2014 Summer Youth Olympics

Last updated on 8 August 2017

The 2014 Summer Youth Olympic Games (officially known as II Summer Youth Olympic Games) (Chinese: 第二届夏季青年奧林匹克运动会) were the second Summer Youth Olympic Games, an international sports, education and cultural festival for teenagers, held from 16 to 28 August 2014 in Nanjing, China.

Nanjing Youth Olympics 2014.svg
Nanjing Youth Olympics 2014.svg

Bidding process

The International Olympic Committee established the Youth Olympic Games in July 2007.[1] The 2014 host city was elected on 10 February 2010, during the 2010 IOC Session in Vancouver. This was the first election of a Youth Olympic Games host city held in an IOC Session. The elections for the host cities of the 2010 Summer Youth Olympics and 2012 Winter Youth Olympics were done through postal votes by IOC members.

2014 Youth Olympic Games bidding results
City NOC Name Votes
Nanjing  China 47
Poznań  Poland 42
  • April 2009 – NOCs to inform the IOC of the name of a YOG Candidate City. (This was changed from February 2009 after several NOCs asked for more preparation time)[2]
  • September 2009 – Submission of the YOG Candidature File, YOG Guarantees File, photographic files and Undertaking
  • December 2009 – Short-list of YOG Candidate Cities by the IOC Executive Board
  • February 2010 – Election and announcement of the Host City of the 2nd Summer Youth Olympic Games at the 122nd IOC Session in Vancouver (before the 2010 Winter Olympics)[3]
2014 Summer Youth Games mascot.jpg
Lele, the official mascot.

Like other Olympic events, the 2014 Summer Youth Games has its own logo.[4] The logo consists of three parts. The colorful "NANJING" reflects the image of the gate of Nanjing and the features of some Jiangnan houses. The various colors symbolize youths' energetic spirit.

Venues

All of the venues are located in four zones within Nanjing.[5] All venues with the exception of the cycling road, sailing, and triathlon venues, were temporary.[6]

The Nanjing Olympic Sports Center hosted the opening and closing ceremonies.

District Venue Image Sports Capacity
Gulou Longjiang Gymnasium Judo, Wrestling
Wutaishan Sports Center Wutaishan Sports Center in Nanjing 2012-09.JPG Basketball, Football, Table tennis
Jiangning Fangshan Sports Training Base Archery, Shooting
Jiangning Sports Center Football, Handball
Jinniu Lake Sailing Venue Sailing
Jianye Nanjing International Expo Center 南京国际博览中心.jpg Boxing, Fencing, Modern Pentathlon, Taekwondo, Weightlifting
Nanjing Olympic Sports Center Nanjing Olympic Sports Center main gym.jpg Aquatics, Athletics, Gymnastics, Modern Pentathlon 60,000
Pukou Laoshan National Forest Park Cycling
Youth Olympic Sports Park Beach Volleyball, Cycling, Field Hockey, Rugby Sevens
Xuanwu Nanjing Sport Institute Former Central Stadium in Nanjing 2011-12.JPG Badminton, Tennis
Xinzhuang Equestrian Venue, generally known as the Nanjing International Exhibition Center Equestrian
Xuanwu Lake Park Xuanwulake boulder.jpg Triathlon
Xuanwu Lake Rowing-Canoeing Venue Canoeing, Rowing
Zhongshan International Golf Club Golf

Torch relay

The Youth Olympic torch was designed by the Vatti Corporation Ltd. The torch is known as the "Gate of Happiness." A structure resembling a city gate is found on the top part of the torch and the blue color of the torch represents the peaceful tranquility of Nanjing. The Yangtze which flows next to Nanjing is presented as stripes found on the handle of the torch. It is said that the torch is capable of resisting wind speeds of 11 m/s, rainfall of 50mm/h, altitude of up to 4500m and a temperature range of -15˚C to 45˚C.[7]

Following Olympic tradition the torch lighting ceremony was held on 30 April 2014 in Athens, Greece at the Panathenaic Stadium where the first Olympic Games were held. Four young athletes from Greece and China competed in a mini-relay.

