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1918 was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the 1918th year of the Common Era (CE) and (AD) designations, the 918th year of the Anno Domini 2nd millennium, the 18th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1918, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923. 1918 is the centenary year of the Gregorian Calendar.
This year is famous for the end to the First World War on the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month.
Below, events of
World War I have the "WWI" prefix. January February
February 1 – The Cattaro Mutiny sees Austrian sailors in the Gulf of Cattaro (Kotor), led by two Czech Socialists, mutiny.
February 5 – The SS is torpedoed off the Irish coast; it is the first ship carrying American troops to Europe to be torpedoed and sunk. Tuscania March
March 1 – WWI: German submarine sinks U-19 HMS off Calgarian Rathlin Island, Northern Ireland.
March 3 – WWI:the Central Powers and Bolshevist Russia sign the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, ending Russia's involvement in the war.
March 7 – WWI: Finland forms an alliance with Germany.
March 8 – WWI: Battle of Tell 'Asur launched by units of the British Army's Egyptian Expeditionary Force against Ottoman defences from the Mediterranean Sea, across the Judaean Mountains to the edge of the Jordan Valley ends on March 12 with the move of much of the front line north into Ottoman territory.
March 12 – Moscow becomes the capital of Soviet Russia.
March 19 – The United States Congress establishes time zones and approves daylight saving time (DST goes into effect on March 31).
March 21– July 18 – WWI: Spring Offensive by the German Army along the Western Front fails to make a breakthrough despite large losses on each side, including nearly 20,000 British Army dead on the first day, Operation Michael.
March 21 – WWI: First Transjordan attack on Amman by units of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force begins with the passage of the Jordan River.
WWI: The giant German cannon, the '
Paris Gun' ( Kaiser Wilhelm Geschütz), begins to shell Paris from 114 km (71 mi) away. In London at the
Wood Green Empire, Chung Ling Soo (William E. Robinson, U.S.-born magician) dies during his trick where he is supposed to "catch" two separate bullets – but one of them perforates his lung. He dies the following morning in a hospital.
March 26 – Dr. Marie Stopes publishes her influential book in the U.K. Married Love
March 27 – WWI: First Battle of Amman launched by units of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force during the First Transjordan attack on Amman, ends with their withdrawal on 31 March back to the Jordan Valley.
March 30 – March Days: Bolshevik and Armenian Revolutionary Federation forces suppress a Muslim revolt in Baku, Azerbaijan, resulting in up to 30,000 deaths. April
April 1 – The Royal Flying Corps and the Royal Naval Air Service in Britain are merged to form the Royal Air Force, the first autonomous Air Force in the world.
April 5 – Sālote succeeds as Queen of Tonga; she will remain on the throne until her death in 1965.
April 9 – Union of Bessarabia with Romania: Bessarabia votes to become part of the Kingdom of Romania.
April 21 – WWI: Manfred von Richthofen, "The Red Baron", the war's most successful fighter pilot, dies in combat at Morlancourt Ridge near the Somme River.
April 22 – Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia declare their independence from Russia as the Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic.
April 23 – WWI:
April 28 – WWI: Gavrilo Princip, assassin of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, dies in Terezin, Austria-Hungary, after three years in prison.
April 30 – WWI: Second Transjordan attack on Shunet Nimrin and Es Salt launched by units of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force ends on 4 May with their withdrawal back to the Jordan Valley. May June
June 1 – WWI: The Battle of Belleau Wood begins.
June 4 – RMS Kenilworth Castle, one of the Union-Castle Line steamships, collides with her escort destroyer HMS while trying to avoid her other escort, the cruiser Rival HMS . Kent
June 5 – The , a confidential cultural organisation, is founded in Afrikaner Broederbond Johannesburg.
June 8 – V603 Aquilae, the brightest nova observed since Kepler's of 1604, is discovered.
June 10 – WWI: The Austro-Hungarian dreadnought battleship SMS is sunk by two Italian Szent István MAS motor torpedo boats off the Dalmatian coast.
Grand Duke Michael of Russia is murdered, thereby becoming the first of the Romanovs to be murdered by the Bolsheviks. WWI: First airplane bombing raid by an American unit in France.
June 16 – The Declaration to the Seven, a British government response to a memorandum issued anonymously by seven Syrian notables, is published.
