Middle East

Greater Middle East nai to Western Asia, Asia me ek jagah aur kuch des hai. Ii jagah me 23 des hai.Ii jagah ke log ke itihaas ek rakam hai aur hian pe jaada log Muslim hai.

Kuch Middle East ke des hai:

Aur West Bank aur Gaza Strip.

Middle east
Middle East ke des ke chapa

See Also

Afghanistan

Afghanistan (Persian: جمهوری اسلامی افغانستان) Middle East ke ek des hae. Iske west me Iran south west me Pakistan north me Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan aur north east me China hae. Afghanistan ke capital city, Kabul hae.

Ii des ke main dharam Islam hae. Iske khaas bhasa Farsi (Dari) aur Pashto hae.

Bahut din talak Afghanistan me Taliban raj karat rahaa.

Arab-Israeli conflict

Arab–Israeli conflict Al-Sura'a Al'Arabi A'Israili; , Ha'Sikhsukh Ha'Yisraeli-Aravi) Arabs aur Israelis ke biich ke larrai ke bola jaae hae.

Arab League

The Arab League ek organization hai jisme Northern Africa aur Southwest Asia ke des hai. Isme se jaada kar ke uu des hai jiske official bhasa Arbii hai.

Arab League ke des hai:

Egypt - 22 March, 1945 (Founder) (suspended, 1979-1989)

Iraq - 22 March, 1945 (Founder)

Jordan - 22 March, 1945 (Founder)

Lebanon - 22 March, 1945 (Founder)

Saudi Arabia - 22 March, 1945 (Founder)

Syria - 22 March, 1945 (Founder)

Yemen - 5 May, 1945 (Founder)

Libya - 28 March, 1953

Sudan - 19 January, 1956

Morocco - 1 October, 1958

Tunisia - 1 October, 1958

Kuwait - 20 July , 1961

Algeria - 16 August, 1962

United Arab Emirates - 12 June, 1971

Bahrain - 11 September, 1971

Qatar - 11 September, 1971

Oman - 11 September, 1971

Mauritania - 26 November, 1973

Somalia - 14 February, 1974

Palestine - succeeding to the position held by the Palestine Liberation Organization since 9 September, 1976

Djibouti - 9 April, 1977

Comoros - 20 November, 1993

Iran

Iran (Farsi:ايران), jiske ek dafe Persia bola jawat rahaa West Asia aur Middle East ke ek des hae. Iske border Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iraq, Pakistan, Turkey, aur Turkmenistan se hae. Iske capital aur sab se barraa city Tehran hae. Iran dunia ke 18th sab se barraa des hae aur iske abaadi 70 million se jaada hae. ii dunia ke uu chaar des me se ek hae jiske Islamic Republic bola jaae hae, aur jiske Sharia kanuun se govern karaa jaae hae.

Israel

Israel, Middle East ke ek des hae. Ii des ke jaada log Jewish hae lekin ek barraa , Arab minority bhi hae jon ki Muslims nai to Christians hae. I des ke 1917 ke Palestine Mandate se banawa gais rahaa, jab ki League of Nations ii jagah ke British ke niche kar diis rahaa.

Israel Mediterranean Sea ke east me hae. Iske borde, north me Lebanon aur Syria se, east me Jordan se, aur southwest me Egypt se hae. Israel, Gaza Strip aur West Bank ke bhi control kare hae.

Israel me rahe waale pahila log Canaanite rahin. 3000 saal pahile Saul, David aur Solomon ke kingdom rahaa. Jab Romans log Jerusalem ke Temple (of King Solomon) ke destroy kar diin rahaa tab jaada Jws log ke dusra des me rahe ke parraa rahaa.

1880s me ek movement, jiske Zionism bola jaae hae, suruu bhaes rahaa. Dunia bhar ke Jews log ii jagah mee aae ke base lagin, pahile Turkish aur baad me British Raj ke niche. World War II aur Holocaust me Europe ke 6 million Jews ke maut hoe gais.

Iske baad jaada number me Jews log Israel aawe lagin, khaas kar ke Europe aur Russia se aur ii logan huan ke Palestinian ke jamiin lae ke uu logan ke parrosi Arab des me khader diin.

