Aegean Sea

The Aegean Sea (/ᵻˈdʒiːən/; Greek: Αιγαίο Πέλαγος, Aigaio Pelagos [eˈʝeo ˈpelaɣos] ( listen); Turkis: Ege Denizi or Turkis: Adalar Denizi[1]) is an elangatit embayment o the Mediterranean Sea locatit atween the soothern Balkan an Anatolie peninsulas, i.e., atween the mainlands o Greece an Turkey. In the north, it is connectit tae the Marmara Sea an Black Sea bi the Dardanelles an Bosporus. The Aegean Islands are within the sea an some boond it on its soothren periphery, includin Crete an Rhodes.

Aegean Sea map
Cairt o the Aegean Sea

References

  1. Ege Denizinin Orijinal Adı Nedir?, Turkish Naval Force web site (in Turkish)

Coordinates: 39°N 25°E / 39°N 25°E

Black Sea

The Black Sea is a sea in sooth-eastren Europe. It is bund bi Europe, Anatolie an the Caucasus an is ultimately connectit tae the Atlantic Ocean via the Mediterranean an the Aegean Seas an sindrie straits. The Bosphorus Strait connects it tae the Sea o Marmara, an the Strait o the Dardanelles connects that sea tae the Aegean Sea region o the Mediterranean. Thir watters sinders eastren Europe an westren Asie. The Black Sea is connectit tae the Sea o Azov forby, bi the Strait o Kerch.

Bodrum

Bodrum (Turkis pronunciation: [ˈbodɾum]) is a port ceety in Muğla Province, in the soothwastren Aegean Region o Turkey. It is locatit on the soothren coast o Bodrum Peninsulae, at a point that checks the entry intae the Gulf o Gökova. The ceety wis cried Halicarnassus o Caria in auncient times an wis famous for hoosin the Mausoleum o Mausolus, ane o the Seiven Wanders o the Auncient Warld. Bodrum Castle, built bi the Crusaders in the 15t century, owerleuks the harbour an the marina. The castle grunds include a Museum o Unnerwatter Aircheology an hosts several cultural festivals throughoot the year.

Caribbean Sea

The Caribbean Sea is a sea o the Atlantic Ocean locatit in the tropics o the Wastren hemisphere.

Greece

Greece (Greek: Ελλάδα or Ελλάς), kent offeecially as the Hellenic Republic (Greek: Ελληνική Δημοκρατία) is a kintra in sooth-eastren Europe, wi a population o approximately 11 million as o 2016. Athens is the naition's caipital an largest ceety, follaed bi Thessaloniki.

Greece is locatit at the crossroads o Europe, Asie, an Africae. Situatit on the soothren tip o the Balkan Peninsula, it shares laund mairches wi Albanie tae the northwast, the Republic o Macedonie an Bulgarie tae the north, an Turkey tae the northeast. The Aegean Sea lies tae the east o the mainland, the Ionian Sea tae the wast, the Cretan Sea an the Mediterranean Sea tae the sooth. Greece haes the langest coastline on the Mediterranean Basin an the 11t langest coastline in the warld at 13,676 km (8,498 mi) in lenth, featurin a lairge nummer o islands, o that 227 are inhabitit. Aichty percent o Greece is muntainous, wi Munt Olympus bein the heichest peak at 2,918 metres (9,573 ft). The kintra consists o nine geografic regions: Macedonie, Central Greece, the Peloponnese, Thessaly, Epirus, the Aegean Islands (includin the Dodecanese an Cyclades), Thrace, Crete, an the Ionian Islands.