June 22 – Suspects in the Chicago Restaurant Poisonings are arrested, and more than 100 waiters are taken into custody, for poisoning restaurant customers with a lethal powder called Mickey Finn. June–August – "
Spanish 'flu" becomes pandemic. Over 30 million people die in the following 6 months.  July
July 3 – Allied intervention in the Russian Civil War: The Siberian Intervention is launched by the Allies to extract the Czechoslovak Legion from the Russian Civil War.
July 4 – Mehmed VI succeeds as Sultan of the Ottoman Empire on the death of his half-brother Mehmed V (Reşâd, who has reigned since 1909), himself reigning until the Sultanate is abolished in 1922.
July 9 – Great Train Wreck of 1918: in Nashville, Tennessee, an inbound local train collides with an outbound express, killing 101.
July 12 – The Imperial Japanese Navy battleship blows up off Kawachi Tokuyama, Yamaguchi, western Honshu, Japan, killing at least 621.
July 13 – The National Czechoslovak Committee is established.
July 14 – Release in the United States of the film featuring The Glorious Adventure Mammy Lou who becomes one of the oldest people ever to star in a film, at a claimed age of 114.
July 15 – WWI: Second Battle of the Marne: The battle begins near the River Marne with a German attack.
RMS (famed for rescuing survivors of the Carpathia RMS ) is torpedoed and sunk off the east coast of Ireland by Titanic Imperial German Navy submarine ; 218 of the 223 on board are rescued. U-55 
Execution of the Romanov family: By order of the Bolshevik Party and carried out by the Cheka, former emperor Nicholas II, his wife Alexandra Feodorovna, their children, Olga, Tatiana, Maria, Anastasia, and Alexei, and retainers are shot at the Ipatiev House in Ekaterinburg, Russia. August
: Attempted assassination of
, depicted by Vladimir Pchelin
September October November December
December 4 – President Woodrow Wilson departs by ship to the Paris Peace Conference, becoming the first United States President to travel to Europe while holding office.
December 5 – Estonian War of Independence: The British light cruiser HMS strikes a Cassandra mine and sinks near Saaremaa in the Baltic Sea, killing eleven sailors. 
December 14 – Prince Frederick Charles of Hesse renounces the Finnish throne. December 14 - Portuguese President
Sidónio Pais is assassinated.
December 16 – Vincas Mickevičius-Kapsukas declares formation of the Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic, a puppet state created by the Russian SFSR to justify the Lithuanian–Soviet War.
December 17 – Darwin Rebellion in Australia: Disaffected workers march on Government House, Darwin demanding the resignation of the Administrator of the Northern Territory, John A. Gilruth.
December 20 – Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk returns to the Czechoslovak Republic.
December 21 – Estonian War of Independence: The Red Army captures Tartu in Estonia.
December 27 – Greater Poland Uprising (1918–19) begins: Poles in Greater Poland (the former Grand Duchy of Posen) rise up against the Germans, ignited by a patriotic speech made in Poznań by pianist and politician Ignacy Jan Paderewski.
December 28 – Sinn Féin have a landslide victory in Irish seats in the Irish general election (part of the United Kingdom general election, 1918), following the counting of votes, winning 73 of the 105 seats in Ireland. In accordance with their manifesto, Sinn Féin members will not take their seats in the Palace of Westminster but will form the First Dáil in Dublin. Countess Constance Markievicz, while detained in Holloway Prison (London), becomes the first woman elected to (but does not take her seat in) the British House of Commons. 
