In sociologie an biologie a population is the smyte o fowk or organisms o a specees livin in a gien geografic aurie or space, uisually measured bi a census.

Population density is the average amount o indwallers within a square kilometre or mile throughout ony gien aurie (uisually the entire kintra).

See also:


Brazil (pronounced /brəˈzɪl/ (deprecatit template); Portuguese: Brasil, IPA: [bɾaˈziw]), offeecially the Federative Republic o Brazil (Portuguese: República Federativa do Brasil, listen ), is the lairgest kintra in Sooth Americae. It is the warld's fift lairgest kintra, baith bi geographical aurie an bi population wi ower 190 million fowk. It is the anerlie Portuguese-speakin kintra in the Americas an the lairgest lusophone kintra in the warld.

Bundit bi the Atlantic Ocean on the east, Brazil haes a coastline o ower 7,491 kilometers (4,655 mi). It is bordered on the north bi Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname an the French owerseas depairtment o French Guiana; on the northwast bi Colombie; on the wast bi Bolivie an Peru; on the soothwast bi Argentinae an Paraguay an on the sooth bi Uruguay. Numerous archipelagos form pairt o Brazilian territory, sic as Fernando de Noronha, Rocas Atoll, Saunt Peter an Paul Rocks, an Trindade an Martim Vaz. It haes borders wi aw ither Sooth American kintras apairt frae Ecuador an Chile.


A census is the procedur o seestematically acquirin an recordin information aboot the members o a gien population.


Colombie (IPA: /kəˈlʌmbɪ/), offeecially the Republic o Colombie (Spaingie: República de Colombia, Spaingie pronunceeation: [reˈpuβlika ðe koˈlombja]), is a kintra in north-wastren Sooth Americae. Colombie marches tae the east wi Venezuela an Brazil; tae the sooth wi Ecuador an Peru; tae the north wi the Caribbean Sea; tae the north wast wi Panama; an tae the wast wi the Paceefic Ocean. Colombie an aa shares maritime marches wi Jamaica, Haiti, the Dominican Republic, Honduras, Nicaragua an Costa Rica. Colombie is the 26t lairgest naition in the warld an the fowert lairgest in Sooth Americae (efter Brazil, Argentinae, an Peru), wi an aurie mair nor twa times that o Fraunce. It an aa haes the 29t lairgest population in the warld an the secont lairgest in Sooth Americae, efter Brazil. Colombie haes the thrid lairgest Spaingie-spaking population in the warld efter Mexico an Spain.

Coonties o Estonie

A coonty (Estonie: maakond) is an admeenistrative subdiveesion o Estonie.

Estonie is dividit intae 15 coonties. The govrenment (Estonie: maavalitsus) o ilka coonty is led bi a coonty govrenor (Estonie: maavanem), wha represents the naitional govrenment at the regional level. Govrenors is appointit bi the govrenment for a term o five year.

Ilka coonty is further dividit intae municipalities that is o twa teeps: urban municipality, or toun (linn), an landwart municipality, or pairish (vald).


Europe is geologically an geographically a hauf-island, takkin up the wastrenmaist pairt o Eurasie. It is for ordinar conseedert a continent, that, in this case, is mair a cultural nor a geographic differ. It is bund in the north bi the Airctic Ocean, in the wast bi the Atlantic Ocean, in the sooth bi the Mediterranean Sea an the Black Sea, an in the east bi the Ural Moontains an the Caspian Sea.

Gin conseedert a continent, Europe is the seicont-wee-est continent in the warld bi area, wi an area o 10,523,000 km² (4,140,625 square miles), sicwice it is mair lairger nor anly Australie. In population it is the thrid-lairgest continent efter Asie an Africae. The population o Europe is aboot 705,500,000: aboot 11% o the warld's population.

Fowkrepublic o Cheenae

The Fowkrepublic o Cheenae (FRC; Simplifee'd Cheenese: 中华人民共和国, Tradeetional Cheenese: 中華人民共和國; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó listen , or Cheenae), is a sovereign state in East Asie. Wi a population o mair nor 1.3 billion fowk, the FRC is the maist populous kintra in the warld.