The torch relay was divided into two parts. The first part was a digital relay where people who downloaded an app were able to participate in the relay through an interactive option called "Give Me Fire." When using this feature users were able to pass the Youth Olympic flame to their friends by touching their devices together. The relay visited 258 different online locations from the 204 participating NOCs over a 98-day period.[8]

After the digital relay the relay began its physical portion in Nanjing where a 10-day relay was held.[9] 104 torch bearers carried the torch singularly or in pairs over 100 legs. Torch bearers were primarily focused on youth and included individuals from sport, culture, media, volunteers and the International Olympic Committee. Notable torch bearers included two time badminton Olympian gold medalist Lin Dan, 2008 Olympic fencing gold medalist Zhong Man, director Chen Weiya and composer Bian Liunian.[10]

Sports

This is a tentative list of the sports program taken from the general presentation of the 2nd Summer Youth Olympic Games in 2014.[11] Golf and Rugby sevens will be contested for the first time. Beach volleyball will replace indoor volleyball and other format changes to sports like field hockey which introduced a five a side format. New events have also been introduced in some of the sports including a shooting mixed gender event among others.[12]

Demonstration sports

These were the demonstration sports in the games:[13]

Medal table

The NYOGOC did not keep an official medal tally. The ranking in this table is based on information provided by the IOC and is consistent with IOC convention in its published medal tables. For the full medal table, refer to the main article.

Medals won by teams with athletes from more than one National Olympic Committee are included in the table as medals awarded to a mixed-NOCs team. There were eight events which composed entirely of mixed-NOCs teams, and as such all 25 medals in these events, including two bronzes in judo, were swept by mixed-NOCs teams. The remaining medals were won in events which combined mixed-NOCs teams and teams representing one NOC. The mixed-NOCs listing is not given a ranking.

Alongside the mixed-NOCs teams, the top ten ranked NOCs are listed below. China (highlighted), as host nation, is also included in the table.

  Host nation (China)

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  China (CHN) 38 13 14 65
2  Russia (RUS) 27 19 11 57
 Mixed-NOCs (MIX) 13 12 14 39
3  United States (USA) 10 5 7 22
4  France (FRA) 8 3 9 20
5  Japan (JPN) 7 9 5 21
6  Ukraine (UKR) 7 8 8 23
7  Italy (ITA) 7 8 6 21
8  Hungary (HUN) 6 6 11 23
9  Brazil (BRA) 6 6 1 13
10  Azerbaijan (AZE) 5 6 1 12

Calendar

All dates are BJT (UTC+8)

222 events are expected to be held over the 2014 Youth Olympics. The schedule will be finalized as the event becomes closer.[14]

 ●  Opening ceremony  ●  Event competitions  ●  Event finals  ●  Closing ceremony
August 14th
Thu
15th
Fri
16th
Sat
17th
Sun
18th
Mon
19th
Tue
20th
Wed
21st
Thu
22nd
Fri
23rd
Sat
24th
Sun
25th
Mon
26th
Tue
27th
Wed
28th
Thu
Events
Ceremonies
Aquatics (Diving) 1 1 1 1 1 5
Aquatics (Swimming) 3 8 5 7 4 9 36
Archery 1 1 1 3
Athletics 13 12 11 1 37
Badminton 3 3
Basketball 2 2 4
Beach volleyball 1 1 2
Boxing 3 10 13
Canoeing 4 4 8
Cycling 2 1 3
Equestrian 1 1 2
Fencing 2 2 2 1 7
Field hockey 1 1 2
Football 1 1 2
Golf 2 1 3
Gymnastics 1 1 1 1 5 5 2 16
Handball 2 2
Judo 3 3 2 1 9
Modern pentathlon 1 1 1 3
Rowing 4 4
Rugby sevens 2 2
Sailing 4 4
Shooting 1 1 1 1 1 1 6
Table tennis 2 1 3
Taekwondo 2 2 2 2 2 10
Tennis 2 3 5
Triathlon 1 1 1 3
Weightlifting 2 2 2 2 2 1 11
Wrestling 5 4 5 14
Total gold medals 14 19 15 21 16 18 28 29 20 17 25 222
Cumulative gold medals 14 33 48 69 85 103 131 160 180 197 222
August 14th
Thu
15th
Fri
16th
Sat
17th
Sun
18th
Mon
19th
Tue
20th
Wed
21st
Thu
22nd
Fri
23rd
Sat
24th
Sun
25th
Mon
26th
Tue
27th
Wed
28th
Thu
Events

