Ferrari

Ferrari S.p.A.
Società per azioni
Industrie Automotive
Foondit 1947 (historical 1929)
Foonder Enzo Ferrari
Heidquarters Maranello, Italy
Key fowk
  • Sergio Marchionne
  • (Chairman an CEO)
  • Piero Ferrari
  • (Vice Chairman)
Products Sports caurs
Production ootpit
Increase 8,014 units (2016)
Revenue Increase €3.105 billion (2016)
Increase0595 million (2016)
Increase0399 million (2016)
Tot assets Decrease €3.850 billion (2016)
Tot equity Increase0325 million (2016)
Awners
Exor N.V.(22.91%)
Piero Ferrari(10.00%)
General public(67.09%)
Nummer o employees
3,115 (2016)
Wabsteid Ferrari.com
Auto Avio Costruzioni 815

The Auto Avio Costruzioni 815 wis the first Ferrari caur that wis fully designed an biggit bi Enzo Ferrari in Modena. Bound bi contracts efter leavin Alfa Romeo, housomeivver, Ferrari wis nae alloued tae caw this caur a Ferrari. Instead he set up shop unner the name AAC (Auto Avio Costruzioni), an strictly speakin the caur wis named AAC tipo 815. It wis named this acause it haed an aicht cylinder, 1.5 L ingine. It showed promise at the Mille Miglia o 1940, wi the twa 815s biggit run bi Lotario Rangoni/Enrico Nardi an Alberto Ascari/Giuseppe Minozzi, but baith broke doun an did no finish. Ascari's caur wis sauld tae racer Enrico Beltrachini an it reappeared efter WW II, but Rangoni's wis scrapped in 1958 efter bein passed on tae Lotario's brither, Rolando. The ae remainin 815 the day is chassis 815/021 an is held in the Righini collection awned bi Mario Righini in Italy.

The AAC 815 wis biggit primarily o Fiat components, specifically scavengin the 1.5 L (1496 cc) straight-8 ingine an chassis frae the 508 C Balilla 1100. The bodywork wis done bi Carrozzeria Touring, who wad wirk extensively wi Ferrari in the next decade, an wis done in lang, flowin forms wi integratit wings. The ingine wis hie-tech for the time, wi a single owerhead camshaft, twa valves per cylinder, an a semi-dry sump lubrication seestem. A fower-speed manual transmission wis integral tae the ingine block. Fower Weber 30DR2 carburettors wur specified for a tot ootput o 72 hp (54 kW) at 5500 rpm, allowin the licht 625 kg (1378 lb) caur tae hit nearly 170 km/h (106 mph).

Emilia-Romagna

Emilia–Romagna (Emilian: [Emélia–Rumâgna] , Romagnol: Emélia–Rumâgna) is an admeenistrative region o Northren Italy comprisin the twa historic regions o Emilia an Romagna.

Emilia–Romagna the day is considered as ane o the richest an maist developed regions in Europe an haes the third heichest GDP per caipita in Italy. Bologna, the region's caipital, haes ane o Italy's heichest quality o life, an haes heichlie advanced an modren social services. Emilia–Romagna is an aa a major cultural an touristic centre, bein the hame o the auldest university in the Wastren Warld, containin numerous Renaissance ceeties (sic as Modena, Parma an Ferrara), bein a major centre for fuid an automobile production (Emilia–Romagna is hame o numerous iconic gastronomical an automotive industries, sic as Ferrari, Lamborghini, Maserati an Ducati) an haein a lively an colourful coastline, wi numerous tourist resorts, sic as Rimini an Riccione.

Enzo Ferrari

Enzo Anselmo Ferrari, Cavaliere di Gran Croce OMRI (pronounced [ˈɛntso anˈsɛlmo ferˈrari]; 18 Februar 1898 – 14 August 1988) wis an Italian motor racin driver an entrepreneur, the foonder o the Scuderia Ferrari Grand Prix motor racin team, an subsequently o the Ferrari automobile marque. He wis widely kent as "il Commendatore" or "il Drake". In his feenal years he wis eften referred tae as "l'Ingegnere" or "il Grande Vecchio (the Great Auld Man)".

