This page was last edited on 28 November 2017, at 11:06.
1765 (MDCCLXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar, the 1765th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 765th year of the 2nd millennium, the 65th year of the 18th century, and the 6th year of the 1760s decade. As of the start of 1765, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.
- January 23 – Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor marries Princess Maria Josepha of Bavaria in Vienna.
- March 9 – After a public campaign by the writer Voltaire, judges in Paris posthumously exonerate Jean Calas of murdering his son. Calas had been tortured and executed in 1762 on the charge, though his son may have committed suicide.
- March 22 – The Parliament of Great Britain passes the Stamp Act, imposing the first direct tax levied from Great Britain on the thirteen American colonies. This is to help pay for British military operations in North America.
- March 24 – Great Britain passes the Quartering Act, requiring the thirteen American colonies to house British troops.
- May – James Watt makes a breakthrough in the development of the steam engine, by constructing a model with a separate condenser.
- May 18 – Fire destroys one quarter of the town of Montreal, Quebec.
- June 21 – The Isle of Man is brought under British control, the Isle of Man Purchase Act (coming into force 10 May) confirming HM Treasury's purchase of the feudal rights of the Dukes of Atholl, as Lord of Mann over the island, and revesting them into the British Crown.
- January 11 – Antoine Alexandre Barbier, French librarian (d. 1825)
- January 23 – Thomas Todd, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States (d. 1826)
- February 1 – Charles Hatchett, English chemist (d. 1847)
- February 8 – Joseph Leopold Eybler, Austrian composer (d. 1846)
- February 22 – Meta Forkel-Liebeskind, German writer, scholar (d. 1853)
- March 7 – Nicéphore Niépce, French inventor (d. 1833)
- March 27 – Franz Xaver von Baader, German philosopher, theologian (d. 1841)
- April 1 – Luigi Schiavonetti, Italian engraver (d. 1810)
- April 6 – Duke Charles Felix of Savoy (d. 1831)
- April 11 – Gertrudis Bocanegra, Mexican national heroine (d. 1817)
- April 26 – Emma, Lady Hamilton, English mistress of Horatio Nelson (d. 1815)
- June 5 – James Smithson, British mineralogist, chemist and posthumous founder of the Smithsonian Institution (d. 1829)
- June 15 – Henry Thomas Colebrooke, English orientalist (d. 1831)
- July 14 – Abigail Adams Smith, firstborn daughter of Abigail Adams and John Adams (d. 1813)
- July 26 – Jean-Baptiste Drouet, Comte d'Erlon, French marshal (d. 1844)
- August 4 – Claire Lacombe, French actress, political activist
- August 6 – Petrobey Mavromichalis, Prime Minister of Greece (d. 1848)
- August 21 – King William IV of the United Kingdom (d. 1837)
- September 16 – Harry Burrard-Neale, British Royal Navy officer and politician (d. 1840)
- September 18 – Pope Gregory XVI (d. 1846)
- September 29 – Karl Ludwig Harding, German astronomer (d. 1834)
- October 8 – Harman Blennerhassett, Irish-American lawyer (d. 1831)
- October 17 – Henri Jacques Guillaume Clarke, duc de Feltre, French marshal and politician (d. 1818)
- October 24 – James Mackintosh, Scottish publicist (d. 1832)
- November 14 – Robert Fulton, American inventor (d. 1815)
- November 17 – Jacques MacDonald, French marshal (d. 1840)
- November 20 – Sir Thomas Fremantle, British captain and politician (d. 1819)
- November 28 – George William Manby, English author and inventor (d. 1854)
- December 8 – Eli Whitney, American inventor (d. 1825)
- December 22 – Johann Friedrich Pfaff, German mathematician (d. 1825)
- date unknown
- Mary Bryant, one of the first successful escapees from the fledging Australian penal colony
- February 2 – Teresia Constantia Phillips, British autobiographer (b. 1709)
- February 4 – Jean-Jacques Blaise d'Abbadie, Director-general of the Colony of Louisiana (b. 1726)
- February 9 – Elisabetta de Gambarini, English composer (b. 1731)
- March 3 – William Stukeley, English archaeologist (b. 1687)
- March 27 – Arthur Dobbs, Irish politician and governor of the Royal Colony of North Carolina (b. 1689)
- April 5 – Edward Young, English poet (b. 1683)
- April 15 – Mikhail Lomonosov, Russian author and scientist (b. 1711)
- April 20 – Abigail Williams, American accuser in the Salem witch trials (b. 1681)
- May 17 – Alexis Clairaut, French mathematician (b. 1713)
- July 15 – Charles-André van Loo, French painter (b. 1705)
- August 17 – Timothy Cutler, rector of Yale College (b. 1684)
- August 18 – Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1708)
- September 2 – Henry Bouquet, Swiss-born British army officer (b. 1719)
- October 10 – Lionel Sackville, 1st Duke of Dorset, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (b. 1688)
- October 21 – Giovanni Paolo Panini, Italian painter and architect (b. 1691)
- October 31 – Prince William, Duke of Cumberland, English military leader (b. 1721)
- November 30 – George Glas, Scottish merchant and adventurer (b. 1725)
- December 3 – Lord John Sackville, English cricketer (b. 1713)
- December 16 – Peter Frederick Haldimand, Swiss-born military officer and surveyor
- December 25 – Prokop Diviš, Czech scientist (b. 1698)
- ^ Hartley Booth, V. E.; Sells, Peter (1980). British extradition law and procedure: including extradition between the United Kingdom and foreign states, the Commonwealth and dependent countries and the Republic of Ireland. Alphen aan den Rijn: Sijthoff & Noordhoff. p. 5. ISBN 978-90-286-0079-9. OCLC 6890466.
- ^ Bhattacherje, S. B. (May 1, 2009). Encyclopaedia of Indian Events & Dates. Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd. pp. A–96. Retrieved March 24, 2014.
- ^ Bisha, Robin (2002). Russian Women, 1698-1917 Experience and Expression: An Anthology of Sources. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press. pp. 162–163.
This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.