Wessex (/ˈwɛsᵻks/; Auld Inglis: Westseaxna rīce, "kinrick o the Wast Saxons") wis an Anglo-Saxon kinrick in the sooth o Great Breetain, frae 519 till Ingland wis unified bi Æthelstan in the early 10t century.

Coordinates: 51°12′N 2°00′W / 51.2°N 2°W

Westseaxna rīce  (Auld Inglis)
519–10t century
Wyvern o Wessex
Caipital Winchester
(efter 9t century)
Common leids Auld Inglis (Wast Saxon dialect)
Releegion Anglo-Saxon paganism (afore 7t century)
Christianity (efter 7t century)
Govrenment Absolute monarchy
• 519–534
Cerdic (first)
• 688–726
• 802–839
Bretwalda Egbert
• 871–899
Alfred the Great
• Efter 925
Æthelstan (last)
• Settlement
5t–6t century
• Inglis unification
10t century
Currency Sceat
Precedit bi
Succeedit bi
East Anglie
Five Boroughs
Kinrick o Ingland Arms of William the Conqueror (1066-1087).svg
The day pairt o  Unitit Kinrick
Alfred the Great

Alfred the Great (849 – 26 October 899) (Auld Inglis: Ælfrēd, Ælfrǣd, "elf coonsel") was Keeng o Wessex frae 871 tae 899. He wis the youngest son o Keeng Æthelwulf o Wessex. His faither dee'd whan he wis young an three o Alfred's brothers, Æthelbald, Æthelberht an Æthelred, ringed in turn.

Efter accedin tae the throne, Alfred spent several years fechtin Viking invasions. He wan a decisive veectory in the Battle o Edington in 878 an made a greement wi the Vikings, creautin what wis kent as Danelaw in the North o Ingland. Alfred an aw owersaw the conversion o Viking leader Guthrum tae Christianity. He defendit his kinrick against the Viking attempt at conquest, acomin the dominant ruler in Ingland. Details o his life are descrived in a wark bi 9t-century Welsh scholar an beeshop Asser.

Alfred haed a reputation as a learned an mercifu man o a gracious an level-heidit natur that encouraged eddication, proponin that primar eddication be conductit in Inglis raither nor Laitin an impruivin the legal seestem, militar structur an his fowk's quality o life. He wis gien the epithet "the Great" in an efter the Reformation in the saxteent century. The anerly ither keeng o Ingland gien this epithet is Cnut the Great.

Anglo-Saxon keengs

Anglo-Saxon keengs begin when Alfred the Great declared himself keeng o Ingland but only controlled a small part.


Athelstan or Æþelstān (c. 895 – 27 October, 939), cried the Glorious, wis the Keeng o Ingland frae 924/925 tae 939. He wis the son o Keeng Edward the Elder, an nevoy o Ethelfleda (Æthelflæd) o Mercia. Æthelstan's success in securin the submission o Constantine II, Keeng o Scots, in 927 throu tae the Battle o Brunanburh in 937 led tae his claimin the teetle "Keeng o aw Breetain". His ring is aften owerleuked, wi a hantle focus gang tae Alfred the Great afore him, an Edmund efter. Houaniver, his ring wis o fundamental importance tae political developments in the 10t century.

Cnut the Great

Cnut the Great (Auld Norse: Knútr inn ríki; c. 985 or 995 – 12 November 1035), mair commonly kent as Canute, wis a keeng o Denmark, Ingland, Norawa an pairts o Swaden, thegither iften referred tae as the Anglo-Scandinavian or North Sea Empire.


Eadred (an aa Edred) (923 - 23 November 955) wis Keeng o the Inglis frae 946 till his daith in 955, in succession tae his elder brither Edmund I.


Eadwig, an aa spelled Edwy (died 1 October 959), uisually cried the Aw-Fair, wis Keeng o Ingland frae 955 till his premature daith in 959.

Edgar the Peacefu

Edgar I (Auld Inglis: Ēadgār; c. 943 – 8 Julie 975), kent as Edgar the Peacefu or the Peaceable, wis Keeng o Ingland frae 959 tae 975.

Edgar the Ætheling

Edgar (the) Ætheling (an aa spelt Æþeling, Aetheling, Atheling or Etheling) or Edgar II (c. 1051 – c. 1126) wis the last male member o the ryal hoose o Cerdic o Wessex (see Hoose o Wessex faimily tree).

