel slalom), mixed doubles curling, mass start speed skating, and mixed team alpine skiing.[18]

For the first time since 1998, the National Hockey League will not provide accommodations (including a break in the season for all teams during the Olympics) to allow its players to participate in the Men's ice hockey tournament. The NHL's decision stemmed from demands for the IOC to cover the cost of insuring the NHL players that participate in the Games. Although it did pay to insure NHL players in Sochi, the IOC was unwilling to do so for Pyeongchang, and was concerned that the NHL's demand could set a precedent for other professional sports bodies to follow in the future. NHL Commissioner Gary Bettman added that the IOC didn't allow the NHL to promote the involvement of its players in the Olympics.[19][20][21] The NHL secured the cooperation of the International Ice Hockey Federation and the IOC, who agreed to establish a blacklist forbidding national teams from nominating or accepting players under NHL contract to their Olympic rosters.[22][23]

Numbers in parentheses indicate the number of medal events contested in each sports discipline.

Participating National Olympic Committees

  • A total of 87 teams have qualified at least one athlete so far (86 nations, and the delegation from Russia which will compete under the IOC flag).
  • Ecuador, Eritrea, Kosovo, Malaysia, and Singapore are scheduled to make their Winter Olympics debut if they decide to participate.
  • North Korean athletes will be allowed to cross the DMZ into South Korea since two North Korean figure skaters qualified.[24][25]
  • Russia's status remained unclear due to the state-sponsored doping scandal.[26] On 5 December 2017 it was announced that the Russian Olympic Committee is suspended with immediate effect. Individual athletes who qualified and can demonstrate they have complied with the IOC's doping regulations will be allowed to compete as "Olympic Athletes from Russia," under a neutral flag and with the Olympic anthem played in the event if they win a gold medal.[27] Vladimir Putin has repeatedly threatened to boycott the Games if Russian athletes are not allowed to compete under the Russian flag. However, his spokesman later denied that.[28] According to the Russian media, Putin will announce his decision on 6 December 2017.[29][30] On 6 December, Putin told that Russian government won't 'prevent' any athletes from participating at the Games as 'individuals' but there were calls for boycott from other politicians. However, it is still unclear whether Russia will fund its athletes in the run-up to the Olympics.[31][32][33]
Participating National Olympic Committees[34][35][36][37][38]

Calendar

All dates are KST (UTC+9)
OC Opening ceremony Event competitions 1 Event finals EG Exhibition gala CC Closing ceremony
February 8th
Thu
9th
Fri
10th
Sat
11th
Sun
12th
Mon
13th
Tue
14th
Wed
15th
Thu
16th
Fri
17th
Sat
18th
Sun
19th
Mon
20th
Tue
21st
Wed
22nd
Thu
23rd
Fri
24th
Sat
25th
Sun
Events
Olympic Rings Icon.svg Ceremonies OC CC N/A
Alpine skiing pictogram.svg Alpine skiing 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 11
Biathlon pictogram.svg Biathlon 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 11
Bobsleigh pictogram.svg Bobsleigh 1 1 1 3
Cross country skiing pictogram.svg Cross country skiing 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 12
Curling pictogram.svg Curling 1 1 1 3
Figure skating pictogram.svg Figure skating 1 1 1 1 1 EG 5
Freestyle skiing pictogram.svg Freestyle skiing 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 10
Ice hockey pictogram.svg Ice hockey 1 1 2
Luge pictogram.svg Luge 1 1 1 1 4
Nordic combined pictogram.svg Nordic combined 1 1 1 3
Short track speed skating pictogram.svg Short track speed skating 1 1 2 1 3 8
Skeleton pictogram.svg Skeleton 1 1 2
Ski jumping pictogram.svg Ski jumping 1 1 1 1 4
Snowboarding pictogram.svg Snowboarding 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 10
Speed skating pictogram.svg Speed skating 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 14
Total events 5 7 8 8 6 7 5 9 6 3 5 7 8 6 8 4 102
Cumulative total 5 12 20 28 34 41 46 55 61 64 69 76 84 90 98 102
February 8th
Thu
9th
Fri
10th
Sat
11th
Sun
12th
Mon
13th
Tue
14th
Wed
15th
Thu
16th
Fri
17th
Sat
18th
Sun
19th
Mon
20th
Tue
21st
Wed
22nd
Thu
23rd
Fri
24th
Sat
25th
Sun
102 events

