Tuniizii

Tuniizii kɛna Afrika nɛ hayi kiŋ ɛjaɖɛ. Ɛjaɖɛ ɖɩnɛ nɛ ɖi-hayi kiŋ nɛ ɖɩ-wɩsɩ ɖɩlɩyɛ taa lɛ, Mediteranee teŋgu wɛna nɛ wɩsɩ ɖɩɖʊyɛ taa lɛ Alɩzeerii ɛjaɖɛ ñɛwɛna ɖɩnɛ nɛ kamaɣ kanɛ katalɩɣ ɛzɩ kilomɛtanaa 965 yɔ, piyele nɛ wɩsɩ ɖɩlɩyɛ nɛ hadɛ kiŋ lɛ Liibii nɛ a-hɛkʊ taa kamaɣ ñatalɩɣ ɛzɩ kilomɛtanaa 459 mbʊ yɔ.

Tuniizii ɛjaɖɛ taa tɛtʊ sɔsɔtʊ yaa tɛtʊ ndʊ tɩ-hɩɖɛ kɩlɩɣ yaʊ yɔ ndʊ payaɣ se Tuniisi nɛ tɩwɛna ɛjaɖɛ nɖɩ ɖi-wɩsɩ ɖɩlɩyɛ nɛ hadɛ kiŋ. Ɛjaɖɛ ɖɩnɛ ɖɩ-walanzɩ taa ɛzɩ 30 kɛ mɩnɩʊ yɔɔ kɛna Sahara Kañɩnbʊsaɣ nɛ pɩkazɩ mbʊ yɔ pʊŋ nɛ fɛɛŋ weyi ɩ-taa nɛ mʊzʊŋ pɩwɛɛ yɔ.

Ɖooo agoza fenaɣ hiu nɛ naalɛ pɩnaɣ 1881 kɛ Fransɩɩ ɛjaɖɛ paɣza ɛjaɖɛ ɖɩnɛ kɛ kpacayʊɣ nɛ pɩkɔɔ pɩsɩɩna lakɩŋ fenaɣ nɛɛlɛ pɩnaɣ 1956; pɩnaɣ ŋga ɛjaɖɛ nɖɩ ɖɩmʊ ɖɩ-tɩ yɔɔ wɛʊ yɔ.

Ɖɩ-tɛ kacalaɣ ɛjaɖɛ ñʊʊtʊ payawaɣ se Habib Bourguiba. Ñʊʊtʊ ɛnɛ ɛcaɣ kpelaɣ yɔɔ nɛ pɩkɔɔ pɩtalɩ pɩnzɩ hiŋ naatozo lɛ, peeɖɛ komina ñʊʊ, Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali, ñaɣ pana hɛɛɛ nɛ ɛkɛzɩ-ɩ hɔɔlɩɣ nɛ ɛkpaɣ kewiyaɣ. Ñʊʊtʊ ɛnɛ, ɛlɛ ñalaba pɩnzɩ nɛɛlɛ nɛ naatozo lɛ ɛyaa ɛnɩɣ pɩ-taa ɖɔɖɔ kpem nɛ paɖʊ nɔɔ kʊɖʊmaɣ nɛ pakʊsɩ Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali kɛ kpelaɣ yɔɔ kɔlaɣ fenaɣ hiu nɛ naanza pɩnaɣ 201.

Béji Caïd Essebsi kɛŋna Tuniizii ɛjaɖɛ ñʊʊtʊ kɩfalʊ nɛ komina ñɩnʊ kɩfalʊ ɖɔɖɔ yɔ Habib Essid.

Afrɩka
Afrika Hadɛ kiŋAlizeeriiAŋgoolaCaadɩCibuutiEgipitiEriitreeEtiyoopiiKaabɔɔKambiiKameruniKanaKapʊvɛɛrɩKeniyaKinee-EkwatoriyaaalɩKinee-KonakriiKinee-PɩsaʊKootidiivʊwarɩKoŋo KinsasaKɔngoo-PirazaaviiliLezotoLiiberiyaLiibiiMaaliiMadakasɩkarɩMalawiiMarɔkɩMoozambikiMoritaaniiNaajeeriyaNamibiNizɛɛrɩPeenɛɛPurkina FasooPɔcɩwaanaaSahara KañɩnbʊsaɣSantrafriSenegaalɩSiyeera –LeyɔnɩSoomaaliSudaanɩSuudanɩ HadɛSuwaaziilandɩSambiiSɩmbaabuweTanzaniiTogoTuniiziiUgandaa
Tuniizii
Tunisie
Locator map of Tunisia in Africa

Tuniizii tɛlɛŋa
Flag of Tunisia
Tuniizii Kɩɖaʋ kɩdɛɛka
Coat of arms of Tunisia
Tuniizii Ɛjaɖɛ tɛ tampaɣ
Tʋmɩyɛ taa kʋnʋmɩŋ: .
Tɛtʋ sɔsɔtʋ: .
Ɛjadɛ kɛ mbʋ yɔ: .
Ɛjaɖɛ ñʋʋdʋ: Ɖajaa Beji Caid Essebsi
Ɛjaɖɛ walanzɩ: 163,610 km²
Samaɣ ñʋʋ: 10,982,754 (2014)
Tɛtʋ hɔɔlʋʋ samaɣ ñʋʋ: 63 km²
Internet nimaɣ: .
Alizeerii

Alizeerii ɛjaɖɛ kɛ Afrika nɛ kɩ-hayi kiŋ ɛjaɖɛ naɖɩyɛ. Ɖɩwɛ ajɛya wena akpɛndaa nɛ payaɣ-yɛ se Maagrɛɛbʊ yɔ a-taa. Alizeerii ɛjaɖɛ tɛtʊ sɔsɔtʊ payaɣ se Alizee. Tɩwɛ Alizeerii nɛ kɩ-hayi kiŋ Mediteranee teŋgu cɔlɔ kpam. Tɛtʊ ndʊ tɩkɩlɩna samaɣ wɛnaʊ. Afrika kpeekpe taa lɛ, Alizeerii tɛtʊ kɩlɩna walʊʊ. Tɩwalaa pɩtalɩ ɛzɩ kilomɛtanaa agbaba ɛzɩ 2 381 741 mbʊ yɔ.

Alizeerii ɛjaɖɛ sɩna Tuniizii nɛ wɩsɩ ɖɩlɩyɛ nɛ hayi kiŋ. Wɩsɩ ɖɩlɩyɛ taa ɖeyi ɖeyi lɛ, Liibii ɛjaɖɛ; piyele nɛ hadɛ kiŋ lɛ, Nizɛɛrɩ nɛ Malii ajɛya. Wɩsɩ ɖɩɖʊyɛ nɛ hadɛ kiŋ lɛ, Moritaanii nɛ Sahara wɩsɩ ɖɩɖʊyɛ nɛ wɩsɩ ɖɩɖʊyɛ ɖeyi ɖeyi lɛ, Marɔkɩ ɛjaɖɛ. Alizeerii taa ɛyaa laba kʊñɔŋ siŋŋ. Palʊba lʊbɩyɛ ɖɔɖɔ siŋŋ nɛ poyoo yoŋ sakɩyɛ nɛ pʊcɔ pɛwɛɛ pa-tɩ yɔɔ hasɩyaɖɛ fenaɣ kɩyakɩŋ kagbaanzɩ ñɩŋgʊ, wiye pɩnaɣ 1962 taa.