The Communist Pairty o Cheenae (CPC) haes led the FRC unner a ae-pairty seestem syne the kintra's foondin in 1949. Mauger this, naur hauf the FRC's economy haes been privatised in the bygane three decades unner "Socialism wi Cheenese chairacteristics." Durin the 1980s, thir economic reforms helpit lift millions o fowk oot o puirtith, bringin the poverty rate doun tae 12% frae the oreeginal ae-third o the population (China’s Institutional and Structural fault lines, that cites World Bank, 1992, p. 4 as the reference). Houaniver, acause o this mixin o mercat an planned economies, the FRC is faced wi a nummer o problems associate wi ilkane, includin unemployment an increasin rural/urban income gap. Mauger failins, greater prosperity haes led tae growin Cheenese global influence in economic, poleetical, meelitary, scieentific, technological, an cultural affairs.

In an ongaun dispute, the FRC claims suyerainty ower Taiwan an some naurby islands, that's been actually controllt bi the Republic o Cheenae syne 1949. The FRC threaps that the Republic o Cheena is an illegeetimate an supplantit entity an admeenistratively categorizes Taiwan as a province o the FRC. The term "mainlaund China" is whiles uised tae denote the aurie unner FRC owerins, but for normal excludin the twa Speicial Administrative Regions, Hong Kong an Macau.


Israel ['i:zrɛl] (Ebreu: יִשְרָאֵל, Yisra'el; Arabic: إسرائيل, Isrā'īl) is a kintra in the sooth-eastren Middle East that mairches Lebanon, Sirie, Jordan an Egyp. The caipital an muckle maist ceety is Jerusalem. Its watter mairch is the Mediterranean Sea tae the wast, the Reid Sea tae the sooth. It haes a population o ower 7,200,000 fowk.

Israel is a pairlamentary democracy. It is a daveloped kintra an haes the 52nt biggest economy in the warld.


Japan (Japanese: 日本 Nippon [nip̚põ̞ɴ] or Nihon [nihõ̞ɴ]; formally 日本国 Nippon-koku or Nihon-koku, meanin "State o Japan") is a sovereign island naition in Eastren Asie. Locatit in the Paceefic Ocean, it lies off the eastren coast o the Asie Mainland (east o Cheenae, Korea, Roushie) an stretches frae the Sea o Okhotsk in the north tae the East Cheenae Sea an Taiwan in the soothwast.

The kanji that mak up Japan's name mean "sun origin". 日 can be read as ni an means sun while 本 can be read as hon, or pon an means origin. Japan is eften referred tae bi the famous epithet "Laund o the Risin Sun" in reference tae its Japanese name.

Japan is a stratovolcanic airchipelago conseestin o aboot 6,852 islands. The fower lairgest are Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu an Shikoku, which mak up aboot ninety-seiven percent o Japan's laund aurie an eften are referred tae as hame islands. The kintra is dividit intae 47 prefecturs in aicht regions. Hokkaido bein the northrenmost prefectur an Okinawa bein the soothernmaist ane. The population o 127 million is the warld's tent lairgest. Japanese fowk mak up 98.5% o Japan's tot population. Approximately 9.1 million fowk live in the core ceety o Tokyo, the caipital o Japan.

Airchaeological resairch indicates that Japan wis inhaibitit as early as the Upper Paleolithic period. The first written mention o Japan is in Cheenese history texts frae the 1st century AD. Influence frae ither regions, mainly Cheenae, follaed bi periods o isolation, pairteecularly frae Wastren Europe, haes chairacterised Japan's history. Frae the 12t century till 1868, Japan wis ruled bi successive feudal militar shoguns wha ruled in the name o the Emperor.

