1. 1.0 1.1 Includin Northren Cyprus, the UN buffer zone an Akrotiri an Dhekelia.
  2. Excludin Northren Cyprus.
  3. The .eu domain is an aa uised, shared wi ither European Union member states.

Cyprus (Greek: Κύπρος, Kýpros; Turkish: Kıbrıs), offeecially the Republic o Cyprus (Greek: Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία, Kypriakí Dhimokratía; Turkish: Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti) is a Eurasian island kintra in the eastren pairt o the Mediterranean Sea. It is the third maist muckle island in the Mediterranean. The northren pairt o the island haes been unner the owerins o the Turkish airmy syne 1974 efter thay invadit the island. This haes meant that a northren seperatist regime haes cried itsel the Turkis Republic o Northren Cyprus houaniver this haesna been offeecially recogneesed. Cyprus haes been a member o the European Union syne 2004.

Republic o Cyprus
Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία (Greek)
Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti  (Turkis)
Banner o Cyprus
Anthem: Hymn tae Liberty
Location o  Cyprus  (dark green) in the European Union  (light green)  —  [Legend]
Location o  Cyprus  (dark green)

in the European Union  (light green)  —  [Legend]

Caipital Nicosia
35°10′N 33°22′E / 35.167°N 33.367°E
Offeecial leids
Minority leids
Ethnic groups
Demonym Cypriot
Govrenment Unitary presidential constitutional republic
• Preses
Nicos Anastasiades
Legislatur Hoose o Representatives
Unthirldom frae the Unitit Kinrick
• Zürich an Lunnon Agreement
19 Februar 1959
• Unthirldom proclaimed
16 August 1960
• Unthirldom Day
1 October 1960
• Joined the European Union
1 Mey 2004
• Tot[i 1]
9,251 km2 (3,572 sq mi) (168t)
• Water (%)
• 2011 estimate
1,117,000[i 1][1]
• 2011 census
838,897[i 2][2]
• Density
90.7/km2 (234.9/sq mi) (114t)
GDP (PPP) 2013 estimate
• Total
$23.613 billion[3]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal) 2012 estimate
• Tot
$23.006 billion[3]
• Per capita
Gini (2011) 29.1[4]
law · 19th
HDI (2013) Increase 0.848[5]
verra heich · 31st
Currency Euro (EUR)
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
• Summer (DST)
Drivin side left
Cawin code +357
ISO 3166 code CY
Internet TLD .cy[i 3]
  1. 1.0 1.1 Includin Northren Cyprus, the UN buffer zone an Akrotiri an Dhekelia.
  2. Excludin Northren Cyprus.
  3. The .eu domain is an aa uised, shared wi ither European Union member states.


  1. United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2011). "World Population Prospects: The 2010 Revision, Highlights and Advance Tables (ESA/P/WP.220)" (PDF). New York: 80.
  2. "Statistical Service – Population and Social Conditions – Population Census – Announcements – Preliminary Results of the Census of Population, 2011" (in Greek). Statistical Service of the Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Cyprus. 29 December 2011. Retrieved 29 January 2012.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "Report for Cyprus". World Economic Outlook Database. International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 17 April 2013.
  4. "Gini coefficient of equivalised disposable income (source: SILC)". Eurostat Data Explorer. Retrieved 13 August 2013.
  5. "2013 Human Development Report". United Nations Publications. 14 March 2013. Retrieved 14 March 2013.

.cy is the kintra code tap-level domain (ccTLD) for Cyprus.

Armenie leid

Armenie (հայերեն լեզու, hayeren lezu or hayeren) is a Indo-European leid. It is the naitional leid o the Republic o Armenie an is spak in pairts o Georgie an aw. It haes aboot sieven million speakers athort the warld.

Banner o Northren Cyprus

The banner o the Turkis Republic o Northren Cyprus (Turkis: Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti bayrağı) is based on the banner o Turkey wi the colors reversed an twa horizontal red stripes addit at the top an bottom an the crescent an the starn in red. It wis the result o a competition tae fynd a new representative flag for the 'TRNC'.