December 31 – A British-brokered ceasefire ends the two weeks of fighting in the Georgian–Armenian War. Date unknown Births January
January 1 – Patrick Anthony Porteous, Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross (d. 2000)
January 2 – Gudrun Zapf-von Hesse, German typographer, calligrapher and book-binder
January 9 – Alma Ziegler, American female professional baseball player (d. 2005)
January 10 – Arthur Chung, 1st President of Guyana (d. 2008)
January 11 – Kassim Al-Rimawi, Prime Minister of Jordan (d. 1982)
January 22 – Elmer Lach, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2015)
January 23 – Gertrude B. Elion, American scientist recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1999)
January 24 – Oral Roberts, American neo-Pentecostal televangelist (d. 2009)
January 25 – Ernie Harwell, American baseball sportscaster (d. 2010)
January 30 – Bazilije Pandžić, Croatian historian, archivist and orientalist
January 31 – Millie Dunn Veasey, American civil rights activist (d. 2018) February March
March 2 – Martin Flannery, British politician (d. 2006)
March 4 – Margaret Osborne duPont, former American female tennis player (d. 2012)
March 10 – Günther Rall, German ace fighter pilot (d. 2009)
March 11 – Jack Coe, American evangelist (d. 1956)
March 12 – Elaine de Kooning, American artist (d. 1989)
March 13 – Eddie Pellagrini, American baseball player and coach (d. 2006)
March 14 – John McCallum, Australian actor (d. 2010)
March 15 – William McIntyre, Canadian Puisne Justice (d. 2009)
March 16 – Frederick Reines, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1998)
March 17 – Viviane Gauthier, Haitian dancer (d. 2017)
March 18 – Bob Broeg, American sports writer (d. 2005)
March 20 – Jack Barry, American television game show host and producer (d. 1984)
March 22 – Cheddi Jagan, President of Guyana (d. 1997)
March 25 – Howard Cosell, American attorney, lecturer, and sports journalist (d. 1995)
March 28 – Gonzalo Facio Segreda, Costa Rican lawyer, politician, and diplomat (d. 2018)
April 6 – Alfredo Ovando Candía, President of Bolivia (d. 1982)
April 7 – Bobby Doerr, American baseball player (d. 2017)
April 8 – Betty Ford, First Lady of the United States (d. 2011)
April 9 – Jørn Utzon, Danish architect (d. 2008)
April 14 – Mary Healy, American actress, variety entertainer, singer (d. 2015)
April 24 – Lou Dorfsman, American graphic designer (d. 2008)
April 26 – Fanny Blankers-Koen, Dutch athlete (d. 2004)
April 27 – John Rice, American baseball umpire (d. 2011)
April 28 – Karl-Eduard von Schnitzler East German journalist and host of the television show Der schwarze Kanal (d. 2001) May
May 1 – Jack Paar, American television show host ( The Tonight Show) (d. 2004)
May 3 – Richard Dudman, American reporter and editorial writer ( St. Louis Post-Dispatch) (d. 2017)
May 5 – Egidio Galea, Maltese Roman Catholic priest (d. 2005)
May 6 – Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, 1st President of the United Arab Emirates (d. 2004)
May 11 – Richard Feynman, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1988)
May 12 – Julius Rosenberg, American-born Soviet spy (d. 1953)
May 16 – Wilf Mannion, English footballer (d. 2000)
May 18 – Claudia Bryar, American actress (d. 2011)
May 19 – Abraham Pais, Dutch-born American physicist (d. 2000)
May 20 – Edward B. Lewis, American geneticist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 2004)
May 23 – Frank Mancuso, American major league baseball player and politician (d. 2007)
May 27 – Yasuhiro Nakasone, Prime Minister of Japan
May 28 – Norbert Franck, Luxembourgian swimmer (d. 2006)
June 2 – Kathryn Tucker Windham, American writer and storyteller (d. 2011)
June 4 – Johnny Klein, American drummer (d. 1997)
June 8 – Robert Preston, American actor ( The Music Man) (d. 1987)
June 9 – John Hospers, American philosopher (d. 2011)
June 12 – Jerry A. Moore Jr., American politician (d. 2017)
June 15 – François Tombalbaye, former President of Chad (d. 1975)
June 22 – Cicely Saunders, English Anglican nurse, social worker, physician and writer (d. 2005)
June 23 – Paul Ashbee, British archaeologist (d. 2009)
June 28 – Marshall Brown, American professional basketball player (d. 2008)
June 30 – Des Case, Welsh rugby union and professional rugby league footballer July August
August 3 – Sidney Gottlieb, American Central Intelligence Agency official (d. 1999)