Alizeerii ɛjaɖɛ wɛ kedeŋa kpeekpe ajɛya kpɛndʊʊ ŋgbɛyɛ nɖɩ payaɣ se ONU ŋgbɛyɛ yɔ ɖɩ-taa. Alizeerii ɛjaɖɛ nɖɩ, ɖɩwɛ ɖɔɖɔ Afrika ajɛya kpɛndʊʊ ŋgbɛyɛ nɖɩ payaɣ ɖɩɖɩ se Union africaine yɔ ɖɩ-taa, pɩ nɛ ɖama nɩnaʊ ŋgbɛyɛ nɖɩ ɖɩɩtɩŋɩɣ nɔɔyʊ wayɩ nɛ kpaɣnɛ ɖooo kɩ-tɩ yɔɔ wɛʊ pɩnaɣ 1962 taa yɔ, Alizeerii ɛjaɖɛ sʊ Ligue arabe ŋgbɛyɛ taa. Lɛlaɣ fenaɣ, pɩnaɣ 1989 taa kɛ Alizeerii nɛ Maagrɛɛbʊ ajɛya palaba nɔɔ nɛ patʊlɩ kɩgaʊ ŋgbɛyɛ nɖɩ payaɣ sɔnɔ se Union du Maghreb arabe (UMA) yɔ. Ɛjaɖɛ nɖɩ, ɖɛwɛ ɖɔɖɔ Mediiteranee ŋgbɛyɛ kɩkpɛndʊʊ taa pɩnaɣ 2008 taa.

Alizeerii kaŋgalafʊ nimaɣ paɣzɩɣna +213 nɛ liidiye nɖɩ pɔtɔkɩ peeɖe yɔ, payaɣ-ɖɩ se Alizeerii Dinar.

Egipiti

Egipiti kɛna Afrika nɛ wɩsi ɖɩlɩye hayʊ kiŋ ɛjaɖɛ nɛ kɩwɛɛ Mediiteranee nɛ kɩ-wɩsɩ ɖɩlɩyɛ. Egipiti wɛɛ ɖɔɖɔ Asii keteŋa taa ɖɔɖɔ ɛlɛ ɖenɖe payaɣ se Leevantɛɛ yɔ nɛ pɩtɩŋgʊna Siinayi pɔɔ.

Naajeeriya nɛ Etiyoopii pa-wayɩ lɛ Egipiti taa kɛ eyaa kɩlɩna ɖɔʊ nɛ pɛwɛ pɩnaɣ 2015 kɛ miliyɔɔnaa 89. Peeɖe ɛyaa hukuu lɛɛɛ lɛɛɛ nɛ pɩnzɩ 60 taa lɛ samaɣ huu ɛzɩ tam naanaza mbʊ yɔ. Egipiti tɛtʊ sɔsɔtʊ kɔyɔ Kɛɛrɩ nɛ Araabɩ kɛ pɔyɔɔdʊʊ peeɖe ɛlɛ kʊnʊŋ ŋgʊ pakɩlɩɣ yɔɔdʊʊ yɔ ŋgʊ lɛ Egipiti.

Pɔyɔɔdʊʊ ɖɔɖɔ Siiwii yaa Bɛɛrɩbɛɛrɩ kɛ Siiwa hɔɔlʋʋ nɛ wɩsɩ ɖɩɖʊyɛ taa. Egipiti krɩstʊ mba tɛɛlɛɣzɩ pa-kʊnʊŋ nɛ halɩ nɛ sɔnɔ paɖɩɣna yɔɔdɩɣ Kɔpɩtɩ pɛ-Ɛsɔ sɛtʊ taa. Egipiti nɛ kɩ-hayʊ kiŋ lɛ Nuubiyɛŋ pɔyɔɔdɩɣ ɖɩnɛ pɩkɩlɩna samaɣ ŋga payaɣ se Asʊwaŋ yɔ.

Pe-liidiya yɔ Egipiti liivri. Kaŋgalafʊʊ nimaɣ paɣzɩɩna +20.

Ɖooo pɩnaɣ 1981, Mohammed Hosni Moubarak kaawɛna kpelaɣ yɔɔ pɩkɔɔ pɩsɩna se lɛlaɣ fenaɣ 11 wiey pɩnaɣ 2011 samaɣ kpeekpe kʊyɩ ɛyɔɔ nɛ pɩla ɛkʊyɩ kpelaɣ yɔɔ. Peeɖe komina taa ɛyaa kpɛndɩ 264 nɛ naatozo yɔɔ lɛ, samaɣ lɩzɩɣ naalɛ nɛ ɛjaɖɛ ñʊʊtʊ ñayaa kʊɖʊm. Egipiti ñʊʊtʊ kɩfalʊ kɔyɔ Maresaalɩ Abdel Fattah al-Sissi nɛ ɛkpaɣ kpelaɣ kɛ mɩsɩ kʊm fenaɣ kɩyakʊ liitoozo wiye.

Eriitree

Eriitree kɛna Afrika nɛ hayɩ kiŋ ɛjaɖɛ naɖɩyɛ nɛ ɖɩwɛ dɩ-tɩ yɔɔ nɛ Etiyoopii. Ɖɩwɛ ɖi-tɩ yɔɔ wɛʊ kɛ pɩnaɣ 1993.

Eriitree ñaɣ pana nɛ kɩlɩɩ yomiye taa mbʊ pɔyɔɔ yɔ ɖooo pɩnaɣ 1869 kɛ Iitalii kaayaba Asaabɩ nɛ pɩcɔ kʊɖʊmaa mba powoli nɛ pacaɣ Maasawa kɛ pɩnaɣ 1890.

Keteŋa kpeekpe you laba nɛ Iitalii takpaɣ nabʊyʊ you taa lɛ, ONU tɛzɩ kpaɣʊ Eriitree nɛ kiyebina Etiyoopii kpaɣ pɩnaɣ 1952 ɛlɛ ɖooo pɩnaɣ 1962 kɛ Etiyoopii paɣzɩ kɩ-yɔɔ cɔnaʊ. Pɩñɩtʊ nɛ pɩkpɑɣ mbʊ yɔ, Eriitree wɛɛ kɩñɩnɩɣ kpem se kɩwɛɛ kɩ-tɩ yɔɔ. Pɩla mbʊ nɛ agoza fenaɣ 1991 lɛ, peeɖe hɔɔlʊʊ ŋgʊ kɩlʊkaɣ kpɛm mbʊ se pɛ-ɛjaɖɛ ɛwɛɛ kɩ-tɩ yɔɔ yɔ nɛ payaɣ-kʊ se FPLE yɔ, kɩwa nɛ kɩwɛɛ kɩ-tɩ yɔɔ. Ŋgbɛyɛ nɖɩ ɖi-nɔɔ yɔɔ ɖɛyʊ payaɣ se Ɖajaa Issayas Afewerki.

Etiyoopii

Etiyoopii kɛna ɛjaɖɛ nɖɩ ɖɩwɛna Afrika nɛ kɩ-hayʊ kiŋ yɔ. Etiyoopii nɛ ajɛya nayɛ pɛkpɛnda kamasɩ. Ajɛya ana yɔ: Eriitree, Soomaali, Sudaanɩ, Suudanɩ nɛ Hadɛ kiŋ, Keniya nɛ Cibuuti ɛjaɖɛ. Ɖooo ɛzɩ Eriitree mʊʊ kɩ-tɩ yɔɔ wɛʊ kɛ pɩnaɣ 1993 yɔ, Etiyoopii tatasɩ wɛnaʊ waɖɛ naɖɩyɛ kɛ teŋgu lɩm yɔɔ.

Afrika keteŋa kpeekpe yɔɔ lɛ, Etiyoopii kɛna ɛjaɖɛ naalɛ ñɩnɖɛ ndɩ ɖɩ-taa ɛyaa kɩla ɖɔʊʊ yɛ nɛ wena akɩlɩ walɩɣ yɔ a-taa lɛ ɛjaɖɛ nɖɩ yɔ naakʊ ñɩnɖɛ. Ɖɩ-walanzɩ taa wɛ ɛzɩ kilomɛtanaa akpagba 1 127 127 yɔ. Ɛjaɖɛ nɖɩ ɖɩ-tɛtʊ sɔsɔtʊ kɔyɔ Adisi-Abeeba nɛ tɛtʊ ndʊ tɩwɛ pʊʊ sɔsɔʊ nakʊyʊ yɔɔ kɩ-kʊkʊyɩmɩŋ taa wɛ ɛzɩ mɛtenaa 2 400 yɔ. Kɛteŋa kpeekpe yɔɔ lɛ tɛtʊ ndʊ tɩkɛna tɛtʊ sɔsɔtʊ ndʊ tɩkɩlɩ kʊyʊʊ yɔ tɩ-taa naanza ñɩnɖɛ.