Participating nations

203 out of 204 nations competed. Both Sierra Leone and Nigeria were planning to participate, but on 13 August 2014 both nations pulled out due to pressure from Chinese Authorities in an attempt to prevent Ebola from West Africa from entering their nation.[15] On 15 August 2014 Liberia also withdrew along with two athletes from Guinea being barred by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) due to fears that the nature of their sports (judo and swimming) could pose a risk to other athletes.[16] An athlete from South Sudan will compete under the Olympic flag as they do not have a National Olympic Committee.[17] The ten nations with the most athletes are China (with 123), Brazil (with 97), United States (with 92), Australia (with 89), Russia (with 88), Germany (with 85), Egypt (with 83), France (with 82), Japan (with 78), and Mexico (with 78).

Cultural and education program

Youth Olympic Games incorporate a Cultural and Education Program, featuring a variety of cultural and educational activities for young people. Youth Olympics include educational experience based on Olympic values that promote healthy lifestyles and allow young athletes to become well-rounded people with "true sporting spirits."[1] Well-known athletes and "international specialists" guide the young participants. The program combines "Olympic traditions (such as the torch relay) with diverse cultures to spread the Olympic spirit."[1]

Athlete role models

On 17 March 2014 37 athletes from the 28 Olympic sports were chosen by the IOC to be role models at the 2014 Youth Olympics. The athletes will offer support, mentor and advice to the participating youth Olympians. As an athlete role model they will take part in activities and workshops on healthy lifestyles, social responsibility and Olympism. They will also take part in informal chats known as "chat with champions."[18][19] On 9 April 2014 and 22 April 2014 footballer Simone Farina and swimmer Patrick Murphy were appointed as the 38th and 39th Athlete Role Model respectively.[20][21]

Sport Athlete Role Model NOC Olympics Participated
Aquatics (Diving) Minxia Wu  China 2004, 2008, 2012
Aquatics (Swimming) Patrick Murphy  Australia 2004, 2008
Archery Khatuna Lorig  United States 1992, 1996, 2000, 2008, 2012[a]
Athletics Dwight Phillips  United States 2000, 2004
Athletics Kajsa Bergqvist  Sweden 1996, 2000
Athletics Liu Xiang  China 2004, 2008, 2012
Badminton Nathan Robertson  Great Britain 2000, 2004, 2008
Badminton Cheng Wen Hsing  Chinese Taipei 2004, 2008, 2012
Basketball Jorge Garbajosa  Spain 2000, 2004, 2008
Basketball Anna Arkhipova  Russia 2000, 2004
Boxing Ren Cancan  China 2012
Canoeing (Sprint) Lisa Carrington  New Zealand 2012
Cycling (Track) Frédéric Magné  France 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000
Equestrian (Jumping) Samantha Lam  Hong Kong 2008
Fencing Lei Sheng  China 2008, 2012
Fencing Miles Chamley-Watson  United States 2012
Football Simone Farina  Italy
Football Sun Wen  China 1996, 2000
Golf Grace Park  South Korea
Gymnastics (Artistic) Jani Tanskanen  Finland
Gymnastics (Artistic) Elizabeth Tweddle  Great Britain 2004, 2008, 2012
Gymnastics (Rhythmic) Luboŭ Čarkašyna  Belarus 2012
Gymnastics (Trampoline) Nuno Merino  Portugal 2004
Handball Alexandra do Nascimento  Brazil 2004, 2008, 2012
Field Hockey Teun de Nooijer  Netherlands 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012
Judo Lucie Decosse  France 2004, 2008, 2012
Modern Pentathlon Amelie Caze  France 2004, 2008, 2012
Rowing Erin Cafaro  United States 2008, 2012
Rugby Sevens Heather Moyse  Canada 2006, 2010, 2014[b]
Sailing Juan Perdomo  Puerto Rico
Shooting Ivana Maksimovic  Serbia 2012
Table Tennis Jorgen Persson  Sweden 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012
Table Tennis Wang Liqin  China 2000, 2004, 2008
Taekwondo Wu Jingyu  China 2008, 2012
Tennis Paradorn Srichaphan  Thailand 2000, 2004
Triathlon Emma Snowsill  Australia 2008
Volleyball (Beach) Zhang Xi  China 2008, 2012
Weightlifting Kendrick Farris  United States 2008, 2012
Wrestling Kaori Icho  Japan 2004, 2008, 2012
  • a Khatuna Lorig competed for the Unified Team in 1992 and Georgia in 1996 and 2000.
  • b Heather Moyse competed in Bobsleigh at the 2006, 2010 and 2014 Winter Olympics.