Japan entered intae a lang period o isolation in the early 17t century, which wis endit in 1853 when a Unitit States fleet pressured Japan tae open tae the Wast. Efter nearly twa decades o internal conflict an insurrection, the Imperial Coort regained its poleetical pouer in 1868 throu the help o several clans frae Chōshū an Satsuma, an the Empire o Japan wis established. In the late 19t an early 20t centuries, victories in the First Sino-Japanese War, the Russo-Japanese War an Warld War I allaed Japan tae expand its empire during a period o increasin militarism.

The Seicont Sino-Japanese War o 1937 expandit intae pairt o World War II in 1941, which came tae an end in 1945 follaein the atomic bombins o Hiroshima an Nagasaki an the Japanese surrender. Syne adoptin its revised constitution on Mey 3, 1947 during the occupation bi the SCAP, Japan haes maintained a unitar pairlamentary constitutional monarchy wi an Emperor an an electit legislatur cried the Naitional Diet.

Japan is a member o the UN, the OECD, the G7, the G8, an the G20 an is conseedert a great pouer. The kintra haes the warld's third-lairgest economy bi nominal GDP an the warld's foerrth-lairgest economy bi purchasin pouer parity. It is an aa the waarld's fowert-lairgest exporter an fowert-lairgest importer. The kintra benefits frae a heichly skilled wirkforce an is amang the maist heichly eddicatit kintras in the warld, wi ane o the heichest percentages o its ceetizens hauldin a tertiary eddication degree.Awtho Japan haes offeecially renoonced its richt tae declare war, it mainteens a modren militar wi the warld's aicht-lairgest militar budget, uised for sel-defence an peacekeepin roles. Japan is a developit kintra wi a very heich staundart o livin an Human Development Index. Its population enjoys the heichest life expectancy an the third lawest infant mortality rate in the warld.


Lunnon (/ˈlʌnən/) is the caipital an maist populous ceety o Ingland an the Unitit Kinrick. Staunin on the River Thames, Lunnon haes been a major dounset for twa millennia, its history that gangs back tae its foundin bi the Romans, wha named it Londinium. Lunnon's auncient core, the City o Lunnon, lairgely retains its 1.12-square-mile (2.9 km2) medieval boundaries an in 2011 haed a resident population o 7,375, makin it the smawest ceety in Ingland. Syne the 19t century or mair, the term Lunnon haes referred tae the metropolis developed aroond this core an aa. The bulk o this conurbation forms the Greater Lunnon admeenistrative aurie (coterminous wi the Lunnon region), govrened bi the Mayor o Lunnon an the Lunnon Assembly.Lunnon is a leadin global ceety, wi strenths in the arts, commerce, eddication, entertainment, fashion, finance, healthcare, media, professional services, research an development, tourism, an transport aw contributing tae its prominence. It is ane o the warld's leadin financial centres an haes the fift-or saxt-lairgest metropolitan aurie GDP in the warld dependin on measurement. Lunnon is a warld cultural caipital. It is the warld's maist-visitit ceety as measured by international arrivals an haes the warld's lairgest ceety airport system measured bi passenger traffic. Lunnon's 43 varsities form the lairgest concentration o higher education institutes in Europe. In 2012, Lunnon became the first ceety tae host the modren Simmer Olympic Gemmes three times.Lunnon haes a diverse range o fowk an culturs, an mair nor 300 leids is spoken wiin Greater Lunnon. The Greater Lunnon Authority estimatit its population tae be 8.63 million in 2015, the lairgest o ony municipality in the European Union, an accoonting for 12.5 percent o the UK population. Lunnon's urban aurie is the seicont maist populous in the EU, efter Paris, wi 9,787,426 indwallers accordin tae the 2011 census. The ceety's metropolitan aurie is the ane o the maist populous in Europe wi 13,614,409 indwallers, while the Greater Lunnon Authority pits the population o Lunnon metropolitan region at 21 million.