Keteŋa kpeekpe yɔɔ lɛ, Ariimenii wayɩ lɛ Etiyoopii kɛna ɛjɛya taa nɖɩ ɖɩkɩlɩ pɩnɩɣ krɩtʊ tɔm taa yɔ. Peeɖe ɛsɔ sɛtʊ aŋgba wɛɛ nɛ aapaɖɩɣ ɖama. Ɛyaa ɛzɩ kʊɖʊm naatozo yɔɔ kɛna malɩŋ. Peeɖe ɛjaɖɛ ñʊʊtʊ yɔ Ɖajaa Mulatu Teshome nɛ e-kewiyaɣ ñʊʊtʊ Ɖajaa Haile Mariam Dessalegn.

Kambii

Kambii kɛna Afrika nɛ wɩsɩ ɖɩɖʊyɛ taa ɛjaɖɛ nɖɩ ɖɩwɛ wena akɩlɩ ñɩɩɩ walanzɩ taa Afrika kpeekpe taa yɔ.

Kʊnʊŋ ŋgʊ pɔyɔɔdɩɣ yɔ lɛ aŋglisi tɔm. Ajɛya wena awɛ kɩ-kamasɩ yɔɔ yɔ anaa lɛ: hayʊ nɛ hadɛ kiŋ nɛ wɩsɩ ɖɩlɩyɛ lɛ Senegaalɩ piyele nɛ wɩsɩ ɖɩɖʊyɛ lɛ atɩlantiki teŋu ñɛwɛna ɖɩnɛ. Kambii kamasɩ wɛɛ Kambii ŋgʊ k-pɔɔ sɔsɔ taa lɩm kpeŋkpem mbʊ yɔ.

Kɩ-pɔɔ ŋga kɩlɩm kpɛŋ ayɩlantiiki teŋu taa. Ɛjaɖɛ ɖɩnɛ ɖɩ-walanzɩ taa wɛɛ ɛzɩ kilomɛtanaa akpaba 10689 yɔ nɛ pakalɩ ɛyaa kɛ pɩnaɣ 2013 lɛ, pɛkpɛndɩ 1 882 450. Tɛtʊ sɔsɔtʊ yɔ Panzuli nɛ lɛɛtʊ yɔ Serekuundaa nɛ Pɩrɩɩkamaa.

Kambii ɛjaɖɛ taa tɔsʊʊ tɩŋɛ wɛ haɖawʊ, kpakpasɩ kpaʊ nɛ ɛsɩyɛ-egbena tɔm taa. Ɛjaɖɛ ɖɩnɛ ɖɩwɛ Afrika ajɛya tɔsʊʊ kɩkpɛndɩɣ ŋgbɛyɛ ndɩ payaɣ se CEDEAO yɔ ɖɩ-taa.

Ɛzɩ Afrika wɩsɩ ɖɩɖʊyɛ taa ajɛya kpeekpe yɔ, Kambii ɖɔɖɔ sɩma ɖooo lɔŋ taa pɩlɩ ɛyaa pɛdɩɣ nɛ pakpaɣ Afrika mba nɛ pɛpɛdɩɣ nɛ payakɩ-wɛ nɛ paɖʊʊ-wɛɛ kʊñɔŋ yɔ.

Kameruni

Kameruni ɛjaɖɛ wɛ Afrika hɛkʊ taa nɛ kɩ-tɛ wɩsɩ ɖɩɖʊyɛ hɔɔlʊʊ taa. Kameruni wɛ ajɛya naayɛ hɛkʊ taa; ana yɔ: Naajeeriya kɛ wɩsɩ ɖɩɖʊyɛ taa, hayʊ kɩŋ lɛ Caadɩ, Santarafrika ɛjaɖɛ, piyele nɛ wisɩ ɖɩlɩyɛ taa lɛ, Kaabɔɔ nɛ Kinee-Ekwatoriyaaalɩ nɛ Kɔngoo-Pirazaaviili ñɛwɛ hadɛ kiŋ.

Kameruni ɛjaɖɛ taa mba kaakɛ kpankʊrʊm waa nɛ pataawɛɛna ɖɩcaɣyɛ kʊɖʊmɖɩyɛ. Paawɛna ageeta sakɩyɛ nɛ a-taa kɔyɔ: Paamuŋ, Adamawa, Karwa. Caama mba kañazaɣna Kameruni taa mba pɩkɔɔ pɩsɩna alɩwaatʊ ndʊ kedeŋa kpeekpe you naalɛ ñɩŋgʊ lawa nɛ pakpaɣ-kʊ nɛ paɖʊzɩ ajɛya kpeekpe kɩkpɛndɩɣ aŋgba taa nɛ payaɣ-ɖɩ se SDN yɔ ɖɩ-wayɩ. Mbʊ yebina nɛ pakpaɣ ɛjaɖɛ nɖɩ nɛ paɖʊzɩ Fransɩ ñɩnɖɛ kewiyaɣ tɛɛ.

Kameruni mʊ nabʊlɛ taa kɛ kɩ-tɩ yɔɔ caɣʊ: kacalaɣ taa lɛ, kɔlaɣ fenaɣ kacalaɣ wiye pɩnaɣ 1960 nɛ nabʊlɛ taa lɛ, aloma fenaɣ taa pɩnaɣ 1961. Kacalaɣ hɔɔlʊʊ kaawɛ Fransɩ nesi tɛɛ nɛ naalɛ ŋgʊ lɛ Aŋglɩsɩ n̂ɩnzɩ taa. Hɔɔlɩŋ ɛŋʊ ɛnɩɩlɛ ɛkpɛndɩna nɛ payɑɣ; sɔnɔ kpayɩ se Kameruni kpaɣ ɖooo pɩnaɣ 1984.

Kacalaɣ Kameruni ɛjaɖɛ ñʊʊdʊ kɔyɔ Ɖajaa Ahmadou Ahidjo (1960-1982) nɛ kpaɣna 1982 nɛ ŋgɔɔ ŋzɩɩna sɔnɔ lɛ, Ɖajaa Paul Biya wɛna kewiyaɣ yɔɔ kpam. Peeɖɛ mba yɔɔdɩɣ Fransɩɩ nɛ Englɩsɩɩ tɔm.

Kameruni kaŋgalafu nimaɣ paɣzʊna 237.

Keniya

Keniya kɛna Afrika nɛ wɩsɩ ɖɩlɩyɛ taa ɛjaɖɛ naɖɩyɛ. Ɖɩ-tɛ hayʊ kɩŋ lɛ, Suudanɩ nɛ Hadɛ ñɩŋgʊ nɛ Etiyɔpi, wɩsɩ ɖlɩyɛ taa lɛ Somali, wɩsɩ ɖɩɖʊyɛ taa lɛ Uganda wɛna nɛ wɩsɩ ɖɩɖʊyɛ taa nɛ hadɛ kɩŋ lɛ Tanzaani pɩzɩnaa. Wɩsɩ ɖʊlɩyɛ nɛ hadɛkiŋ lɛ Ɛndɩ lɩŋgamʊʊ kpeŋna. Payaʊ se Keniya pɩlɩna peeɖe pʊʊ ŋgʊ payaɣ ɖɔɖɔ se kɛniya yɔ. Kamba kʊnʊŋ taa lɛ, pʊtɔbʊʊ se taataa pʊʊ.