August 4 – Noel Willman, Irish actor (d. 1988)
August 5 – Betty Oliphant, co-founder of National Ballet of Canada (d. 2004)
August 6 – Charles Coulston Gillispie, American historian (d. 2015)
August 11 – Thomas A. Bird, British WWII army officer and architect (d. 2017)
August 12 – Roy C. Bennett, American songwriter (d. 2015)
August 19 – Shankar Dayal Sharma, 9th President of India (d. 1999)
August 21 – Bruria Kaufman, American-born Israeli physicist (d. 2010)
August 25 – Leonard Bernstein, American composer and conductor (d. 1990)
August 28 – Alejandro Agustín Lanusse, 37th President of Argentina (d. 1996)
August 29 – Brian Stonehouse, English painter and WWII spy (d. 1998)
August 30 – Ted Williams, American baseball player (d. 2002) September
September 1 – James D. Martin, American politician (d. 2017)
September 3 – Helen Wagner, American soap opera actress (d. 2010)
September 8 – Derek Barton, British chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1998)
September 9 – Oscar Luigi Scalfaro, 9th President of the Italian Republic (d. 2012)
September 15 – Nipsey Russell, American comedian (d. 2005)
September 17 – Chaim Herzog, 6th President of Israel 1983–93 (d. 1997)
September 21 – John Gofman, American Manhattan Project scientist and advocate (d. 2007)
September 22 – Henryk Szeryng, Polish-born violinist (d. 1988)
September 24 – Emerante Morse, Haitian singer, dancer and folklorist (d. 2018)
September 26 – Peng Chang-kuei, Taiwanese chef (d. 2016)
September 27 – Martin Ryle, English radio astronomer, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physics (d. 1984)
September 30 – Giovanni Canestri, Italian cardinal (d. 2015) October
October 4 – Kenichi Fukui, Japanese chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1998)
October 6 – Goh Keng Swee, former Deputy Prime Minister of Singapore (d. 2010)
October 8 – Jens Christian Skou, Danish chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
October 9 – E. Howard Hunt, Watergate break-in coordinator (d. 2007)
October 13 – Robert Walker, American actor (d. 1951)
October 14 – Thelma Coyne Long, Australian tennis player (d. 2015)
October 16 – Louis Althusser, French philosopher (d. 1990)
October 17 – Rita Hayworth, American actress (d. 1987)
October 19 – Robert S. Strauss, Democratic National Committee Chairman (d. 2014)
October 23 – Augusta Dabney, American actress (d. 2008)
October 25 – Milton Selzer, American actor (d. 2006)
October 26 – Marc Hodler, Swiss lawyer (d. 2006)
October 29 – Diana Serra Cary, American actress
October 31 – Ian Stevenson, American parapsychologist (d. 2007) November
November 2 – Raimon Panikkar, Spanish theologian (d. 2010)
November 11 – Louise Tobin, American singer
November 14 – John Bromwich, Australian tennis player (d. 1999)
November 21 – Dorothy Maguire Chapman, American professional baseball player (d. 1981)
November 26 – Patricio Aylwin, 32nd President of Chile (d. 2016)
November 28 – Jack H. Harris, American film producer, distributor and actor (d. 2017)
November 29 – Madeleine L'Engle, American author (d. 2007)
November 30 – Efrem Zimbalist, Jr., American actor ( ) (d. The FBI 2014) December
December 3 – Abdul Haris Nasution, Indonesian general (d. 2000)
December 7 – Jórunn Viðar, Icelandic pianist and composer (d. 2017)
December 8 – Gérard Souzay, French baritone (d. 2004)
December 11 – Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Russian writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2008)
December 12 – Joe Williams, American jazz singer (d. 1999)
December 14 – B. K. S. Iyengar, Indian yoga teacher (d. 2014)
December 15 – Jeff Chandler, American actor (d. 1961)
December 17 – Dusty Anderson, American actress and model
December 20 – Joseph Payne Brennan, American poet and author (d. 1990)
December 31 – Al Lakeman, American catcher in Major League Baseball (d. 1976) Date Unknown Deaths January February
February 2 – John L. Sullivan, American boxer, World Heavyweight Champion (b. 1858)
February 5 – Leonard Monteagle Barlow, British fighter pilot (accident) (b. 1898)
February 6 – Gustav Klimt, Austrian painter (b. 1862)
February 8 – Louis Renault, French jurist, educator and Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1843)
February 11 – Alexey Kaledin, Russian general (suicide) (b. 1861)
February 15 – Vernon Castle, American dancer (b. 1887)
