Zust

Zust (originally Züst) was an Italian car manufacturing company operating from 1905 to 1917.

The company was founded by engineer Roberto Züst, an Italian industrialist of Swiss origin, who owned a precision tool manufacturing plant at Intra, near Lago Maggiore (formerly the Guller & Croff iron foundry). Züst experimented with prototypes of cars from around 1900 on and in Milan in 1905, he founded the Zust company for manufacturing cars and commercial vehicles. His first models were huge and expensive machines propelled by four-cylinder engines from 7432 cc (454cuin) to 11308 cc (690cuin). These were joined by a slightly smaller 5-litre (305cuin) model in 1908. A Zust 28/45 HP participated in the 1908 New York to Paris Race and finished third. Giustino Cattaneo (later of Isotta Fraschini) worked for him.

ItalianZustRacecar
The 1906 Züst which took third place in the 1908 Race Around the World.

In 1906 Züst decided to also make smaller cars, so with his five sons he founded a new company known as Brixia-Zust in the city of Brescia. (Zust and Brixia-Zust are often confused). Due to financial problems, Brixia-Zust closed down in 1912; the Milan factory was sold and production of Zust cars concentrated in Brescia, where production continued until 1914. The last new models, the 15/25 HP or 2S 365 (2592 cc/158cuin) and the 25/35 or S305 (4712  cc/288cuin), appeared in 1913.

On October 1, 1917, the company was taken over by Officine Meccaniche of Milan, who continued to make the S305 until 1923 under their own name.

Züst logo
Original Zust logo
Zust car, front
A 1912 28 hp model

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1907 Kaiser Preis

The 1907 Kaiser Preis was a Grand Prix motor race held at Taunus on 13–14 June 1907.

1907 Targa Florio

The 1907 Targa Florio was a Grand Prix motor race held at Madonie on 22 April 1907. It was run over 3 laps of the 92.473 mile circuit, totaling 277.42 miles.

1908 New York to Paris Race

The 1908 New York to Paris Race was an automobile competition consisting of drivers attempting to travel from New York to Paris. This was a considerable challenge given the state of automobile technology and road infrastructure at the time. Only three of six contestants completed the course. The winner was the American team, driving a 1907 Thomas Flyer.

In 1907 the Peking to Paris automobile race had inspired an even bolder test of these new machines. The following year the course would be from New York City, USA, to Paris, France with a 150-mile (240 km) ship passage from Nome, Alaska, across the Bering Strait to East Cape, Siberia, this at a time when "the motor car is the most fragile and capricious thing on earth."

Automotive industry in Italy

The automotive industry in Italy is a quite large employer in the country, it had over 2,131 firms and employed almost 250,000 people in 2006. Italy's automotive industry is best known for its automobile designs and small city cars, sports and supercars. The automotive industry makes a contribution of 8.5% to Italian GDP.Italy is one of the significant automobile producers both in Europe and across the world.

Today the Italian automotive industry is almost totally dominated by Fiat Group; in 2001 over 90% of vehicles were produced by it. As well as its own, predominantly mass market model range, Fiat owns the upmarket Alfa Romeo and Lancia brands and the exotic Maserati.

Italian cars won in the European Car of the Year annual award one of the most times among other countries (including Fiat most that any other manufacturer) and in World Car of the Year award also.

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Brembo S.p.A. is an Italian manufacturer of automotive brake systems, especially for high-performance cars and motorcycles based in Bergamo, near Milan.

Brixia-Zust

Brixia-Zust (originally Brixia-Züst) was an Italian car manufacturer founded by engineer Roberto Züst, owner of Zust company of Milan. The affiliated company was situated in Brescia, Northern Italy. (Brixia is the antique Latin for Brescia.) These companies are often confused. The company made racing cars that participated in Targa Florio, an open road race in Sicily.

The most interesting model was the 10 hp in 1909, propelled by a three-cylinder 1495 cc engine. Car production ended—due to financial difficulties—in 1912. From 1918, when Officine Meccaniche took over the Zust company, the Brescia facilities were used.

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Fornasari

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George Schuster (driver)

George N. Schuster (1873–1972) was the driver of the American built Thomas Flyer and winner of the 1908 New York to Paris Race.

