Confucius (Kǒng Fūzǐ in pinyin, 孔夫子 in Chinese mandarin) (551 - 479 BC) wis a Cheenese thinker an social philosopher, whase teachins an philosophy hae deeply influenced Cheenese, Korean, Japanese an Vietnamese thocht an life. He stairtit the Cheenese releegion an philosophy ca'd Confucianism.

Confucius 02

Year 1 (I) wis a common year stairtin on Setturday or Sunday o the Julian calendar (the soorces differ, see leap year error for further information) an a common year stairtin on Setturday o the Proleptic Julian calendar. It is a Common year stairtin on Monday, in the Proleptic Gregorian calendar seestem.


Confucianism, an aa kent as Ruism, is descrived as tradeetion, a filosofie, a releegion, a humanistic or raitionalistic releegion, a wey o govrening, or simply a wey o life. Confucianism developed frae whit wis later cried the Hunder Schuils o Thocht frae the teachins o the Cheenese filosofer Confucius (551–479 BCE), wha conseedert himsel a retransmitter o the values o the Zhou dynasty gowden age o several centuries afore.

Dongcheng Destrict, Beijing

Dongcheng Destrict (simplifeed Cheenese: 东城区; traditeeonal Cheenese: 東城區; pinyin: Dōngchéng Qū; literally "east ceety precinct") is an urban destrict in Beijing coverin the eastren hauf o Beijing's urban core. It is 24.7 square kilometres in aurie an haes a population o 535,558 (2000 Census). Dongcheng Destrict covers several important pairts o Beijing. Wangfujing an Dongdan, as well as the Beijing Railway Station, the Eastren Chang'an Avenue, an the northeastren stretch o the 2nt Ring Road aw belang tae its jurisdiction. The destrict is subdividit intae 17 subdestricts o the ceety proper o Beijing. The umwhile Chongwen Destrict wis mergit intae Dongcheng on Julie 2010.

It is the seicont lairgest precinct in the aurie o the auld ceety (which is inside the 2nt Ring Road) an haes the postal code 100010. Afore the communist takeower, maist walthy merchants an middle-class residit in this precinct.

The Chaoyangmen aurie is locatit in the Dongcheng Destrict.

Some o the well-kent auries in the Dongcheng Destrict are:

Forbidden Ceety

Yong He Gong Lamasery

Temple of Confucius

Imperial College (Guozijian)

Tian'anmen Square

Mausoleum o Mao Zedong

Zhongshan Park

National Museum o Cheenae

Temple o Earth

Jingshan Park

St. Joseph's Catholic Church (Dong Tang)

Beijing Gulou an Zhonglou (Drum Tower & Bell Tower)

Cheenae Airt Gallery (Zhongguo Meishuguan)

Zhihua Si Temple

Science & Technology Museum (Kejiguan)

Donghuamen Night Market

The Temple of Heaven

Longtan Park



The Eneados (Laitin Aeneis, pronounced |ajˈneːis|—the teetle is Greek in form: genitive case Aeneidos) is an epic poem written by Vergil atween 29 an 19 BC. It tells the story o Aeneas. It stairts wi Aeneas cairyin his faither Anchises oot o the burnin Troy. It ends wi Aeneas laundin on the shores o Italy, fechtin agin the hamelt indwallers thare.


Filosofie is a Greek wird for 'luv o wit.' It can be uised ti mean monie things.

A personal wey tae think aboot the warld, or a pairt o it.

A set o conceits that gangs thegither, wrocht oot bi a bodie that haes studied weys o thinking aboot the warld.

The studie o abstract conceitsPhilosophie in this airticle means a group o conceits that haes been thocht on bi academic philosophers (fowk that daes philosophie) for a lang time. Thir conceits haes come tae form a bodie o kennis, knawledge an quaistens that is unco lairge. There's monie different kynds o philosophie, some o them comin frae Europe, in parteecular (Auld) Greece, whaur as ithers comes frae Asie or ither pairts o the warld.

Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, cried Leibnitz or von Leibniz as weel (1 Julie (21 Juin Auld Style) 1646 – 14 November 1716) wis a German scientist that wrate maistly in French an Latin.

He wis educate in law an philosophy. He wrocht as factotum tae twa muckle German noble hooses (ane becomin the Breetish ryal faimlie at the time he wis wirkin for it). Leibniz haed a muckle role in the European politics an diplomacy o his day. He haes juist as lairge a place baith in the history o philosophy an in the history o mathematics. He inventit calculus at the same time as Newton, an his notation is the ane in general uiss syne. He inventit the binary seestem forby, the foonds o juist aboot aw modren computers.

