Tunisie

Tunisie, offeecially the Tunisian Republic (الجمهورية التونسية‎ al-Jumhūriyya at-Tūnisiyya), is the northrenmaist kintra in Africae. It is an Arab kintra an is bordered bi Algerie tae the wast, Libie tae the sootheast, an the Mediterranean Sea tae the north an east. Its aurie is amaist 165,000 km², wi an estimatit population o juist ower 10.3 million. Its name is derived frae the caipital Tunis locatit in the north-east.

Republic o Tunisie
الجمهورية التونسية (Arabic)
al-Jumhūrīyah at-Tūnisīyah

Motto: حرية، ، عدالة، نظام
"Ḥurrīyah, 'Adālah, Niẓām"
"Liberty, Justice, Order"[1]
Anthem: حماة الحمى
Humat al-Hima
Defenders o the Hameland
Location o  Tunisie  (dark blue) – in Africa  (light blue & dark grey) – in the African Union  (light blue)
Location o  Tunisie  (dark blue)

– in Africa  (light blue & dark grey)
– in the African Union  (light blue)

Location o Tunisie
Caipital
and largest city
Tunis
36°50′N 10°9′E / 36.833°N 10.150°E
Offeecial leids Arabic[2]
Spoken leids
Inglis (commercial an edidcational)
Ethnic groups
Releegion Islam
Demonym Tunisie
Govrenment Unitar semi-presidential republic[9][10]
• Preses
Beji Caid Essebsi
• Prime Meenister
Youssef Chahed
Legislatur Assembly o the Representatives o the Fowk
Formation
• Husainid Dynasty inauguratit
15 Julie 1705
• Independence frae Fraunce
20 Mairch 1956
• Republic declared
25 Julie 1957
14 Januar 2011
Aurie
• Total
163,610 km2 (63,170 sq mi) (93rd)
• Water (%)
5.0
Population
• 2014 estimate
10,982,754[11] (79t)
• Density
63/km2 (163.2/sq mi) (133rd)
GDP (PPP) 2016 estimate
• Total
$130.831 billion[12]
• Per capita
$11,656[12]
GDP (nominal) 2016 estimate
• Tot
$42.388 billion[12]
• Per capita
$3,776[12]
Gini (2010) 36.1[13]
medium
HDI (2016) Increase 0.725[14]
heich · 97th
Currency Tunisie dinar (TND)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
Drivin side richt
Cawin code +216
ISO 3166 code TN
Internet TLD

Name

The wird Tunisie is derived frae Tunis; a ceety an caipital o modren-day Tunisie. The present form o the name, wi its Latinate suffix -ia, evolved frae French Tunisie. This name wis introduced bi French geographers an historians as pairt o thair efforts tae gie names tae thair new occupied territories an protectorates. The French derivative Tunisie wis adoptit in some European leids wi slicht modifications, introducin a distinctive name tae designate the kintra. Ither leids remained untouched, sic as the Spaingie Túnez. In this case, the same name is uised for baith kintra an ceety as in Arabic: تونس an ae bi context can ane tell the difference.[16]

The name Tunis can be attributit tae different oreegins. It can be associatit wi the Phoenician goddess Tanith (aka Tunit), auncient ceety o Tynes or tae the Berber ruit ens which means "tae lie doun".

Govrenorates an ceeties

Govrenorates

Governorates of Tunisia
Govrenorates o Tunisie

Tunisia is subdividit intae 24 govrenorates, thay are:

  1. Ariana
  2. Béja
  3. Ben Arous
  4. Bizerte
  5. Gabès
  6. Gafsa
  7. Jendouba
  8. Kairouan
  9. Kasserine
  10. Kebili
  11. Kef
  12. Mahdia
  1. Manouba
  2. Medenine
  3. Monastir
  4. Nabeul
  5. Sfax
  6. Sidi Bou Zid
  7. Siliana
  8. Sousse
  9. Tataouine
  10. Tozeur
  11. Tunis
  12. Zaghouan

The govrenorates are dividit intae 264 "delegations" or "destricts" (mutamadiyat), an further subdividit intae municipalities (shaykhats)[17] an sectors (imadats).[18]

Major ceeties

:See an aa:Leet o ceeties in Tunisie

Nr. Ceety Population Governatorate
1
Tunis
983,861 [19]
Tunis
2
Sfax
855,256 [20]
Sfax
3
Kairouan
546,209 [21]
Kairouan
4
Sousse
544,413 [22]
Sousse
5
Ettadhamen [23]
422,246 [24]
Ariana
6
Gabès
342,630
Gabès
7
Bizerte
114,371
Bizerte
8
Aryanah [23]
97,687
Ariana
9
Gafsa
84,676
Gafsa
10
El Mourouj [23]
81,986
Ben Arous

