Spaingie leid

Spaingie (Español) or Castillian (Castellano) is an Iberian Romance leid. It is spak by atween 364 million an 400 million fowk. It is the maist braid spak Romance leid. It is the naitional leid o Spain, Argentina, Bolivie, Chile, Colombie, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, European Union, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, New Mexico (Unitit States), Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Uruguay, an Venezuela, an an offeecial leid o the Unitit Nations.

Spaingie
Castilian
español
castellano
Pronunciation [espaˈɲol], [kasteˈʎano], [kaste'ʝano]
Region Spain, Hispanic Americae, Equatorial Guinea
Ethnicity Spaniards, Hispanics, an Latinos
Native speakers
480 million (2017)[1]
570 million total speakers
L2 speakers: 90 million (na date)[2]
Indo-European
  • Italic
    • Romance
      • Wastren
        • Ibero-Romance
          • Wast-Iberian
            • Castilian leid
              • Spaingie
Early form
Auld Spanish
Laitin (Spaingie alphabet)
Spaingie Braille
Signed forms
Signed Spaingie (Mexico, Spain an presumably ensewhaur)
Offeecial status
Offeecial leid in

Regulatit bi Association o Spaingie Leid Academies
(Real Academia Española an 22 ither naitional Spainigie leid academies)
Leid codes
ISO 639-1 es
ISO 639-2 spa
ISO 639-3 spa
Glottolog stan1288[3]
Linguasphere 51-AAA-b
Hispanophone global world map language 2
Spaingie leid in the warld

References

  1. El español: una lengua viva – Informe 2017 (PDF) (Report). Instituto Cervantes. 2017.
  2. Spanish at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  3. Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Staundart Spaingie". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.
Admeenistrative diveesions o Mexico

The Unitit Mexican States (Spaingie: Estados Unidos Mexicanos) is a federal republic formit bi 32 federal entities (Spaingie: entidades federativas) (31 states an the caipital ceety o Mexico Ceety).

Accordin tae the Constitution o 1917, the states o the federation are free an sovereign. Each state haes its awn congress an constitution, whilk Mexico Ceety haes anerlie limitit autonomy wi a local Congress an govrenment.

Argentinae

Argentinae, offeecially the Argentine Republic, is the seicont lairgest kintra in Sooth Americae ahint Brazil. It is constitutit as a federation o 23 provinces an an autonomous ceety, Buenos Aires. It is the aicht-lairgest kintra in the warld bi land aurie an the lairgest amang Spaingie-spikin naitions, tho Mexico, Colombie an Spain ar mair populous.

Argentinae's continental aurie is atween the Andes muntain range in the wast an the Atlantic Ocean in the east. It borders Paraguay an Bolivie tae the north, Brazil an Uruguay tae the northeast, an Chile tae the wast an sooth. Argentinae claims ower Antarcticae, as well as owerlappin claims made bi Chile an the Unitit Kinrick, are suspendit bi the Antarctic Treaty o 1961. Argentinae an aw claims the Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) an Sooth Georgie an the Sooth Sandwich Islands, which are admeenistered bi the Unitit Kinrick as Breetish Owerseas Territories.

Argentinae is a foondin member o baith the Unitit Naitions, Mercosur an the Union o Sooth American Nations. Argentinae is ane o the G-20 major economies.

Basque Kintra (autonomous commonty)

The Basque Kintra (Basque: Euskadi; Spaingie: País Vasco, IPA: [paˈis ˈβasko]) is an Autonomous Commonty o northren Spain.

The Basque Kintra wis grantit the status o historical region athin Spain wi the Spaingie Constitution o 1978. The caipital is Vitoria-Gasteiz (Vitoria is the name in Spaingie, Gasteiz in Basque) an Bilbao its lairgest ceety.

The autonomous commonty o the Basque Kintra should no be ramfeeselt wi the lairger Basque Kintra (Basque: "Euskal Herria") o which it is a component pairt.

