Sephardi Jews, an aa kent as Sephardic Jews or simply Sephardim (Ebreu: סְפָרַדִּים, Modren Ebreu: Sfaraddim, Tiberian: Səp̄āraddîm, lit. "Spainiards"), are a Jewish ethnic diveesion whase ethnogenesis an emergence as a distinct community o Jews coalesced in the Iberian Peninsula aroond the stairt o the 2nt millennium (i.e., aboot the year 1000).
|Sephardi Jews |
יהדות ספרד (Yahadut Sfarad)
up tae 16% o warld Jewish population)
|Regions wi signeeficant populations|
|Bosnie an Herzegovinae||2,000|
Heestorical: Ladino, Arabic, Haketia, Judeo-Portuguese, Berber, Catalanic, Shuadit, local leids |
Modren: Local leids, primarily Ebreu, French, Inglis, Spainyie, Turkis, Portuguese, Italian, Ladino, Arabic.
|Relatit ethnic groups|
|Ashkenazi Jews, Mizrahi Jews, ither Jewish ethnic diveesions, Samaritans, ither Levantines, Assyrians, ither Near Eastren Semitic fowk, Spaniards, Portuguese an Hispanics/Latinos|
Amedeo Clemente Modigliani (Italian pronunciation: [ameˈdɛːo modiʎˈʎaːni]; 12 Julie 1884 – 24 Januar 1920) wis an Italian penter an sculptor who worked mainly in Fraunce.Arad, Israel
Arad (Ebreu: עֲרָד (audio) ; Arabic: عِرَادَ) is a city in the Soothren Destrict o Israel. It is locatit on the border o the Negev an Judean Deserts, 25 kilometers (15.5 mi) wast o the Deid Sea an 45 kilometers (28.0 mi) east o the ceety Beersheba. The ceety is hame tae a diverse population o 24,436 includin Ashkenazi an Sephardi Jews, baith secular an releegious, Bedouins an Black Ebreus, as well as native-born Israelis an new immigrants. The ceety is notable for its clean, dry air an serves as a major attraction tae asthmatics warldwide.Although attempts tae settle the aurie wur made as early as 1921, the ceety wis foondit anerlie in November 1962 as ane o the last twa development touns tae be established, an the first planned ceety in Israel. Arad's population grew significantly wi the Aliyah frae the Commonwalth o Independent States in the 1990s, an peaked in 2002 at 24,500 residents. The ceety haes seen a decline in population iver syne.
As the seicont-lairgest ceety in Israel in terms o jurisdiction, Arad contains a number o lairge public places an facilities, such as the ruins o Tel Arad, the Arad Park, an airfield servin domestic flichts, an Israel's first legal race circuit. It is also well kent for its annual muisic festival, which wis ane o the maist popular annual muisic events in the kintra till 1995.Baruch Spinoza
Baruch Spinoza (Dutch: [baːˈrux spɪˈnoːzaː]; born Benedito de Espinosa, Portuguese pronunciation: [benɨˈðitu ðɨ iʃpɨˈnozɐ]; 24 November 1632 – 21 Februar 1677, later Benedict de Spinoza) wis a Dutch filosofer o Sephardi Portuguese oreegin. Ane o the early thinkers o the Enlichtment an modren biblical creeticism, includin modren conceptions o the sel an the universe, he cam tae be conseedert ane o the great raitionalists o 17t-century filosofie. Inspired bi the grundbrakin ideas o René Descartes, Spinoza becam a leadinfilosofical feegur of the Dutch Gowden Age. Spinoza's gien name, that means "Blessed", varies amang different leids. In Ebreu, it is written ברוך שפינוזה. His Portuguese name is Benedito "Bento" de Espinosa or d'Espinosa. In his Laitin warks, he uised Laitin: Benedictus de Spinoza.
