Zealand River

The Zealand River is a 6.3-mile (10.1 km) long[1] river in the White Mountains of New Hampshire in the United States. It is a tributary of the Ammonoosuc River and part of the Connecticut River watershed.

The Zealand River flows north out of Zealand Notch in the town of Bethlehem, New Hampshire. It is paralleled first by the Zealand Trail, a hiking trail, and then by Zealand Road, maintained by the White Mountain National Forest. The river valley separates Mount Hale to the west from Mount Tom to the east. Farther north, the Rosebrook Mountains overlook the river to the east, and the small pegmatite knobs known as South, Middle, and North Sugarloaf rise to the west. The river passes the national forest Zealand Campground and reaches the Ammonoosuc River just east of the village of Twin Mountain.

ZealandRiverNH
The Zealand River at the Sugarloaf trailhead

See also

References

  1. ^ New Hampshire GRANIT state geographic information system

Coordinates: 44°16′08″N 71°30′41″W / 44.26889°N 71.51139°W

'Aparima

This is an article about a Tahitian dance. For the New Zealand river with this name see: Aparima River.The ʻaparima or Kaparima (Rarotongan) is a dance from Tahiti and the Cook Islands where the mimicks (ʻapa) with the hands (rima) are central, and as such it is close to the hula or Tongan tauʻolunga. It is usually a dance for groups.

There are two types of ʻaparima: the ʻaparima hīmene (sung handdance) and the ʻaparima vāvā (silent handdance), the latter being performed with music only, and no singing. The music is often played on the guitar or the Tahitian ʻukulele.

The stories depicted by the dance are taken from daily traditional occupations or ancient myths.

Unlike the other Tahitian dances, this one is more often performed with the dancers dressed in pāreu and maro. It can also (especially the ʻaparima vāvā) be performed seated, much like the Tongan māʻuluʻulu.

Ashley River (New Zealand)

The Ashley River / Rakahuri is in Canterbury Region of New Zealand. It flows generally southeastwards for 65 kilometres (40 mi) before entering the Pacific Ocean at Waikuku Beach, Pegasus Bay north of Christchurch. The town of Rangiora is close to the south bank of the Ashley River. The river's official name was changed from Ashley River to the dual name Ashley River / Rakahuri by the Ngai Tahu Claims Settlement Act 1998.Though the lower reaches of the river are braided, part of the upper river flows through a canyon known as the Ashley Gorge.

The river emanates from mountains in the west Lees Valley adjacent to Island Hills station and exits the hills at a gorge near Oxford township. It has tributaries of Duck Creek in this valley and is an accumulator of watershed between Lees Valley and Oxford township.

Behind Waikuku Beach is one of the largest, least modified estuaries in New Zealand. It is abundant in bird life, including the wrybill (Anarhynchus frontalis) and Black stilt (Himantopus novaezelandiae). Many migratory birds over-winter here.

Cam River (Canterbury)

The Cam River / Ruataniwha is a small river in Canterbury in the South Island of New Zealand. It is a tributary of the Kaiapoi River, itself a tributary of the Waimakariri River.

The Cam / Ruataniwha rises just to the east of the town of Rangiora and flows south across the Canterbury Plains towards Kaiapoi. It has two named tributaries, North Brook and South Brook, both of which rise in Rangiora, plus several unnamed streams and drainage canals.

The river's official name was changed from Cam River to the dual name Cam River / Ruataniwha by the Ngai Tahu Claims Settlement Act 1998.

Cust River

The Cust River is a river in the Canterbury Region of New Zealand. It flows east across the upper Canterbury Plains from its source north of the town of Oxford, New Zealand, flowing into the Cam River / Ruataniwha close to the town of Rangiora. The small town of Cust lies on the banks of the river. The lower part of the river, to the south-west of Rangiora, is diverted into a channel and called the "Main Drain". The channel was built in 1862 to drain the swampy land between Rangiora and the Waimakariri River, and when it was enlarged in 1868 it accidentally captured the Cust.The river was named in 1849 after Sir Edward Cust, a member of the Canterbury Association.Brown trout spawn in the river and are suitable for fishing in spring.