Bolivie

Bolivie (pronounced /bəˈlɪviə/ (deprecatit template)), offeecially kent as the Plurinaitional State o Bolivie (Spaingie: Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia, IPA: [esˈtaðo pluɾinasjoˈnal de βoˈliβja]) is a landlocked kintra in central Sooth Americae. It is bordered bi Brazil tae the north an east, Paraguay an Argentinae tae the sooth, an Chile an Peru tae the wast.

Catalonie

Catalonie (Catalan: Catalunya; Occitan: Catalonha; Spaingie: Cataluña), is an Autonomous Commonty in the Kinrick o Spain. The Autonomous Commonty o Catalonie haes an aurie o 32,114 km² wi an offeecial population o 7,210,508 o whilk immigrants mak up an estimatit 12.3% o the hail population. It mairches Fraunce an Andorrae tae the north, Aragon tae the wast, the Valencie Commonty tae the sooth, an the Mediterranean Sea tae the east (580 km coastline). Offeecial leids is Catalan, Spaingie, an Aranese.

The caipital ceety is Barcelona. Catalonie is dividit intae fower provinces: Barcelona, Girona, Lleida, an Tarragona. Its territory corresponds tae maist o the historical territory o the umwhile Principality o Catalonie.

The local leid is Catalan.

Thare wis a referendum on unthirldom in 2014 athoot recognition fae the Spaingie govrenment, that disnae allou referendums on unthirldom. The preses o Catalonie is Carles Puigdemont, fae 2016 on.

Colombie

Colombie (IPA: /kəˈlʌmbɪ/), offeecially the Republic o Colombie (Spaingie: República de Colombia, Spaingie pronunceeation: [reˈpuβlika ðe koˈlombja]), is a kintra in north-wastren Sooth Americae. Colombie marches tae the east wi Venezuela an Brazil; tae the sooth wi Ecuador an Peru; tae the north wi the Caribbean Sea; tae the north wast wi Panama; an tae the wast wi the Paceefic Ocean. Colombie an aa shares maritime marches wi Jamaica, Haiti, the Dominican Republic, Honduras, Nicaragua an Costa Rica. Colombie is the 26t lairgest naition in the warld an the fowert lairgest in Sooth Americae (efter Brazil, Argentinae, an Peru), wi an aurie mair nor twa times that o Fraunce. It an aa haes the 29t lairgest population in the warld an the secont lairgest in Sooth Americae, efter Brazil. Colombie haes the thrid lairgest Spainyie-spaking population in the warld efter Mexico an Spain.

Esparreguera

Esparreguera (Catalan pronunciation: [əspərəˈɣeɾə]; Spaingie: Esparraguera) is a municipality in Catalonie, in the province o Barcelona, Spain. It is situatit in the comarca o Baix Llobregat.

Israel

Israel ['i:zrɛl] (Ebreu: יִשְרָאֵל, Yisra'el; Arabic: إسرائيل, Isrā'īl) is a kintra in the sooth-eastren Middle East that mairches Lebanon, Sirie, Jordan an Egyp. The caipital an muckle maist ceety is Jerusalem. Its watter mairch is the Mediterranean Sea tae the wast, the Reid Sea tae the sooth. It haes a population o ower 7,200,000 fowk.

Israel is a pairlamentary democracy. It is a daveloped kintra an haes the 52nt biggest economy in the warld.

Madrid

Madrid (pronoonced: “mah-DRID” or /məˈdrɪd/) is the caipital an lairgest ceety o Spain. The caipital uised tae be Valladolid till 1561.

Madrid is in the middle o Spain, in the Commonty o Madrid. This commonty is a lairge aurie whilk includes the ceety as weel as smaw touns an veelages ootwi the ceety. 7 million fowk stay in the commonty. Mair than 3 million stay in the ceety itself. At 655 m (2,100 ft) abuin sea level, it is the heichest caipital o ony European kintra. It haes twa fitbaa teams cried Real Madrid an Atlético Madrid.

Madrid wis ruled bi the Romans frae the 2nt hunderyear. Efter 711AD, it wis ringit bi the Moors. Fae 1083, Catholic keengs ruled the aurie again. Bi the mid-16t hunderyear it haed acome the caipital o a vera lairge empire. Spain wis ruled bi monarchs frae the Hoose o Habsburg, then the Hoose o Bourbon. Efter the Spainyie Ceevil War, it wis ruled bi a dictator (Francisco Franco) til the mid-1970s whan it became a democracy.

