Zonguldak Province (Turkish: Zonguldak ili) is a province along the western Black Sea coast region of Turkey. The province is 3.481 km2 in size and has a population of 619,703. Its adjacent provinces are Düzce to the southwest, Bolu to the south, Karabük to the southeast, and Bartın to the east. The capital is Zonguldak.
Since the discovery of coal in the province, Zonguldak has become a major coal production center.
Zonguldak city center
|• Mayor||Muharrem Akdemir (CHP)|
|• District||632.98 km2 (244.39 sq mi)|
|• District density||340/km2 (870/sq mi)|
Zonguldak province is divided into 8 districts (capital district in bold):
Ilıksu, Kapuz, Göbü beaches, National Sovereignty Forest, Lake (Göl) Mountain, Plateau, Kocaman, Bostanözü, Çamlık, Baklabostan and Gürleyik forest recreation areas, Cumayanı, Kızılelma, Mencilis caves.
The Ereğli Museum, located in the town of Ereğli, is the only museum in the city.
Ereğli was founded during the 6th century B.C. by the Mariandynians, who were the successors of the Phrygians. Ereğli was an important commercial wharf (emperion), which takes its name from the famous mythic hero, Hercules (Heracles). The city preserved its importance during the Roman, Byzantine, Seljuk, and Ottoman Empire periods. Important historical ruins in the region include the Acheron Valley ruins, in which the Cehennem Ağzı caverns are located, along with Hellenic, Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman ruins, Ereğli Castle, Heracles Palace, Çeştepe Lighthouse tower, Byzantine water cisterns, Krispos mausoleum, Byzantine church and Halil Paşa Mansion.
Many natural and sandy beaches may be found along a fifty-mile (80 km) stretch of the coast. Beginning from the east, these beaches include: Sazköy, Filyos, Türkali, Göbü, Hisararkası, Uzunkum, Tersane, Kapuz, Karakum, Değirmenağzı, Ilıksu, Kireçlik, Armutçuk, Black Sea Ereğli, Mevreke, Alaplı and Kocaman.
The boroughs of the city are used as daily recreation areas for leisurely hikes by regional residents. Boroughs are artificial lakes intended to provide drinking water or serve other industrial purposes. These boroughs are: Ulutan Dam Lake at the center, Kızılcapınar Dam Lake, and Gülüç Dam Lake in Ereğli, Dereköy Pond at Çatalağzı borough and Çobanoğlu Pond (18 ha.) at Karapınar borough.
The most important waterfalls of the city are: Harmankaya at Center Kokaksu site, Değirmenağzı at Kozlu borough and Güneşli waterfalls at Ereğli, and their environs are also used for trekking.
The first specimen of Turkish coal was brought from Ereğli to Istanbul in 1822, but nothing was done for exploration and exploitation of this coal. However, in 1829, another specimen of coal was brought to Istanbul by Uzun (Long) Mehmet, a sailor and native of the village of Kestaneci, near Ereğli. This time attention was given to the discovery and the sailor received a reward of a life pension, but before he could benefit from this reward he was murdered.
The first miners requested and delivered from the Austrian Government are the Austrian Croats known to have been employed in the Ereğli Coal Mines. The correspondence between Istanbul and the embassy in Vienna show that coal production in the Ereğli Basin predates the March 1837 request by 18 months and that production started around September 1835.
An investigation of Hazine-i Hassa (Ottoman Imperial Treasury Department) records in the Ottoman archives shows that regular mining activities in the Ereğli Basin started in February 1841. This is confirmed by a newspaper article published in the 14 February 1841 issue of Ceride-i Havadis.
Ereğli Coal Company, chartered by six partners (Ahmed Fethi Pasha, Rıza Pasha, Safveti Pasha, Tahir Bey Efendi, Izzet Pasha and Mustafa Efendi), excavated the coal in the Ereğli Coal Basin, initially under the auspices of Darphane-i Amire and later transferred to Hazine-i Hassa when the latter was established in 1849.
In 1851, the Company’s production fields are mentioned in the accounting records as "coal mines administered by the Company under the irade-i seniyye in Ereğli, Amasra and various places". "Various places" mentioned in the records are not known for sure. Records of the period after the Sultan’s participation in the firm mention "coal mines administered by the Company in Bezekli, Amasra, Karaburun areas and various places". (The name Zonguldak did not yet exist in 1851.)
After 1865, one of these "various places" is named as Zone-Goul-Dagh or Zon-Goul-Dak, with mixed Turkish-French pronunciation.
References on internet document of http://www.archivesnationales.culture.gouv.fr/ web site:
Zone-Goul-Dagh was born as a port town of east Ereğli Coal Mines. Its name was probably given by miners/administrators who speak French. (Société d'Héraclée !?) (Probably, the first name of the town was "Sea Port of Zone-Goul-Dagh"... Because, Goul mountain is about 2-3 kilometers far from sea side...)