Spinoza wis raised in a Portuguese-Jewish commonty in Amsterdam. He developed heichly controversial ideas regairdin the authenticity o the Ebreu Bible an the naitur o the Divine. Jewish releegious authorities issued a cherem (חרם) against him, causin him tae be effectively expelled an shunned bi Jewish society at age 23, includin bi his awn faimily. His beuks war later addit tae the Catholic Kirk's Index o Forbidden Beuks. He wis frequently cried an "atheist" bi contemporaries, awtho nawhaur in his wark daes Spinoza refute the exeestence o God.Spinoza leeved an ootwartly semple life as an optical lens grinder, collaboratin on microscope an telescope lens designs wi Constantijn an Christiaan Huygens. He turned doun rewairds an honours ootthrou his life, includin prestigious teachin poseetions. He dee'd at the age o 44 in 1677 frae a lung illness, aiblins tuberculosis or silicosis exacerbatit bi the inhalation o fine gless dust while grindin lenses. He is buiried in the Christian kirkyaird o Nieuwe Kerk in The Hague.Spinoza's magnum opus, the Ethics, wis published posthumously in the year o his daith. The wark opponed Descartes' filosofie o mynd–bouk dualism, an earned Spinoza recogneetion as ane o Wastren filosofie's maist important thinkers. In it, "Spinoza wrote the last indisputable Laitin masterpiece, an ane in that the refined conceptions o medieval filosofie are feenally turned against themsels an destroyed entirely". Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel said, "The fact is that Spinoza is made a testin-pynt in modren filosofie, so that it mey really be said: Ye are aither a Spinozist or nae a filosofer at aw." His filosofical accomplishments an moral chairacter promptit Gilles Deleuze tae name him "the 'prince' o filosofers."Benjamin Disraeli
Benjamin Disraeli, 1st Yerl o Beaconsfield, KG, PC, FRS (21 December 1804 – 19 Aprile 1881) wis a Breetish Conservative politeecian an writer, who twice served as Prime Meenister.Claude Cohen-Tannoudji
Claude Cohen-Tannoudji (born 1 Aprile 1933) is a French pheesicist. He shared the 1997 Nobel Prize in Pheesics wi Steven Chu an William Daniel Phillips for resairch in methods o laser cuilin an trappin atoms. He is still an active resaircher, wirkin at the École Normale Supérieure in Paris.David Ricardo
David Ricardo (18 Aprile 1772 – 11 September 1823) wis an Inglis poleetical economist. He wis ane o the maist influential o the clessical economists, alang wi Thomas Malthus, Adam Smith, an James Mill.Denis Guedj
Denis Guedj (1940 - Aprile 24, 2010) in Setif, an dee'd in Paris on the 24t April 2010, wis a French scriever an mathematician. Professor at the Université de Paris VIII (Paris VIII Varsity), he wis an actor an playwrichter an aw.
He deed o causes that's no kent bi the public an wis buried in the Montmartre Cemetery, at the end o Aipril 2010.Elias Canetti
Elias Canetti (Bulgarie: Елиас Канети; 25 Julie 1905 – 14 August 1994) wis a German leid author, born in Bulgarie, an later a Breetish ceetizen. He wis a modrenist novelist, playwricht, memoirist an non-feection writer. He wan the Nobel Prize in Leeteratur in 1981, "for writins merked bi a broad ootleuk, a wealth o ideas an airteestic pouer".Eva Green
Eva Gaëlle Green (French: [ɡʁin]; Swadish: [ˈɡɾeːn]; born 6 Julie 1980) is a French actress an model.Hidalgo (state)
Hidalgo (Spaingie pronunciation: [iˈðalɣo]), offeecially Free an sovereign State o Hidalgo (Spaingie: Estado Libre y Soberano de Hidalgo), is ane o the 31 states that, wi the Federal Destrict, comprise the 32 Federal Entities o Mexico. It is dividit in 84 municipalities an its caipital ceety is Pachuca de Soto.
In 1869, Benito Juárez creatit the State o Hidalgo. He appointit the ceety o Pachuca as caipital o the state an addit the name "de Soto" tae it for the kennin o Manuel Fernando Soto, wha is considered the maist important drivin force in creatin the state. The state wis namit efter Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, the initiator o the Mexican War o Unthirldom.