The "Great Race" was an international competition among teams representing Germany (Protos), Italy (Brixia-Zust), France (three teams: DeDion-Bouton, Moto Bloc, Sizaire-Naudin) and the United States (Thomas Flyer). Schuster's victory for the American entry still stands nearly a century later. Schuster was also the first person to drive across the United States during the winter in an automobile.

The 22,000 mile course (13,341 miles driven) started February 12, 1908 in Times Square with a crowd of 250,000 watching the start of what would become a 169-day ordeal. The Race began in mid-winter at a time when there were no snowplows, few roads on the around the world route, unreliable maps, and often little food for the competitors. The original plan was to drive the cars the full distance from New York City to Paris using the frozen Bering Straits to "bridge" the Pacific. This proved impossible, requiring the competitors to cross the Pacific by ship. The Flyer arrived in Paris July 30, 1908 to win although the German Protos had actually arrived there four days before; race officials decided to penalize the Germans for having shipped their car via rail for part of the route rather than it having traveled the entire land portion of the route under its own power as the organizers had envisioned. Of the six teams that started the race, only three finished in Paris; the German Protos, the Italian Briax-Zust, and the American Thomas Flyer; the French Sizaire team had never made it out of New York State.

Schuster was chosen to be part of the Thomas Race Team due to his proven mechanical abilities, which were put to daily use during the Race. Schuster was the only American team member aboard the Flyer from its start in New York City to the finish in Paris.

Schuster's start in the automotive industry had been building tubular radiators in October 1902 for the E.R. Thomas Motor Company at the Buffalo, New York factory. From there he quickly progressed to become the troubleshooter for Thomas, in charge of final vehicle assembly and often delivering Thomas cars to their new owners. In the early 1900s, first-time auto owners or their chauffeurs were taught by factory or dealer representatives not only how to care for their new machines but often also how to drive them.

Schuster was inducted into the Automotive Hall of Fame on October 12, 2010.

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Ingo Giezendanner (born 1975) is a painter and installation artist and member of the Kroesos Foundation. He lives and works in Zürich, Switzerland.

Since 1998, Ingo Giezendanner, alias GRRRR, has been documenting the urban

spaces in which he has travelled and lived. Apart from his native city of Zurich, his travels

have taken him to diverse cities from New York and New Orleans to Cairo, Nairobi,

Karachi and Colombo. Everywhere he travels, he captures his surroundings on location

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and animated films as well as in spacious installations and wallpaintings.

In conjunction with Mark Divo he painted the exterior façade on the squatted factory

grounds Wohlgroth in Zürich in 1993. Since then, GRRRR has realized many wall

paintings. During his stay in New York, he painted a mural on East 2nd Street. In 2004,

he worked on a large-scale mural on a site hoarding at the Kunsthaus Zurich depicting

the reconstruction in progress.

GRRRR has been presenting his work continuously in a series of publications. The first

is the self-published booklet “GRR1: video”, which appeared in 1998. The current book

"GRR30: urban recordings" is his thirtieth publication. It contains drawings from the

years 1998 to 2006 which provide insight into GRRRRs entire work for the first time.

The production of animated films is a more recent development in GRRRRs work.

In 2005, he produced several video clips for Swiss Television, among them the much

noticed clip "GRR26: gib mer", a collaboration with rapper Big Zis.

Previous publications:

GRR5: Seattle / San Francisco (1999)

Andreas Züst Verlag, 104 pages

ISBN 3-905328-05-4

GRR8: Zürich (2002)

Edition Patrick Frey, 72 pages

ISBN 3-905509-42-3 Out of print.

GRR20: Die Bau Zeitung (2004)

edition fink, 40 pages

ISBN 3-906086-69-0

GRR23: DESIGN (2004)

Nieves Books, 12 pages

www.nieves.ch Out of print.

GRR30: urban recordings (2006)

passenger books, 356 pages

ISBN 978-3-00-018496-3

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Zhejiang University of Science and Technology

Zhejiang University of Science and Technology (ZUST; simplified Chinese: 浙江科技学院; traditional Chinese: 浙江科技學院; pinyin: Zhèjiāng kējì xuéyuàn) is a public university located in Hangzhou, Zhejiang province, China.

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