Greece is conseedert the cradle o Wastren ceevilisation, bein the birthplace o democracy, Wastren filosofie, Wastren leeteratur, historiografie, poleetical science, major scienteefic an mathematical principles, an Wastren drama, as weel as the Olympic Gemmes. Frae the aicht century BC, the Greeks war organised intae various independent ceety-states, kent as poleis (seengular polis), that spanned the entire Mediterranean region an the Black Sea. Philip o Macedon unitit maist o the Greek mainland in the fowert century BC, wi his son Alexander the Great rapidly conquerin muckle o the auncient warld, spreidin Greek cultur an science frae the eastren Mediterranean tae Indie. Greece wis annexed bi Roum in the seicont century BC, acomin an integral pairt o the Roman Empire an its successor, the Byzantine Empire, whaurin the Greek leid an cultur war dominant. The Greek Orthodox Kirk an aw shapit modren Greek identity an transmittit Greek tradeetions tae the wider Orthodox Warld. Fawin unner Ottoman domeenion in the mid-15t century, the modren naition state o Greece emerged in 1830 follaein a war o unthirldom. Greece's rich historical legacy is reflectit bi its 18 UNESCO Warld Heritage Steids, amang the maist in Europe an the warld.Greece is a democratic an developit kintra wi an advanced heich-income economy, a heich quality o life, an a verra heich staundart o leevin. A foondin member o the Unitit Naitions, Greece wis the tent member tae jyne the European Commonties (precursor tae the European Union) an haes been pairt o the Eurozone syne 2001. It is an aw a member o numerous ither international institutions, includin the Cooncil o Europe, the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation an Development (OECD), the Warld Tred Organisation (WTO), the Organisation for Siccarity an Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), an the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie (OIF). Greece's unique cultural heritage, lairge tourism industry, prominent shippin sector an geostrategic importance clessifee it as a middle pouer. It is the lairgest economy in the Balkans, whaur it is an important regional investor.

Greeks

The Greeks, kent as the Hellenes an aw (Greek: Ἕλληνες, [ˈelines]), are an ethnic group native tae Greece, Cyprus an ither regions. Thay form a significant diaspora, wi Greek commonties establisht aroond the warld.Greek colonies an commonties hae been historically establisht in maist corners o the Mediterranean, but Greeks hae ayes been centred aroond the Aegean Sea, whaur the Greek leid haes been spoken syne antiquity. Till the early 20t century, Greeks wur uniformly distributit atween the Greek peninsula, the wastren coast o Asie Minor, Pontus, Egyp, Cyprus an Constantinople; mony o thir regions coincidit tae a lairge extent wi the borders o the Byzantine Empire o the late 11t century an the Eastren Mediterranean auries o the auncient Greek colonization.In the eftermath o the Greco-Turkish War (1919–1922), a lairge-scale population exchynge atween Greece an Turkey transferred an confined Christians frae Turkey, except Constantinople (effectively ethnic Greeks) intae the mariches o the modren Greek state an Cyprus. Ither ethnic Greek populations can be foond frae soothrern Italy tae the Caucasus an in diaspora commonties in a nummer o ither kintras. Thir days, maist Greeks are offeecially registered as members o the Greek Orthodox Kirk.

Mediterranean Sea

The Mediterranean Sea (or Mediterranean Sie) is the wattir that sinders Europe, Africae an Asie.

The Mediterranean Sea is a pairt o the Atlantic Ocean awmaist hailie surroond'd bi laund, on the north bi Europe, on the sooth bi Africae, an on the eist bi Asie. It kivers aboot 2.5 million km² (965 000 mi²).

Thar is monie named pairts o the Mediterranean Sea:

The Soond o Gibraltar that connects the Mediterranean til the lave o the Atlantic Ocean

The Alboran Sea atweish Spain an Morocco

The Balearic Sea atweish Spaingie Iberian Peninsula an the Balearic Isles

The Ligurian Sea atweish Corsica an north-wast Italy

The Tyrrhenian Sea atweish the Italian Peninsula, Sardinie an Sicily

The Ionian Sea atweish Italy, Albanie an Greece

The Adriatic Sea atweish Italy an the wast coast o the Balkan

The Aegean Sea atweish Greece an TairkieThe name Mediterranean meins "in the mids o the laund".

Muğla Province

Muğla Province (Turkis: Muğla ili) is a province o Turkey, at the kintra's sooth-wastren corner, on the Aegean Sea. Its seat is Muğla, aboot 20 km (12 mi) inland, while some o Turkey's lairgest holiday resorts, such as Bodrum, Ölüdeniz, Marmaris and Fethiye, are on the coast in Muğla.

North Aegean

The North Aegean (Greek: Περιφέρεια Βορείου Αιγαίου) is ane o the thirteen regions o Greece. It comprises the islands o the north-eastren Aegean Sea, except for Samothrace, which belangs tae the region o East Macedonie an Thrace, an Imbros an Tenedos which belang tae Turkey.

Philistines

The Philistines (Ebreu: פְּלִשְׁתִּים‬, Plištim) war an auncient fowk primarily kent for their conflict wi the Israelites descrived in the Bible.