Banner o TRNC waves in the kintras where TRNC has diplomatic relations, i.e. Turkey an the non sovereign Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic in Azerbaijan.

Banner o the TRNC is uised in opposition tae the banner o Cyprus as the banner o Northren Cyprus.

The local uise of the Turkis banner is somewha similar tae the uise o the Greek banner in the rest o the island.


Capper is a chemical element in the periodic cairt that haes the seembol Cu (L.: Cuprum) an atomic nummer 29. It is a ductile metal wi vera heich thermal an electrical conductivity. A freshly exposed surface o pure capper has a reiddish-orange colour. Capper is uised as a conductor o heat an electricity, as a biggin material, an as a constituent o various metal alloys, sic as sterling siller uised in jewelry, cupronickel uised tae mak marine haurdware an cunyies, an constantan uised in strain gauges an thermocouples for temperatur meisurment.

Capper is ane o the few metals that can occur in naitur in a directly uisable metallic form (native metals). This led tae verra early human uise in several regions, frae c. 8000 BC. Thoosands o years later, it wis the first metal tae be smeltit frae sulfide ores, c. 5000 BC, the first metal tae be cast intae a shape in a mauld, c. 4000 BC an the first metal tae be purposefully alloyed wi anither metal, tin, tae creaut bronze, c. 3500 BC.In the Roman era, capper wis principally mined on Cyprus, the oreegin o the name o the metal, fae aes сyprium (metal o Cyprus), later corruptit tae сuprum (Latin), frae that the wirds derived.The commonly encoontert compoonds are capper(II) sauts, that eften impairt blue or green colours tae sic minerals as azurite, malachite, an turquoise, an hae been uised widely an historically as pigments.

Capper uised in biggins, uisually for ruifin, oxidises tae form a green verdigris (or patina). Capper is whiles uised in decorative airt, baith in its elemental metal form an in compoonds as pigments. Capper compoonds are used as bacteriostatic augents, fungicides, an wid preservatives.

Copper is essential tae aw leevin organisms as a trace dietar mineral acause it is a key constituent o the respiratory enzyme complex cytochrome c oxidase. In molluscs an crustaceans, capper is a constituent o the bluid pigment hemocyanin, replaced bi the airn-complexed hemoglobin in fish an ither vertebrates. In humans, capper is foond mainly in the liver, muscle, an bane. The adult body contains between 1.4 and 2.1 mg of copper per kilogram of body weight.

Coat o airms o Cyprus

The coat o airms o Cyprus depicts a dou cairryin an olive branch (a weel-kent seembol o peace) ower “1960”, the year o Cypriot unthirldom frae Breetish rule. The background is a capper-yellae colour; this seembolises the lairge deposits o capper ore on Cyprus (chiefly in the form o chalcopyrite, that is yellae in colour).

Whan Cyprus wis a Breetish Croun Colony, local colonial offeecials uised a coat o airms (whilk wur niver in fact offeecially grantit) o twa lions passant guardant, based on the emblem o Breetain.

Coat o airms o Northren Cyprus

The coat o airms o the Turkis Republic o Northren Cyprus are styled closely on the airms o the Republic o Cyprus, except that the '1960' wis removed frae the shield unnerneath the dove an the addition, a depiction o the Turkis starn an crescent emblem is placed ower the shield wi the year '1983' addit. The year is in reference tae the Declaration o Unthirldom o the Turkis Republic o Northren Cyprus.

In late 2007, a slicht chynge tae the layoot o the airms wis made. The dove is in a different poseetion/attitude.

Destricts o Cyprus

Cyprus is dividit intae sax destricts ([επαρχίες, eparchies] ), whose caipitals share the same name:

The destricts are further dividit up intae municipalities.


The euro (Siller sign: €; baunkin code: EUR) is the offeecial siller o the European Union's Eurozone that at the meenit conseests o 19 states (Austrick, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, Fraunce, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuanie, Luxembourg, Maltae, the Netherlands, Portugal, Slovakie, Slovenie, Spain).

