Brazil

Brazil, South America ke ek des hae. Ii dunia ke 5th sab se barraa des hae. Iske abaadi 186 million hae. Brazil ke log jaada kar ke Portuguese bhasa me baat kare hae. Brazil ke capital city, Brasília hae, jiske 1957 se 1960 tak plan kar ke banawa gais rahaa. Ii des me dunia ke 4th sab se barraa city, São Paulo hae.

Federal Republic of Brazil
República Federativa do Brasil
Flag Coat of arms
Jhanda Coat of arms
Des ke jaankari
Des ke motto: "Ordem e Progresso"
(Order and progress)
National anthem: Brazilian National Anthem
Log ke baare me
Official bhasa: Portuguese
Abaadi:
  - Total: {{{populationtotal}}}
Jagah
country map
Hian pe des ke dunia ke map me dekhawa jaawe hai.
Capital City: Brasília
Sab se barraa City: São Paulo
Area
  - Total: 8,511,965
  - Water: n/a km² (2.18%)
Politics / Government
Leader: President Jair Bolsonaro
Economy / Money
Paisa ke naam: Real (R$)
International information
Time ke zone: -02 to -05
Telephone ke dialing code: 55
Internet domain: .BR

Geography

Brazil me dunia ke sab se baraa jangle hae. ii jangle des ke 40% area me hae. Brazil me grassland aur jhuura jagah bhi hae.

Brazil ke soccer khatir jaana jaae hae, lekin hian pe dunia ke dher des se log aae ke basin hae. Brazil, South America ke sab se barraa des hae. Iske bagal me Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Venezuela, Colombia, Peru, Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina aur Uruguay hae.

Brazil ke khaas city hae São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Brasília, Curitiba, Belo Horizonte, Salvador, Porto Alegre, Recife, Fortaleza aur Manaus.

Brazil ke log ke Brazillians bola jaae hae.

Itihaas

Bazil ke native logan Asia se Bering Straight paar kar ke 8,000 saal pahile ii jagah pe aain. Pahila gora jon ki 22 April 1500 ke Bazil ke paais rahaa, ek Portuguese Pedro Álvares Cabral rahaa.on . 16th se 19th century talak Brazil, Portugal ke colony rahaa. 7 September 1822 ke Bazil, Portugal se ajaad hoe ke ek constitutional monarchy, the Empire of Brazil, ban gais. 1889 me ek military cop ek republican government ke suruu karis. uu time se abhi talak, (1930–1934; 1937–1945 aur 1964–1985)ke chhorrr ke, ii des ek republic hae.

Ethnicity

Race and ethnicity in Brazil[1][2][3]
Ethnicity Percentage
White
  
47.7%
Pardo (Multiracial)
  
43.1%
Black
  
7.6%
Asian
  
1.1%
Amerindian
  
0.4%

Chapa ke gallery

Ara ararauna -Blue-and-gold Macaw -head and neck

Brazil ke blue aur gold macaw

States of Brazil

Brazil ke states

Brazil-16-map

1519 ke Brazil ke map

Chamber of Deputies of Brazil 2

Chamber of deputies

National Congress of Brazil

Brasilia me National Congress

Itaipu Dam

Itaipu Dam

Brazilian Carnival

Brazilian Carnival

Brazil ke President

Deodoro da Fonseca (gravura)
1st
Deodoro da Fonseca
1889–1891
Florianovieirapeixoto
2nd
Floriano Peixoto
1891–1894
Prudente de Morais no jornal A Semana 1899
3rd
Prudente de Morais
1894–1898
Campos Sales
4th
Campos Sales
1898–1902
FranciscodePaulaRodriguesAlves
5th
Rodrigues Alves
1902–1906
Rodolfo Amoedo - Afonso Pena
6th
Afonso Pena
1906–1909
NiloProcópioPeçanha
7th
Nilo Peçanha
1909–1910
Hermescivil1910
8th
Hermes da Fonseca
1910–1914
Venceslau Brás (retrato oval)
9th
Venceslau Brás
1914–1918
FranciscodePaulaRodriguesAlves
·
Rodrigues Alves
Did not take office
Delfim Moreira
10th
Delfim Moreira
1918–1919
Epitacio2
11th
Epitácio Pessoa
1919–1922
ArturBernardes1
12th
Artur Bernardes
1922–1926
Presidentwashluis
13th
Washington Luís
1926–1930
JulioPrestes
·
Júlio Prestes
Did not take office
Juntagovernativa1930
Interim government
Military Junta
1930
Getulio
14th
Getúlio Vargas
1930–1945
JoseLinhares
15th
José Linhares
1945–1946
Eurico Gaspar Dutra
16th
Gaspar Dutra
1946–1951
Getulio
17th
Getúlio Vargas
1951–1954
Café Filho
18th
Café Filho
1954–1955
CarlosLuz
19th
Carlos Luz
1955
Presidente Nereu Ramos
20th
Nereu Ramos
1955–1956
Juscelino
21st
Juscelino Kubitschek
1956–1961
Janio1
22nd
Jânio Quadros
1961
Mazzilli
23rd
Ranieri Mazzilli
1961
Jango
24th
João Goulart
1961–1964
Mazzilli
25th
Ranieri Mazzilli
1964
Castelobranco
26th
Castelo Branco
1964–1967
Costa e Silva
27th
Costa e Silva
1967–1969
Márcio Melo - Junta militar brasileira de 1969
·
Military Junta
1969
Garrastazu médici
28th
Emílio Médici
1969–1974
Ernesto Geisel
29th
Ernesto Geisel
1974–1979
João Figueiredo
30th
João Figueiredo
1979–1985
Tancredo Neves
·
Tancredo Neves
Did not take office
Fernando Henrique Cardoso (1999)
34th
Fernando Henrique Cardoso
1995–2003
Michel Temer planalto 3 (cropped).jpg
35th
Michel Temer
2003–2018
  1. "Tendências Demográficas: Uma análise da população com base nos resultados dos Censos Demográficos 1940 e 2000". Ibge.gov.br. Retrieved 2012-04-07.
  2. Antonio Carlos Lacerda (5 April 2011). "Demographical census reveals Brazil as older and less white". Port.pravda.ru. Archived from the original on 2011-06-07. Retrieved 2012-04-07.
  3. "Self-declared White Brazilians decrease in number, says IBGE". Fatimanews.com.br. Retrieved 2012-04-07.
7 September