Several mining disasters have occurred in the Zonguldak mines:
Alaplı is a town and district of Zonguldak Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. It is the westernmost town in Zonguldak Province and is located about 15 km (9.3 mi) south of Karadeniz Ereğli. It has 2 municipalities, one is the centre and the other is named as "Gümeli". The mayor is Nuri Tekin (CHP).Cales (Bithynia)
Cales or Kales (Ancient Greek: Κάλης), also Calles or Kalles (Κάλλης), was an emporium or trading place on the coast of ancient Bithynia at the mouth of a river of the same name. Cales was 120 stadia east of Elaeus.It is located near Alaplı in Asiatic Turkey.Devrek
Devrek is a town and district in Zonguldak Province in the Black Sea Region of Turkey. It was founded as Hamidiye, in the sanjak of Bolu. Devrek was incorporated into the Zonguldak Province on May 14, 1920. It is divided into five quarters, three subdistricts and seventy-six villages. The three subdistricts are Çaydeğirmeni, Eğerci, and Özbağı. The population of the Devrek district is 66,518. The mayor is Mustafa Semerci (AKP).
Since 1984, in the third week of July, the Devrek Walking Stick and Culture Festival is held in the town. The most notable tourist destination in the area is Yedigöller National Park. During February and March there are pig hunting drives.Elaeus (Bithynia)
Elaeus or Elaious (Ancient Greek: Ἐλαιοῦς) or Elaios (Ἐλαῖος) was an emporium or trading place on the coast of Bithynia at the mouth of a river of the same name. Elaeus was 120 stadia west of Cales.
It is located on the north coast of modern Turkey, at the mouth of its name-sake river.Gülüç Dam
Gülüç Dam is a dam in Zonguldak Province, Turkey, built between 1964 and 1966. The development was backed by the Turkish State Hydraulic Works.Karadeniz Ereğli
Karadeniz Ereğli is a city and district in Zonguldak Province of Turkey, on the Black Sea shore at the mouth of the Kılıçsu River. Population is 102,828 as of 2012. The mayor is Halil Posbıyık.Karadeniz Ereğli Museum
Karadeniz Ereğli Museum (also known as Ereğli Museum) is a museum in Ereğli ilçe (district) of Zonguldak Province , Turkey. The modifier Karadeniz ("Black Sea") is used to
distinguish Ereğli in Zonguldak Province from another similar-named ilçes in Konya and Tekirdağ Provinces.Kozlu Dam
Kozlu Dam is a dam in Zonguldak Province, Turkey, built between 1979 and 1986. The development was backed by the Turkish State Hydraulic Works.Köprübaşı Dam
Köprübaşı Dam is an embankment dam on the Bolu River Zonguldak Province, Turkey. The development was backed by the Turkish State Hydraulic Works.Kızılcapınar Dam
Kızılcapınar Dam is an embankment dam on the Kızlar River Zonguldak Province, Turkey. The development was backed by the Turkish State Hydraulic Works.List of populated places in Zonguldak Province
Below is the list of populated places in Zonguldak Province, Turkey by the districts. In the following lists first place in each list is the administrative center of the district.Metroon (Bithynia)
Metroon (Ancient Greek: Μητρῷον), also called Aulia. was a town on the Black Sea coast of ancient Bithynia.Its site is located near Köseağzı in Asiatic Turkey.Oxinas
Oxinas or Oxines (Ancient Greek: Ὀξίνης) was a town on the eastern coast of ancient Bithynia located on the Black Sea, probably near the mouth of the river of the same name.
Its site is tentatively located at Oksina, Asiatic Turkey.Sandaraca
Sandaraca or Sandarake (Ancient Greek: Σανδαράκη) was a coastal town of ancient Bithynia, at a distance of 90 stadia to the east of the river Oxines.Its site is located near Zonguldak in Asiatic Turkey.Tium
Tium (Greek: Τῖον) was an ancient settlement, also known as Filyos (Greek: Φίλειος), on the south coast of the Black Sea at the mouth of the river Billaeus in present-day Turkey. Ancient writers variously assigned it to ancient Paphlagonia or Bithynia.
Apart from Tium, Latinized forms of the name are Teium, Tieium and Tius, corresponding to the Greek names Τεῖον (Teion), Τιεῖον (Tieion), Τῖον (Tion) and Τῖος (Tios).Zonguldak
Zonguldak is a city and the capital of Zonguldak Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. It was established in 1849 as a port town for the nearby coal mines in Ereğli and the coal trade remains its main economic activity. According to the 2009 census, Zonguldak has a population of 108,792. The current mayor is Ömer Selim Alan, representing the AKP. Zonguldak is one of the highest income economies among Turkish cities.Zonguldak Airport
Zonguldak Çaycuma Airport (IATA: ONQ, ICAO: LTAS) is an airport near the city of Zonguldak, in the western Black Sea region of Turkey. It is situated close to the town of Saltukova.Zonguldak railway station
Zonguldak railway station (Turkish: Zonguldak garı) is a regional (formally inter-city) railway station in Zonguldak, Turkey. It is the western terminus of the Zonguldak-Filyos Regional and was the former northern terminus of the Karaelmas Express from Ankara. It was opened in 1937 as the northern terminus of the Irmak-Zonguldak railway. The railway today is primarily a freight railway as the only passenger service is a thrice-daily regional service to Filyos. The station is located in the neighborhood of Karaelmas along İstasyon Street in the southern part of the city.Çaycuma
Çaycuma is a town and district of Zonguldak Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. The mayor is Bülent Kantarcı (CHP). The population of Çaycuma is 115,000, but the centre population is 21,300. Çaycuma is well known for yogurt in Zonguldak and Turkey.
Zonguldak Province of Turkey
Metropolitan municipalities are bolded.
Metropolitan municipalities are bolded.