Ferrari 125 S

The Ferrari 125 S (commonly 125 or 125 Sport) wis the first vehicle produced an biggit bi automaker Ferrari o Modena, Italy. Awtho precedit bi Enzo Ferrari's Auto Avio Costruzioni 815 o 1940, the 125 S wis the first vehicle tae bear the Ferrari name when it debuted on Mey 11, 1947 at the Piacenza racin circuit. Lik the 815, it wis a racin sports caur, but unlik its Fiat-pouered 8-cylinder predecessor, the 125 S featurt a V12 ingine (the "125"), a trait it shared wi maist Ferrari caurs o the follaein decades. The 125 S wis replaced bi the 159 S for 1947.

Ferrari 159 S

The 159 S wis designed tae be the successor tae Ferrari's first vehicle, the 125. Unlik its predecessor, which won sax o 14 races earlier in 1947, the 159 haed a short racin life an wis quickly convertit intae the 166 SC for the follaein racin saison.

Lik the 125, the 159 uised a steel tube-frame chassis wi langitudinal an cross members an haed a double wishbone suspension wi transverse leaf springs in front wi a live axle in the rear. Housomeivver, Gioacchino Colombo's V12 ingine wis enlairged frae 1.5 L (1497 cc/91 in³) in the 125 tae 1.9 L (1903 cc/116 in³) for the 159. This ingine produced 125 hp (93 kW) at 7,000 rpm, retainin the three double-choke Weber 30DCF carburettors o its predecessor. Baith caurs sportit five-speed manual transmissions an retained the Fiat tradeetion o mountin the ingine in-block wi the gearbox.

Ferrari 166 S

The Ferrari 166 S wis an evolution o Ferrari's 125 S sports race caur that became a sports caur for the street in the form o the 166 Inter. anerlie 3 Ferrari 166 S's wur produced, suin follaed bi the production o the 166 Mille Miglia (MM) which wis made in muckle lairger nummers frae 1949 tae 1952. The 166 MM wur in fact updatit 166 S an wur the caurs that score mony o Ferrari’s first internaitional victories an made Ferrari a serious competitor on the racin industry. It shared its Aurelio Lampredi-designed tube frame an double wishbone/live axle suspension wi the 125. Lik the 125, the wheelbase wis 2420 mm lang. 39 examples wur produced frae its introduction at the Turin Motor Show in 1948 tae its retirement in 1950. It wis replaced bi the 2.3 L 195 S in 1950. The first 166 Inter wis designed bi Touring's chief stylist, Carlo Anderloni. 166 S competeetion models wur generally coachbuilt bi Carrozzeria Allemano.

The 1.5 L Gioacchino Colombo-designed V12 ingine o the 125 wis chynged, housomeivver, wi single owerheid cam shafts specified an a lairger 2.0 L (1995 cc/121 in³) displacement. This wis achieved wi baith a bore an stroke increase, tae 60 bi 58.8 mm respectively. Ootput wis 110 tae 140 hp (82 tae 104 kW) at 6,000 rpm wi ane tae three carburettors.

Motor Trend Classic named the 166 MM Barchetta as nummer sax in thair leet o the ten "Greatest Ferraris o aw time".

Ferrari 195 S

The 195 S wis a racin sports caur produced bi Ferrari in 1950. Introduced at the Giro di Sicilia on Aprile 2, 1950, it wis seemilar tae the 166 MM an aa run at that race. The twa caurs, ane open an ane closed coupe, shared that caur's 2250 mm (89 in) wheelbase but sportit an enlairged 2.3 L (2341 cc/142 in³) version o the Colombo V12. Thir twa initial caurs wur forced tae retire, but three came tae the Mille Miglia o that year, wi the event wan bi the 195 S Touring coupe o Giannino Marzotto.