Marketing

Gold medal of the 2018 Winter Olympics in in Pyeongchang.jpg
Gold medal of the 2018 Olympics

Branding

The emblem for the Games was unveiled on 3 May 2013. It is a stylized representation of the hangul letters p and ch, being the initial sounds of 평창 Pyeongchang. Additionally the left symbol is said to represent the Korean philosophical triad of heaven, earth and humanity (Korean: 천지인 cheon-ji-in), and the right symbol to represent a crystal of ice.[39]

The name of the host city has been intentionally formatted in all official materials as "PyeongChang", rather than "Pyeongchang". This is to alleviate potential confusion with Pyongyang, the similarly-named capital of neighbouring North Korea.[1]

The official pictograms for 24 sports across 15 disciplines were revealed in January 2017 and are designed using the Korean alphabet as an inspiration.[40]

Mascots

The official mascots for the Games, Soohorang (수호랑), a white tiger, and Bandabi (반다비), an Asiatic black bear, were unveiled on 2 June 2016.[41]

Broadcasting rights

Broadcast rights to the 2018 Winter Olympics in some countries were already sold as part of long-term broadcast rights deals, including the Games' local rightsholder SBS—who extended its rights to the Olympics through 2024 in July 2011.[42]

On 29 June 2015, the IOC announced that Discovery Communications had acquired exclusive rights to the Olympics from 2018 through 2024 across Europe, excluding Russia, on all platforms. Discovery's rights deal will, initially, not cover France due to pre-existing rights deals with France Télévisions that run through the 2020 Games. Unlike previous pan-European deals, such as with the European Broadcasting Union and Sportfive, Discovery will not solely serve as a reseller, and intends to carry coverage on its regional properties, such as Eurosport, but has committed to sub-licensing at least 100 hours of coverage to free-to-air networks.[43][44][45] In the United Kingdom, Discovery will hold exclusive pay television rights under license from the BBC, in return for the BBC sub-licensing the free-to-air rights to the 2022 and 2024 Olympics from Discovery.[46]

In the United States, the Games will once again be broadcast by NBC under a long-term contract with NBCUniversal; it will be NBC's first Olympics without long-time primary host Bob Costas, who announced his retirement from the role in favour of Mike Tirico on 7 February 2017.[47][48] On 28 March 2017, NBC also announced that it would air most primetime coverage simultaneously in all time zones, rather than tape-delayed for the west coast.[49]

Concerns and controversies

Security

On 20 September 2017, South Korea’s President Moon Jae-in said the country is pushing to ensure security at Pyeongchang Winter Olympic Games amid rising tensions over the North Korea’s nuclear tests and a series of missile launches.[50] However, on the next day, French Minister of Youth Affairs and Sports Laura Flessel-Colovic said France’s Winter Olympics team will boycott the games unless South Korea's security is guaranteed.[51]

On 22 September 2017, Austria and Germany joined France in considering not attending the Games. Karl Stoss, head of Austria’s national Olympic committee, said that, "if the situation worsens and the security of our athletes is no longer guaranteed, we will not go to South Korea." The German interior ministry said the security question and the possibility of keeping the German team at home would be addressed “in good time” by the government. Several days later, Laura Flessel-Colovic reaffirmed France's participation in the games. Both countries are yet to decide on reaffirming.[52]

On 6 December 2017, United States Ambassador to the United Nations, Nikki Haley said it's an "open question," whether US athletes will be able to attend the Pyeongchang Winter Olympic Games due to the increasingly hostile neighbor of North Korea.[53]

Russian doping

On 5 December 2017, the IOC voted to suspend the Russian Olympic Committee over its state-sponsored doping program, which was in effect during the 2014 Winter Olympics.[54] Individual Russian athletes may be allowed to compete in Pyeongchang under the Olympic flag as Olympic Athletes from Russia (OAR) if they are verified to have no previous doping violations and a consistent history of drug tests.[55][56]