Young ambassadors

A total of 104 people were selected by their National Olympic Committee to be young ambassadors. Young Ambassadors are aged between 18 and 25 and are athletes, coaches, students or young professionals that demonstrate the Olympic values and inspire and empower young people to do the same.[22]

The main roles of the Young Ambassadors is to promote the Youth Olympics in their nations and to encourage athletes of their nations to get the most out of the Youth Olympic experience by encouraging them to interact with people from different sports and cultures and to take part in activities and workshops.[23]

A seminar has held from 25–28 March 2014 in order to prepare the ambassadors for the Youth Olympics by teaching them about the cultures and activities Nanjing has to offer.[24]

NOC Name Sports Notes
 Algeria Abdelmalek Lahoulou Athletics
 Angola Andreia Miranda Goncalves Swimming
 Argentina Jose Ignacio Fossati Ariznabarreta Boxing
 Australia Jessica Fox Canoeing Slalom 2010 Youth Olympian, 2012 Olympian
 Austria Stefan Janisch Snowboarding, Tennis
 Azerbaijan Arzu Məmmədova Football
 Bahamas Megan Shepherd Sports Writer
 Bangladesh Mohammed Farhadur Rahman Basketball, Cricket, Football
 Barbados Ryan O'Neal Brathwaite Cake Baker and Decorator
 Belarus Nastasja Špileŭska Tennis NOC Staff
 Belgium Sophie Paris Ski Mountaineering NOC Staff
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Edin Branković Short-Track Speed Skating
 Botswana Mothusi Ramaabya Auditing and Advisory
 Brazil Lara Teixeira Synchronized Swimming 2008, 2012 Olympian
 Bulgaria Damyan Dikov Basketball Coach
 Cameroon Prosper Babinne Football NOC Volunteer
 Canada Dillon Richardson Baseball, Basketball NOC Staff
 Chile Joaquín Ballivián Athletics 2010 Youth Olympian
 China Lu Ting NOC Staff
 Chinese Taipei Emily Yeh Tennis
 Colombia Juan Sebastian Sanchez Diaz Orienteering Federation Volunteer
 Cook Islands Tarapiripa Bishop Football, Netball
 Costa Rica Gabriel Zumbado Triathlon 2010 Youth Olympian
 Croatia Danijela Grgić Athletics
 Cuba Leydi Laura Moya Lopez Modern Pentathlon 2010 Youth Olympian
 Cyprus Chrystalleni Trikomiti Gymnastics Rhythmic 2012 Olympian
 Czech Republic Klara Mejdricka Volleyball
 Denmark Ann-Sofie Dalsgaard Football NOC Staff
 Dominican Republic Estefania George NOC Staff
 Ecuador Adriana Lastra Cabezas Athletics
 Egypt Mostafa Awadalla Handball 2010 Youth Olympian
 Estonia Laura-Maria Lehiste Judo
 Ethiopia Desalegn Medibaw Football
 Fiji Matelita Buadromo Swimming 2012 Olympian
 Finland Laura Lepisto Figure Skating 2010 Olympian
 France Thomas Bouhail Gymnastics Artistic 2008 Olympian
 Germany Marlene Gomez Islinger Triathlon 2010 Youth Olympian
 Great Britain Max Betteridge Football Coach
 Greece Filippos Papageorgiou Equestrian
 Grenada Kara Archibald Swimming Coach
 Guatemala Gabriela Matus Bonilla Athletics
