Brazil

Brazil (pronounced /brəˈzɪl/ (deprecatit template); Portuguese: Brasil, IPA: [bɾaˈziw]), offeecially the Federative Republic o Brazil (Portuguese: República Federativa do Brasil, listen ), is the lairgest kintra in Sooth Americae. It is the warld's fift lairgest kintra, baith bi geographical aurie an bi population wi ower 190 million fowk. It is the anerlie Portuguese-speakin kintra in the Americas an the lairgest lusophone kintra in the warld.

Bundit bi the Atlantic Ocean on the east, Brazil haes a coastline o ower 7,491 kilometers (4,655 mi). It is bordered on the north bi Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname an the French owerseas depairtment o French Guiana; on the northwast bi Colombie; on the wast bi Bolivie an Peru; on the soothwast bi Argentinae an Paraguay an on the sooth bi Uruguay. Numerous archipelagos form pairt o Brazilian territory, sic as Fernando de Noronha, Rocas Atoll, Saunt Peter an Paul Rocks, an Trindade an Martim Vaz. It haes borders wi aw ither Sooth American kintras apairt frae Ecuador an Chile.

Federative Republic o Brazil
  • República Federativa do Brasil  (Portuguese)
Motto: 
  • "Ordem e Progresso" (Portuguese)
  • "Order an Progress"
Anthem: 
  • Hino Nacional Brasileiro
  • vocal
  • Brazilian Naitional Anthem
National seal
  • Selo Nacional do Brasil
  • National Seal o Brazil
  • National Seal of Brazil (color).svg
BRA orthographic
Caipital Brasão do Distrito Federal (Brasil).svg Brasília
15°47′S 47°52′W / 15.783°S 47.867°W
Lairgest ceety Brasão da cidade de São Paulo.svg São Paulo
Offeecial leids Portuguese[1]
Ethnic groups (2010[2])
  • 47.73% White
  • 43.13% Pardoa
  • 7.61% Black
  • 1.09% Asian
  • 0.43% Amerindian
Demonym Brazilian
Govrenment Federal presidential constitutional republic
• Preses
Jair Bolsonaro
• Vice Preses
Hamilton Mourão
• Preses o theChamber o Deputies
Eduardo Cunha
• Preses o the Senate
Renan Calheiros
• Preses o the Supreme Federal Coort
Gilmar Mendes
Legislatur Naitional Congress
• Upper house
Federal Senate
• Lower house
Chamber o Deputies
Unthirldom frae Unitit Kinrick o Portugal, Brazil an the Algarves
• Declared
7 September 1822
• Recognized
29 August 1825
• Republic
15 November 1889
• Current constitution
5 October 1988
Aurie
• Tot
8,515,767 km2 (3,287,956 sq mi) (5t)
• Water (%)
0.65
Population
• 2013 estimate
201,032,714[3][4] (5t)
• Density
23.7/km2 (61.4/sq mi) (192nt)
GDP (PPP) 2014 estimate
• Total
$2.523 trillion[5] (7t)
• Per capita
$12,528[5] (79t)
GDP (nominal) 2014 estimate
• Tot
$2.170 trillion[5] (8th)
• Per capita
$10,773[5] (63rd)
Gini (2012) positive decrease 51.9[6]
heich
HDI (2012) Increase 0.730[7]
heich · 85t
Currency Real (R$) (BRL)
Time zone UTC−2 tae −5 (BRT)
• Summer (DST)
UTC−2 tae −5 (BRST)
Date format dd/mm/yyyy (CE)
Drivin side richt
Cawin code +55
ISO 3166 code BR
Internet TLD .br
  1. Multiracial.