See also

Notes and references

  1. ^ a b "Olympics: 2018 Winter Olympics … not in Pyongyang". The Manila Bulletin. Agence France-Presse. 26 January 2016. Archived from the original on 31 January 2016. Retrieved 26 January 2016.
  2. ^ Longman, Jeré; Sang-hun, Choe (6 July 2011). "2018 Winter Games to Be Held in Pyeongchang, South Korea". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 7 June 2017.
  3. ^ "Pyeongchang 2018 reveal ticket prices for Winter Olympic Games".
  4. ^ "PyeongChang Olympics ticket sales get icy reception". The Korea Herald. Herald Media Inc. 11 October 2017.
  5. ^ "Gunilla Lindberg to Chair PyeongChang 2018 Coordination Commission". Archived from the original on 18 September 2011. Retrieved 4 October 2011.
  6. ^ "Coordination Commissions". Olympic.org. Retrieved 8 August 2012.
  7. ^ "PyeongChang 2018 Organizing Committee Launched". GamesBids.com. Archived from the original on 20 October 2011. Retrieved 8 August 2012.
  8. ^ "PyeongChang 2018 Praised". Gamesbids.com. Archived from the original on 14 June 2012. Retrieved 8 August 2012.
  9. ^ "Pyeongchang 2018 have "good grasp of what is expected" says Lindberg after first IOC Coordination Commission visit". Insidethegames.biz. 22 March 2012. Retrieved 8 August 2012.
  10. ^ "Construction Begins on High-Speed Railway, Critical for PyeongChang 2018 Olympic Games". Gamesbids.com. Archived from the original on 19 June 2012. Retrieved 8 August 2012.
  11. ^ "IPC Orientates PyeongChang 2018". Gamesbids.com. Archived from the original on 3 August 2012. Retrieved 8 August 2012.
  12. ^ "Pyeongchang 2018 on "right track" declares Rogge after first visit". Insidethegames.biz. 1 February 2013. Retrieved 19 February 2014.
  13. ^ "2018평창동계올림픽대회 및 장애인동계올림픽대회 마스코트 아이디어 공모".
  14. ^ "Pyeongchang 2018 recruits college student reporters: WINNERS". 18 June 2015. Retrieved 5 November 2015.
  15. ^ "PyeongChang 2018 Alpensia Resort and water park complete and full for summer season". Sportsfeatures.com. Archived from the original on 12 March 2012. Retrieved 8 August 2012.
  16. ^ "Pyeongchang2018 Volume 2 (Sport and Venues)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 March 2012. Retrieved 8 August 2012.
  17. ^ a b "Pyeongchang 2018 move venue for Opening and Closing Ceremonies | Winter Olympics 2018". insidethegames.biz. 6 July 2012. Retrieved 8 August 2012.
  18. ^ "Winter Olympics: Big air, mixed curling among new 2018 events". BBC Sport. BBC. Retrieved 21 June 2017.
  19. ^ "NHL will not participate in 2018 Pyeongchang Olympic Games". Sportsnet. Rogers Media. Retrieved 3 April 2017.
  20. ^ "Olympics and N.H.L. Face Off Over Who Pays to Insure Players". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. 19 May 2016. Retrieved 21 May 2016.
  21. ^ "IOC decides not to cover costs for NHL players at Olympics". Sportsnet. Rogers Media. 23 April 2016. Retrieved 21 May 2016.
  22. ^ Whyno, Stephen (15 September 2017). "Capitals' Ovechkin says Olympic decision out of his hands". Associated Press. Retrieved 15 September 2017.
  23. ^ "Alex Ovechkin, other NHL players reluctantly accept 2018 Olympics decision". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 30 November 2017.
  24. ^ "Pyeongchang 2018: Athletes to travel through demilitarised zone". BBC News. 18 May 2017. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
  25. ^ "North Korean skaters qualify for Pyeongchang 2018". insidethegames.biz. Dunsar Media Company Limited.
  26. ^ "With one year until 2018 Winter Games, Russia's status murky". 9 February 2017.
  27. ^ "IOC suspends Russian NOC and creates a path for clean individual athletes to compete in Pyeongchang 2018 under the Olympic flag". IOC. 5 December 2017. Retrieved 5 December 2017.
  28. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/2017/12/05/sports/olympics/ioc-russia-winter-olympics.html