 Haiti Sacha Durocher Equestrian Coach
 Hong Kong Hoi Shun Stephanie Au Swimming 2008, 2012 Olympian
 Iceland Bjarki Benediktsson Football Coach
 Indonesia Irham Fadli NOC Volunteer
 Ireland Leah Ewart Field Hockey 2010 Youth Olympian
 Italy Elisa Santoni Gymnastics Rhythmic 2004, 2008, 2012 Olympian
 Ivory Coast Ruth Gbagbi Taekwondo 2010 Youth Olympian, 2012 Olympian
 Jamaica Kedisha Dallas Athletics
 Japan Ran Yagisawa Dancesport
 Jordan Shaden Adel Thweib Martial Arts
 South Korea Kim Da Hye Shooting
 Kyrgyzstan Saltanat Ibraeva NOC Volunteer
 Latvia Toms Markss PR Specialist at Latvian Cycling Federation
 Lebanon Tony Tarraf Volleyball Director of Lebanese Volleyball Federation
 Lithuania Gintare Okuleviciute Rowing
 Macedonia Nina Balaban Shooting
 Madagascar Harinelina Rakotondramanana Fencing
 Malaysia Benjamin Khor Shooting
 Mauritius Henry Fenouillot de Falbaire Swimming
 Mexico Andrea Probert Avila Football, Triathlon
 Moldova Ana Maria Stratu Karate
 Mongolia Tugsbayar Gansukh Weightlifting
 Morocco Ahmed Hamza Chraibi Tennis President and Founder of Arab Excellence
 Namibia Lurdi Aron Basketball, Tennis
 Netherlands Joyce Seesing Cycling BMX
 New Zealand Renee Hannah Water Skiing
 Norway Torgrim Sommerfeldt Basketball
 Pakistan Mahnoor Maqsood Swimming
 Papua New Guinea Hannah Ilave Swimming, Triathlon
 Paraguay Carlos Caballero Gomez Squash
 Peru Aleiandro Quinones Canoeing
 Philippines Nadine Gutierrez Football, Muay-Thai, Swimming NOC Intern
 Poland Monika Hojnisz Biathlon
 Portugal Mariana Catarino Swimming
 Puerto Rico Betsmara Cruz Swimming Coach
 Qatar Hannah Al-Bader Handball
 Romania Emil Imre Short-Track Speed Skating
 Russia Olga Ponomar Sports Journalist
 Saint Lucia Fredric Sweeney Sailing Coach
 Senegal Youssouph Ndao Fencing
 Serbia Aleksandra Kebic Handball NOC Staff
 Singapore Rui Qi Low Sailing
 Slovakia Monika Fasungova Badminton 2012 Olympian
 Slovenia Vanja Mesec Handball
 South Africa Reabetewe Mpete Field Hockey
 Sri Lanka Ishika de Silva Rowing
 Sweden Frida Nevalainen Ice Hockey 2006, 2010 Olympian
  Switzerland Lisa Gisler Curling 2012 Youth Olympian
 Sudan Alaa Muntasir Equestrian
 Tajikistan Negmatullo Rajabaliyev Tennis Coach
 Thailand Apisada Kusolsilp Sports Authority of Thailand Employee
 Trinidad and Tobago Jeannette Small Badminton Coach and NOC Staff
 Tunisia Marwen Chaieb Rugby Coach
 Turkey Giray Cavdar Tennis Coach
 Uganda Shamim Bangi Badminton
 Ukraine Oleksandr Usyk Boxing 2008, 2012 Olympian
 United States Jessica Luscinski Football Coach and NOC Staff
 United States Virgin Islands Jemille Vialet Swimming
 Uzbekistan Rashid Burnashev Athletics
 Vietnam Van Hao Nguyen Athletics
 Yemen Omar Al-Mogahed Basketball, Football, Table Tennis UN Yemeni Youth Delegate
 Zambia Samantha Miyanda Football
 Zimbabwe Rukudzo Gona Basketball, Football, Rugby