References

  1. (in Inglis) "Demographics". Brazilian Government. 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-08.
  2. "Caracteristicas da População e dos Domicílios do Censo Demográfico 2010 — Cor ou raça" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-04-07.
  3. "IBGE | Sala de imprensa | notícias | IBGE releases the population estimates of the municipalities in 2012". Saladeimprensa.ibge.gov.br. Retrieved 2013-06-04.
  4. IBGE. 2011 Population Projection
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 "Brazil". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 2014-02-08.
  6. Country Comparison to the World: Gini Index – Brazil The World Factbook. Retrieved on 2012-04-03.
  7. UNDP Human Development Report 2011. "Table 1: Human development index 2011 and its components" (PDF). UNDP. Retrieved 2011-12-04.

See an aa

  • Brazilian stub airticles
.br

.br is the Internet kintra code tap-level domain (ccTLD) for Brazil.

2014 FIFA Warld Cup

The 2014 FIFA Warld Cup wis be the 20t FIFA Warld Cup, an internaitional men's fitbaa tournament, that teuk place in Brazil frae 12 Juin tae 13 Julie 2014. It wis the seicont time that Brazil haes hostit the competeetion, the previous bein in 1950. Brazil wis electit unchallenged as host naition in 2007 efter the internaitional fitbaa federation, FIFA, decreed that the tournament wad be staged in Sooth Americae for the first time syne 1978 in Argentinae.

The naitional teams o 31 kintras win forrit qualifeecation competeetions that begoud in Juin 2011 tae spiel wi Brazil in the feenal tournament. Thare wis a tot o 64 spiels in twal ceeties athort Brazil in aither new or developit stadiums, wi the tournament oncoming wi a group stage. For the first speal at a Warld Cup, the spiels uissed goal-line technology.Wi the host kintra, aw winners sin the first Warld Cup in 1930 (Argentinae, Ingland, Fraunce, Germany, Italy, Spain an Uruguay) hae qualeefied for this competeetion. Spain is the forgane winner, haein defeatit the Netherlands 1–0 in the 2010 Warld Cup feenal tae win its first Warld teetle. The foregane fower Warld Cups in Sooth Americae war aw wan bi kintras in Sooth Americae.

Argentinae

Argentinae, offeecially the Argentine Republic, is the seicont lairgest kintra in Sooth Americae ahint Brazil. It is constitutit as a federation o 23 provinces an an autonomous ceety, Buenos Aires. It is the aicht-lairgest kintra in the warld bi land aurie an the lairgest amang Spaingie-spikin naitions, tho Mexico, Colombie an Spain ar mair populous.

Argentinae's continental aurie is atween the Andes muntain range in the wast an the Atlantic Ocean in the east. It borders Paraguay an Bolivie tae the north, Brazil an Uruguay tae the northeast, an Chile tae the wast an sooth. Argentinae claims ower Antarcticae, as well as owerlappin claims made bi Chile an the Unitit Kinrick, are suspendit bi the Antarctic Treaty o 1961. Argentinae an aw claims the Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) an Sooth Georgie an the Sooth Sandwich Islands, which are admeenistered bi the Unitit Kinrick as Breetish Owerseas Territories.

Argentinae is a foondin member o baith the Unitit Naitions, Mercosur an the Union o Sooth American Nations. Argentinae is ane o the G-20 major economies.

Belo Horizonte

Belo Horizonte (lit. "Bonnie Horizon", Portuguese pronunciation: [bɛloɾiˈzõtʃi]) is the caipital o an larigest ceety in the state o Minas Gerais, locatit in the sootheastren region o Brazil. It is the third-lairgest metropolitan aurie in the kintra. Belo Horizonte (or "Beagá", as it is an aa familiarly kent frae the soond o its initials "BH" in Portuguese) haes a population o ower 2.4 million, or amaist 5.4 million in the offeecial Metropolitan Aurie.

The region wis first settled in the early 18t century, but the ceety as it is kent the day wis planned an constructit in the 1890s, in order tae replace Ouro Preto as the caipital o Minas Gerais. The ceety features a mixture o contemporary an classical buildings, an hosts several modern Brazilian architectural icons, maist notably the Pampulha Complex. In plannin the ceety, Aarão Reis an Francisco Bicalho sought inspiration in the urban plannin o Washington, D.C. The ceety haes employed notable programs in urban revitalization an fuid security, for which it haes been awardit internaitional accolades.