Glentui River

The Glentui River is a river in the Canterbury region of New Zealand. It arises on the slopes of Mount Richardson and flows south-east through the locality of Glentui and into Ashley River/Rakahuri, which exits in the Pacific Ocean. The river was earlier called Tui Creek, and the locality named from the station Glentui established by H.C.H. Knowles in 1854.There are nature and waterfall walking tracks along the river.

Kaiapoi River

The Kaiapoi River is a minor river of north Canterbury, in New Zealand's South Island. Originally called the Cam River, it is a tributary of the Waimakariri River, which it joins at the larger river's estuary. The river is 16 kilometres (10 mi) long, and its drainage area is about 430 square kilometres (170 sq mi).The towns of Rangiora, Kaiapoi and Woodend are situated on the banks of the river.The Kaiapoi River has several tributaries, including the Cam River, used for carting logs and wool in the 1890s and 1900s. There are also several streams that join the Kaiapoi River. Some hold a large population of salmon and trout—the Cam River was a fishing spot in the 1940s and still holds a large population of trout today.

Karetu River (Canterbury)

The Karetu River is a river of New Zealand's eastern South Island. It flows south from the slopes of Mount Karetu before its outflow into the Okuku River at the edge of the Canterbury Plains 40 kilometres (25 mi) northwest of Christchurch.

Lilburne River

The Lilburne River is a river of northern Canterbury, New Zealand. Formerly known as the Lillburn River, its spelling was corrected in 2003. It rises in the Puketeraki Range, flowing south then east to join Ashley River/Rakahuri.

Makerikeri River

The Makerikeri River is a river of the north Canterbury Region of New Zealand's South Island. It flows south from its headwaters 15 kilometres (9 mi) west of Amberley, reaching the Ashley River close to Rangiora.

Mataura River

The Mataura River is in the Southland Region of the South Island of New Zealand. It is 240 kilometres (150 mi) long.

Mount Field (New Hampshire)

Mount Field is a mountain located in Grafton County, New Hampshire. The mountain is named after Darby Field (1610–1649), who in 1642 made the first known ascent of Mount Washington. Mount Field is the highest peak of the Willey Range of the White Mountains. Mt. Field is flanked to the northwest by Mount Tom, and to the southwest by Mount Willey.

Mt. Field stands on the borders of three watersheds. On its northeast side, it drains into the Saco River, and thence into the Gulf of Maine in Maine. On the south side, it drains into the North Fork Pemigewasset River, and thence into the East Branch, Pemigewasset River, and Merrimack River, which reaches the sea in Massachusetts. On the west side, Field drains into the Zealand River, and thence into the Ammonoosuc River, Connecticut River, and into Long Island Sound in Connecticut.

Mount Hale (New Hampshire)

Mount Hale is a mountain located in Grafton County, New Hampshire. The mountain is named after Reverend Edward Everett Hale (1822–1909), and is part of the Twin Range of the White Mountains. The western and eastern sides of Mount Hale are drained by the Little River and Zealand River respectively, and thence into the Ammonoosuc River, Connecticut River, and into Long Island Sound in Connecticut.

A major hiking trail over its peak leads to the Zealand Falls Hut, which is 2.8 miles (4.5 km) away.

Okuku River

The Okuku River is a river of the north Canterbury Region of New Zealand's South Island. It flows predominantly south from several sources in and close to the eastern edge of the Puketeraki Range west of Waikari, flowing through a steep gorge in the Okuku Range before flowing into the Ashley River 20 kilometres (12 mi) east of Oxford.

Oreti River

The Oreti River is one of the main rivers of Southland, New Zealand, and is 170 kilometres (110 mi) long. The river has been identified as an Important Bird Area by BirdLife International because, for much of its length, it supports breeding colonies of black-billed gulls.The Oreti has its headwaters close to the Mavora Lakes between Lake Te Anau and Lake Wakatipu, and flows south across the Southland Plains to its outflow into Foveaux Strait at the southeastern end of Oreti Beach. En route, it runs through the towns of Lumsden and Winton, before passing through the city of Invercargill, close to the river's estuary.

For the final part of the river's length, around the city of Invercargill and the river's estuary just south of the city, it is known as the New River, a name occasionally encountered to refer to the whole river. It shares this estuary with several smaller rivers, most notably the Waihopai River.

