100th United States Congress

The One Hundredth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from January 3, 1987, to January 3, 1989, during the last two years of Ronald Reagan's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Twentieth Census of the United States in 1980. Both chambers had a Democratic majority.

100th United States Congress
99th ←
→ 101st
USCapitol
January 3, 1987 – January 3, 1989
Senate President George H. W. Bush (R)
Senate Pres. pro tem John C. Stennis (D)
House Speaker Jim Wright (D)
Members 100 senators
435 representatives
5 non-voting delegates
Senate Majority Democratic
House Majority Democratic
Sessions
1st: January 6, 1987 – December 22, 1987
2nd: January 25, 1988 – October 22, 1988

Major events

President Reagan gives the State of the Union Address to Congress 1988
President Ronald Reagan with Vice President George Bush and House Speaker Jim Wright during the 1988 State of the Union Address, January 25, 1988

Major legislation

Ronald Reagan signing Japanese reparations bill
President Reagan signed the Civil Liberties Act of 1988 into law, August 10, 1988.

Treaties ratified

Hearings

Party summary

Senate

100th Congress-Senate Map
Senate representation by state
Party
(shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic
(D)
Republican
(R)
End of the previous congress 47 53 100 0
Begin 55 45 100 0
End 54 991
Final voting share 54.5% 45.5%
Beginning of the next congress 55 45 100 0

House of Representatives

100th US Congress House of Reps
House representation by state
Party
(shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic
(D)
Republican
(R)
End of the previous congress 252 180 432 3
Begin 258 177 435 0
End 254 178 4323
Final voting share 58.8% 41.2%
Non-voting members 4 1 5
Beginning of the next congress 251 183 434 1

Leadership

Senate

Majority (Democratic) leadership

Minority (Republican) leadership

House of Representatives

Majority (Democratic) leadership

Minority leadership

Caucuses

Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed by class, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate

Senators are popularly elected statewide every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress, In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term ended with this Congress, facing re-election in 1988; Class 2 meant their term began in the last Congress, facing re-election in 1990; and Class 3 meant their term began in this Congress, facing re-election in 1992.

Alabama

Alaska

Arizona

Arkansas

California

Colorado

Connecticut

Delaware

Florida

Georgia

Hawaii

Idaho

Illinois

Indiana

Iowa

Kansas

Kentucky

Louisiana

Maine

Maryland

Massachusetts

Michigan

Minnesota

Mississippi

Missouri

Montana

Nebraska

Nevada

New Hampshire

New Jersey

New Mexico

New York

North Carolina

North Dakota

Ohio

Oklahoma

Oregon

Pennsylvania

Rhode Island

South Carolina

South Dakota

Tennessee

Texas

Utah

Vermont

Virginia

Washington

West Virginia

Wisconsin

Wyoming

House of Representatives

Alabama

Alaska

Arizona

Arkansas

California

Colorado

Connecticut

4. Christopher Shays (R), from August 18, 1987

Delaware

Florida

Georgia

Hawaii

Idaho

Illinois

Indiana

Iowa

Kansas

Kentucky

Louisiana

4. Jim McCrery (R), from April 16, 1988

Maine

Maryland

Massachusetts

Michigan

Minnesota

Mississippi

Missouri

Montana

Nebraska

Nevada

New Hampshire

New Jersey

New Mexico

New York

North Carolina

North Dakota

Ohio

Oklahoma

Oregon

Pennsylvania

Rhode Island

South Carolina

South Dakota

Tennessee

Texas

Utah

Vermont

Virginia

Washington

West Virginia

Wisconsin

Wyoming

Non-voting members

Changes in membership

Senate

State
(class)
Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation
Nebraska
(1)
Edward Zorinsky (D) Died March 6, 1987.
Successor was appointed to finish the term.
David Karnes (R) March 11, 1987
Nebraska
(1)
David Karnes (R) Lost election and resigned November 8, 1988. Vacant to the end of this Congress.

