A hale white cabbitch an a longitudinal section
|Cultivar group||Capitata Group|
|Oreegin||Europe, prior tae 1000 BC|
|Cultivar group members||
Brassica (/[unsupported input]ˈbræsᵻkə/ brás-si-ca) is a genus o plants in the mustard faimily (Brassicaceae). The members o the genus are collectively kent as cruciferous vegetables, cabbitches, or mustards. Crops frae this genus are whiles cried cole crops, which is derived frae the Latin caulis, meanin stem or cabbitch.Common types o brassica uised for fuid include cabbitch, cauliflouer, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, an some types o seeds. The genus is kent for containin mony important agricultural an horticultural crops. It an aa includes a nummer o weeds, baith wild taxa an escapees frae cultivation. It includes ower 30 wild species an hybrids, an numerous addeetional cultivars an hybrids o cultivatit origin. Maist are annuals or biennials, but some are smaa shrubs. Due tae thair agricultural importance, Brassica plants hae been the subject o much scienteefic interest. Sax parteecularly important species (Brassica carinata, B. juncea, B. oleracea, B. napus, B. nigra an B. rapa) are derived bi combinin the chromosomes frae three earlier species, as describit bi the Triangle o U theory.
The genus is native in the wild in wastren Europe, the Mediterranean an temperate regions o Asie. In addeetion tae the cultivatit species, which are grawn warldwide, mony o the wild species graw as weeds, especially in North Americae, Sooth Americae, an Australie.
A dislike for cabbitch, broccoli et.al. can be due tae the Brassica species containin a chemical seemilar tae phenylthiocarbamide (PTC), a chemical which is either bitter or tasteless dependin on ane's genetic makeup.Brassica oleracea
Brassica oleracea is the species o plant that includes mony common fuids as cultivars, includin cabbitch, broccoli, cauliflouer, kail, Brussels sprouts, collard greens, savoy, kohlrabi an gai lan.Brassicaceae
The Brassicaceae, a medium-sized an economically important faimily o flouerin plants (Angiosperms), are informally kent as the mustards, mustard flouers, the crucifers or the cabbitch faimily.Cucurbita
Cucurbita is a genus in the gourd faimily Cucurbitaceae first cultivatit in the Andes an Mesoamerica an nou uised in mony pairts o the warld. It includes species grown for thair fruit an edible seeds (the squashes, pumpkins an marrows, an the chilacayote), as well as some species grown anly as gourds. Thir gourds (an ither squashes) come in mony colours, includin blue, orange, yellae, reid, an green. Thay hae bicollateral vascular bundles. Mony North an Central American species are visitit bi specialist pollinators in the apid group Eucerini, especially the genera Peponapis an Xenoglossa, an thir bees can be very important for fruit set.
Cucurbita species are uised as fuid plants bi the larvae o some Lepidoptera species, includin cabbitch mochs, Hypercompe indecisa, an turnip mochs. Cucurbitin is foond in Cucurbita seeds.Several species o Cucurbita are native tae North Americae, includin Cucurbita foetidissima (buffalo gourd), Cucurbita digitata (calabazilla), an Cucurbita palmata (coyote melon). Thir plants produce gourds an furm lairge, fleshy, tuber-lik ruits. Some species, houiver, are native tae Sooth Americae, includin Cucurbita pepo.Eudicots
The Eudicots, Eudicotidae or Eudicotyledons is a monophyletic clade o flouerin plants that haed been cried tricolpates or non-magnoliid dicots bi previous authors. The botanical terms wur introduced in 1991 bi evolutionary botanist James A. Doyle an paleobotanist Carol L. Hotton tae emphasise the later evolutionary divergence o tricolpate dicots frae earlier, less specialised, dicots. The close relationships amang flouerin plants wi tricolpate pollen grains wis initially seen in morphological studies o shared derived chairacters. Thir plants haes a distinct trait in thair pollen grains o exhibitin three colpi or grooves parallelin the polar axis. Later molecular evidence confirmed the genetic basis for the evolutionary relationships amang flouerin plants wi tricolpate pollen grains an dicotyledonous traits. The term means "true dicotyledons" as it conteens the majority o plants that hae been considered dicots an hae chairacteristics o the dicots. The term "eudicots" haes subsequently been widely adoptit in botany tae refer tae ane o the twa lairgest clades o angiosperms (constitutin ower 70% o angiosperm species), monocots bein the ither. The remainin angiosperms is whiles referred tae as basal angiosperms or paleodicots but thae terms hinnae been widely or consistently adoptit as thay dinnae refer tae a monophyletic group.
The ither name for the eudicots is tricolpates, a name whilk refers tae the rit structur o the pollen. Members o the group hae tricolpate pollen, or fairms derived frae it. Thae pollen hae three or mair pores set in furrows cried colpi. In contrast, maist o the ither seed plants (that is the gymnosperms, the monocots an the paleodicots) produce monosulcate pollen, wi a single pore set in a differently orientit raut cried the sulcus. The name "tricolpates" is preferred bi some botanists fur tae evit confuision wi the dicots, a non-monophyletic group (Judd & Olmstead 2004).
Numerous faimiliar plants are eudicots, includin mony common fuid plants, trees, an ornamentals. Some common an faimiliar eudicots include members o the sunflower faimily lik the common dandelion, the forget-me-nae, cabbitch an ither members o its faimily, aiple, buttercup, maple an macadamie. Maist leafy trees o mid-latitudes belang eudicots an aa, wi notable exceptions bein magnolies an tulip trees whilk alang tae magnoliids, an Ginkgo biloba whilk isnae an angiosperm.