Affiliations

Tunisie is a member o the follaein organisations:

Organization Dates
Unitit Naitions syne 12 November 1956
Arab League syne 1958
Organization o the Islamic Conference syne 1969
Warld Tred Organisation syne 29 Mairch 1995
Mediterranean Dialogue group syne Februar 1995

Notes

  1. "Tunisia Constitution, Article 4" (PDF). 26 January 2014. Retrieved 10 February 2014.
  2. "Tunisian Constitution, Article 1" (PDF). 26 January 2014. Archived frae the oreeginal (PDF) on 9 February 2014. Retrieved 10 February 2014. Translation by the University of Bern: "Tunisia is a free State, independent and sovereign; its religion is the Islam, its language is Arabic, and its form is the Republic."
  3. Arabic, Tunisian Spoken. Ethnologue (19 February 1999). Retrieved on 5 September 2015.
  4. "Tamazight language". Encyclopædia Britannica.
  5. "Nawaat – Interview avec l' Association Tunisienne de Culture Amazighe". Nawaat.
  6. "An outline of the Shilha (Berber) vernacular of Douiret (Southern Tunisia)".
  7. "Tunisian Amazigh and the Fight for Recognition – Tunisialive". Tunisialive.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 "Tunisia". CIA World Factbook. Archived frae the oreeginal on 16 October 2012. Retrieved 15 October 2012.
  9. Frosini, Justin; Biagi, Francesco (2014). Political and Constitutional Transitions in North Africa: Actors and Factors. Routledge. p. 4. ISBN 9781317597452.
  10. Choudhry, Sujit; Stacey, Richard (2014) "Semi-presidential government in Tunisia and Egypt". International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance. Retrieved 7 January 2016.
  11. "National Institute of Statistics-Tunisia". National Institute of Statistics-Tunisia. 12 September 2014. Retrieved 12 September 2014.
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 "Tunisia". International Monetary Fund.
  13. "GINI index". World Bank. Retrieved 19 January 2013.
  14. "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 04 April 2016. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  15. "Report on the Delegation of تونس". Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers. 2010. Retrieved 8 November 2010.
  16. Room, Adrian (2006). Placenames of the World: Origins and Meanings of the Names for 6,600 Countries, Cities, Territories, Natural Features, and Historic Sites. McFarland. p. 385. ISBN 0-7864-2248-3.
  17. "Tunisia Governorates". Statoids.com. Retrieved 2010-05-02.
  18. Portail de l'industrie Tunisienne, in French
  19. 3,980,500 in the metropolitan aurie
  20. "Mongabay.com, population of Sfax". Retrieved 2009-10-09.
  21. "Mongabay.com, population of Kairouan". Retrieved 2009-10-09.
  22. "Mongabay.com, population of Sousse". Retrieved 2009-10-09.
  23. 23.0 23.1 23.2 Part of Tunis metropolitan area
  24. "FITA, population of At Tadaman". Retrieved 2009-10-09.

Freemit airtins

Wikivoyage-Logo-v3-icon.svg Travel guide tae Tunisie frae Wikivoyage

Arabic

The Arabic leid (العربية al-ʻarabīyah [alʕaraˈbijja] ( listen) or عربي/عربى ʻarabī [ˈʕarabiː] ( listen)) is the leid that is mainly uised throu oot the Arabic warld, the Arab States, North Africae an the Mids East, an it is the 5t maist spoken leid in the warld. It haes influenced ither leids an aw, mainly ither leids in the Islamic warld, but leids in airts whaur thare wis Arab rule, sic as the Spaingie leid, the Portuguese leid an the Sicilian leid. It is the offeecial leid o 25 kintras, the thrid maist efter Inglis an French.

Ariana Govrenorate

Ariana Governorate (Arabic: ولاية أريانة‎) is ane o the twintie-fower governorates (provinces) o Tunisie. It is situatit in northren Tunisie. It haes a population o 422,000 (2004 census). The caipital is Aryanah.

The follaein ceeties an touns are locatit in the Ariana Governorate:

Aryanah

Ettadhamen-Mnihla

Kalâat el-Andalous

Raoued

Sidi Thabet

La Soukra

Béja Govrenorate

Béja Governorate (Arabic: ولاية باجة‎) is ane o the twintie-fower govrenorates (provinces) o Tunisie. It is situatit in northren Tunisie. It covers an aurie o 3,558 km² an haes a population o 305,000 (2004 census). The caipital is Béja.