Keniya mʊ kɩ-tɩ yɔɔ caaʊ lɛ, Jomo Kenyatta kɛ pacala lɩzɩɣ se ɛkɛ pɛ-ɛjaɖɛ ñʊʊtʊ.

Keniya walanzɩ taa wɛ ɛzɩ 580 367 km2 nɛ pʊʊ ŋgʊ kɩ-kɩlɩ kuyʊʊ yɔ ŋgʊ payaɣ ɖɔɖɔ se Keniya. Pʊʊ ŋgʊ kɩ-kʊkʊyɩmɩnda maɣna mɛtanaa 5 199. Lɩm-pɔɔ ŋga kakɩlɩ ɖaalɩɣ kɛ keniya taa yɔ ŋga payaɣ se Taana nɛ ka-ɖaalakɩŋ taa maɣna kilomɛtanaa 700. Tɛtʊ sɔsɔtʊ payaɣ se Nayiroobii.

Liibii

Liibii kɛna Afrika nɛ hayʊ kiŋ ɛjaɖɛ nɛ ɖɩwɛ ajɛya wena awɛ Maagrɛbɩ taa yɔ. Liibii nɛ hayʊ kiŋ lɛ, Mediteraanee teŋgu, wɩsɩ ɖɩɖʊyɛ taa lɛ Alzeerii nɛ Tunizi, Hadɛ kiŋ lɛ Niizɛɛrɩ nɛ Caadɩ, pɩkazɩ nɛ wɩsɩ ɖɩlɩyɛ taa lɛ Liibii sɩ kamaɣ nɛ Suudaŋ nɛ Egipiti.

Walanzɩ taa lɛ, ɛjaɖɛ nɖɩ ɖɩkɛ naanza ñɩŋɖɛ Afrika taa nɛ 18 ñɩnɖɛ keteŋga kpeekpe taa. Ɖɩwalanzɩ taa maɣna 1 759 540 km2. Peeɖe ɛyaa makɩɣna ɛzɩ miliyɔɔnaa looɖo yaa litoozo yɔ. Tɛtʊ sɔsɔtʊ kɔyɔ Tiripoolii nɛ ɛyaa kpɛndɩ miliyɔɔnaa kʊɖʊmʊʊ nɛ kutokiŋ litoozo. Pʊwayɩ lɛ Pɛŋgazɩ (650 000), Misirata (350 000) nɛ Ɛlɩ-Beyida (250 000). Ɛjaɖɛ nɖɩ ɖɩ-ñɩm kpilina karazɩm yɔɔ.

Liibii mʊ kɩ-tɩ yɔɔ wɛʊ kɛ mɩnzɛma fenaɣ pɩnaɣ 1949. Weyi ɛɛɖa kelaɣ yɔɔ caɣʊ yɔ ɛnʊ lɛ Wiyao Idris Ier. Ɛ-hɩɖɛ sɔsɔyɛ kɔyɔ Sidi Muhammad Idris al-Mahdi al-Sanoussi.

Pɩnaɣ 1969 kɛ Ɖiiyu Mouammar al-Kadhafi kʊ ɛjaɖɛ ñʊʊtʊ Idris Ier nɛ ɛkpaɣ kpelaɣ nɛ eɖiyu ɛ-ɛjaɖɛ ɛzɩ Egipiti ɛjaɖɛ ñɩnʊ Gamal Abdel Nasser yɔ.

Kpaɣ lɛlaɣ fenaɣ 2011, mba pakaɖɩɣna kewiyaɣ yɔ papazɩ ñɩnɩɣ se pʊwɛ ɛzɩmaa yɔ Kadhafi kʊyɩ kpelaɣ yɔɔ. Ñam ñam lakasɩ la nɛ minisri weyi ɛcɔŋna tɔm hʊʊ yɔɔ yɔ pasɩ-ɩ kpelaɣ yɔɔ se ɛcɔna ɛjaɖɛ yɔɔ nɛ ɛɛñɔɔzɩ takayasɩ ɖʊzʊʊ. Pɩla mbʊ nɛ hɛɛɛ hɛɛɛ pɔkɔɔ pehiu Mouammar al-Kadhafi pakpa-ɩ nɛ pakʊ-ɩ aliwaatʊ ndʊ ɛcaɣ se ese nɛ ɛmɛlɩ Siriti yɔ.

Maalii

Maalii kɛna Afrika nɛ wɩsɩ ɖɩɖʊyɛ taa ɛjaɖɛ naɖɩyɛ. Ajɛya wena acɔ-ɖɩ nɛ ata yɔ ana yɔ: hayʊ kiŋ lɛ Moritaanii nɛ Alzeerii, wɩsɩ ɖɩlɩyɛ taa lɛ Niizɛrɩ, hadɛ kiŋ lɛ Purkina Fasoo nɛ Kotidivuwari, wɩsɩ ɖɩɖʊy ɛ taa lɛ Senegaalɩ nɛ wɩsɩ ɖɩɖʊyɛ nɛ hadɛ kiŋ lɛ Kiinee.

Ɖooo kiɖe tɛɛ lɛ, Senegalɩ kɛ anasayɩnaa kakpacayaɣ nɛ ɖɛfɛɛɛ ɖɛfɛɛɛ lɛ pɩkɔɔ pɩtalɩ Maalii. F[[ransɩɩ] ɛjaɖɛ kpacayaɣna-ɖɩ nɛ Fransɩɩ ŋgʊ kɩkpɛndɩ kɩ-ajɛya nɛ kɩya se Lɩm-Pɔɔ-Kʊkuyaɣ. Kɩyɛɛna fenaɣ 18 pɩnaɣ 1888 kɛ Lɩm-Pɔɔ-Kʊkuyaɣ ŋga papaɣsa-kɛ yaʊ se Sudanɩ Fransɩ ŋ̃ɩŋgʊ. Pɩlaba mbʊ lɛ pasɩɩ Galliéni pʊcɔ nɛ Louis Archinard kɔɔ ɛlɛɣzɩ-ɩ.

Salaŋ fenaɣ 22 pɩnaɣ 1960 kɛ Maalii mʊ kɩ-tɩ yɔɔ caɣʊ. Maalii kɩɖaʊ kɛtɛɛka wɛna tɔlʊm naputozo: tɩŋ hatʊ ñɩmbʊ, sʊtʊ-lɩm nɛ kɩsɛɛmɩm.

Ɛjaɖɛ ɖɩnɛ ɖɩ-taa ɛyaa kpɛnda miliyɔɔnaa 15 nɛ akeeta wɛ ndɩ ndɩ: Pambaraawaa, Poobɔŋwaa, Poozɔwaa, Toogɔŋwaa, Kasɔŋgewaa, Malɩnkewaa, Miniyankawaa, Fɩlandɩnaa, Senufowaa,Sonɩnkewaa, Sɔnɖayɩwaa, Kpankurumwaa nɛ Mɛrʊmɛrʊwaa.

Fransɩɩ kɛna pa-kʊnʊŋ ŋgʊ pawɩlɩɣ sukili taa yɔ ɛlɛ Pambara kɛ ɛyaa kɩlɩɣ yɔɔdɩɣ.

Peeɖe tɛtʊ sɔsɔtʊ yɔ Pamakoo.

Marɔkɩ

Marɔkɩ kɛna Afrika nɛ hayʊ kiŋ ɛjaɖɛ naɖɩyɛ nɛ tɛtʊ sɔsɔtʊ yɔ Raabaa. Ɛjaɖɛ ɖɩnɛ ɖɩ-walanzɩ taa makɩɣna 710 850 km² nɛ pakalɩ ɛyaa kɛ pɩnaɣ 2014 lɛ patalɩ ɛzɩ miliyɔɔnaa 34 yɔ.