7 September saal ke 250th din hae (251st leap saal me). Saal ke khalaas hoe me 115 din bachaa hae.

Amazon Naddi

Amazon naddi (jiske Spanish aur Portuguese bhasa me Rio Amazonas bolaa jaawe hae, ek naddi hae jon ki South America ke tropical jangle me se flow howe hae. Ii jaada kar ke Brazil me hae aur samundar me jaae ke Atlantic Ocean me nikle hae. II Nile Naddi ke baad me dunia ke duusra sab se lamba nadi hae. Agar jo dekha jaae ki isme se ketna paani flow hoe hae tab ii dunia ke sab se barraa naddi hae. Ii etna lamba hae aur isme etna jor se paani flow hoe hae ki iske uppar se koi pul nai banawa jaae saka hae.

Iske kinare dher city ha, jisme se sab se barraa Manaus hae. Iske samundar se 1500 kilometers bhittar rake par bhi hian talak barraa barraa jahaaj jaawe sake hae. 3000 tons talak ke chhota jahaaj jiske draft 7.9 m (26 feet) talak rahe hae Peru ke Iquitos city talak bhi jaawe sake hae jon ki samundar se 3,700 km (2,300 miles) bhittar hae. Aur chhota boat 780 km (486 mi) aur bhittar talak bhi jaawe sake hae.

Arara

Arara (Portuguese), Brazil ke Paraíba ke city hai.

Iske area 99 km² aur population 13.157 log hai.

Argentina

Argentina nai to República Argentina, South America ke south me ek des hae. Argentina, South America ke duusra sab se barraa des hae aur dunia ke 8th sab se baraa des hae.

Argentina me 39 million log rahe hae. Ii des ke jaada log Spanish bhasa me baat kare hae aur ii official language bhi hae. Argentina ke aur bhasa hae Guarani, Mapudungun aur Quechua aur Patagonia me Welsh.

Argentina ke capital city, Buenos Aires hae jon ki east Argentina me hae aur dunia ke sab se barraa des me se ek hae.

Argentina, west me Andes pahaarr aur east me Atlantic Ocean ke biich me hae. Iske parrosi des hae north me Paraguay aur Bolivia, north-east me Brazil aur Uruguay aur south west me Chile. Argentina, Falkland Islands (Spanish: Islas Malvinas) aur South Georgia aurSouth Sandwich Islands ke claim kare hae.

Ii des ke area is 2,766,890 km2 (1,068,302 sq mi) hae. Argentina, Antarctica ke 969,464 km2 (374,312 sq mi) ke bhi claim kare hae.

Bhasa

on ki alag alag log english

Bolivia

Bolivia, South America ke ek des hae. Ii ek landlocked des hae jiske parrosi des hae Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina, Peru aur Chile. Bolivia ke abaadi 9,182,000 hae.

Bolivia ke naam Simón Bolívar se aais hae. Hian ke khaas bhasa Spanish aur Quechua hae. Bolivia pahile Spain ke ek colony rahaa. Bolivia ke silver mines Spain ke khatir jaada paisa banais rahaa. Spain, Bolivia ke log ke gulam banae ke silver mines me kaam karwais. Bahut din ke larrai ke baad, Simón Bolívar des ke ajaad karais.

Bolivia ke area 424,135 mi² (1,098,580 km²[1]) hae. Bolivia dunia ke 28th sab se barraa des hae.

Brasília

Brasília, Brazil ke capital city hai. Iske population laghag 2 974 703 hai (2018).