Ferrari 328

The Ferrari 328 GTB an GTS wis the successor tae the Ferrari 308 GTB an GTS. While largely based on the 308 GTB an GTS respectively, small modifications war made tae the body style an engine, includin an increase in engine displacement tae 3.2 L (3185 cc). 7,400 Ferrari 328s war produced bi the time the model wis replaced bi the new 348 in 1989, bringin the tot for the 308/328 generation tae nearly 20,000. The 328 is considered bi some Ferrari enthusiasts tae be ane o the maist reliable Ferraris; unlik some models, maist engine maintenance can be performed wioot lifting the engine frae the vehicle.

Ferrari 348

The Ferrari 348 is a mid-ingined, rear wheel drive V8-pouered 2-seat sports caur bi Ferrari S.p.A., replacin the 328 in 1989 an continuin till 1995.

Ferrari 360

The Ferrari 360 is a mid-ingine midsize twa-seater sports caur produced frae late 1999 till 2005. The 360 replaced the Ferrari F355 an wis itself replaced bi the fairly seemilar Ferrari F430. For the 360, Ferrari pairtnered wi Alcoa tae produce an entirely new aw-aluminum space-frame chassis that wis 40% stiffer than the F355, yet 28% lighter despite a 10% increase in oweraw dimensions. Alang wi the new frame wis a new Pininfarina body styling that broke ranks wi the last decade's sharp angles an flip-up headlights, replacing them wi a roondit appearance that harkened tae the 1960s. The new V8 ingine, common tae aw versions, wis anly slichtly lairger an mair pouerful than the F355's at 3.6 litres an 400 bhp (300 kW) o pouer, but the lighter frame an added stiffness improved performance; the 0 tae 60 (0 tae 100 km) acceleration performance improved frae 4.6 tae 4.4 seconds. An ingine replacement resulted in the V8 road model that followed, the F430 (internally referred tae as the evoluzione or evo) which came oot in 2004.

Nine versions o the basic 360 war produced, o which sax war road models:

360 Modena, a fixed roof twa-door luxury sports coupe, available wi a 6-speed manual or F1 electrohydraulic manual

360 Speeder, a convertible variant o the Modena

Challenge Stradale, an F1 electrohydraulic manual 360 Challenge inspired variant o a 360 Modena.

360 Modena F1

360 Speeder F1Three war factory race caurs:

360 Challenge, a 360 F1 electrohydraulic manual stripped oot circuit racin variant o the 360 Modena .

360 GT, a GT racin variant o the 360 challenge race caurs, mair extreme than a Challenge.

360 GT-C, based on the 360 GT wi 360 CS pairts tae compete in the N-GT class.The nint version, 360 Barchetta, wis a ane-off wedding present frae Ferrari tae Ferrari preses Luca di Montezemolo.

Ferrari 458 Italia

The Ferrari 458 Italia is a mid-engined sports caur produced bi the Italian sports caur manufacturer Ferrari. The 458 Italia replaces the Ferrari F430.

The 458 Italia wis offeecially unveiled at the 2009 Frankfurt Motor Show on 15 September 2009, an costs aroond £170,000 (Base MSRP o $230,675 for US mercat).

Ferrari F355

The Ferrari F355 is a sports caur biggit bi Ferrari frae Mey 1994 tae 1999. It is a evolution o the Ferrari 348 an wis replaced bi the Ferrari 360. It is a mid-engined, rear wheel drive V8-pouered 2-seat coupe. Ane major difference atween the V8 in the 348 an that in the F355, apairt frae the displacement increase frae 3.4 tae 3.5 L, is that the F355 features a 5-valve per-cylinder heid that is considerably mair powerful, producin 380 hp. The longitudinal 90° V8 engine wis bored 2mm ower the 348 tae achieve the modest increase in displacement, wi a 85mm bore, 77mm stroke an a tot displacement o 3495.50 cc, utilizing an 11:1 compression ratio. Ferrari employed the Bosch Motronic M2.7 in the 1995 model year, an switched tae the M5.2 in 1996 throu end o production, uisin electronic fuel injection, ignition control seestem wi a single spark plug per cylinder an a dry-sump ile lubrication seestem.

The frame is a steel monocoque wi tubular steel rear sub-frame wi front an rear suspensions uisin independent, unequal-lenth wishbones, coil springs ower gas-filled telescopic shock absorbers wi electronic control servos an anti-roll bars. Ferrari fittit aw road-goin F335 models wi Pirelli tires, size 225/40ZR 18 in front an 265/40 ZR 18 in the rear.