Palaba kɩgalɩʊ kɛ pɩnaɣ 2014 ɛlɛ pana se Maarɔkɩ ɛjaɖɛ taa ɛyaa kpɛnda miliyɔɔnaa 33,8. Ɛjaɖɛ nɖɩ ɖɩ-taa tɛtʊ sɔsɔtʊ talɩ ɛzɩ hiuwaa naatozo yɔ nɛ paa tɛtʊ ndʊ tɩ-taa ɛyaa ɖɛ ɛzɩ kutokiŋ mɩnɩʊ yɔ.

Peeɖe malɩŋ kɩlɩna ɖɔʊ nɛ patala ɛzɩ 99 kɛ mɩnɩʊ yɔɔ yɔ. Tɛʊ feŋ lɛ pucʊʊtʊ yem: malɩŋ woki ciŋgirinaa taa tam kagbanzɩ ɛzɩ Mohamet pɔzɩɣ yɔ. Fransɩ kɛ pɔyɔɔdɩɣ peeɖe. Ŋgʊ pawɩlɩɣ sukilinaa taa kpaɣ ɖaŋ kʊɖʊmʊʊ yaa hɛkʊ taa sukuli pɩtalɩ sukulinaa sɔsɔŋ taa. Pɔyɔɔdɩɣ ɖɔdɖɔ ɛsɩpañɔlɩ, aŋgilisi, caama nɛ itaalɩ.

Pɩkɛna kɩjɛyʊʊ kɛ paa pʊɣa ŋgaalɛ se kowolo sukuili. Pɩkilɩna pɩya nzɩ sɩwɛna pɩnzɩ looɖo pɩsɩna hiu nɛ kagbanzɩ. Pɩnzɩ 2004 lɛ, mɩnɩʊ yɔɔ ɛyaa 43 taala sukili ɛlɛ pɩnaɣ 2012 taa lɛ mɩnɩʊ yɔɔ ɛyaa 28 towobina sukuli.

Tɔnʊʊ taa hayɩɣ nʊmɔʊ taa lɛ Marɔɔkɩ wɛ ɖɔŋ: Said Aouita kɛna efebu weyi ɛɖɛwaɣ nɔɔ kɛ seɣa taa mɛtanaa 1 500, 2 000, 3 000 nɛ 5 000 yɔ; Nawal El Moutawakel ñɛkɛna pɛlɛɣ weyi ɛkɛna Afrika taa kacalaɣ halɩbʊwa ŋga kamʊ ɔɔrɩ lɩyʊʊ kɛ hasʊʊ taa yɔ.

Nawal El Moutawakel ñawaba seɣa keteŋa kpeekpe taa ɖɔɖɔ. Hicham Arazi ñɛkɛna efebu weyi ɛwaba teniisi ɖɔɖɔ yɔ. Badr Hari ñɛkɛna weyi ɛmakɩna nesi camɩyɛ nɛ payaɣ se kickboxeur K-1 yɔ. Pɩkazɩ Medhi Benatia ñɛkɛna pombo maɖʊ sɔsɔ nɔɔyʊ kɛ Bayern Munich taa.

Moritaanii

Moritaanii kɛna Afrika nɛ wɩsɩ ɖɩɖʊyɛ taa ɛjaɖɛ naɖɩyɛ. Ɛjaɖɛ nɖɩ ɖɩwɛ Afrika ajɛyaa kpeekpe kɩkpɛndɩɣ ŋgbɛyɛ taa nɛ ɖɩwɛ ɖɔɖɔ Afrika malɩŋ kɩkpɛndɩɣ ŋgbɛyɛ taa.

Ɖɩwɛ ajɛya wena anɩɣ nɛ ayɔɔdɩɣ fransɩ kʊnʊŋ yɔ a-taa. Moritaanii wɛ Atilantiki kitiiliŋ yɔɔ kpɛɛɛ nɛ pɩtalɩɣ ɛzɩ kilomɛtanaa 600 yɔ kpaɣna ɖooo hadɛ kiŋ Ndiyaagoo nɛ pɩsɩɩna haʊ kiŋ Nuwatibuu. Kɩzɩna wɩsɩ ɖɩlɩyɛ taa kɛ Alizeerii, SaharaWisiɖɩlɩyɛ nɛ Malii, pɩkazɩ Senegalɩ ñɛna hadɛ kiŋ.

Moritaanii wɛ Afrika nɛ hayʊ kiŋ nɛ Afrika-Subusahara pa-nʊmɔɔyasa taa. Mbʊ yebina peeɖe ɛtiniiwaa ɖɔɔ sakɩyɛ. Afrika taa ɛyaa kɩkpɛdaa wɛɛ, Fɩlandɩnaa, Sonikewaa, Wolɔfʊwaa (mɩnɩʊ yɔɔ patalɩɣ 30), Afrika nɛ hayʊ kiŋ mba mba payaɣ-wɛ se Arabo-Bɛrɩbɛrɩ yɔ (mɩniʊ yɔɔ patalɩɣ ɖɔɖɔ 30) nɛ Haratɩŋwaa.

Moritaanii tɛtʊ sɔsɔtʊ payaɣ se Nuwakɩcɔtɩ.

Naajeeriya

Naajeeriya kɛna Afrika nɛ wɩsɩ ɖɩɖʊyɛ taa ɛjaɖɛ naɖɩyɛ. Ɛjaɖɛ nɖɩ ɖɩ-taa ɛyaa wɛ miliyɔɔnaa 177 nɛ n:̀ɖɩ-taa kɛ ɛyaa kɩlɩ ɖɔʊ Afrika kpeekpe taa nɛ pɩkɛ keteŋa kpeek̂pe kɔyɔ ɖɩkɛlʊbɛ ñɩnɖɛ ɛyaa ɖɔʊ taa. Afrika taa lɛ, Naajeeriya taa kɛ tɔsʊʊ hʊʊ kɩlaa.

Paanɛ karasɩm ɛɛtɩ wɛ peeɖe ɛzɩma ɖɔɖɔ yɔ, peeɖe kʊñɔntɩnaa ɖɔɔ mbʊ pʊyɔɔ yɔ mulum kɩlɩ tɔyʊʊ kpem. Takayasɩ nzɩ paɖʊsa wayi nɛ wayi kʊnɛyɔ pɩɩkɛ lakɩŋ fenaɣ pɩnaɣ 2015 nɛ Muhammadu Buhari kɛ palɩzaa se ɛkɛ peeɖe ɛjaɖɛ ñʊʊyʊ. Ɛjaɖɛ ñʊʊtʊ kɩfalʊ ɛnɛ ɛlɛɣza ñʊʊtʊ kɩpɩnʊ weyi payaɣ se Abasanjo.

Ɛjaɖɛ ɖɩnɛ ɖɩ-tɛtʊ sɔsɔtʊ yʊŋ ñɩndʊ yɔ Abuja. Ɖɩwɛ Afrika nɛ wɩsɩ ɖɩɖʊyɛ taa ajɛya wena aɖʊ ŋgbɛyɛ tɔsʊʊ hʊʊ tɔm taa nɛ paya-ɖɩ se CEDEAO yɔ ɖɩ-taa.

Ɛjaɖɛ nɖɩ ɖɩ-taa Iboowaa, Yurubawaa nɛ Fulaaniwaa, mba payaɣ-wɛ ɖɔɖɔ se fɩlandinaa yɔ pakɩlɩna wɛʊ.

Pɩnaɣ 2014 taa palɩzɩ paɣtʊ se pakpa nabɛyɩ halaa ɖeke yaa abalaa ɖeke se pasʊʊna-ɖama yɔ, paɖʊʊ-wɛ salaka pɩnzɩ hiu. Nɛ yee halaa pa-taa peɖeke yaa abalaa pa-taa peɖeke ɖɔɖɔ se pɛwɛ ɖama cɔlɔ se pawala-ɖama yaa pakpaɣ-ɖama yɔ, paɖʊ-wɛ salaka pɩnzɩ hiu nɛ naanza.