House of Representatives

District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation
California's 5th Sala Burton (D) Died February 1, 1987 Nancy Pelosi (D) June 2, 1987
Connecticut's 4th Stewart McKinney (R) Died May 7, 1987 Chris Shays (R) August 18, 1987
Tennessee's 5th Bill Boner (D) Resigned October 5, 1987 Bob Clement (D) January 19, 1988
Virginia's 5th Dan Daniel (D) Died January 23, 1988 Lewis F. Payne, Jr. (D) June 14, 1988
Louisiana's 4th Buddy Roemer (D) Resigned March 14, 1988, after being elected Governor of Louisiana Jim McCrery (R) April 16, 1988
New Jersey's 3rd James J. Howard (D) Died March 25, 1988 Frank Pallone (D) November 8, 1988
Illinois's 21st Melvin Price (D) Died April 22, 1988 Jerry Costello (D) August 9, 1988
Tennessee's 2nd John Duncan, Sr. (R) Died June 21, 1988 Jimmy Duncan (R) November 8, 1988
New York's 19th Mario Biaggi (D) Resigned August 5, 1988 Vacant to the end of this Congress
American Samoa's At-large Fofó I. F. Sunia (D) Resigned September 6, 1988 Vacant to the end of this Congress
Alabama's 3rd William F. Nichols (D) Died December 13, 1988 Vacant to the end of this Congress

Committees

Lists of committees and their party leaders, for members (House and Senate) of the committees and their assignments, go into the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of the article and click on the link (1 link), in the directory after the pages of terms of service, you will see the committees of the Senate, House (Standing with Subcommittees, Select and Special) and Joint and after the committee pages, you will see the House/Senate committee assignments in the directory, on the committees section of the House and Senate in the Official Congressional Directory, the committee's members on the first row on the left side shows the chairman of the committee and on the right side shows the ranking member of the committee.