Lunnon wis the warld's maist populous ceety frae aroond 1831 tae 1925.Lunnon conteens fower Warld Heritage Steids: the Touer o Lunnon; Kew Gardens; the site comprisin the Pailace o Wastmeenster, Westminster Abbey, an St Margaret's Kirk; an the historic dounset o Greenwich (in whilk the Royal Observatory, Greenwich marks the Prime Meridian, 0° langitude, an GMT). Ither famous laundmerks include Buckingham Palace, the Lunnon Ee, Piccadilly Circus, St Paul's Cathedral, Tower Bridge, Trafalgar squerr, an The Shard. Lunnon is home tae numerous museums, galleries, libraries, sporting events an ither cultural institutions, includin the British Museum, National Gallery, Tate Modern, British Library an 40 West End theatres. The Lunnon Unnergrund is the auldest unnerground railway network in the warld.

Metropolitan aurie

The term metropolitan aurie refers tae a region consistin o a densely populatit urban core an its less-populatit surroondin territories, sharin industry, infrastructur, an hoosin. A metropolitan aurie uisually encompasses multiple jurisdictions an municipalities: neighborhuids, tounships, ceeties, suburbs, exurbs, coonties, an even states. As social, economic an poleetical institutions hae chyngit, metropolitan auries hae become key economic an poleetical regions.


Moscow is the caipital, the maist populous ceety, an the maist populous federal subject o Roushie. The ceety is a major poleetical, economic, cultural, releegious, financial, educational, an transportation centre o Roushie an the warld, a global ceety. Moscow is the maist populous ceety on the continent o Europe an the seivent lairgest ceety proper in the warld, a megaceety. The population o Moscow (as o 1 Januar 2010) is 10,563,038.

Moscow is situatit on the Moskva River in the Central Federal Destrict o European Roushie. In the course o its history the ceey haes served as the caipital o a progression o states, frae the medieval Grand Duchy o Moscow an the subsequent Tsardom o Roushie tae the Soviet Union. Moscow is the site o the Moscow Kremlin, an auncient fortress that is the day the residence o the Roushie Preses an o the executive branch o the Govrenment o Roushie. The Kremlin is an' a' ane o several Warld Heritage Sites in the ceety. Baith chambers o the Roushie parliament (the State Duma an the Federation Cooncil) an' a' sit in Moscow.

The ceety is served bi an extensive transit netwirk, which includes fower internaitional airports, nine railwey terminals, an the Moscow Metro, seicont anerlie tae Tokyo in terms o ridership an recognised as ane o the ceety's laundmerks due tae the rich an varied airchitecture o its 182 stations.

Ower time, Moscow haes acquired a nummer o epithets, maist referrin tae its size an preeminent status athin the naition: The Third Rome (Третий Рим), Whitestane (Белокаменная), The First Throne (Первопрестольная), The Fowerty Fowerties (Сорок Сороков).

The demonym for a Moscow resident is Moskvitch.

Municipalities o Mexico

Template:States o Mexico bi municipality

Municipalities (municipios in Spaingie) are the seicont-level admeenistrative diveesion in Mexico (whaur the first-level admeenistrative diveesion is the estado, or state). Thare 2,438 municipalities in Mexico, makkin the average municipality population 45,616. The internal poleetical organisation an their responsibilities is ootlined in the 115t airticle o the 1917 Constitution an forder waxit in the constitutions o the states they belang.


Paris is the caipital ceety an lairgest ceety o Fraunce. It is situatit on the river Seine, in northren Fraunce, at the hert o the Île-de-France region (or Paris Region, French: Région parisienne). The ceety o Paris, athin its admeenistrative limits (the 20 arrondissements) lairgely unchyngit syne 1860, haes an estimatit population o 2,211,297 (Januar 2008), but the Paris metropolitan aurie haes a population o 12,089,098 (Januar 2008), an is ane o the maist populatit metropolitan auries in Europe. Paris wis the lairgest ceety in the Wastren warld for aboot 1,000 years, prior tae the 19t century, an the lairgest in the entire warld atween the 16t an 19t centuries.