It is the ae siller for mair nor 320 million Europeans. Includin airts uisin sillers pegged tae the euro, the euro directly affects close tae 500 million fowk warldwide.Wi mair nor €610 billion in circulation as o December 2006 (equeevalent tae US$802 billion at the exchynge rates at the time), the euro is the siller wi the hiechest combined vailie o cash in circulation in the warld, haein surpassed the U.S. dollar.The euro wis introduced tae warld financial mercats as an accoontin siller in 1999 an lenched as pheesical cunyies an baunknotes on 1 Januar 2002. It replaced the umwhile European Currency Unit (ECU) at a ratio o 1:1.

Greek leid

Greek (Greek: ελληνική γλώσσα or semply ελληνικά — "Hellenic") haes a documentit history o 3,400 year, the langest o ony single naitural leid in the Indo-European leid faimily. It is ane o the earliest attestit Indo-European leids an aw, wi fragmentary records in Mycenaean datin back tae the 15t or 14t century BC, makkin it the warld's auldest recordit leevin leid. The day, it is spoken bi aboot 17–25 million fowk in Greece (offeecial), Cyprus (offeecial), Albanie, Bulgarie, the Republic o Macedonie, Italy, Turkey, Armenie, Georgie, Ukraine, Moldovae, Romanie, Roushie, Egyp, Jordan an emigrant communities athort the warld, includin Australie, Unitit States, Canadae, Germany an ithergates.

Greek haes been written in the Greek alphabet (the auldest conteenasly uised alphabet, an the first tae introduce vouels) syne the 9t century BC in Greece (afore that in Linear B), an the 4t century BC in Cyprus (afore that in Cypriot seelabary). Greek literature haes a conteenas history o near-haund three thoosand year.


The Greeks, kent as the Hellenes an aw (Greek: Ἕλληνες, [ˈelines]), are an ethnic group native tae Greece, Cyprus an ither regions. Thay form a significant diaspora, wi Greek commonties establisht aroond the warld.Greek colonies an commonties hae been historically establisht in maist corners o the Mediterranean, but Greeks hae ayes been centred aroond the Aegean Sea, whaur the Greek leid haes been spoken syne antiquity. Till the early 20t century, Greeks wur uniformly distributit atween the Greek peninsula, the wastren coast o Asie Minor, Pontus, Egyp, Cyprus an Constantinople; mony o thir regions coincidit tae a lairge extent wi the borders o the Byzantine Empire o the late 11t century an the Eastren Mediterranean auries o the auncient Greek colonization.In the eftermath o the Greco-Turkish War (1919–1922), a lairge-scale population exchynge atween Greece an Turkey transferred an confined Christians frae Turkey, except Constantinople (effectively ethnic Greeks) intae the mariches o the modren Greek state an Cyprus. Ither ethnic Greek populations can be foond frae soothrern Italy tae the Caucasus an in diaspora commonties in a nummer o ither kintras. Thir days, maist Greeks are offeecially registered as members o the Greek Orthodox Kirk.

Leet o kintras

This is an alphabetical leet o kintras o the warld, wi baith internationally recogneesed an for ordinar unrecogneesed unthirlt states, dwalt in dependent territories, as weel as auries o byordinar sovereignty. It covers aa auries unner the jurisdeection o the listit kintras, namely territory, territorial waters (wi internal watters an contiguous zones), Exclusive Economic Zone, continental shelf an airspace. For juist a leet o unthirlt states, see the leet o sovereign states.

The names o kintras in the leet is gien in Scots wi baith the cutty offeecial names (e.g. Afghanistan) an the (langer) offeecial name (e.g. The Islamic Republic o Afghanistan). The listin o ony name in this airticle isna ettelt tae implee an offeecial poseetion in ony namin tuilyie.


Lemoa (Spaingie: Lemona) is a toun an municipality locatit in the province o Biscay, in the autonomous commonty o Basque Kintra, northren Spain.


The Levant (/ləˈvænt/; Arabic: المشرق /ʔal-maʃriq/) is an approximate heestorical geografical term referrin tae a large aurie in the eastren Mediterranean.


