Ryukyu Islands

The Ryukyu Islands (琉球諸島 Ryūkyū-shotō),[1] kent in Japanese as the Nansei Islands (南西諸島 Nansei-shotō, lit. "Soothwast Islands") an aa kent as the Ryukyu Arc (琉球弧 Ryūkyū-ko), are a chain o Japanese islands that stretch soothwast frae Kyushu tae Taiwan: the Ōsumi, Tokara, Amami, Okinawa, an Sakishima Islands (further dividit intae the Miyako an Yaeyama Islands), wi Yonaguni the soothrenmaist.

Ryukyu Islands
Nansei-shotō (南西諸島?, Southwest Islands)
Ryūkyū-shotō (琉球諸島?, Ryukyu Islands)
Ruuchuu (琉球/ルーチュー?, Okinawan leid)
Location o the Ryukyu Islands in Japan
Location o Ryukyu Islands
Location On the boondary atween the East Cheenae Sea an the Philippine Sea
Coordinates 26°30′N 128°00′E / 26.5°N 128°ECoordinates: 26°30′N 128°00′E / 26.5°N 128°E
Tot islands 100+
Major islands Okinawa, Amami
Aurie 4,642.11 km2 (1,792.33 sq mi)
Heichest elevation 1,936 m (6,352 ft)
Heichest point Mt. Miyanoura-dake
Prefectur Okinawa Prefectur, Kagoshima Prefectur
Demonym Ryukyuans
Population 1,550,161 (2005)
Pop. density 333.93 /km2 (864.87 /sq mi)
Ethnic groups Ryukyuan, Japanese


  1. Tsuneyoshi, Ukita (1993). Nihon-dai-chizuchō (Grand Atlas Japan). Heibonsha. ISBN 4-582-43402-9.
Empire o Japan

The Empire o Japan (大日本帝國, Dai Nippon Teikoku, literally "Empire o Great Japan") wis an empire an warld pouer that existit frae the Meiji Restoration on 3 Januar 1868 tae the enactment o the post-Warld War II Constitution o Japan on 3 Mey 1947.Imperial Japan's rapid industrialization an militarization unner the slogan Fukoku Kyōhei (富国強兵, "Enrich the Kintra, Strengthen the Airmy") led tae its emergence as a warld pouer, eventually culminatin in its membership in the Axis alliance an the conquest o a lairge pairt o the Asie-Paceefic region. At the hicht o its pouer in 1942, the Japanese Empire ruled ower a land aurie spannin 7,400,000 square kilometres (2,857,000 sq mi), makin it ane o the lairgest maritime empires in history.Efter several lairge-scale militar successes durin the Seicont Sino-Japanese War (1937–1945) an the Paceefic War, the Empire o Japan an aa gained notoriety for its war crimes against the fowks o the kintras it conquered. Efter sufferin mony defeats an the atomic bombins o Hiroshima an Nagasaki, houiver, the Empire o Japan surrendered tae the Allies on 2 September 1945. A period o occupation bi the Allies follaeed the surrender, an a new constitution wis creatit wi American involvement. The constitution came intae force on 3 Mey 1947, offeecially dissolvin the Empire. American occupation an Japanese reconstruction o the kintra continued well intae the 1950s, eventually furmin the current naition-state whose full title is the "State o Japan" (Nippon-koku) simply rendered "Japan" in Inglis.

The Emperors durin this time, which spanned the entire Meiji an Taishō, an the lesser pairt o the Shōwa eras, are nou kent in Japan bi thair posthumous names, which coincide wi those era names: Emperor Meiji (Mutsuhito), Emperor Taishō (Yoshihito), an Emperor Shōwa (Hirohito).


Karate (空手/唐手) (Japanese pronunciation: [kaɽate] ( listen)) is a martial airt developed in the Ryukyu Islands in whit is nou Okinawa, Japan.

Okinawa Prefectur

Okinawa Prefectur (沖縄県, Japanese: Okinawa-ken, Okinawan: Uchinaa-ken) is ane o Japan's soothren prefecturs. It consists o hunders o the Ryukyu Islands in a chain ower 1,000 kilometres (620 mi) lang, which extends soothwast frae Kyūshū (the soothwastmaist o Japan's main fower islands) tae Taiwan. Okinawa's caipital, Naha, is locatit in the soothren pairt o Okinawa Island. The disputit Senkaku Islands (Mandarin: Diaoyu Islands) are admeenistered as pairt o Okinawa Prefectur.

Philippine Sea

The Philippine Sea is a mairginal sea east an northeast o the Philippines occupeein an estimatit surface aurie o 5 million km² (2 million mi²).

Ryukyu Kinrick

The Ryukyu Kinrick (Japanese: 琉球王国 Ryūkyū Ōkoku; Ryukyuan: 琉球國 Ruuchuu-kuku; traditeeonal Cheenese: 琉球國; simplifeed Cheenese: 琉球国; pinyin: Liúqiú Guó; historical Inglis name: Lewchew, Luchu) wis an independent kinrick which ruled maist o the Ryukyu Islands frae the 15t century tae the 19t century. The Keengs o Ryukyu unified Okinawa Island an extendit the kinrick tae the Amami Islands in modren-day Kagoshima Prefectur, an the Sakishima Islands near Taiwan. Despite its smaa size, the kinrick played a central role in the maritime trade networks o medieval East an Sootheast Asie.

Senkaku Islands

The Senkaku Islands (尖閣諸島, Senkaku-shotō, variants: 尖閣群島 Senkaku-guntō an 尖閣列島 Senkaku-rettō), forby kent as the Diaoyu Islands (Cheenese: 钓鱼岛及其附属岛屿; pinyin: Diàoyúdǎo jí qí fùshǔ dǎoyǔ; or jist 钓鱼岛) in Mainland Cheenae or Tiaoyutai Islands (Cheenese: 釣魚台列嶼; pinyin: Diàoyútái liè yǔ) in Taiwan, or the Pinnacle Islands, is a group o islands controlled bi Japan in the East Cheenae Sea wi nae indwellers. Thay are locatit thareby due east fae Mainland Cheenae, noreast fae Taiwan, wast fae Okinawa Island, an north fae the soothwastren end o the Ryukyu Islands.

Efter it wis diskivert in 1968 that ile reserves micht be foond unner the sea near the islands, Japan's sovereignty ower them haes been disputit bi the Fowkrepublic o Cheenae (PRC) an the Republic o Cheenae (ROC, commonly kent as Taiwan) follaein the transfer o admeenistration frae the Unitit States tae Japan in 1971. The Cheenese claim the discovery an control o the islands frae the 14t century. Japan controlled the islands frae 1895 till its surrender at the end o Warld War II. The Unitit States admeenistered them as pairt o the Unitit States Ceevil Admeenistration o the Ryukyu Islands frae 1945 till 1972, whan the islands revertit tae Japanese control unner the Okinawa Reversion Treaty atween the Unitit States an Japan.The islands are an issue in foreign relations atween Japan an the FRC an atween Japan an the ROC. In maugre o the complexity o relations atween the FRC an ROC, baith govrenments gree that the islands is pairt o Taiwan as pairt o Toucheng Township in Yilan Coonty o thair respective diveesions. Japan disnae offeecially recognise Taiwan as a sovereign state, an regards the islands as a pairt o Ishigaki, Okinawa Prefectur an aknawledges the claims o naither the FRC nor ROC tae the islands. The Japanese govrenment hisnae alloued Ishigaki tae develop the islands.

Stane powter

The stane powter (Arenaria interpres) is a smaa wadin bird, ane o twa species o turnstane in the genus Arenaria.

In ither leids

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