February 16 – Károly Khuen-Héderváry, 2-Time Prime Minister of Hungary (b. 1849)
February 23 – Adolphus Frederick VI, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (b. 1882) March April May
May 2 – Jüri Vilms, Estonian politician (b. 1889)
May 14 – James Gordon Bennett, Jr., American newspaper publisher (b. 1841)
May 17 – William Drew Robeson, American minister, father of singer and actor Paul Robeson (b. 1844)
May 18 – Maria Magdalena Merten, German Roman Catholic religious professed and blessed (b. 1883)
May 19 – Raoul Lufbery, Franco-American fighter pilot (killed in action) (b. 1885)
May 23 – Mariano Ponce, Filipino diplomat, politician and writer (b. 1863)
May 24 – József Kiss, Austro-Hungarian fighter pilot (killed in action) (b. 1896)
May 30 – Georgi Plekhanov, Russian revolutionary and philosopher (b. 1856) June July August September
September 5 – Nikolay Maklakov, Russian politician, former minister of the Interior (b. 1871)
September 6 – Elizabeth Yates (mayor), New Zealand politician (b. 1845)
September 8 – Francis Mary of the Cross Jordan, German Roman Catholic priest and venerable (b. 1848)
September 12 – George Reid, 4th Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1845)
September 13 – Eduard, Duke of Anhalt (b. 1861)
September 16 – Maurice Boyau, French World War I fighter ace (killed in action) (b. 1888)
September 20 – Prince Erik, Duke of Västmanland (b. 1889)
September 25 – Mikhail Alekseyev, Russian general (b. 1857)
September 27 – Fritz Rumey, German World War I fighter ace (killed in action) (b. 1891)
September 29 – Frank Luke, American fighter pilot (killed in action) (b. 1897) October November December
December 2 – Edmond Rostand, French writer (b. 1868)
December 4 – Princess Teriivaetua (b. 1869)
December 5 – Schalk Willem Burger, Boer military leader, lawyer, politician, and statesman, acting President of the South African Republic (1900-1902) (b. 1852)
December 11 – Ivan Cankar, Slovenian writer (b. 1876)
December 14 – Sidónio Pais, Portuguese politician, general and diplomat, 66th Prime Minister of Portugal and 4th President of Portugal (b. 1872)
December 20 – Sultan Ali bin Hamud of Zanzibar (b. 1884)
December 21 – Prince Konrad of Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst, Austrian statesman, former Prime Minister (b. 1863)
December 28 – Olavo Bilac, Brazilian poet (b. 1865) Nobel Prizes References
^ "Historical Concert for the Benefit of Widows and Orphans". World Digital Library. 2014-02-10 . Retrieved . 2014-06-22
^ Barry, John M. (2005). The Great Influenza; The Story of the Deadliest Pandemic in History. New York: Penguin Books. ISBN 978-0143036494.
^ Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
^ Shores, Christopher (1969). Finnish Air Force, 1918–1968. Reading, Berkshire, UK: Osprey Publications Ltd. p. 3. ISBN 978-0668021210.
^ Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 355–356. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
^ Royal Canadian Legion Branch # 138. "2-Minute Wave of Silence" Revives a Time-honoured Tradition. Accessed on 5 June 2014.
^ The first was from Allahabad to Naini Junction in India on 18 February 1911 and the second from London to Windsor Castle on 22 June 1911.
^ "Women's Right to Vote in Canada". lop.parl.ca . Retrieved . 2018-02-22
^ "La Grippe Espagnole de 1918". Institut Pasteur. Archived from the original on June 4, 2011 . Retrieved . 3 May 2011
^ "Carpathia Sunk; 5 of Crew Killed". . 20 July 1918. p. 4. New York Times
^ Lichfield, John (2014-07-07). "A History of the First World War in 100 Moments: The 'blackest day' of the German army". . London The Independent . Retrieved . 2014-07-07
^ Pitt, Barrie (2003). 1918: The Last Act. Barnsley: Pen and Sword. ISBN 0-85052-974-3.
^ Massie, Robert K. (2004). Castles of Steel: Britain, Germany, and the Winning of the Great War at Sea. New York: Ballantine Books. ISBN 0-345-40878-0.
^ Biger, Gideon (2004). . London: Routledge. pp. 55, 164. The Boundaries of Modern Palestine, 1840–1947 ISBN 978-0-7146-5654-0 . Retrieved . 2009-05-02
^ Wainwright, Martin (23 August 2010). "British warships sunk 90 years ago found off Estonian coast". . London The Guardian . Retrieved . 2010-08-24
^ Ward, Margaret (1983). Unmanageable Revolutionaries: Women and Irish nationalism. London: Pluto Press. p. 137. ISBN 0-86104-700-1. Primary sources and year books
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