  29. ^ https://www.sport-express.ru/olympics/pyeongchang2018/news/v-sredu-vladimir-putin-vyskazhet-poziciyu-otnositelno-resheniya-mok-po-olimpiade-v-phenchhane-1344718/
  30. ^ https://www.championat.com/other/news-2972241-putin-objavit-o-reshenii-po-povodu-oi-2018-6-dekabrja-na-forume-dobrovolcev.html
  31. ^ https://www.sport-express.ru/olympics/pyeongchang2018/news/vladimir-putin-rossiya-ne-budet-prepyatstvovat-otpravke-sportsmenov-na-olimpiadu-v-neytralnom-statuse-1345146/
  32. ^ http://www.bbc.com/russian/news-42250840
  33. ^ http://www.interfax.ru/sport/590596
  34. ^ "Quota allocation for Alpine skiing". www.data.fis-ski.com/. International Ski Federation (FIS). 8 August 2017. Retrieved 8 August 2017.
  35. ^ "2018 Winter Olympics". IIHF. iihf.com. Retrieved 18 May 2015.
  36. ^ "Quota allocation for Cross-country skiing". www.data.fis-ski.com/. International Ski Federation (FIS). 8 August 2017. Retrieved 8 August 2017.
  37. ^ "Pyeongchang 2018 Winter Olympics". worldcurling.org. Retrieved 23 July 2016.
  38. ^ "ISU Communication no. 2132". International Skating Union. Retrieved 23 November 2017.
  39. ^ "PyeongChang 2018 Launches Official Emblem". olympic.org. International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 12 August 2016.
  40. ^ "PyeongChang 2018 Pictograms". The PyeongChang 2018 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games. 25 January 2017. Retrieved 30 May 2017.
  41. ^ "Tiger and bear mascots unveiled for Pyeongchang 2018 Winter Olympics and Paralympics". insidethegames.biz. Dunsar Media Company Limited. 2 June 2016. Retrieved 16 November 2017.
  42. ^ "IOC awards SBS broadcast rights for 2018, 2020, 2022 and 2024 Olympic Games - Olympic News". International Olympic Committee. 9 December 2016. Retrieved 7 August 2017.
  43. ^ "IOC awards European broadcast rights to SPORTFIVE". ESPN.com. ESPN Internet Ventures. 18 February 2009. Retrieved 13 August 2013.
  44. ^ "Discovery Lands European Olympic Rights Through '24". Sports Business Journal. Retrieved 1 July 2015.
  45. ^ "BBC dealt another blow after losing control of TV rights for Olympics". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 30 June 2015.
  46. ^ "Olympics coverage to remain on BBC after Discovery deal". The Guardian. Guardian News and Media Limited. Retrieved 7 June 2016.
  47. ^ "Bob Costas steps down as NBC host of Olympics; Mike Tirico to replace him". USA Today. Gannett Company. Retrieved 9 February 2017.
  48. ^ "Brennan: Bob Costas has been the face of the Olympics for Americans". USA Today. Gannett Company. Retrieved 9 February 2017.
  49. ^ "NBC to Broadcast Winter Olympics Live Across All Time Zones". Variety. PMC. Retrieved 28 March 2017.
  50. ^ "South Korea's Moon says pushing to guarantee safety at Pyeongchang Olympics". Reuters. 20 September 2017.
  51. ^ "Olympics - France to skip 2018 Winter Games if security not assured". Reuters. 22 September 2017.
  52. ^ "Olympics: North Korea triggers 2018 Winter Olympics security scare". The Straits Times. 23 September 2017.
  53. ^ Tatum, Sophie (6 December 2017). "Haley: 'Open question' if US athletes can attend Olympics in South Korea". CNN. Retrieved 6 December 2017.
  54. ^ "IOC suspends Russian NOC and creates a path for clean individual athletes to compete in PyeongChang 2018 under the Olympic Flag". International Olympic Committee. 2017-12-05. Retrieved 2017-12-10.
  55. ^ Ruiz, Rebecca; Panja, Tariq. "Russia Banned from Winter Olympics by I.O.C". The New York Times. Retrieved 5 December 2017.
  56. ^ Hobson, Will (5 December 2017). "Russia banned from 2018 Olympics for widespread doping program". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 5 December 2017.

External links

Preceded by
Sochi
Winter Olympics
Pyeongchang

XXIII Olympic Winter Games (2018)
Succeeded by
Beijing

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