Young reporters

Currently 30 reporters have been announced to take part of the Young Reporters program. Reporters between the ages of 18 and 24 were selected by the Continental Associations of National Olympic Committees (ANOC). Representation includes 4 reporters from each continent, 8 from China and 1 from the next Winter and Summer Youth Olympics.[25]

As an initiative to encourage people worldwide to take part of the Youth Olympic spirit this program provides young reporters with a cross-platform journalist-training program and the opportunity for on-the-job experience at the Youth Olympics. The reporters will be able to work with highly qualified and renowned professionals in the fields of broadcast, print journalism, social media and photography.[26]

Area Name NOC
Africa Yasmine Torche  Algeria
Africa Mario Lovemore  Botswana
Africa Stella Annan  Ghana
Africa Zaki Saaed  Sudan
Americas Maria Carolina Cabella  Argentina
Americas Diego Melendreras  Guatemala
Americas Ricardo Chambers  Jamaica
Americas Emily Bayci  United States
Asia Pallavi Prasad  India
Asia Ruslan Medelbek  Kazakhstan
Asia Christel El Saneh  Lebanon
Asia David Lozada  Philippines
Europe Palina Ihnatsenka  Belarus
Europe Ivan Boyanov  Bulgaria
Europe Tomas Pavlicek  Czech Republic
Europe Emilie Fekene  Norway
Oceania Te-Riu Artui  Cook Islands
Oceania Jerick Sablan  Guam
Oceania Ashlee Tulloch  New Zealand
Oceania Ernest Ta'asi  Solomon Islands
China Chen Changjie  China
China Liao Jingjing  China
China Liu Meiying  China
China Wang Yang  China
China Yang He  China
China You Ziyu  China
China Zhu He  China
China Zhu Mandan  China
Lillehammer 2016 Vegard Skorpen  Norway
Buenos Aires 2018 Hernán Goldzycher  Argentina

Controversies

Isolation and barring of Nigerian athletes in the Games

Following the 2014 West Africa Ebola outbreak, Chinese officials quarantined and isolated all Nigerian athletes from all sporting facilities despite all testing negative to Ebola before the games. The Nigerian Olympic committee reacted to the discrimination by withdrawing all its athletes from the games.[27][28][29]