The New River Estuary, which meets the end of the Oreti River before it reaches the sea, is in decline. Recent science reports show that regions of the upper estuary are under stress and showing eutrophication. There is excessive macroalgal growth including sediment quality decline and high concentrations of chlorophyll-a in the water column. Chlorophyll-a was used as an indicator of eutrophic conditions in the water column, and is a colour pigment present in many types of algae that can give an indication of how much algae is present in the water column.The Invercargill Rowing Club relocated to the river in 1958.

Pomahaka River

The Pomahaka River is in South Otago in New Zealand's South Island. It is a tributary of the Clutha River, flowing south for 80 kilometres (50 mi) from the Old Man Range of mountains to join the Clutha just north of Balclutha. Along its path it passes the Blue Mountains and the forestry town of Tapanui in the area known locally as West Otago.

For a short part of its length, the river forms the boundary between Otago and Southland regions.

Major flooding of the Pomahaka in 1978 led to the relocation of the town of Kelso and caused damage severe enough to lead to the closure of the Tapanui Branch railway.

The Pomahaka River has been suffering from declining water quality in recent years due to big dairy, and many have said that this has led to a decline in the trout and salmon fishery.

Rangitaiki River

Not to be confused with the Rangitikei River in the southwestern North Island.

The Rangitaiki River is the longest river in the Bay of Plenty region in New Zealand's North Island. It is 155 kilometres (96 mi) long, and rises inland from northern Hawkes Bay to the east of the Kaingaroa Forest.

It flows in a generally northeastward direction, passing through the town of Murupara and skirting close to the western edge of Te Urewera National Park before turning northwards, flowing past Edgecumbe and into the Bay of Plenty close to Thornton.

There are two man-made lakes on the Rangitaiki formed by hydro-electric dams, Lake Aniwhenua and Lake Matahina.

Rangitikei River

The Rangitikei River should not be confused with the Rangitaiki River in the Bay of Plenty, another of New Zealand's larger rivers, which flows through the central and northern North Island.The Rangitikei River is one of New Zealand's longest rivers, 185 kilometres (115 mi) long.

Its headwaters are to the southeast of Lake Taupo in the Kaimanawa Ranges. It flows from the Central Plateau south past Taihape, Mangaweka, Hunterville, Marton, and Bulls, to the South Taranaki Bight at Tangimoana, 40 kilometres (25 mi) southeast of Wanganui. The river gives its name to the surrounding Rangitikei District.

In 1897 the river flooded and all six bridges over it were damaged or destroyed. The port at the mouth of the river was also washed away and never rebuilt.

The river is a popular leisure and recreation area for jetboating, white water rafting, kayaking and fishing, and includes public camp grounds along its banks, including Vinegar Hill, New Zealand. Its sheer vertical "paapa" (clay) cliffs (unique to this part of New Zealand) and deep canyons provide the perfect setting for adventure activities such as bungy jumps and flying fox rides. Part of the river was used as the Anduin River in Peter Jackson's movie The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring.

Both rainbow and brown trout throughout the river system with fish in the upper reaches reaching trophy size (i.e. over 4.5 kg) with the average through the rest of the system being around 1.5 to 2 kg. Fish numbers are good throughout the system though there are fewer fish per kilometre in the upper reaches. This is made up for by the quality and size of the fish being larger in this section.

Wairau River

The Wairau River is one of the longest rivers in New Zealand's South Island. It flows for 170 kilometres (110 mi) from the Spenser Mountains (a northern range of the Southern Alps), firstly in a northwards direction and then northeast down a long, straight valley in inland Marlborough.

The river's lower reaches are noted for the surrounding fertile plain, now one of New Zealand's finest wine producing regions. The river has its outflow into Cook Strait at Cloudy Bay, just north of Blenheim in the island's northeast. The Wairau River meets the sea at the Wairau Bar, an important archaeological site.

In pre-European and early colonial New Zealand, one of the South Island's largest Māori settlements was close to the mouth of the Wairau. The Wairau Valley was the scene of the 1843 Wairau Affray, the first violent clash between Maori residents and English settlers over land in New Zealand.

Whangaehu River

The Whangaehu River is a large river in central North Island of New Zealand. Its headwaters are the crater lake of Mount Ruapehu on the central plateau, and it flows into the Tasman Sea eight kilometres southeast of Whanganui. Water is diverted from the headwaters for the Tongariro Power Scheme.

Gulf of Maine
Long Island Sound

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