As it is the caipital ceety, Madrid is whaur the monarch lives an whaur the govrenment meets an aw.

Madrid is the financial centre o Spain. Mony lairge businesses hae thair main offices thare.

Tho it is a modren ceety, a fair wheen o its history can be seen an felt as a bodie walks alang the streets an in the lairge squares o the ceety. Thare bonnie pairks, famous biggins, airt galleries an concert haws. The simmer months is vera het an the winter months is vera cauld.

Municipalities o Colombie

The Municipalities o Colombie is decentralisit subdiveesions o the Republic o Colombie. Municipalities mak up maist o the depairtments o Colombie wi 1,102 municipalities (municipios). Ilkane is led bi a mayor (alcalde) elect bi popular vote an represents the maximum executive govrenment offeecial at a municipality level unner the mandate o the govrenor o their depairtment that is a representative o aw municipalities in the depairtment; municipalities is groupit tae shape depairtments.

The municipalities o Colombie is groupit in an associe cried the Federación Colombiana de Municipios (Colombie Federation o Municipalities) an aw, that functions as a union unner the private law an unner the constitutional richt tae free association tae defend their common interests.

Municipalities o Mexico

Template:States o Mexico bi municipality

Municipalities (municipios in Spaingie) are the seicont-level admeenistrative diveesion in Mexico (whaur the first-level admeenistrative diveesion is the estado, or state). Thare 2,438 municipalities in Mexico, makkin the average municipality population 45,616. The internal poleetical organisation an their responsibilities is ootlined in the 115t airticle o the 1917 Constitution an forder waxit in the constitutions o the states they belang.

Municipalities o Spain

The municipalities o Spain (Spaingie: municipios, IPA: [muniˈθipjos], Catalan: municipis, Galician: concellos, Basque: udalerriak; sing. municipio) are the basic level o Spaningie local govrenment.

Navarre

Navarre (Inglis /nəˈvɑːr/; Spaingie: Navarra; Basque: Nafarroa), offeecially the Chairtered Commonty o Navarre (Spaingie: Comunidad Foral de Navarra [komuniˈðað foˈɾal de naˈβara]; Basque: Nafarroako Foru Erkidegoa [nafaroako foɾu erkidegoa]), is an autonomous commonty in northren Spain, borderin the Basque Kintra, La Rioja, an Aragon in Spain an Aquitaine in France. The caipital is the ceety o Pamplona (or Iruña in Basque).

O'Higgins Region

The VI O'Higgins Region (Spaingie: VI Región del Libertador General Bernardo O'Higgins) is ane o Chile's 15 first order regions. It is subdividit intae three provinces. It is namit in honour o Bernardo O'Higgins, ane o Chile's foondin faithers.

The O'Higgins Region is bordered tae the wast bi the Paceefic Ocean, tae the east bi Argentinae, tae the north bi the Valparaíso an Santiago Metropolitan Regions, an tae the sooth bo the Maule Region. It extends approximately atween the parallels o 33°51’ an 35°01’ sooth latitude, an atween the meridian o 70°02’ wast langitude an the Paceefic Ocean.

The caipital an lairgest ceety o the region is Rancagua. The seicont major toun is San Fernando.

Provinces o Argentinae

Argentinae is subdividit intae twinty-three provinces (Spaingie: provincias, singular provincia) an ane autonomous ceety (Ciudad autónoma de Buenos Aires, informally the Capital Federal). The ceety an the provinces hae their awn constitutions, but exist unner a federal seestem.

Provinces are then dividit intae depairtments (Spaingie: departamentos, singular departamento), except for Buenos Aires Province, which is dividit intae partidos.

Provinces o Spain

Spain an its autonomous commonties are dividit intae fifty provinces (Spaingie: provincias, IPA: [pɾoˈβinθjas]; sing. provincia).