14 May 1948, ke Israel(David Ben-Gurion ke niche) apne ke ajaad declare kar ke ek Jewish des banae liin.

Jordan

Jordan, Middle East ke ek des hae. Iske official naam The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan hae.

Jordan ke border Saudi Arabia, Israel, Syria aur Iraq se hae. Iske ek chhota coast, Red Sea, aur ek lambaa coast Dead Sea se hae.

Jordan ke jaada bhaag desert hae aur ii ek bahur jhuura des hae.

Iske capital city Amman hae.

Jordan ke log ke Jordanians bola jaawe hae. Jaada log Arbii me baat kare hae. Jordan ke abaadi 10.2 million log hae (2018).

Jordon ke currency Jordanian dinar hae.

Kans Yug

Kans Yug (Bronze Age) uu jamana hae jab ki log kans (bronze) ke aujaar (tools) banawat rahin. Kans dui dhaatu (metal) se banaa hae. Isme nau hissa taamba (copper) aur ek hissa tin hae. Lakrri aur patthar ke bhi aujaar ke rup me kaam me lawa jaawat rahaa lekin kans ke aujaar se kaata aur chiira jawat rahaa.

Kans Yug sab bagal ek time pe nai rahaa. Western Europe me ii yug 2000 BC se 800 BC talak rahaa, lekin Middle East me ii ek hajaar saal pahile suruu bhaes rahaa.

Iske baad loha ke aujar kaam me lawa jaae laga kahe ki tin mile me bahut muskil rahaa aur loha dher jagah milat rahaa.

Kuwait

Kuwait, Middle East ke ek chhota des hae. Iske area lagbhag 17,819 square kilometers hae.

Ii ek dhani des hae jiske lage 96 billion barrels ke of crude oil reserves hae, jon ki dunia ke oil reserves ke 10% hae.

Kuwait ke mausam kheti khatir achchhaa nai hae aur kheti ke jagah hian pe log machchhri jaada khaawe hae.

Kuwait ke official dharam Islam hae, lekin 15% log chaahe Christian nai to Hindu hae. Arbii bhasa hian ke khaas bhasa hae, lekin log English me bhi baat kare sake hae.

Lebanon

Lebanon Middle East ke ek des hae. Lebanon Mediterranean Sea ke east me hae. Iske borde, north aur east me Syria se, aur south me Israel se hae.

Mesopotamia

Mesopotamia (ii naam Greek se aais hae aur iske matlab "naddi ke biich me" hae) uu jagha hae jon ki Iraq, eastern Syria, aur southeastern Turkey jahan pe abhi hae me ek des rahaa. Mesopotamia Euphrates aur Tigris naddi ke biich me rahaa.

Ii jagha ke the "Cradle of Civilization" bhi bola jaawe hae. Ek purana rakam ke likhe waala dhang jiske cuneiform bola jaawe hae ke lagbhag 3000 BC me Sumerin log banain rahaa. Huan ke log city-states me raht rahin. Old Testament ke Genesis mr likha hae ki Abraham, Canaan jaaae se pahile Mesopotamia me rahat rahaa.

Sumerian aur Mesopotamian log dher nawaa technology banae rahin, jaise ki irrigation. Mesopotamians log lagbhag abhi ke rakam paper banae rahin aur pahila log rahin jon ke janwar paale rahin.

Mesopotamia me wheels sab se pahile banawa gaus rahaa. Uu logan Maths, calendars aur archelogy bhi sab se pahile banae rahin.

Ottoman Samrajya

The Ottoman Empire ek empire rahaa jon ki 1299 se 1923 talak rahaa. It was centered around the Middle East and western portions of lands around the Mediterranean Sea. The empire was created by Ottoman Turks and became a long-lasting empire. When it was most powerful (around 1400 to 1600), the Ottoman Empire controlled trade and politics in Europe, Asia, and Africa. The empire's capital was Istanbul. In later years, the Ottoman Empire began to weaken and was known as "the sick man of Europe".

Qatar

Qatar, Middle East ke ek des hae. Iske official naam State of Qatar hae.