Edmund Airnside

Edmund II (died 30 November 1016), uisually kent as Edmund Airnside wis Keeng o Ingland frae 23 Aprile tae 30 November 1016.

Edmund I

Edmund I (Auld Inglis: Ēadmund; 921 – 26 Mey 946), cried the Elder, the Deed-doer, the Juist, or the Magneeficent, wis Keeng o the Inglis frae 939 till his daith.

Edward the Confessor

Edward the Confessor (stween 1003 an 1005 – 5 Januar 1066), son o Æthelred the Unready an Emma o Normandy, wis ane o the last Anglo-Saxon keengs o Ingland an is uisually regardit as the last keeng o the Hoose o Wessex, rulin frae 1042 tae 1066.

Edward the Elder

Edward the Elder (Auld Inglis: Eadweard cyning; c. 874–877 – 17 Julie 924) wis an Inglis keeng.

Edward the Martyr

Edward the Martyr (Auld Inglis: Eadweard; c. 962 – 18 Mairch 978) wis Keeng o Ingland frae 975 till he wis murthert in 978.

Harold Godwinson

Harold II (or Harold Godwinson; Auld Inglis: Harold Godƿinson; Laitin: Haroldus; c. 1022 – 14 October 1066) wis Keeng o Ingland.

Prince Edward, Yerl o Wessex

Prince Edward, Earl o Wessex KG GCVO ADC(P) (Edward Antony Richard Louis; born 10 Mairch 1964) is the third son an fowert (an youngest) bairn o Elizabeth II an Prince Philip, Duke o Edinburgh. At the time o his birth, he wis third in the line o succession tae the thrones o ten independent sovereign states kent as the Commonweelt realms; houiver, efter the births o twa childer each tae his twa elder brithers, an an evolution o the Commonweel, Prince Edward is nou aichth in line tae the thrones o saxteen kintras: the Unitit Kinrick, Canadae, Australie, New Zealand, Jamaica, Barbados, the Bahamas, Grenada, Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, Saunt Lucia, Saunt Vincent an the Grenadines, Belize, Antigua an Barbuda, an Saunt Kitts an Nevis.

Saunt Margaret o Scotland

Saunt Margaret o Scotland (c. 1045 – 16 November 1093), an aa kent as Margaret o Wessex, wis an Inglis princess o the Hoose o Wessex.

Sooth Wast Ingland

South West England is one of nine official regions of England. It is the largest in area, covering 9,200 square miles (23,800 km2), and consists of the counties of Gloucestershire, Bristol, Wiltshire, Somerset, Dorset, Devon and Cornwall, as well as the Isles of Scilly. Five million people live in South West England.

The region includes the West Country and much of the ancient kingdom of Wessex. The largest city is Bristol. Other major urban centres include Plymouth, Swindon, Gloucester, Cheltenham, Exeter, Bath, Torbay, and the South East Dorset conurbation which includes Bournemouth, Poole and Christchurch. There are eight cities: Salisbury, Bath, Wells, Bristol, Gloucester, Exeter, Plymouth and Truro. It includes two entire national parks, Dartmoor and Exmoor (a small part of the New Forest is also within the region); and four World Heritage Sites, including Stonehenge and the Jurassic Coast. The northern part of Gloucestershire, near Chipping Campden, is as close to the Scottish border as it is to the tip of Cornwall. The region has by far the longest coastline in England and many seaside fishing towns.

The region is at the first-level of NUTS for Eurostat purposes. Key data and facts about the region are produced by the South West Observatory. Following the abolition of the South West Regional Assembly and Government Office, local government co-ordination across the region is now undertaken by South West Councils.

The region is known for its rich folklore, including the legend of King Arthur and Glastonbury Tor, as well as its traditions and customs. Cornwall has its own language, Cornish, and some regard it as a Celtic nation. The South West is known for Cheddar cheese, which originated in the Somerset village of Cheddar; Devon cream teas, crabs, Cornish pasties, and cider. It is home to the Eden Project, Aardman Animations, the Glastonbury Festival, the Bristol International Balloon Fiesta, trip hop music and Cornwall's surfing beaches. The region has also been home to some of Britain's most renowned writers, including Daphne du Maurier and Agatha Christie, both of whom set many of their works here, and the South West is also the location of Thomas Hardy's Wessex, the setting for many of his best-known novels.

Æthelred the Unready

Æthelred the Unready, or Æthelred II, (c. 968 – 23 Aprile 1016) wis Keeng o the Inglis (978–1013 an 1014–1016).

In ither leids

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