Santiago Metropolitan Region

Santiago Metropolitan Region or simply Metropolitan Region (Spaingie: Región Metropolitana de Santiago) is ane o Chile's 15 first order admeenistrative diveesions. It is the kintra's anerlie landlocked admeenistrative region an contains the naition's caipital, Santiago. Maist commercial an admeenistrative centers are locatit in the region, includin Chile's main international airport, Arturo Merino Benítez.

Wi an aurie o 15,403.2 km2 (5,947 sq mi) an population ower 6 million, it is Chile's smawest, maist populatit an maist densely populatit region. It is an aa the kintra's anerlie region that daes no hae a Roman numeral identifier.

Santiago Province, Chile

Santiago Province (Spaingie: Provincia de Santiago) is ane o the sax provinces o the Santiago Metropolitan Region (RM) o central Chile. It encompasses the majority o the population o that region, includin 31 o the 36 communities o Greater Santiago. The province spans 2,030.3 km (1,262 mi).

Spain

Spain (Spaingie: España [esˈpaɲa] ( listen)), offeecially the Kinrick o Spain (Spaingie: Reino de España), is a kintra maistly locatit on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe. The kintra's mainland is mairchit tae the sooth an east bi the Mediterranean Sea except for a smaw laund boondary wi Gibraltar; tae the north an northeast bi Fraunce, Andorrae, an the Bay o Biscay; an tae the wast an northwest bi Portugal an the Atlantic Ocean. Spaingie territory includes twa large airchipelagaes, the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea an the Canary Islands aff the African Atlantic coast, twa ceeties, Ceuta an Melilla, on the African mainland an several smaw islands in the Alboran Sea near the African coast. Spain is the anerly European kintra tae hae a mairch wi an African kintra (Morocco)Wi an aurie o 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the lairgest kintra in Soothren Europe, the seicont lairgest kintra in Wastren Europe an the European Union, an the fowert lairgest kintra in the European continent. Bi population, Spain is the saxt lairgest in Europe an the fift in the European Union. Spain's caipital an lairgest ceety is Madrid; ither major urban auries include Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Bilbao an Málaga.

Modren humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula aroond 35,000 years ago. Iberian culturs alang wi auncient Phoenicie, Greek an Carthaginian settlements developit on the peninsula till it cam unner Roman rule aroond 200 BCE, efter that the region wis named Hispania, based on the earlier Phoenician name Sp(a)n or Spania. At the end o the Wastren Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migratit frae Central Europe, invadit the Iberian peninsula an established relatively independent realms in its wastren provinces, includin the Sueves, Alans an Vandals. Eventually, the Visigoths wad forcibly integrate aw remeenin independent territories in the peninsula, includin Byzantine provinces, intae the Kinrick o Toledo, that mair or less unifee'd poleetically, ecclesiastically an legally aw the umwhile Roman provinces or successor kinricks o that wis then documentit as Hispanie.

In the late aicht century the Visigothic kinrick fell tae the Moors, that ruled maist o the peninsula for the next seiven centuries, leavin anerly a haundful o smaw Christian realms in the north. Follaein the Moorish conquest, Europeans begoud a gradual process o retakkin the region kent as the Reconquista, that bi the late 15t century culminatit in the emergence o Spain as a unifee'd kintra unner the Catholic Monarchs. In the early modren period, Spain becam ane o history's first global empires, leavin a vast cultural an lingueestic legacy that includes ower 500 million Hispanophones, makkin Spaingie the warld's seicont maist spoken native leid, efter Mandarin Cheenese.

Spain is a secular pairlamentar democracy an constitutional monarchy, wi Keeng Felipe VI as heid o state. It is a major developit kintra wi the warld's fowerteent lairgest economy bi nominal GDP an saxteent lairgest bi purchasin pouer parity. It is a member o the Unitit Naitions (UN), the European Union (EU), the Eurozone, the Cooncil o Europe (CoE), the Organisation o Ibero-American States (OEI), the Union for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation an Development (OECD), OSCE, the Schengen Aurie, the Warld Tred Organisation (WTO) an mony ither internaitional organisations. Spain hars a "permanent invitation" tae the G20 summits that occur generally ance a year.

In ither leids

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