At launch, twa models wur available: the coupe Berlinetta, an the targa topped GTS. The Spider (convertible) version wis introducit in 1995. In 1997 the Formula Ane style paddle gear shift electrohydraulic manual transmission wis introducit wi the Ferrari 355 F1 (note the droppin o the F afore the 355) addin £6,000 tae the dealer askin price.

The nomenclatur daes no follae the formula frae the previous decades, ie. ingine capacity + cylinder nummer (eg. 246 = 2.4 litre + 6 cyl, 308 = 3.0 litre + 8 cyl, an same for the 328, 348, 512 etc). This time, Ferrari uised ingine capacity plus nummer o valves per cylinder, as thay wur proud tae boast aboot this technological advancement, ie 355 = 3.5 litre ingine capacity an 5 valves per cylinder. The F355 is mair common than ither Ferrari models wi 11,273 tot units producit.

Ferrari F430

The Ferrari F430 is a sports caur producit bi the Italian automaker Ferrari frae 2004 tae 2009, as a successor tae the 360. It debuted at the 2004 Paris Motor Show.

John Surtees

John Surtees, CBE (born 11 Februar 1934; died 10 Mairch 2017) wis a Breetish umwhile Grand Prix motorcycle road racer an Formula Ane driver.

Kimi Räikkönen

Kimi-Matias Räikkönen (born 17 October 1979) is a Finnish Formula Ane racin driver, currently racin for the Scuderia Ferrari team.

In 2007 Räikkönen becam F1 warld champion wi Ferrari.

Maranello

Maranello is a toun an comune in the region o Emilia-Romagna in Northren Italy, 18 km frae Modena, wi a population o 16,841 as o 2009. It is best kent as the hame o Ferrari S.p.A. an the Scuderia Ferrari Formula Ane racin team. Maranello was hame tae coachbuilding firm Carrozzeria Scaglietti an aw, nou awned bi Ferrari.

Maranello haes been the location for the Ferrari factory syne the early 1940s, when Enzo Ferrari transferred operations frae the Scuderia Ferrari Garage an Factory in Modena, which haed been his base o operations datin back tae Scuderia Ferrari's days as a airm o Alfa Romeo, due tae bombin durin Warld War II. Initially the factory in Maranello wis a base not anerlie for Scuderia Ferrari but for Auto Avio Costruzioni an aw, the machine tuil manufacturin business stairtit bi Enzo to tide the company over while Alfa Romeo's ban on Enzo Ferrari makkin caurs bearin the Ferrari name wis in force. The public museum Galleria Ferrari, which displays sports an racin caurs an trophies, is locatit here an aw.

Its new leebrar opened in November 2011, an wis designed bi Arata Isozaki an Andrea Maffei.Maranello is the stairtin point o the annual Italian Marathon, which feenishes in nearbi Carpi.

Michael Schumacher

Michael Schumacher (kent as Schumi, born 3 Januar 1969 in Hürth-Hermülheim, Germany) is a Formula Ane driver frae Germany an seiven times F1 warld champion. Currently he jyne Mercedes GP team anent Nico Rosberg. In 1994, 1995, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, an 2004 he becam F1 warld champion wi Benetton (1994-1995) an Scuderia Ferrari. He had a skiin accident in the French Alps on 29 December 2013.

Niki Lauda

Andreas Nikolaus "Niki" Lauda (22 Februar 1949 – 20 Mey 2019) is an Austrick umwhile Formula Ane driver who wis the three time F1 Warld Champion, winnin in 1975, 1977 an 1984.

Scuderia Ferrari

Scuderia Ferrari (pronounced [skudeˈria ferˈrari]) is the racin team diveesion o the Ferrari automobile marque. The team races in Formula Ane but haes competit in ither series in motorsport syne its formation in 1929 includin sportscaur racin. It is the auldest survivin an the maist successful team in the history o Formula Ane haein competit syne 1950. As a constructor, Ferrari haes a record 16 Constructors' Championships.

In ither leids

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