Bronze Age

The Bronze Age is a time period characterised bi the uise o bronze, proto-writin, an ither early featurs o urban ceevilisation.

Metallurgical diffusion
Diffusion o metallurgy in Europe an Asie Minor. The darkest auries are the auldest.
Airn Age

In airchaeology, the Airn Age (or Airn Eild) wis the stage in the oncome o ony fowk that's tuils an wappens main ingredient wis airn wis foremaist. The adoption o this material coincided wi ither chynges in some past societies aften includin differin aigricultural pratticks, religious beliefs an airtistic styles, awtho this wisna aye the case.

The Airn Age is the last principal period in the three-age seestem for tae clessifee pre-historic societies, comin afore the Bronze Age an efter the Stane Age. Its date an context varies dependin on the kintra or geographical region.

Akunk, Gegharkunik

Akunk (Armenie: Ակունք, Romanisit as Akunk’ an Akunq; till 1935, Kirkhbulag an Ghrkhbulagh) is a veelage in the Gegharkunik Province o Armenie. It wis foondit on the steid o a Bronze Age dounset an haes a fort datin frae the 6t-4t century BC. Thare are twa Tukh Manuk pilgrimage steids in the veelage as well. Wast o Akunk is the Klor Dar cyclopean fort.


Artik (Armenian: Արթիկ, an aa Romanized as Art’ik) is a ceety locatit in the Shirak (marz) province o Armenie. It haes a population o 14,949 fowk, doun frae the 25,100 reportit in the 1989 census.

Artik haes mony monuments an kirks. At the square there is a Warld War II monument. A short distance frae the square are the twa kirks o Saunt Marine built in the 5t century an Surb Gevorg built in the 7t century. Surp Gevorg is the lairger o the twa an haed previously been turned intae a storehoose unner the Soviets. The first attempt tae restore the kirk wis made in early 1990s. Baith kirk are in partial ruins, wi restoration interruptit bi the collapse o the USSR. On Januar 6, 2006 a fund-raisin campaign wis annoonced in the ceety o Artik tae reconstruct S. Gevorg. Near the ceety is an aa an 18t century kirk in a cave, an a well preserved kirk o Lmbatavank (Surb Stepanos) built in the 7t century staundin on a hillside. The kirk wis reconstructit atween 1955-1956. Durin 1960 excavations, a Bronze-Age cemetery wis discovered unner the stanes.


Ashkelon (also Ashqelon and Ascalon) (Ebreu: אַשְׁקְלוֹן‬ (audio) ; Arabic: عسقلان (ˁAsqalān)‎; Laitin: Ascalonia; Akkadian: Isqalluna) is a coastal ceety in the Sooth Destrict o Israel on the Mediterranean coast, 50 kilometres (31 mi) sooth o Tel Aviv, an 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) north o the border wi the Gaza Strip. The auncient seaport o Ashkelon dates back tae the Neolithic Age. In the course o its history, it haes been ruled bi the Canaanites, the Philistines, the Israelites, the Assiries, the Babylonians, the Greeks, the Phoenicians, the Romans, the Persians, the Egyptians an the Crusaders, till it wis destroyed bi the Mamluks in 1270.

The Arab veelage o al-Majdal (Arabic: المجدل‎, Ebreu: אל-מג'דל, מגדל‎‎), wis established nearbi in the 16t century, unner Ottoman rule. In 1918, Ashkelon became pairt o the Breetish Mandate for Palestine. In the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, Majdal wis the forward position o the Egyptian Expeditionary Force based in Gaza. The veelage wis occupee'd bi Israeli forces on November 5, 1948, bi which time maist o the Arab population o 11,000 haed been forced tae leave. In 2015 the population o Ashkelon wis 130,660.

Beit She'an

Beit She'an (Ebreu: בֵּית שְׁאָן‬ Beth Šəān; Arabic: بيسان‎, Beesān , Beisan or Bisan) is a ceety in the North Destrict o Israel which haes played an important role historically due tae its geographical location at the junction o the Jordan River Valley an Jezreel Valley. It haes an aa played an important role in modren times, actin as the regional center for the numerous veelages in the Beit She'an Valley Regional Cooncil.

Egyptian hieroglyphs

Egyptian hieroglyphs (/ˈhaɪər.oʊɡlɪf/ HYR-o-GLIF) wur a formal writin seestem uised bi the auncient Egyptians that combined logographic an alphabetic elements. Egyptians uised cursive hieroglyphs for releegious leeteratur on papyrus an wid. Less formal variations o the script, cried hieratic an demotic, are technically nae hieroglyphs.


Golasecca is a toun an comune in the province o Varese, Lombardy (northren Italy).

It haes gien its name tae the Golasecca cultur, a prehistoric ceevilisation who livit in the Ticino River aurie frae the Bronze Age till the 1st century BC.

Horom, Armenie

Horom (Armenie: Հոռոմ, Romanisit as Orom an Horrom an aw) is a veelage in the Shirak Province o Armenie. Locatit 1 km east o Horom an situatit upon twa lairge hills sooth o the main road an opposite o the dam an reservoir is the auncient Bronze Age throu Urartian Citadel o Horom.