The ceety is built on several hills an is completely surroondit bi muntains. There are several lairge pairks in the immediate surroondins o Belo Horizonte. The "Parque das Mangabeiras", locatit sax kilometres sooth-east frae the ceety centre in the hills o the Serra do Curral, affords a view ower the ceety. It hase an aurie o 2.35 km2 (580 acres), o which 0.9 km2 (220 acres) is native forest. The "Mata do Jambeiro" nature reserve extends ower 912 hectares (2,250 acres), wi vegetation typical o the Atlantic forest. Mair than ane hunder species o bird inhabit the reserve, as well as ten different species o mammals.

Brazil naitional fitbaw team

The Brazil naitional fitbaa team (Portuguese: Seleção Brasileira) represents Brazil in internaitional men's fitbaa.

Colombie

Colombie (IPA: /kəˈlʌmbɪ/), offeecially the Republic o Colombie (Spaingie: República de Colombia, Spaingie pronunceeation: [reˈpuβlika ðe koˈlombja]), is a kintra in north-wastren Sooth Americae. Colombie marches tae the east wi Venezuela an Brazil; tae the sooth wi Ecuador an Peru; tae the north wi the Caribbean Sea; tae the north wast wi Panama; an tae the wast wi the Paceefic Ocean. Colombie an aa shares maritime marches wi Jamaica, Haiti, the Dominican Republic, Honduras, Nicaragua an Costa Rica. Colombie is the 26t lairgest naition in the warld an the fowert lairgest in Sooth Americae (efter Brazil, Argentinae, an Peru), wi an aurie mair nor twa times that o Fraunce. It an aa haes the 29t lairgest population in the warld an the secont lairgest in Sooth Americae, efter Brazil. Colombie haes the thrid lairgest Spaingie-spaking population in the warld efter Mexico an Spain.

Copa América

The Campeonato Sudamericano Copa América, commonly kent as Copa América (Spainyie an Portuguese for "Americae Cup"), is a internaitional association fitbaa competeetion contestit atween the men's naitional fitbaa teams o CONMEBOL, determinin the continental champion o Sooth Americae. It is the auldest internaitional continental fitbaa competeetion.The current toornament format involves twal teams competin at venues in a host naition ower a period o aboot a month. The confederation haes anerly ten members, sae naitional teams fae ither FIFA confederations are invitit tae fill the ither 2 places; Costa Rica, Mexico an the Unitit States hae been regular syne bein invitit for the first time in 1993. In 43 toornaments, seiven naitional teams hae wan the title. Uruguay is the current champion an the maist sonsie team in the toornament, haein wan it fifteen times.

The Copa América is ane o the maist prestigious an maist widely viewed sportin events in the warld. The heichest feenishin member o CONMEBOL haes the richt tae pairticipate in the next edition o the FIFA Confederations Cup, but isna obleeged tae.

German leid

German (Deutsch) is a Wast Germanic leid, thus relatit tae an clessifee'd alangside Inglis an Dutch. It is ane o the warld's major leids an the maist widely spoken first leid in the European Union. Globally, German is spoken bi approximately 120 million native speakers an aa bi aboot 80 million non-native speakers. Standard German is widely taught in schools, varsities an Goethe Institutes warldwide. It is a naitional leid o Germany, Austrick, Liechtenstein, Swizzerland, Luxembourg, Belgium an the European Union.

Minas Gerais

Minas Gerais is ane o the 26 states o Brazil, o whilk it is the seicont maist populous, the seicont richest, an the fowert lairgest in aurie.