Nicosia (IPA: /ˌnɪkəˈsiːə/, NIK-ə-SEE-ə), kent locally as Lefkosia (Greek: Λευκωσία, Turkis: Lefkoşa), is the caipital an lairgest ceety o Cyprus. Locatit on the River Pedieos an situatit amaist in the centre o the island, it is the seat o govrenment as well as the main business centre. Nicosia is the caipital o the Nicosia Destrict. Nicosia is designatit a Beta Warld Ceety - bi the Globalization an Warld Ceeties Study Group an Netwirk.

Northren Cyprus

Northren Cyprus or North Cyprus (Turkis: Kuzey Kıbrıs), formally named the Turkish Republic o Northren Cyprus (TRNC) (Turkis: Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti (KKTC),), is a de facto state locatit in the northren portion o the island o Cyprus. Tensions atween the Greek Cypriot an Turkish Cypriot populations culminatit in 1974 wi a coup d'état, an attempt tae annex the island tae Greece an a military invasion bi Turkey in response resultit in a partitionin o the island, the resettlement o mony o its indwallers, an, eventually, a unilateral declaration o unthrildom bi the north in 1983. Northren Cyprus haes received diplomatic recognition anerlie frae Turkey, upon which it is dependent for economic, poleetical an military support. The rest o the internaitional community, includin the Unitit Naitions an the European Union, recognises the de jure sovereignty o the Republic o Cyprus ower the entire island.

Attempts tae reach a solution tae the dispute hae sae far been unsuccessful. In 2004 a fift revision o the UN Annan Plan tae settle the Cyprus dispute wis acceptit bi a majority o Turkish Cypriots in a referendum, but rejectit bi a majority o Greek Cypriots. The Turkish Airmy maintains a lairge force in Northren Cyprus; its presence is supportit an approved bi the de facto local govrenment, but the Republic o Cyprus an the internaitional community regaird it as an illegal occupation force, an its presence haes an aa been denoonced in several United Nations Security Council resolutions.

Northren Cyprus extends frae the tip o the Karpass Peninsula (Cape Apostolos Andreas) in the northeast, wastward tae Morphou Bay an Cape Kormakitis (the Kokkina/Erenköy exclave marks the wastrenmaist extent o the aurie), an soothward tae the veelage o Louroujina/Akıncılar. A buffer zone unner the control o the Unitit Naitions stretches atween Northren Cyprus an the rest o the island an divides Nicosia, the island's lairgest ceety an caipital o baith states.

Peter Cormack

Peter Barr Cormack (born 17 Julie 1946) is a Scots umwhile internaitionalist fitbaw player an manager.

Turkis leid

Turkis is a leid that is spak in Turkey, Cyprus, Bulgarie, Greece, an ither kintras that wis pairt o the umwhile Ottoman Empire. Mony fowk haes quat thae pairts in recent years for tae bide ithergates. Forby thon thare's several million speakers o Turkis in ither pairts o Europe an a puckle in Australie an North Americae.

Turkis is a member o the Altaic faimily o leids. It is ane o the few human leids wi a featur cried vouel hermony that guides whaur the vouel soonds will be athin a wird. Vouels that's unalike canna be ower naur thegither. Ither lieds that haes thon is Mongolian an Manchu that's baith Altaic leids forby.

Turkis wirds for ordinar maks a phrase in sic a wey: Subject Object Verb (SOV). Gin a body wis tae mak an SOV Scots phrase, it wad gang siclike: "The dug the hen ett."

Turkis uised tae be scrieved wi the Arabic alphabet frae aboot 900 AD tae 1928. In the Ottoman Empire, Turkis leid haed a fouthie leeteratur, an mony beuks war scrieved in it. Houaniver, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk chynged it tae the Latin alphabet acause he wantit his kintra tae be integrated wi waster kintras tae tak advantage o technological betterments o thaim. European kintras war developit gey fest efter the Renaissance an thay left the Ottoman Empire ahint. As a eftercome, maist Turks nou canna screed aff text scrieve afore the chynge. (Türkçe)

This leid is maist nearly relatit tae ither Turkic leids, includin Uzbek, Turkmen, an Kazakh. Thare is anither theory that Turkis is pairt o a muckler Altaic leid faimily, whit includes Japanese, Mongolie, an Korean an aw.

In ither leids

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