Purkina Fasoo

Purkina Fasoo kɛna Afrɩka‎ nɛ wɩsɩ ɖɩɖʊyɛta ɛjaɖɛ naɖɩyɛ nɛ payaɣ- ɖooo lɛ se: Hooti Foltaa. Teŋgu tɔcɔɔ ɛjaɖɛ nɖɩ nɛ pɩta kpɛɛɛ. Wɩsɩ ɖɩɖʊyɛ nɛ hayɩ kɩŋ ɖɔɖɔ lɛ Malii ɛjaɖɛ wɛna kamaɣ yɔɔ; wɩsɩ ɖɩɖʊyɛ taa lɛ, Nizɛɛrɩ ɛjaɖɛ nɛ yee hadɛ kɩŋ nɛ wɩsɩ ɖɩlɩyɛ taa kɔ yɔ, Peenɛɛ ɛjaɖɛ. Purkina Fasoo nɛ hadɛ kiŋ lɛ, Togo nɛ Kana ajɛya wɛna piyele wɩsɩ ɖɩɖʊyɛ nɛ hadɛ kɩn lɛ, Kootidiivʊwarɩ tɛtʊ.

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Purkina Fasoo tɛtʊ sɔsɔtʊ kɔyɔ Wagaadugu nɛ tɩwɛ Purkina Fasoo tɛtʊ hɛkʊ taa. Ɛjaɖɛ ɖɩnɛ ɖɩwɛ Afrɩka‎ ajɛya kpeekpe kpɛndɩɣ ŋgbɛyɛ taa nɛ CEDEAO ñɩnɖɩ taa. Keteŋga kpeekpe taa lɛ, yee pakpaɣ ajɛya hiu wena akɩla kʊñɔŋ taa wɛʊ kɔyɔ, pana ɖɔɖɔ Purkina Fasoo.

Ɖooo lɛ, Fransɩɩ ɛjaɖɛ kakpacayaɣna-ɖɩ picɔ ɖɩkɔɔ ɖɩhiu ɖɩ-tɩ yɔɔ wɛʊ kɛ pɩnaɣ 1960. Papaazɩɣ yaʊ se Purkina Fasoo yɔ pideleɖi; Thomas Sankara kewiyaɣ taa kɛ papɩsɩnaa mbʊ kɩyɛna fenaɣ nanza pɩnaɣ 1984.

Ŋ̃ʊndɩna mba peɖiya Purkina Fasoo ɛjaɖɛ pɩkɔɔ pɩsɩɩna sɔnɔ yɔ, mba yɔ: Maurice Yaméaogo (1960-1966), Sangoulé Lamizana (1966 1980 ), Saye Zerbo (1980 to 7 Kamɩŋ fenaɣ 1982), Jean-Baptiste Ouédraogo (1982 to 11 Kamɩŋ fenaɣ 1983), Thomas Sankara (1983—1987), Blaise Compaoré (1987-2014), Honoré Traoré, ɛkɛna Blaise Compaoré lone taa caɣyʊ nɛ fenasi naalɛ ɖeke ɛlaba nɛ Yacouba Isaac Zida ñakpaɣ nɛ ɛlɛ la kɔzɔɖɔna naalɛ nɛ eyebina Michel Kafando, Gilbert Diendéré. Kpana salaŋ fenaɣ 2015 nɛ nnsɩɩna saŋayɩŋ fenaɣ 2015 ɖɔɖɔ lɛ, ɛnʊ cɔŋna ɛjaɖɛ nɖɩ ɖɩ-yɔɔ nɛ pɔtɔ caca nɛ palɩzɩ weyi lɛ, ɛɛkɛ Purkina Fasoo ñʊʊdʊ.

Sahara Kañɩnbʊsaɣ

Sahara kɛna kañɩmbʊsaɣ tɛtʊ sɔsɔtʊ ndʊ tɩwɛna Afrɩka keteŋa hɔɔlʊ nɛ kɩhayʊ kɩŋ yɔ. Kpaɣ wɩsɩ ɖʊɖuyɛ teŋʊ yaa Atlantika lɩŋgamʊ pɩwolo pɩsɩna teŋʊ kɩsɛɛmʊ lɛ, kɛdɛ ɖaalakɩŋ taa makɩɣna ɛzɩ kilomɛtanaa 7500. Pamaazɩ-tʊ tɩ tɛ ɖaalakɩŋ kpɛɛɛ nɛ pʊcɔɔ pɩta yɔ, pɩlakɩ kɩlomɛta ɛgbɔŋ hiu nɛ naalɛ. Tɛtʊ ndʊ tɩwɛ mbʊ pɩɖɛ teŋʊ lɛɛkʊ kɩsɛɛmʊ yɔɔ nɛ tɛtʊ maɣzɩya ñɔtɔŋ se pɩkɛ sahara nɛ Arabiya kañɩmbʊsaɣ tɛtʊ ndʊ tɩfaɣ Afrika wɩsɩ ɖɩɖʊyɛ kpaɣ nɛ Senegalɩ pɔɔ kidiiliŋ yɔɔ pʊkɔɔ pɩtalɩ Mongolia ɛjaɖɛ taa yɔ.

Sahara kañɩnbʊsaɣ kɛnɛ wɩlɩŋ nɛ sʊŋgaɣ tɛtʊ sɔsɔtʊ kɛ kedenga kpeekpe yɔɔ.Tɩtɛyʊ Afrika keteŋa, kpaɣ kɩhayʊ ŋwolo ŋsɩɩna kɩhadɛ. Tɩwalɩ pɩŋŋŋ pɩkɔ pɩtalɩ ɛzɩ ajɛya hiu kɛ mbʊ yɔ. Ajɛya anaa lɛ: Alizeerii, Tuniizii, Marɔkɩ, Liiberiya, Egipiti, Sudaanɩ, Caadɩ, Nizɛɛrɩ, Maalii, Moritaanii nɛ Sahara Wɩsɩ ɖɩɖʊyɛ tɛtʊ ndʊ tɩyɔɔ hɔmtʊ wɛ tɩyɔɔ kpaɖɩɩɩ halɩ nɛ sɔnɔ yɔ. Ŋcɔnaa kɔyɔ, kañɩnbʊsaɣ tɛtʊ ndʊ tɩtaa, ɖenɖe kañɩnga wɛɛ yɔ, pɩkpaɣ hɔɔlɩŋ ɛzɩ 20% yɔ ɛlɛ pɩtaakɛ mbʊ ɛyaa kamaɣzaɣ. Nʊmɔʊ woɖaa sakɩyɛ sɩma mbʊ kañɩnbʊsa kañɩnbʊsaɣ ɛjaɖɛ kɛnaa yɔ.

Kañɩnbʊsasɩ pʊʊŋ weyi payaɣ se Grand Erg oriental ne Grand Erg Occidental yɔ. Pɩwɛɛ mbʊ lɛ nɔɔyʊ ekeŋna pʊʊ taa ñɩndʊ cɔlɔ. Ɖɩkpaɣ ɛzɩ Hoogar, Tassiili, Tibɛstɩa yɔ nɛ ɛhaɣsɩ lona yaa kañɩŋa pɛ lona. Kañɩn-piisi kpaʊ nɛ tibu, ɛwaɣsɩ nɛ pʊʊŋ Tadrart nɛ Acacusta; mbʊ pʊ wɛ sahara kañɩnbʊsaɣ ŋga kɛwɛ Liibia ɛjaɖɛ wɩsɩ ɖ,ɩɖʊyɛ nɛ nɖɩ ɖɩwɛ ɖɩ-hadɛ kiŋ taa...