The follaein ceeties an touns are locatit in the Béja Govrenorate:

Béja

El Maâgoula

Goubellat

Medjez el-Bab

Nefza

Téboursouk

Testour

Zahret Mediou

Central European Simmer Time

Central European Simmer Time (CEST) is the staundart clock time observed during the period o simmer daylicht-savin in those European kintras which observe Central European Time (UTC + ane oor) during the rest o the year.

French leid

French is the leid that's spak in Fraunce, Canadae (Quebec, New Brunswick), Soothren Belgium, Luxembourg (alang wi German and Letzebuergisch) an Wastren Swisserland (La suisse Romande). It wis spreid tae Africae, Sooth Aest Asie an pairts o the New Warld throu French colonisation. French is a Romance leid, meanin that it comes frae the Laitin leid. Like maist Romance leids, its nouns haes masculine an feminine gender.

Gabès Govrenorate

Gabès Governorate (Arabic: ولاية قابس‎) is ane o the twintie-fower governorates (provinces) o Tunisie. It is locatit in sooth-eastren Tunisie. It covers an aurie o 7,175 square kilometres (2,770 sq mi) an haes a population o 343,000 (2004 census). The caipital is Gabès.

Kasserine Govrenorate

The Kasserine Governorate or Casrein (Arabic: ولاية القصرين‎) is ane o the twintie-fower governorates (provinces) o Tunisie. It is situatit in wast-central Tunisie on the frontier wi Algerie. It covers an aurie o 8,066 km² an haes a population o 412,278 (2004 census). The caipital is Kasserine.

The follaein ceeties an touns are locatit in the Kasserine Governorate:

Fériana

Foussana

Haïdra

Jedelienne

Kasserine

Magel Bel Abbès

Sbeïtla

Sbiba

Thala

Thélepte

Kebili Govrenorate

Kebili Govrenorate (Arabic: ولاية قبلي‎) is seicont lairgest o the twintie-fower govrenorates (provinces) o Tunisie. It is situatit in sooth-wastren Tunisie, borderin Algerie. It covers an aurie o 22,084 square kilometres (8,527 sq mi) an haes a population o 143,000 (2004 census). The caipital is Kebili.

Kef Govrenorate

Kef Governorate (Arabic: ولاية الكاف‎) is ane o the twintie-fower governorates (provinces) o Tunisie. It is situatit in north-wastren Tunisie, borderin Algerie. It covers an aurie o 4,965 km² an haes a population o 259,000 (2004 census). The caipital is El Kef.

The follaein ceeties an touns are locatit in the Kef Governorate:

Dahmani

Jérissa

El Ksour

Kalaat Senan (Kalaat es Senam)

Kalâat Khasba

El Kef (caipital)

Menzel Salem

Nebeur

Sakiet Sidi Youssef

Sers

Tajerouine

Touiref

Mahdia Govrenorate

Mahdia Governorate (Arabic: ولاية المهدية‎) is ane o the twintie-fower governorates (provinces) o Tunisie. It is situatit in central-eastren Tunisie. It covers an aurie o 2,966 km² an haes a population o 378,000 (2004 census). The caipital is Mahdia.

The follaein ceeties an touns are locatit in the Mahdia Governorate:

Bou Merdes

Chebba

Chorbane

El Bradâa

El Djem (El Jem)

Essouassi

Hebira

Hiboun

Kerker

Ksour Essef

Mahdia (caipital)

Melloulèche

Ouled Chamekh

Rejiche

Sidi Alouane

Manouba Govrenorate

Manouba Govrenorate (Arabic: ولاية منوبة‎) is ane o the twintie-fower govrenorates (provinces) o Tunisie. It is situatit in northren Tunisie. It haes a population o 336,000 (2004 census), an a aurie o 1,137 km2. The caipital is Manouba.

Medenine Govrenorate

Medenine Govrenorate (Arabic: ولاية مدنين‎) is ane o the twintie-fower govrenorates (provinces) o Tunisie. It is situatit in sooth-eastren Tunisie. It covers an aurie o 8,588 km² an haes a population o 433,000 (2004 census). The caipital is Medenine.

The follaein ceeties an touns are locatit in the Medenine Governorate:

Ajim (island o Djerba)

Ben Gardane

Beni Khedache

Houmt Souk (island o Djerba)

Medenine (caipital)

Midoun (island o Djerba)

Zarzis

Nabeul Govrenorate

Nabeul Governorate (Arabic: ولاية نابل‎) is ane o the 24 governorates o Tunisie. It is situatit in north-eastren Tunisie. It covers an aurie o 2,788 km² an haes a population o 694,000 (2004 census). The caipital is Nabeul.