Rhodes

Rhodes (Greek: Ρόδος, Ródos, [ˈroðos]) is an island in Greece, locatit in the eastren Aegean Sea.

Sea o Crete

The Sea o Crete (Greek: Κρητικό Πέλαγος, Kritiko Pelagos) is the sea sooth o the Aegean Sea, north o the island Crete, and sooth o the Cyclades.

Sea o Marmara

The Sea o Marmara /ˈmɑːrmərə/ (Turkis: Marmara Denizi, Greek: Θάλασσα του Μαρμαρά), an aa kent as the Sea o Marmora or the Marmara Sea, an in the context o classical antiquity as the Propontis (Greek: Προποντίς), is the inland sea, entirely within the borders o Turkey, that connects the Black Sea tae the Aegean Sea, thus separatin Turkey's Asie an European pairts. The Bosphorus strait connects it tae the Black Sea an the Dardanelles strait tae the Aegean. The umwhile an aa separates Istanbul intae its Asian an European sides. The Sea haes an aurie o 11,350 km² (280 km x 80 km) wi the greatest depth reachin 1,370 m.

Sooth Aegean

The Sooth Aegean (Greek: Περιφέρεια Νοτίου Αιγαίου) is ane o the thirteen regions o Greece. It consists of the Cyclades an Dodecanese island groups in the central an sootheastren Aegean Sea.

Thessaly

Thessaly (Greek: Θεσσαλία, Thessalía — Thessalian: Πετθαλία, Petthalia) is a traditional geographical region an an admeenistrative region o Greece, comprisin maist o the auncient region o the same name. Afore the Greek Daurk Ages, Thessaly wis kent as Aeolia, an appears thus in Homer's Odyssey.

Thessaly became pairt o the modren Greek state in 1881, efter fower an a hauf centuries o Ottoman rule. Syne 1987 it forms ane o the kintra's 13 regions an is further (syne the Kallikratis reform o 2010) sub-dividit intae 5 regional units an 25 municipalities. The caipital o the region is Larissa. Thessaly lees in central Greece an borders the regions o Macedonie on the north, Epirus on the wast, Central Greece on the sooth an the Aegean Sea on the east. The Thessaly region includes the Sporades islands an aw.

Volos

Volos (Greek: Βόλος) is a coastal port ceety in Thessaly situatit midway on the Greek mainland, aboot 326 kilometres (203 miles) north o Athens an 215 kilometres (134 miles) sooth o Thessaloniki.

Çanakkale

Çanakkale (pronoonced [tʃaˈnakkaˌle]; frae Ottoman Turkis چینک قلعه‎, leeterally "pot fortress"),(Greek: Δαρδανέλλια,) is a ceety an seaport in Turkey, in Çanakkale Province, on the soothren (Asian) coast o the Dardanelles at thair narrowest pynt.

Çanakkale Province

Çanakkale Province (Turkis: Çanakkale ili) is a province o Turkey, locatit in the northwastren pairt o the kintra. It takes its name frae the toun o Çanakkale.

Like Istanbul, Çanakkale province has a European (Thrace) an an Asie (Anatolie) pairt. The European pairt is formit bi the Gallipoli (Gelibolu) peninsula, while the Asie pairt is lairgely coterminous wi the historic region o Troad in Anatolie. They are separatit bi the Dardanelles strait, connectin the Sea o Marmara an the Aegean Sea.

The airchaeological steid o Troy is foond in Çanakkale province.

İzmir

İzmir, heestorically also Smyrna, is a ceety in wastren Turkey an the seat o İzmir Province. It is Turkey's third maist populous ceety an the kintra's seicont lairgest port ceety efter Istanbul. It is located alang the ootlying watters o the Gulf o İzmir, bi the Aegean Sea.

İzmir Province

İzmir Province (Turkis: İzmir ili) is a province o Turkey in wastren Anatolie on the Aegean coast, whose caipital is the ceety o İzmir. On the wast it is surroondit bi the Aegean sea, an it encloses the Gulf o İzmir. Its aurie is 11,973 km.2, population 3.948.848 (2010 tüik census). Neighbourin provinces are Balıkesir on the north, Manisa on the east, an Aydın on the sooth. The traffeck code o the province is 35.

The main rivers o the province are Küçük Menderes river, Koca Çay (wi Güzelhisar dam), an Bakır Çay.

Arctic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
Indie Ocean
Paceefic Ocean
Soothren Ocean
Laundlocked seas

In ither leids

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