Minas Gerais is the Brazilian state wi the lairgest nummer o Presidents o Brazil, the day's ane, Dilma Rousseff, bein ane o them. The caipital is the ceety o Belo Horizonte, near the central aurie. The main producer o coffee an milk in the kintra, Minas Gerais is kent for its heritage o airchitectur an colonial airt in historical ceeties lik Ouro Preto, Diamantina, Tiradentes an Mariana. In the sooth, the tourist points is the hydro mineral spas, lik Caxambu, São Lourenço, São Thomé das Letras, Monte Verde an the naitional pairks o Caparaó an Canastra. The landscape o the State is markit bi muntains, glens, an lairge auries o fertile lands. In the Serra do Cipó, Sete Lagoas, Cordisburgo an Lagoa Santa, the caves an waterfaws is the attractions. Some o Brazil's maist famous caverns is locate there.

Municipalities o Brazil

The municipalities o Brazil (Portuguese: Municípios do Brasil) are admeenistrative diveesions o the Brazilian states. At present date, Brazil haes 5,564 municipalities, makkin the average municipality population 34,361. The average state in Brazil haes 214 municipalities. Roraima is the least subdividit state, wi 15 municipalities, while Minas Gerais is the maist subdividit state, wi 853. The Federal Destrict, whaur the naitional caipital, Brasília, is locatit, canna be dividit in municipalities (accordin the Brazilian Constitution, the Federal Destrict absorbs the constitutional an legal pouers, attributions an obligations o states an municipalities).

The 1988 Brazilian Constitution treats the municipalities as pairts o the Federation an no simply dependent subdiveesions o the states. Each municipality haes an autonomous local govrenment, comprisin a mayor an a legislative body (Câmara Municipal). Baith the local govrenment an the legislative body are directly electit bi the population every fower years. These elections tak place at the same time aw ower the kintra. Each municipality haes the constitutional pouer tae appruiv its awn laws an collects taxes an receives funds frae the state an federal govrenments an aw. Housomeivver, municipal govrenments hae nae judicial pouer, an courts are anerlie organisit at the state or federal level. A subdiveesion o the state judiciary, or comarca, can either correspond tae an individual municipality or encompass several municipalities.

The seat o the municipal admeenistration is denominatit ceety, wi nae consideration frae the law aboot the population, aurie or facilities. The ceety haes the same name o the municipality. Municipalities can be subdividit, anerlie for admeenistrative purposes, in destricts (normally, new municipalities are formit frae these destricts). Ither populatit steids are veelages, but wi nae legal effects or regulation.

Municipalities can be split or mergit tae form new municipalities athin the borders o the state, if the population o the involvit municipalities express a desire tae dae so in a plebiscite. Housomeivver, these must abide bi the Federal Constitution, an shapin exclaves or secedin frae the state or union is expressly forbidden.

Portuguese leid

The Portuguese leid (Portuguese: Português) is the Romance leid that cam frae Portugal but haes spreid athort the warld lang syne.

Regions o Brazil

Brazil is dividit intae five regions (cried macroregions an aw) bi the Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE). These diveesions are composed o states athin them.

Rio de Janeiro

Rio de Janeiro ("River o Januar", Inglis pronunciation: /ˈriːoʊ deɪ dʒəˈnɛəroʊ/; Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈʁiu dʒi ʒaˈnejɾu]), commonly referred tae simply as Rio, is the caipital ceety o the State o Rio de Janeiro, the seicont lairgest ceety o Brazil an the third lairgest metropolitan aurie an agglomeration in Sooth Americae, 6t lairgest in the Americaes.

The ceety wis the caipital o Brazil for nearly twa centuries, frae 1763 tae 1815 durin the Portuguese colonial era, 1815 tae 1821 as the caipital o the United Kinrick o Portugal, Brazil an Algarves, an frae 1822 tae 1960 as an independent naition. Rio is nicknamed A Cidade Maravilhosa or "The Marvelous Ceety." It is considered a Beta- Warld Ceety.

Rio de Janeiro represents the seicont lairgest GDP in the kintra (an 30t lairgest in the warld), estimatit at aboot 140 billion reais (IBGE/2007), an is the headquarters o twa major Brazilian companies – Petrobras an Vale, an major ile companies an telephony in Brazil, besides the lairgest conglomerat o media an communications companies in Latin Americae, the Globo Organizations. Considered bi mony varsities an institutes, is the seicont lairgest centre o research an development in Brazil, accounting for 17% o naitional scienteefic production – accordin tae 2005 data.