Saudi Arabia

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (Arbii: المملكة العربية السعودية,al-Mamlaka al-ʻArabiyya as-Saʻūdiyya), Middle East ke ek Muslim des hae. Iides me Saudi royal family, jiske House of Saud bolaa jaae hae, raaj kare hae. Dunia ke kaafi tel Saudi Arabia se aae hae, aur ii kaaran se Saudi royal family bahut dhani hae.

Saudi Arabia ke city Muslim dharam khatir important hae. Dunia bhar ke Muslim log Mecca, hajj kare khatir aawe hae. Aur barraa city hae Riyadh, Jedda aur Dammam.

Jaada log Arbii bhasa bhasa me baat kae hae.

Yemen aur Oman, Saudi Arabia ke south me hae. Saudi Arabia ,Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Iraq, aur Jordan ke west me hae.

Somali bhasa

Somali bhasa ek bhasa hae.

Syria

Syria (des) - Middle East ke ek des

Syria (jahaaj) - Ek jahaaj jime 14 May 1884 ke 438 girmitya logan ke Fiji lawa gais rahaa aur jon Nasilai Reef pe charr gais rahaa.

Syria (des)

Syria, Asia ke west bhaag ke Middle East ilaka ke ek des hai. Iske border Lebanon, Israel, Jordan, Iraq, aur Turkey se hai. Iske western bhaag Mediterranean Sea pe hai. Iske eastern aur northern bhaag me dher pahaarr hai.

Iske president abhi Bashar al-Assad hai, jon ki head of state bhi hai. Syria national ke capital city Damascus hai.

Syria me 14 provinces hai:

Al Hasakah

Al Ladhiqiyah

Al Qunaytirah

Ar Raqqah

As Suwayda

Dara

Dayr az Zawr

Dimashq

Halab

Hamah

Hims

Idlib

Rif Dimashq

Tartus

Tehran

Tehran (nai to Teheran) (تهران Farsii), Iran ke capital city hae. Ii Tehran Province ke bhi capital hae. Tehran, Tochal mountain range ke kinare hae aur hian pe dher highway hae jon ki Asia ke aur des se bahut achchhaa hae. Ii city The city, Alborz slopes pe resorts, barraa museums, art centers, aur palace complexes khatir jaana jaawe hae.

Tehran, Middle East ke sab se barraa city hae aur dunia ke 16th sab se jaada abaadi waala city hae. Iske abaadi 8,429,807 hae. Tehran, Iran ke urban center me se sab se barraa hae. Iran ke jaada industry ke headquartes Tehran me hae, jisme manufacturing of automobiles, electrical equipment, military weaponry, textiles, sugar, cement, aur chemical products hae. Tehran ek khaas jagha hae jahan pe carpets aur furniture beja jaawe hae. City ke south me ek oil refinery bhi hae.20th century, me Iran ke sab jagha se log aae ke Tehran me rahe lagin. Abi ii city me cher religious minorities hae, aur hian pe dher itihasik mosque, churches, synagogues aur Zoroastrian fire temples dekha jaae sake hae. Abhi ke Tehran ek modern city hae jisme tall structures, jaise ki Azadi Tower aur Milad Tower Tehran ke ek chinh hae. Agar jo dunia bhar ke city ke ddelha jaae tab dunia ke sab se sasta capital city hae aur duursa sab se sata city (Karachi ke baad) hae. Population se ii dunia ke 14th sab se barraa city hae, 56th agar jo GDP dekha jaae aur 29th agar jo metropolitan area ke abaadi dekha jaae tab..

United Arab Emirates

The United Arab Emirates nai to UAE Middle East ke ek des hae. Iske Its capital, Abu Dhabi aur sab se barraa city Dubai hae. Ii saat emirates ke jorr ke banaa hae aur pahile jamana me ii United Kingdom ke saathe ek samjhauta (or truce) karis rahaa jiske kaaran iske pahile Trucial States bola jawat rahaa.

Yemen

The Republic of Yemen nai to Yemen Middle East ke ek des hae jon ki North Yemen aur South Yemen ke jorr ke banaa hae aur ii south Arabian Peninsula me hae. Iske border north aur east me Saudi Arabia aur Oman,south me Arabian Sea aur west me Red Sea hae.

Duusra bhasa me

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