It is locatit in Eastren Mexico. Hidalgo haes mairches bi San Luis Potosí an Veracruz norlins, Puebla eastlins, Tlaxcala an México soothlins an Querétaro wastlins.The state haes a nummer o relatively intact native culturs like the Otomi. There twa notable immigrant culturs an aw, thaim that is the descendents o Cornish miners in the 19t hunneryear an a sma Jewish enclave that claims tae be descendit frae Sephardi Jews that came tae New Spain in the 16t hunneryear.The state contains a nummer o ecotourism, cultural an aircheological attractions includin the Huasteca aurie, the ruins o Tula, naitural het watter springs, auld haciendas an muntain ranges.Ishtar (sangster)
Ishtar (born Esther (Eti) Zach, on 10 November 1968) is an Israeli pop sangster who performs in Arabic, Ebreu, Bulgarie, French, Spainyie, an Inglis. She is best kent for her wirk as the lead sangster o the French-based baund Alabina, an her solo pop hits sic as C'est La Vie, Last Kiss, an Habibi (Sawah).Jacques Derrida
Jacques Derrida (/ʒɑːk ˈdɛrᵻdə/; French: [ʒak dɛʁida]; born Jackie Élie Derrida; Julie 15, 1930 – October 9, 2004) wis a French filosopher, born in French Algerie. Derrida is baist kent for developin a form o semiotic analysis kent as deconstruction. He is ane o the major figures associatit wi post-structuralism an postmodren filosofie.Jerusalén, El Salvador
Jerusalén is a municipality in the La Paz depairtment o El Salvador. It wis foondit bi the Cordova faimily. They wur Sephardi Jews who wur expelled frae Spain.
Template:La Paz Depairtment (El Salvador)Neve Campbell
Neve Adrianne Campbell (/ˈnɛv ˈkæmbəl/; born October 3, 1973) is a Canadian actress. She appeared in the Canadian televeesion series Catwalk, afore she played Julia Salinger in the drama series Party of Five. She haes an aa appeared in films, such as The Craft (1996). She is well kent for her role as Sidney Prescott in the horror film series Scream. She an aa starred in the thriller Wild Things (1998) an later several films which haed leemitit theatrical releases, such as Panic (2000) an The Company (2003). She made guest appearances on several televeesion shows, such as Medium, Grey's Anatomy an Mad Men.Nir Bitton
Nir Bitton (or Biton, Ebreu: ניר ביטון; born 30 October 1991) is an Israeli perfaisional fitbawer that plays as either a defensive midfielder or central defender for Scottish Premiership club Celtic an the Israel naitional fitbaw team.Patrick Modiano
Jean Patrick Modiano (French pronunciation: [ʒɑ̃ paˈtʁik ˌmɔdjaˈno]; born 30 Julie 1945) is a French novelist an recipient o the 2014 Nobel Prize in Leeteratur.Paula Abdul
Paula Julie Abdul (/ˈæbduːl/; born Juin 19, 1962) is an American sangster, choreographer, sangwriter, dancer, an televeesion personality.Pinto
Pinto is a common Portuguese surname, sometimes occurrin in Spainyie an Italian leids. Some Indies, specially fowk whose faimily oreeginatit frae Goa, bear this name an aw. It can be foond amang the Sephardi Jews stryndants o the Jews expelled frae Portugal that settled in Arab kintras an the Netherlands an aw. In Ingland, the spellin wis sometimes chyngit tae Pinter. "Pinto" is a Spainyie wird leeterally meanin 'pentit' an 'dappled' or 'spottit' an aw.Rita Levi-Montalcini
Rita Levi-Montalcini OMRI OMCA (Italian: [ˈriːta ˈlɛːvi montalˈtʃiːni]; 22 Apryle 1909 – 30 December 2012) wis an Italian Nobel laureate, honoured for her wark in neurobiology.