In philosophy, he is best mynt for optimism. His thocht wis that oor universe is, in ae sense, the best possible that God coud hae made. He wis ane o the great 17th century rationalists. Mony fowk sees René Descartes an Baruch Spinoza as the ither twa. His philosophy leuks back on the Scholastic tradeetion an leuks forrit on modren logic an analysis.

Leibniz made unco contreibutions tae pheesics an technology forby, an anteecipatit concepts that surfaced lang efter in biology, medicine, geology, probability theory, psychology, an information science. He wrate on politics, law, ethics, theology, history, an philology, an aw. Whiles he e'en wrate in verse. His contreebutions tae this muckle array o subjects is scattered in jurnals, in tens o thoosands o letters, an in unpublished manuscripts. As o 2006, thare isna ony complete edeetion o Leibniz's writins, sae a full accoont o his accomplishments isna yet possible.


Kaohsiung (Cheenese: 高雄; pinyin: Gāoxióng; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Ko-hiông; auld names: Takao, Takow, Takau) offeecially Kaohsiung Ceety, is ane o the five special municipalities unner the admeenistration o the Republic o Cheenae. Locatit in soothren-westren Taiwan an facin the Taiwan Strait, Kaohsiung is the lairgest municipality in Taiwan at 2,947.62 km2 (1,138.08 sq mi), an seicont maist populous wi a population o approximately 2.77 million. Syne its stairt at 17t century, Kaohsiung haes grown frae a smaa tradin veelage, intae the poleetical, economic, transportation, manufacturin, refinin, shipbuildin, an industries centers o soothren Taiwan. It is a global ceety wi sufficiency which categorized bi GaWC in 2010.


Laozi wis a legendary filosopher o auncient Cheenae. He is best kent as the reputit author o the Tao Te Ching an the foonder o filosophical Taoism, but he is an aa revered as a deity in releegious Taoism an tradeetional Cheenese releegions. He is uisually datit tae aroond the 6t century BCE an reckoned a contemporary o Confucius, but some historians contend that he actually lived during the Warrin States period o the the 5t or 4t century BCE. A central figur in Cheenese cultur, baith the emperors o the Tang dynasty an modren commonfolk o the Li faimily claim Laozi as a foonder o thair lineage. Throughoot history, Laozi's wirk haes been embraced bi various anti-authoritarian movements.


A man is a male human. The term man is uisually reserved for an adult male, wi the term lad or loon bein the uisual term for a male bairn or adolescent.


Mencius (Cheenese: 孟子; pinyin: Mèng Zǐ; Wade–Giles: Meng4 Tzu3; Zhuyin Fuhao: ㄇㄥˋ ㄗˇ; maist acceptit dates: 372 – 289 BCE; ither possible dates: 385 – 303/302 BCE) wis a Cheenese philosopher who is the maist famous Confucian efter Confucius himself.

Spur (bird)

The hoose sparrae (Passer domesticus), or spur, is a bird o the sparrae faimily Passeridae, foond in maist pairts o the warld.


Taganrog (Roushie: Таганрог) is a port ceety in Rostov Oblast, Roushie, locatit on the north shore o the Taganrog Bay (Sea o Azov), several kilometres wast o the mooth o the Don River. Population: 257,681 (2010 Census); 281,947 (2002 Census); 291,622 (1989 Census).

Yan (state)

Yan (Cheenese: 燕; pinyin: Yān; Auld Cheenese pronunciation: *ʔˤe[n]) wis an auncient Cheenese state in the Zhou dynasty.

Zhu Xi

Zhu Xi or Chu Hsi (Cheenese: 朱熹, October 18, 1130 – Aprile 23, 1200) wis a Song Dynasty Confucian scholar who acame the leadin figure o the Schuil o Principle an the maist influential rationalist Neo-Confucian in Cheenae. His contreibutions tae Cheenese filosofie includin his assignin special signeeficance tae the Analects o Confucius, the Mencius, the Great Learning, an the Doctrine o the Mean (the Fower Beuks), his emphasis on the investigation o things (gewu), an the synthesis o aw fundamental Confucian concepts, furmed the basis o Cheenese bureaucracy an govrenment for ower 700 years.

Zhuang Zhou

Zhuang Zhou, eften kent as Zhuangzi ("Master Zhuang"), wis an influential Cheenese filosofer wha lived aroond the 4t century BC during the Warrin States period, a period correspondin tae the summit o Cheenese filosofie, the Hunder Schuils o Thocht. He is creditit wi writin—in pairt or in whole—a wark kent bi his name, the Zhuangzi, which expresses a filosofie o skepticism.

In ither leids

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