Romário

Romário de Souza Faria (born 29 Januar 1966), kent simply as Romário (Portuguese pronunciation: [ʁoˈmaɾiu]), is a umwhile Brazilian fitbawer, manager an current politeecian.

Ronaldinho

Ronaldo de Assis Moreira (born 21 Mairch 1980), commonly kent as Ronaldinho (Brazilian Portuguese: [ʁonawˈdʒĩɲu]) or Ronaldinho Gaúcho, is a Brazilian fitbawer.

Ronaldo

Ronaldo Luís Nazário de Lima (locally: [ʁoˈnawðu ˈlwiʒ nɐˈzaɾju dʒ ˈɫĩmɐ]; born 18 September 1976) commonly kent as Ronaldo, is a retired Brazilian fitbawer.

Sootheast Region, Brazil

The Sootheast Region o Brazil (Portuguese: Região Sudeste do Brasil) is componit bi the states o Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro an São Paulo.

States o Brazil

The Federative Republic o Brazil is a union o twinty-seiven Federative Units (Portuguese: Unidades Federativas (UF)): twinty-sax states (estados; singular estado) an ane federal destrict (Distrito Federal), whare is locatit the federal caipital, Brasília. The states are generally based on historical, conventional borders which hae developit ower time. The federal destrict is no a state in its awn right, but shares some characteristics o a state an some o a municipality. The Federal Destrict is bordered bi the states o Goiás an Minas Gerais. The codes gien belaw are defined in ISO 3166-2:BR.

São Paulo

São Paulo is the lairgest ceety o Brazil, the lairgest ceety in the soothren hemisphere, an the warld's 7t lairgest metropolitan aurie. The ceety is the caipital o the state o São Paulo, the maist populous Brazilian state. The name o the ceety honors Saunt Paul. São Paulo exerts strang regional influence in commerce an finance as well as airts an entertainment. São Paulo is considered an Alpha - Warld Ceety.The ceety haes mony laundmerks, sic as the Paulista Museum, the neo-gothic Metropolitan Sé Cathedral, the São Paulo Museum o Airt (MASP), the Monumento às Bandeiras (Portuguese for Monument tae the Banner) an Niemeyer's Ibirapuera Bienal Complex; an mair recently the Octávio Frias de Oliveira Bridge (Estaiada Bridge) in the Sooth Side. Paulista Avenue, in Midtoun, is the ceety´s maist important financial center.

The ceety is hame tae the São Paulo Stock Exchynge, or BOVESPA, the Future Markets, an the Cereal Market Stock Exchynges, the seicont lairgest stock exchynge in the Americas. São Paulo haes been hame tae several o the tallest buildins in Brazil, includin the Mirante do Vale Building an Itália Building.Wi an estimatit population o 11,037,593 residents athin an aurie o 1,523 square kilometers (588.0 sq mi), São Paulo is the maist populous ceety proper in the Americas.The ceety an aa lies at the centre o the hivily urbanized São Paulo metropolitan aurie, wi an estimatit 19,889,559 fowk in 2009 ower 7,944 square kilometers (3,067.2 sq mi), is the lairgest metropolitan aurie in the naition. São Paulo metropolitan aurie is ranked as the seicont maist populous in the Americas.Fowk frae the ceety o São Paulo are kent as paulistanos, while paulistas designates onyane frae the whole o São Paulo state, includin the paulistanos. The ceety's Latin motto, which it haes shared wi the battleship an the aircraft carrier named efter it, is Non dvcor, dvco, which translates as "A am no led, I lead."A famous nickname for the ceety is "Sampa." São Paulo is kent for its unreliable wather, the size o its helicopter fleet, airchitectur, gastronomy, an multitude o skyscrapers an aw.

Kintras an dependencies o Sooth Americae
Sovereign states
Dependencies

In ither leids

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