Arabia kʊnʊŋ taa lɛ, sahar tɔbʊ kɛlɛ se kañɩnbʊsaɣ. Nɛ paa kʊnʊŋ ŋgʊ kɩsɩma mbʊ se Afrika tɛ kañɩnbʊsaɣ ŋga payaɣ mbʊ.Tiniri hɩɖɛ tɔbʊ se kañɩnbʊsaɣ tamacheque kʊnʊŋ taa. ŋgʊ kɛna tʊwaarɛg mɛwɛ mɛndɛ wa kʊnʊŋ nɛ hɩɖɛ kɛ Tʊwaɖɛg waa mba paha sahara wɩlɩŋ kɩkɩlɩŋ hɔɔlɩŋ taa nakʊyʊ Nigɛrɩ nɛ kɩ-hayʊ kɩŋ taa mba.

Kañɩnbʊsaɣ tɛtʊ ndʊ tɩkɩlɩna walʊ nɛ ɖɔɖɔ lɛ ndʊ pasɩma se tɩkɛ kañɩmbʊsaɣ paaa mbʊ yɔ wɩlɩŋ sɔsɔŋ wɛ peeɖe sɩŋŋŋ (tɛʊ nɩɣ ceeka ñɩɩɩ yem ɛlɛ kɩnɩɣ naayɔɔ ɖoŋ ɖoŋ). Pʊwayɩ ɖɔɖɔ lɛ, ɖɩnaɣ wɩlɩŋ tɛtʊ lone lɛɛɖɛ, tʊtʊtaa lɛ, pɔsɩ taa ɖeke kɛ papɩzɩɣ pana tɩŋ nɛ ñɩtʊ pazɩ. Lona lɛɛna taa lɛ, wɩlɩŋ maɣnaa nɛ tɛʊ nɩɣ pɩna,g taa ɛzɩ milimɛtaa naa ɛzɩ 50 mbʊ yɔ nɛ tɩŋ yaa hɔɔlɩŋ weyi ɛtaa tɩŋ kɩlɩ wɛʊ yɔ, ɛnʊ lɛ Oueds waa taa. Ɛtaa wɩlɩŋ takɩlɩ yaa nikaɣ takɩlɩ ɖɔɖɔ sɩŋŋŋ. Hɔɔlʊʊ kɩkpɩlɩɣ ŋgʊ ka-taa wɩlɩŋ kɩlaa yɔ, ɖɩpɩzɩɣ ɖɩna Sahara, Arabiya, Syria kañɩnbʊsaɣ (Syria, Jordania nɛ Irakia), Dasht-e kavir (Iran), Dasht-e Lut (Irania), Thar (India) nɛ pɩkpaɣ pɩtalɩ Asia hɛkʊ nɛ hɛkʊ taa (Karaboum, KyzylKum nɛ Chine tɛtʊ taa lɛ panaɣ Taklamakan nɛ Gobi kañɩnbʊsaɣ ɛjaɖɛ.

Mbʊ pʊkɔŋna wɩlɩŋ ɛnʊ yɔ, mbʊ lɛ se heelim mbʊ pɩmakɩ nɛ pɩkɔŋna tɛŋ yɔ, pɩfɛyɩ: hayʊ heelim nɛ wɩsɩ ɖɩɖʊyɛ mbʊ, nɛ wɩlɩŋ ɛnʊ ɛkɔŋnana lʊŋɩyɛ kadadayaɣ nɛ pɩleeɖuu kamaɣ tatɩɩɩ fɛyɩ ɖɔɖɔ.

Sambii

Sambii kɛna Afrika nɛ wɩsɩ ɖɩlɩyɛ taa ɛjaɖɛ naɖɩyɛ nɛ ɖɩfɛyɩ teŋgu nakʊyʊ cɔlɔ kaʊ. Ɛaɖɛ ɖɩnɛ ɖɩwɛ ajɛya wena ayɔɔdɩɣ Aŋgilisi kʊnʊŋ nɛ payaɣ-yɛ se Commonwealth yɔ a-taa.

Pɩnaɣ 2010 taa palabɩ kɩgalʊʊ lɛ, ɛjaɖɛ ɖɩnɛ ɖɩ-taa ɛyaa kpɛndɩ miliyɔɔnaa hiu nɛ naatozo. Ɛjaɖɛ ɖinɛ ɖɩ-tɛtʊ sɔsɔtʊ yɔ Luzakaa.

Ɖooo lɛ ɛyaa mba payaɣ se Pɔcimɛnɩwaa yɔ mba kaalɛɣna caɣʊʊ peeɖe. Ɛyaa panɛ paakɛ akpaama nɛ tɩŋ-pee tɔɔyaa. Puwayɩ fayɩɩɩ yɔ kɛ Pantʊʊwaa woba nɛ pɛwɛɛ peeɖe ɖɔɖɔ pɩnzɩ mɩnɩŋ nanza taa. Ɛjaɖɛ ɖɩnɛ ɖɩ-taa lakɩŋ nɛ tɛtɛ kpɩna nayɛ nayɛ wɛɛ nɛ ɖɩhayɩyɛ wɛɛ nɛ pɩwalɩɣ walɩɣ yɔɔ.

Ɛjaɖɛ nɖɩ ɖɩ-taa sɔnzɩ nɛ kʊnʊmɩŋ pɛwɛ ndɩ ndɩ nɛ pɩsa nɛ pɩsa nɛ paa anɩ ɛpɩzɩ nɛ ɛnɩna lɛlʊ lɛ palɩzɩ kʊnʊŋ kʊɖʊmʊʊ ŋgʊ panɩɩ nɛ pawɩlɩ-kʊ sukulinaa taa yɔ. Nɛ kʊnʊŋ ŋgʊ pɔyɔɔdɩɣ yɔ ŋgʊ lɛ aŋgilisi.

Senegaalɩ

Seneegaalɩ kɛna Afrika nɛ wɩsɩ ɖɩlɩyɛ taa ɛjaɖɛ naɖɩyɛ nɛ ajɛya ; wena acɔ-ɖɩ nɛ ata yɔ ana yɔ : ɛjaɖɛ ɖɩnɛ ɖɩhayi kiŋ ŋe ɖɩ-wɩsɩ ɖilɩyɛ taa ɖɔɖɔ lɛ Moritaanii nɛ wɩsɩ ɖɩɖʊyɛ taa lɛ Atɩlantiki Lɩŋgamʊʊ piyele nɛ hadɛ kiŋ lɛ, Maalii, Kinee Konakrii nɛ Kinee Pɩsaʊ.

Pɔɔ ŋga payaɣ se Kambii yɔ ka-lɩm kpeŋ Senegalɩ tɛtʊ taa. Payaʊ se Senegaalɩ yɔ, pɩlɩna pɔɔ sɔsɔwa ŋga kekpeŋ peeɖe nɛ payaɣ-kɛ se Senegaalɩ Pɔɔ yɔ nɛ pɔɔ kanɛ kakpakɩɣ nɛ Kinee pʊʊ ŋgʊ payaɣ se Futa-Jalɔŋ yɔ kɩ-taa. Peeɖe lʊŋgɩyɛ nɛ yolim pɛtɛyɩ ɖama.

Senegaalɩ wɛ Afrika ajɛya kɩkpɛndɩɣ ŋgbɛyɛ nɛ tɔsʊʊ hʊʊ nɛ liidiya kɩkpɛndɩɣ ŋgbɛyɛ nɖɩ payaɣ se CEDEAO yɔ ɖɩ-taa. Ɛjaɖɛ ɖɩnɛ ɖɩwɛ ɖɔɖɔ Afrika ajɛya kɩkpɛndɩɣ ŋgbɛyɛ nɖɩ payaɣ ɖɩɖɩ se UA yɔ ɖɩ-taa ɖɔɖɔ, pɩtasɩna kedeŋa kpeekpe ajɛya wena akpɛnda nɛ ayɔɔdɩɣ faransɩɩ nɛ payaɣ se Frankofonii a-ŋbgɛyɛ taa.