No far frae this location in Ghak an Shvaghtapa are twa Urartian cyclopean forts.

Koghb, Armenie

Koghb (Armenie: Կողբ) is a toun locatit in the Tavush Province o Armenie. Mshkavank kent as Mshakavank an aw, wi a restored kirk o Astvatsatsin, gavit, a 5-6t c. Tsghakhach kirk, 6t c. Tvarageghtsi kirk an cemetery o the 12-13t c. are somewhare on the muntain 3–4 km soothwast o the toun. 1.5 km sootheast is the Berdategh cyclopean fort, an possibly in close proximity is the fort o Gharanots Gol an aw. Wast o Koghb 10 km are twa cyclopean forts, Zikurati an Kozmani, wi Bronze Age tomb fields adjacent. 15 km wast is the Patashar cyclopean fort. Northwast o Koghb are the ruins o Surb Arakel shrine in the auld Arakelots veelage.


Lchashen (Armenie: Լճաշեն Lč̣ašen; till 1946, Ordaklu) is a toun in the Gegharkunik Province o Armenie. The dounset dates back mair than 5000 years. The toun haes a 13t century kirk, a Urartian Iron Age fort, an a Bronze Age cemetery.


Lchaven (Armenie: Լճավան; till 1967, Yarpuzlu an Yariuzlu) is a toun in the Gegharkunik Province o Armenie. The toun haes Bronze Age tombs an a kirk datin tae the 13t century.


Metsamor (Armenie: Մեծամոր) is a ceety in the Armavir Province o Armenie. Armenie's Nuclear Pouer Plant cried Metsamor Nuclear Pouer Plant is locatit in this ceety. Metsamor wis built in 1979 tae hoose wirkers frae the Metsamor Nuclear Pouer Plant. The pouer plant wis closed in 1989 efter an earthquake promptit offeecials tae reconsider the safety o the location. The plant reopened in 1996 efter being retrofittit tae mak it earthquake-resistant. The day, it generates 40 percent o Armenie's energy needs. The balance o Armenie's energy uise is fueled bi thermal an hydro-generatit pouer. Metsamor is notable for the airchaeological steid at Metsamor castle an aw.

An aw on this steid is the Metsamor Museum, markin the bronze-age settlement. There is a row o phallus stanes juist ootside the front entrance o the museum. The stanes wur creatit as pairt o a fertility rite. Excavations at the steid demonstrate that thare haed been a vibrant cultural center here frae roughly 4000 tae 3000 BC, an mony airtifacts are hoosed in the museum. The settlement persistit through the Middle Ages.


Mrgashat (Armenie: Մրգաշատ; umwhile, Gechrlu, Gechrli, an Gecherlau) is a toun in the Armavir Province o Armenie. The Bronze Age steid o Gharatapa is nearbi.

Municipality o Ribnica

The Municipality o Ribnica is a municipality in soothre Slovenie. The seat o the municipality is the toun o Ribnica. It is pairt o the tradeetional region o Lawer Carniola an is nou includit in the Sootheast Slovenie Statistical Region. Airchaeological evidence shows that the aurie haes been settled at least syne the late Bronze Age atween 1300 an 900 BC.

Mycenaean Greece

Mycenaean Greece (or Mycenaean ceevilisation) wis the last phase o the Bronze Age in Auncient Greece (c. 1600–1100 BC). It represents the first advanced ceevilisation in mainland Greece, wi its palatial states, urban organisation, warks o airt an writin seestem.

Samukh Rayon

Samukh (Samux) is a rayon o Azerbaijan.

The term Samukh comes frae a Caucasian Albanie wird for 'Forest Huntin Place'.

Thare are Bronze Age burial munds aroond Nəbiağalı, the rayon's admeenistrative centre.


Tsaghkalanj (Armenie: Ծաղկալանջ, Romanisit as Tsakhkaladzh an aw; till 1978, Agdzhakala an Aghjaghala) is a toun in the Armavir Province o Armenia. The toun's kirk, dedicatit tae Saunt Gevorg, dates tae the 1870s. Thare is a neolithic-chalcolithic tell in the veelage an thare are Bronze Age grave moonds nearbi. Amenaprkich, a disuised medieval dounset is nearbi an aw.


Tsovazard (Armenie: Ծովազարդ; till 1978 Mukhan an Gadzhi Mukhan) is a veelage in the Gegharkunik Province o Armenie. Thare are Bronze Age burial steids an a kirk rebuilt in the 19t century in the vicinity.


Zolakar (Armenie: Զոլաքար, Romanisit as Zolak’ar an Zolaqar; till 1935, Zolakhach) is a veelage in the Gegharkunik province o Armenie. Athin Zolakar are the Tukh Manuk an S. Sargis (Surb Sarkis) kirks, Bronze Age cemeteries an at the centre o the veelage is a funerary monument.

In ither leids

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