The name "eudicots" (plural) is uised in the APG seestem, o 1998, an APG II seestem, o 2003, for classification o angiosperms. It is applee'd tae a clade, a monophyletic group, which includes maist o the (umwhile) dicots.Glesgae Rhymin Slang
Glesgae Rhymin Slang is the kynd o rhymin slang peculiar tae Glesgae an the ither urban areas round aboot it. As wi aw ither rhymin slang, it juist subsitutes a wird or phrase for anither ane that rhymes wi it - an can aften become raither convoluitit as wirds frae the slang that disna rhyme wi the substitutit wird become uissed raither nor the fou phrase eg. "Paraffin ile" (fer "style") coud be said as "Paraffin", juist - as in "Ye'v nae parrafin." Whiles this can mak the phrase a tait obscure an teuch tae follae the meanin o, an that's aften pairt o the fun o it - feegurin oot whit's meant bi wirds that kythes in sentences wi nae appearant connection tae the lave o the sentence.IPA chairt for Scots
This is a cutty version o the Internaitional Phonetic ABC for Scots soonds.Jalapa, Jalapa
Jalapa is a ceety in Guatemala. It is the caipital o the depairtment o Jalapa; it is the municipal seat o that depairtment's municipality o Jalapa an aw.
It is locatit 174 kilometres (108 mi) frae Guatemala Ceety. Housomeivver, thare is a shorter road frae Guatemala Ceety tae Jalapa uisin Atlantic Heich-gate an then goin sooth (exit toward the ceety o Sanarate). This wey Jalapa is anerly aroond 97 kilometres (60 mi), frae Guatemala Ceety.Kail
Kail (Brassica oleracea Acephala Group) is a vegetable wi green or purpie leafs, the central leafs o it no bein in a heid shape. It is conseedered tae hae mair sibness wi wild cabbitch nor maist domesticate cabbitch. The species Brassica oleracea conteens mony kynds o vegetables, includin broccoli, cauliflouer, collard greens, an brussels sproots. The cultivar group Acephala includes spring greens an collard greens an aw; thay're unco seemilar genetically.Kimchi
Kimchi (hangul: 김치 Korean pronunciation: [kimtɕʰi]; Inglis pronunciation: /ˈkɪmtʃi/), an aa spelled kimchee or gimchi, is a tradeetional fermentit Korean side dish made o vegetables wi a variety o saisonins. It is eften describit as spicy an sour.Kohlrabi
Kohlrabi (German neep or neep cabbitch) (Brassica oleracea Gongylodes group) (Olkopi in Assamese an Bengali) (Monji Haak in Kashmiri) is an annual vegetable, an is a law, fodgle cultivar o cabbitch. Kohlrabi can be etten raw as weel as cuikit.Lviv Oblast
Lviv Oblast (Ukrainian: Львівська область, translit. L’vivs’ka oblast’; an aa referred tae as L’vivshchina – Ukrainian: Львівщина) is an oblast (province) in wastren Ukraine. The admeenistrative centre o the oblast is the ceety o Lviv.Mafraq Govrenorate
Mafraq (Arabic محافظة المفرق Al-Mafraq, local dialects Mafrag or Mafra' ) is ane o the govrenorates o Jordan, locatit tae the north-east o Amman, caipital o Jordan. It haes a population o 254,219 (2000) wi a percentage o 4.5% o Jordan's population. Its caipital is Mafraq, which is kent for its military bases.Neep
A neep or tumshie is the ruit crap brassica rapa var. rapa that's aft growen in maumie climates athort the warld for its white, bulbous tapruit. Smaw, neshy kynds is growen for human consumption, while lairger kynds is growen as feed for stock. Neeps is weel-likit in Europe, parteecular in caulder airts, sith they growe weel in cauld climates an can be keepit for mony months efter the hairst.Pieris brassicae
Pieris brassicae, the French butterflee, an aa cried lairge white, cabbitch butterflee, cabbitch white, cabbitch moch (erroneously), or in Indie the lairge cabbitch white, is a butterflee in the faimily Pieridae. It is a close relative o the smaw white, Pieris rapae.Plovdiv Province
Plovdiv Province (Bulgarie: Област Пловдив - Oblast Plovdiv, umwhile name Plovdiv okrug) is a province in central soothren Bulgarie. It comprises 18 municipalities (общини, obshtini, sing. община, obshtina) on a territory o 5,972.9 km² wi a tot population, as o December 2009, o 701,684 indwallers. The province is namit efter its admeenistrative an industrial centre - the ceety o Plovdiv.Saint-Gilles, Belgium
Saint-Gilles (French, pronoonced [sɛ̃ ˈʒil]) or Sint-Gillis (Dutch, pronoonced [sɪnt ˈçɪlɪs] ( listen)) is ane o the nineteen municipalities locatit in the Brussels-Caipital Region o Belgium.
Saint-Gilles haes a multicultural identity stemmin frae its diverse population. For example, the central square (French: Place Van Meenen, Dutch: Van Meenenplein) hosts the annual festival o Brussels' Portuguese community. The hoosin stock varies frae semi-derelict tenements near the Brussels-South railway station in the north, tae elegant patrician hooses on the soothren borders wi Uccle an Ixelles, tae tourist hotels at the inner end o the Chaussée de Charleroi/Charleroisesteenweg.Sauerkraut
Sauerkraut (/ˈsaʊərkraʊt/; German pronunciation: [ˈzaʊ.ɐˌkʁaʊt] ( listen)), directly translatit: "sour cabbitch", is finely cut cabbitch that haes been fermentit bi various lactic acid bacteria, includin Leuconostoc, Lactobacillus, an Pediococcus.Zele
Zele is a municipality locatit in the Belgian province o East Flanders. The municipality anerlie comprises the toun o Zele proper. On Januar 1, 2006 Zele haed a total population o 20,371. The total aurie is 33.06 km² which gives a population density o 616 inhabitants per km².