Ɛjaɖɛ ɖɩnɛ ɖɩ-ñʊʊtʊ kɩfalʊ payaɣ se Mackɩ Sall nɛ palɩza-ɩ ɖooo ɖomaɣ fenaɣ naalɛ pɩnaɣ 2012 taa.

Simbaabuwee

Simbaabuwee kɛna Afrika nɛ hɛkʊ nɛ hɛkʊ taa ɛjaɖɛ naɖɩyɛ. Ɛjaɖɛ ɖɩnɛ ɖɩ-wɩsɩ ɖɩɖʊyɛ taa lɛ, Afrika nɛ Hadɛ kiŋ ɛjaɖɛ nɛ Pɔcɩwaanaa ɛjaɖɛ pɛwɛna, wɩsɩ ɖɩlɩyɛ taa lɛ, Moozambiki ɛjaɖɛ piyele nɛ hayi kiŋ lɛ Sambii ɛjaɖɛ.

Simbaabuwee nɛ Sambɛɛzɩ pɛhɛkʊ taa kamaɣ lɛ, kɛwɛ kpayɩ kpayɩ mbʊ pʊyɔɔ yɔ Sambɛɛzɩ pɔɔ tɛyɩna ajɛya anɛ a-hɛkʊ taa.

Ɛjaɖɛ ɖɩnɛ ɖɩ-tɛtʊ sɔsɔtʊ yɔ Harare nɛ tɩwɛna ɛjaɖɛ nɖɩ nɛ ɖɩ-hayi nɛ wɩsɩ ɖɩlɩyɛ taa. Pakalɩ ɛyaa kɛ ɛjaɖɛ ɖɩnɛ ɖi-taa lɛ pɛwɛ ɛzɩ ɛyaa miliyɔɔnaa 1,6 yɔ.

Kʊnʊmɩŋ weyi pakɩlɩɣ yɔɔdɩɣ nɛ pawɩlɩʊ sukulinaa taa ɖɔɖɔ yɔ ɛnʊ lɛ: Aŋgilisi, Sonaa, Sindebele. Liidiye nɖi ɛjaɖɛ nɖɩ ɖɩ-taa ɛyaa tɔkaɣ yɔ nɖɩ lɛ Simbabuwee tɔɔlaarɩ pʊcɔ pɩkɔɔ pɩtalɩ ɖomaɣ fenaɣ 2009, alɩwaatʊ ndʊ pɛlɛɣzɩ-ɖɩ nɛ amerika tɔɔlarɩ yɔ. Ɛjaɖɛ ɖɩnɛ ɖɩwɛ Afrika kpeekpe ajɛya kɩkpɛndɩɣ ŋgbɛyɛ taa.

Ɛjaɖɛ ɖɩnɛ ɖooo lɛ Grandɩ-Pretaañɩ kakpacayaɣna-ɖɩ nɛ pɩla mbʊ ɖɔdɔ mbʊyɔ ɖɩwɛɛ nɛ ɖɩlɛɛzɩɣ hɩla ndɩ ndɩ kpaɣna ɖooo ɖɩwɛʊ ɖɩ-tɩ yɔɔ kamɩŋ fenaɣ 11 pɩnaɣ 1965. Paɖa-ɖɩ yaʊ se Rodeezii nɛ Hadɛ kiŋ pʊwayɩ lɛ, Rodeezii, pɩtasɩ lɛ payaa-ɖɩ ɖɔɖɔ se Simbaabuwee-Rodeezii.

Ɖooo ɖomaɣ fenaɣ 17 pɩnaɣ 1980 taa kɛ ɛjaɖɛ nɖɩ ɖɩkpaɣ hɩɖɛ kpaagbaa ñɩnɖɛ se Simbaabuwee. Ɛjaɖɛ ɖɩnɛ ɖi-ñʊʊtʊ payaɣ se Robert Mugabe nɛ ɛwɛ kpelaɣ yɔɔ ɖooo 1087 piyele nɛ kewiyaɣ ñʊʊtʊ yɔ Morgan Tsvangirai. Kewiyaɣ ñʊʊtʊ ɛnɛ ɛwɛ kpalaɣ yɔɔ lɛlaɣ fenaɣ 11 pɩnaɣ 2009.

Sudaanɩ

Suudanɩ kɛna Afrika nɛ hayi kiŋ ɛjaɖɛ naɖɩyɛ nɛ ajɛya wena acɔ ɛjaɖɛ ɖɩnɛ nɛ ata yɔ ana yɔ: hayi kiŋ lɛ Liibii nɛ Egipiti, wɩsɩ ɖɩlɩyɛ taa lɛ Tengu Kɩsɛɛmʋʋ, Eeriitree nɛ Etiyɔɔpii ajɛya, piyele nɛ wɩsɩ ɖɩɖʊyɛ taa lɛ, Santirafriki nɛ Caadɩ, pɩkazɩ nɛ hadɛ kiŋ lɛ, Sudaanɩ Hadɛ Kiŋ.

Kʊnʊŋ ŋgʊ pakɩlɩɣ yɔɔdɩɣ peeɖe yɔ ŋgʊ lɛ Araabɩ pielen Englɩsɩɩ lɛ pɩnaɣ 2005 taa kɛ kʊnʊŋ ŋgʊ kɩpɩsa ŋgʊ pɔyɔɔdɩɣ lɛɛlɛ komina tʊma taa kaɣlɛyɩtʊ yɔ.

Ugandaa

Ugandaa kɛna Afrika nɛ wɩsɩ ɖɩlɩyɛ taa ɛjaɖɛ naɖɩyɛ.Ajɛya wena acɔ-ɖɩ nɛ ataa yɔ anaa yɔ: Koŋgoo, Keniya, Ruwandaa, Suudanɩ Hadɛ Kiŋ ñɩŋʊ nɛ Tanzani. Ɛjaɖɛ ɖɩnɛ nɛ ɖɩ-hadɛ kiŋ payɩ lɛ Fikitoriya Kujomuu ɖeke wɛna. Peeɖe tɛtʊ sɔsɔtʊ nɛ ndʊ tɩkɩlɩ yʊŋ yɔ ndʊ lɛ Kampala.

Ugandaa wɛ Afrika nɛ wɩsɩ ɖɩlɩyɛ taa ɖenɖe yɔ pʊŋ wɛ kpem nɛ peeɖe pʊʊ ŋgʊ kɩkɩlɩ kʊyʊʊ yɔ kɩtalɩɣ; ezɩ mɛtanaa 1 100 mbʊ yɔ.

Ɛjaɖɛ ɖɩnɛ ɖɩ-hɛkʊ nɛ hɛkʊ lɛ Turikaana lɩŋgamʊʊ wɛna nɛ fɛɛŋ ndɩ ndɩ ɖɔɣa. Ugandaa hɔɔlɩŋ sakɩyɛ wɛɛ nɛ Niili lɩm ɖɩfalɩyɛ taa. Niili Pɔɔ lɩɣna Fikitoriya Kujomuu nɛ kiwolo kɩkpɛndɩ Kiyokaa lɩŋgamʊʊ taa pʊcɔ kɩtalɩ Alɩbɛrɩ ñɩŋgʊ taa kɛ Koŋo Kinsasa tɛtʊ taa.

Ugandaa walanzɩ taa makɩɣna 241 038 km2 yaa ɛzɩ Kewiyaɣ-Kpɛndɩɣ ɛjaɖɛe yɔ.

Ɛjaɖɛ ɖɩnɛ ɖɩ-tɛtɛɛ ñɩm nabʊyʊ wɛɛ nɛ nɔɔyʊ tatɩɩ paɣzta-pʊ huyuu; mbʊ lɛ: Kwivri nɛ koobalɩtɩ.

Kʋnʋmɩŋ lɛɛŋ

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