Siliana Govrenorate

Siliana Governorate (Arabic: ولاية سليانة‎) is ane o the twintie-fower governorates (provinces) o Tunisie. It is situatit in northren Tunisie. It covers an aurie o 4,631 km² an haes a population o 234,000 (2004 census). The caipital is Siliana.

The follaein ceeties an towns are locatit in the Siliana Governorate:

Bargou

Bou Arada

El Aroussa

El Krib

Eles

Gaâfour

Kesra

Makthar

Rouhia

Sidi Bou Rouis

Siliana (caipital)

Sousse Govrenorate

Sousse Govrenorate (Arabic: ولاية سوسة‎) is ane o the twintie-fower governorates (provinces) o Tunisie. It is situatit in north-eastren Tunisie. It covers an aurie o 2,621 km² an haes a population o 544,000 (2004 census). The caipital is Sousse.

The follaein ceeties an touns are locatit in the Sousse Govrenorate:

Akouda

Bouficha

Enfida (Enfidha)

Ezzouhour

Hammam Sousse

Hergla

Kalâa Kebira

Kalâa Seghira

Kondar

Ksibet Thrayet

Messaadine

M'saken

Sousse (caipital)

Sidi Bou Ali

Sidi El Hani

Zaouiet Sousse

Tozeur Govrenorate

Tozeur Governorate (Arabic: ولاية توزر‎) is ane o the twintie-fower govrenorates (provinces) o Tunisie. It is situatit in wastren Tunisie, borderin Algerie. It covers an aurie o 4,719 km² an haes a population o 98,000 (2004 census). The caipital is Tozeur.

The follaein ceeties an touns are locatit in the Tozeur Govrenorate:

Degache

El Hamma du Jérid

Nefta (Nafta)

Tamerza

Tozeur (caipital)

Tunis

Tunis (Arabic: تونس‎, Tūnis) is the caipital an lairgest ceety o Tunisie an an' a' the Tunis Govrenorate, wi a population o 1,200,000 in 2008 an ower 3,980,500 in the greater Tunis aurie.

Situatit on a lairge Mediterranean Sea gulf (the Gulf o Tunis), ahint the Lake o Tunis an the port o La Goulette (Halq al Wadi), the ceety extends alang the coastal plain an the hills that surroond it. At the centre o mair modren development (colonial era an efter) lies the auld medina. ayont this section lie the suburbs o Carthage, La Marsa, an Sidi Bou Said.

The medina is foond at the centre o the ceety: a dense agglomeration o alleys an covered passages, full o intense scents an colours, boisterous an active tred, a surfeit o guids on affer rangin frae laither tae plastic, tin tae the finest filigree, tourist souvenirs tae the wirks o tiny crafts shops.

Juist throu the Sea Gate (an aa kent as the Bab el Bahr an the Porte de France) begins the modren ceety, or Ville Nouvelle, transversed bi the grand Avenue Habib Bourguiba (aften referred tae bi popular press an traivel guides as "the Tunisian Champs-Élysées"), whaur the colonial-era buildings provide a clear contrast tae smawer, aulder structures. As the caipital ceety o the kintra, Tunis is the centre o Tunisian commercial activity, as well as the focus o poleetical an administrative life in the kintra. The expansion o the Tunisian economy in the last decades is reflectit in the boomin development o the ooter ceety whaur ane can see clearly the social challenges brought aboot bi rapid modrenisation in Tunisie.

Tunis Govrenorate

Tunis Govrenorate (Arabic: ولاية تونس‎) is smawest an maist populatit o the twintie-fower govrenorates (provinces) o Tunisie. It is situatit in northren Tunisie. It covers an aurie o 346 square kilometre (134 sq mi) an haes a population o 984,000 (2004 census). The caipital is Tunis, whilk is the modren day ceety whaur the ancient ceety/caipital o the naition o Carthage wis based.

Zaghouan Govrenorate

Zaghouan Govrenorate (Arabic: ولاية زغوان‎) is ane o the twintie-fower govrenorates (provinces) o Tunisie. It is situatit in north-eastren Tunisie. It covers an aurie o 2,768 km² an haes a population o 161,000 (2004 census). The caipital is Zaghouan.

The following ceeties an touns are locatit in the Zaghouan Govrenorate:

El Fahs

Djebel Oust

Bir Mcherga

Nadhour

Zaghouan (caipital)

Zriba

In ither leids

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