Senate

House of Representatives

  • Aging (Select)
  • Agriculture (Chair: Kika de la Garza)
    • Conservation, Credit and Rural Development
    • Cotton, Rice and Sugar
    • Department Operations, Research and Foreign Agriculture
    • Domestic Marketing, Consumer Relations and Nutrition
    • Forests, Family Farms and Energy
    • Livestock, Dairy and Poultry
    • Tobacco and Peanuts
    • Wheat, Soybeans and Feed Grains
  • Appropriations (Chair: Jamie L. Whitten)
    • Commerce, Justice, State and the Judiciary
    • Defense
    • District of Columbia
    • Energy and Water Development
    • Foreign Operations
    • HUD-Independent Agencies
    • Interior and Related Agencies
    • Labor-Health and Human Services
    • Legislative
    • Military Construction
    • Agriculture, Rural Development and Related Agencies
    • Transportation and Related Agencies
    • Treasury, Postal Service and General Government
  • Armed Services (Chair: Les Aspin)
    • Investigations
    • Military Installations and Facilities
    • Military Personnel and Compensation
    • Procurement and Military Nuclear Systems
    • Readiness
    • Research and Development
    • Seapower, Strategic and Critical Materials
    • Acquisition Policy Panel
    • Defense Policy Panel
  • Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs (Chair: Fernand St. Germain)
    • Consumer Affairs and Coinage
    • Domestic Monetary Policy
    • Economic Stabilization
    • Financial Institutions Supervision, Regulation and Insurance
    • General Oversight and Investigations
    • Housing and Community Development
    • International Development Institutions and Finance
    • International Finance, Trade and Monetary Policy
  • Budget (Chair: William H. Gray)
    • Budget Process
    • Community and Natural Resources
    • Defense and International Affairs
    • Economic and Trade Policy
    • Health
    • Human Resources
    • Income Security
    • State and Local Government
  • Children, Youth and Families (Select)
  • District of Columbia (Chair: Ron Dellums)
    • Fiscal Affairs and Health
    • Government Operations and Metropolitan Affairs
    • Judiciary and Education
  • Education and Labor (Chair: Augustus F. Hawkins)
    • Elementary, Secondary and Vocational Education
    • Employment Opportunities
    • Postsecondary Education
    • Health and Safety
    • Labor-Management Relations
    • Labor Standards
    • Human Resources
    • Select Education
  • Energy and Commerce (Chair: John Dingell)
    • Commerce, Transportation and Tourism
    • Energy and Power
    • Health and the Environment
    • Oversight and Investigations
    • Telecommunications and Finance
    • Transportation, Tourism and Hazardous Materials
  • Foreign Affairs (Chair: Dante Fascell)
    • Africa
    • Arms Control, International Security and Science
    • Asian and Pacific Affairs
    • Europe and the Middle East
    • Human Rights and International Organizations
    • International Economic Policy and Trade
    • International Operations
    • Western Hemisphere Affairs
  • Government Operations (Chair: Jack Brooks
    • Commerce, Consumer and Monetary Affairs
    • Employment and Housing
    • Environment, Energy and Natural Resources
    • Government Activities and Transportation
    • Government Information, Justice and Agriculture
    • Human Resources and Ingovernmental Relations
    • Legislation and National Security
  • House Administration (Chair: Frank Annunzio)
    • Accounts
    • Elections
    • Libraries and Memorials
    • Office Systems
    • Personnel and Police
    • Procurement and Printing
    • Task Force on Legislative Service Organizations
  • Hunger (Select)
  • Interior and Insular Affairs (Chair: Mo Udall)
    • Energy and the Environment
    • General Oversight, Northwest Power and Forest Management
    • Insular and International Affairs
    • Mining and Natural Resources
    • National Parks and Public Lands
    • Water and Power Resources
  • Investigate Covert Arms Transactions with Iran (Select)
  • Judiciary (Chair: Peter W. Rodino)
    • Administrative Law and Governmental Relations
    • Civil and Constitutional Rights
    • Courts, Civil Liberties and the Administration of Justice
    • Crime
    • Criminal Justice
    • Immigration, Refugees and International Law
    • Monopolies and Commercial Law
  • Merchant Marine and Fisheries (Chair: Walter B. Jones Sr.)
    • Coast Guard and Navigation
    • Fisheries, Wildlife Conservation and the Environment
    • Merchant Marine
    • Oceanography
    • Oversight and Investigations
    • Panama Canal and Outer Continental Stuff
  • Narcotics Abuse and Control (Select)
  • Post Office and Civil Service
    • Census and Population
    • Civil Service
    • Compensation and Employee Benefits
    • Human Resources
    • Investigations
    • Postal Operations and Services
    • Postal Personnel and Modernization
  • Public Works and Transportation (Chair: James J. Howard, then Glenn M. Anderson)
    • Aviation
    • Economic Development
    • Investigations and Oversight
    • Public Buildings and Grounds
    • Surface Transportation
    • Water Resources
  • Rules (Chair: Claude Pepper)
    • Rules of the House
    • The Legislative Process
  • Science and Technology (Chair: Robert A. Roe)
    • Energy Research and Development
    • International Scientific Cooperation
    • Investigations and Oversight
    • Natural Resources, Agriculture Research and Environment
    • Science, Research and Technology
    • Space Science and Applications
    • Transportation, Aviation and Materials
  • Small Business (Chair: John J. LaFalce)
    • Antitrust, Impact of Deregulation and Privatization
    • Energy and Agriculture
    • Exports, Tourism and Special Problems
    • Procurement, Innovation and Minority Enterprise Development
    • Regulation and Business Opportunities
    • SBA and the General Economy
  • Standards of Official Conduct (Chair: Julian C. Dixon)
  • Veterans' Affairs (Chair: Gillespie V. Montgomery)
    • Hospitals and Health Care
    • Compensation, Pension and Insurance
    • Education, Training and Employment
    • Oversight and Investigations
    • Housing and Memorial Affairs
  • Ways and Means (Chair: Dan Rostenkowski)
  • Whole

Joint committees

Employees and legislative agency directors

Legislative branch agency directors

Senate

House of Representatives

See also

References

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.

External links

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