Doping

One taekwondo athlete were disqualified on 5 November after testing positive for the banned diuretic furosemide.[30]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "Nanjing 2014 World Youth Olympics". Olympic Council of Ireland. 28 August 2012. Retrieved 13 February 2014. The Youth Olympic Games (YOG) is an international multi-sport event held every four years. The event will follow the existing Olympic format of staggered summer and winter games. The idea for such an event was introduced by International Olympic Committee (IOC) president Jacques Rogge in 2001. On July 5, 2007, IOC members at the 119th IOC session in Guatemala City approved the creation of a youth version of the Olympic Games.
  2. ^ "IOC Extends Deadline For 2014 Youth Games Applications". Gamesbids.com. Archived from the original on 8 October 2012. Retrieved 14 February 2014.
  3. ^ "Bidding Process For 2014 Summer Youth Games Begins". Gamesbids.com. Archived from the original on 8 October 2012. Retrieved 14 February 2014.
  4. ^ (体坛热点)青春南京——南京青奥会会徽解读 (in Chinese). xinhuanet.com. May 2011. Retrieved 14 February 2014.
  5. ^ "2014 Nanjing YOG: Venues". Nanjing2014.org. 28 March 2014. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
  6. ^ Report Of The IOC Evaluation Commission For The 2nd Summer YOG in 2014 from aroundtherings.com
  7. ^ "A Brief Introduction of the YOG Torch". Najing2014.org. 19 April 2014. Retrieved 30 April 2014.
  8. ^ "Youth Olympic Flame Lighting Ceremony Kicks Off Nanjing 2014 Torch Relay". Najing2014.org. 30 April 2014. Retrieved 30 April 2014.
  9. ^ "Youth Olympic flame burns brightly for Nanjing 2014". IOC. 30 April 2014. Retrieved 30 April 2014.
  10. ^ "List of 104 Torchbearers for Physical Relay Announced". Najing2014.org. 6 August 2014. Retrieved 6 August 2014.
  11. ^ "2014 Summer Youth Olympic Games Brochure" (PDF). Retrieved 4 May 2010.
  12. ^ "Nanjing 2014 Youth Olympic Games- Sports Program and Summary of Qualification Systems" (PDF). Retrieved 14 February 2014.
  13. ^ "Nanjing 2014 Sports lab opens its doors". International Olympic Committee. 19 August 2014. Retrieved 20 August 2014.
  14. ^ "Competition Schedule". Nanjing2014.org. 29 March 2014. Retrieved 29 March 2014.
  15. ^ "Ebola crisis forces Nigeria and Sierra Leone out of Nanjing 2014". insidethegames.biz. 13 August 2014. Retrieved 13 August 2014.
  16. ^ "Liberia withdraw and three athletes barred from competing as Nanjing 2014 Ebola fear rises". insidethegames.biz. 15 August 2014. Retrieved 15 August 2014.
  17. ^ "South Sudanese athlete to compete at Nanjing 2014 under Olympic flag". insidethegames.biz. 8 July 2014. Retrieved 9 July 2014.
  18. ^ "Nanjing 2014 Athlete Role Models unveiled". insidethegames.biz. 17 March 2014. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
  19. ^ "2014 Athlete Role Models List" (PDF). IOC. 17 March 2014. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
  20. ^ "Farina appointed to Youth Olympic Games role". IOC. 9 April 2014. Retrieved 26 April 2014.
  21. ^ "Patrick Murphy to make a splash at the Youth Olympic Games". IOC. 22 April 2014. Retrieved 30 April 2014.
  22. ^ "Young Ambassadors – Nanjing 2014 Youth Olympic Games" (PDF). IOC. 1 February 2014. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
  23. ^ "IOC announces impressive list of inspiring Young Ambassadors for Nanjing 2014 Youth Olympic Games". Nanjing2014.org. 1 February 2014. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
  24. ^ "104 Young Ambassadors Have Arrived!". Nanjing2014.org. 25 March 2014. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
  25. ^ "Young Reporters – Nanjing 2014 Youth Olympic Games" (PDF). IOC. 5 February 2014. Retrieved 29 March 2014.
  26. ^ "IOC announces the Young Reporters for the Nanjing 2014 Youth Olympic Games". IOC. 5 February 2014. Retrieved 29 March 2014.
  27. ^ Tony Ubani (13 August 2014). "Ebola: China quarantines Nigerian athletes at Youth Olympics". Vanguard Nigeria. Retrieved 18 August 2014.
  28. ^ "Ebola: Nigeria Withdraw Athletes From Youth Olympic Games". Information Nigeria. Retrieved 18 August 2014.
  29. ^ "African nations pull out of Youth Olympics in Ebola controversy". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 18 August 2014.
  30. ^ "IOC disqualifies athlete for violating anti doping rules at the summer Youth Olympic Games". IOC. Retrieved 5 November 2014.

External links

Preceded by
Singapore
Summer Youth Olympic Games
Nanjing

II Youth Olympiad (2014)
Succeeded by
Buenos Aires

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