Zhukovsky International Airport (IATA: ZIA, ICAO: UUBW), formerly known as Ramenskoye Airport or Zhukovsky Airfield (Russian: Аэропорт Раменское, Аэропорт Жуковский), is Moscow's fourth international airport. It is located in Moscow Oblast, Russia 36 km southeast of central Moscow, in the town of Zhukovsky, a few kilometers southeast of the old Bykovo Airport.
After its reconstruction in 2014–2016, Zhukovsky International Airport was officially opened on May 30, 2016. The declared capacity of the new airport was 4 million passengers per year.
|Zhukovsky International Airport|
Международный аэропорт Жуковский
|Hub for||Pegas Fly|
|Focus city for||Ural Airlines|
|Elevation AMSL||123 m / 404 ft|
The airfield assigned to the newly established in 1941 Flight Research Institute has served as a major USSR aircraft testing establishment, with most of the major Russian OKBs having facilities there. This airfield was used as a test site for the Soviet Buran Spacecraft. It was also used by the Ministry of Emergency Situations and cargo carriers. Until June 2006, jet fighters flights for the public and international customers were available at the Gromov Flight Research Institute airfield (a number of two-seater jets like: Aero L-39 Albatros, Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-25 Foxbat, for Edge of Space flights, Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-29 Fulcrum, etc.).
On March 29, 2011, then Russian prime minister Vladimir Putin proposed moving all charter and low-cost flights to Ramenskoye Airport (as it was then called), to relieve to Moscow's Sheremetyevo, Domodedovo and Vnukovo airports and reduce the cost of tickets. A new terminal was constructed and the airport scheduled to be opened on 16 March 2016, but was later postponed to unspecified date due to lack of interest and airport certification issues. The airport was eventually opened on 30 May 2016. The opening ceremony was attended by Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev.
The Joint Venture "Ramport Aero" running the airport is formed by Lithuania's Avia Solutions Group (75%) and Russia state corporation Rostec (25%), who aimed to expand the airport in three stages. While the opening of the new airport was delayed and aircraft limit to Ramenskoye is implemented, Air France-KLM noted it tends to use Ramenskoye as a diversion airport to Sheremetyevo in case of emergency.
The airport was originally named after the nearby city of Ramenskoye; but in 2016 the airport was officially named after the city of Zhukovsky, in which it is geographically situated. The city of Zhukovsky, in turn, was named after a pioneer of modern aerodynamics research Nikolay Yegorovich Zhukovsky. The opening ceremony of the airport was held on 30 May 2016 and the first commercial passenger flights were expected to begin on 20 June 2016.
The airport also has a second and shorter runway of 2950 m, but it is now closed.
The following airlines operate regular and scheduled services to and from Zhukovsky:
|Air Manas||Seasonal: Bishkek|
|Avia Traffic Company||Osh|
|Pegas Fly|| Baku, Dushanbe, Khujand, Qurghonteppa, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion|
Seasonal: Fuzhou, Guangzhou, Haikou, Jinan, Xi'an
|SunExpress||Seasonal charter: Antalya|
|Ural Airlines|| Dushanbe, Khujand, Osh, Rome–Fiumicino, Tbilisi, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion |
Seasonal: Bishkek, Karshi (begins 28 October 2018), Kulob (begins 24 September 2018), Simferopol
Media related to Zhukovsky International Airport at Wikimedia Commons