Kent warldwide as the Ceity o Licht (la Ville Lumière), Paris haes been a major tourist destination for centuries. The ceity is weel-kent fae the beauty o its airchitectur, its urban perspectives an avenues, an the walth o its museums an aw. Biggit on an airc o the Watter Seine, it is dividit intil twa pairts: the Richt Baunk tae the north and the smawer Left Baunk tae the sooth.

Formerly the caipital o a colonial empire raxin ower five continents, Paris is yit regairdit as the hert o the French-speakin warld an haes hauden a strang international poseetion, hostin the heidquarters o the OECD an the UNESCO amang ithers. This, combined wi its financial, business, poleetical, and tourism acteevities, haes turned Paris intil ane o the major transportation hubs in the warld. New York, Lunnon, Tokyo, an Paris is aften listit as the fower major global ceeties.


The Republic o Poland (Pols: Rzeczpospolita Polska), for ordinar kent juist as Poland (Polska), is a kintra in central/aestren Europe. It mairches ontae the Baltic Sea tae the north, alang wi the Kaliningrad Oblast o Roushie. Lithuanie mairches tae the nor-aest, Beloroushae tae the aest, Ukraine tae the sooth-aest, Slovakie an Czechie tae the sooth, an Germany tae the wast.

The haill area o Poland is 312,679 km², makkin it the 69t lairgest kintra i the warld and 7t in Europe. Poland's population is mair nor 38.5 million, concentratit mainly around the ceities.

The first Pols state wis stertit i 966, in a territory similar tae the present area o Poland. Poland becam a kinrick i 1025, an i 1569 it cementit a lang associe wi the Grand Duchy o Lithuania by unitin ti form the Polish-Lithuanian Commonweal. The Commonweal collapsed i 1795. Poland regained its independence i 1918 eftir the Furst Warld War bit tint it aince mair i the Saicont Warld War, bein occupied bi Nazi Germany an the Soviet Union, an emergin eftir as a communist kintra in the Eastern Block under the control o the Soviet Union. I 1989, communist rule wis owerthrawn an Poland becam whit is informally kent as the "Third Polish Republic". Poland is the 33rd maist populous kintra in the warld. Poland is a unitary state made up o saxteen voivodeships (Polish: województwo). Poland is a memmer o the European Union, NATO, and OECD anaw.

Population withoot dooble coontin

Population withopt dooble coontin is an Scots translation o the French phrase Population sans doubles comptes.

In Fraunce, for the purposes o the census, the INSEE haes defined several population indicators that allou fowk wha leeve in mair nor ane place tae be coonti in ilk place, tae study an keep coont o population muivement. Sae ilk commune in Fraunce daes nae hae anerly ane feegur for the population, but several; for ensaumple students mey be coontit baith whaur thay study an whaur thay leeve whan nae studyin. A parallel mey be drawn tae Inglis laws that allou students tae register an vote in local elections in mair nor ane place.

Roushie Census (2010)

The Roushie Census o 2010 (Roushie: Всеросси́йская пе́репись населе́ния 2010 го́да) is the first census o the Roushie Federation population syne 2002 an the seicont in its post-Soviet history. Preparations for the census began in 2007 an it teuk place atween October 14 an October 25.


Sirie, offeecially the Sirie Arab Republic (Arabic: الجمهورية العربية السورية‎), is a kintra in Wastren Asie, borderin Lebanon an the Mediterranean Sea tae the wast, Turkey tae the north, Iraq tae the east, Jordan tae the sooth, an Israel tae the soothwast.

Soviet Census (1989)

The 1989 Soviet census, conductit atween Januar 12-19 o that year, wis the last ane that teuk place in the umwhile USSR. The census foond the tot population tae be 286,730,819 indwallers.

Teeps o inhabitit localities in Roushie

The classification seestem o the teeps o inhabitit localities in Roushie, the umwhile Soviet Union, an some ither post-Soviet states haes certain peculiarities compared tae the classification seestems in ither kintras.

In ither leids

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