City

Ek city (shahar, nagar) uu jagah hai jahan pe dher jane saathe rahe hai. Ek city me dher building aur street rahe hai. Bahut log city me rahe hai kahe ki huan pe bahut chij khoje aur kare ke sahaj rahe hai. Ek city me jaada kar ke ek "city centre" rahe hai jahan pe government aur business rahe hai, aur jagah jiske suburb bola jaae hai jahaan pe log rahe hai.

Colombia

Colombia, South America ke ek des hae. Ii South America ke North-West me hae aur iske area 1,141,748 km² (440,839 sq mi) hae. Ii khaali ek South American des hae jiske coast duuno Pacific Ocean aur Atlantic Ocean pe hae. Iske puura naam Spanish me República de Colombia hae (English: "Republic of Colombia").

Colombia ke east me Venezuela, south-east me Brazil, south me Peru, south-west me Ecuador aur west me Panama hae.

German bhasa

German bhasa (German: Deutsch nai to (die) deutsche Sprache) ek West Germanic bhasa hae jon ki Indo-European language family ke hae.

Ii bhasa me Germany, Austria, Belgium, Namibia, Switzerland, Liechtenstein aur Luxembourg me baat karaa jaae hae. Kuch des me thora log bhi German me baat kare hae jaise ki Belgium, Netherlands, France,aur Northern Italy. Uu des me jahan pe German migrants logan gain hae huan par bhi abhi talak ii bhasa me baat karaa jaae hae jaise ki United States aur Canada, where many migrants emigrated from Germany. Kuchh East Europe ke des, jaise ki, Bulgaria, Romaniaaur Russia me bhi German me baat karaa jaae hae.

German, West Germanic language family ke hae aur English aur Dutch ke rakam hae. German ke dher sabd English se related hae.

Osasco

Osasco Brazil ke São Paulo ke city hae.

Peru

Peru, South America ke ek des hae. Iske capital city, Lima hae. Machu Picchu ke ruins, Andes pahaarr, aur Amazon Naddi ke source hian pe mile hae. Peru ke khaas bhasa Spanish hae.

Peru ke north me Ecuador aur Colombia, east me Brazil, aur south me Chile aur Bolivia hae.

Peru ke Inca 1531 talak rule karat rahin jab ki Spanish log iske lae liin. Peru 1821 me Spain se ajaad bhaes.

Portuguese bhasa

Portuguese bhasa ek Romance bhasa hae, jon ki Latin se aais hae. Ii bhasa ke Portuguese sabd "português" hae.

Rio de Janeiro

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil ke duusra sab se barrraa city hae. 21 April 1960 talak ii Brazil ke capital city rahaa. Iske abaadi 5,473,909 aur area 1,000 sq.km. hae.

South America

South America ek continent hai jon ki North America ke south me hai. Ii duuno continet ke biich me Panama Canal hai. Iske west me Pacific Ocean aur east me Atlantic Ocean hai.

South America ke des hai:

Argentina

Bolivia

Brazil

Chile

Colombia

Ecuador

Guyana

Panama

Paraguay

Peru

Suriname

Uruguay

VenezuelaIi jagah abhi talak Europe ke des ke niche hai:

Falkland Islands (UK)

French Guiana (France)

South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (UK)

São Paulo

São Paulo (Portuguese: Saint Paul), Brazil ke São Paulo ke capital city hae. Ii Southern Hemisphere ke sab se barraa city hae.

Iske area 1,523 km² aur abaadi 10.9 million log hae

Trindade

Trindade (Portuguese), Brazil ke Goiás ke city hai.

Iske area 710,0 km² aur population 119.385 log hai.

Uruguay

Uruguay nai to República Oriental del Uruguay, South America ke ek chhota des hae. Ii des ke bhasa Spanish hae. Iske capital aur sab se barraa city Montevideo hae. Uruguay ke parrosi desi Brazil aur Argentina hae.

Ii des ke area is 176,215 km² (68,037 sq mi) hae.

World War II

World War II, nai to Second World War (jiske chhota se WWII nai to WW2 likha jjawe hae), ek larrrai rahaa jisme dunia ke lagbhag sab des rahin Ii larrai 1 September 1939 se lae ke 2 September 1945 talak chalaa. Isme ek taraf Axis ke des rahin, jisme Germany, Italy aur Japan ke saathe Finland, Slovakia, Romania, Bulgaria, Hungary, Thailand aur Russia (1941 talak) rahin aur duusra taraf Allies rahin jisme United Kingdom, France, Comonwealth ke Canada, India, South Africa, Australia, aur New Zealand aur Brazil, Greece Poland aur Mexico aur 1941 se United States rahaa.

Ii larrai itihaas me sab se barraa rahaa kahe ki isme 100 million se jaada soldier logan lare rahin. Isme 70 million lag ke maut bhais rahaa jisme se jaada civilian rahin.

Adolf Hitler ee larai suru karis raha.

Duusra bhasa me

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