Zanzibar Archipelago

The Zanzibar Archipelago (Arabic: أرخبيل زنجبار‎, Swahili: Funguvisiwa la Zanzibar) consists of several islands lying off the coast of East Africa south of the Somali sea. The archipelago is also known as the Spice Islands. There are four main islands, three primary islands with human populations, a fourth coral island that serves as an essential breeding ground for seabirds, plus a number of smaller islets that surround them and an isolated tiny islet.[1]

Most of the archipelago belongs to the Zanzibar semi-autonomous region of Tanzania, while Mafia Island and its associated islets are part of the Pwani Region on the mainland.

Zanzibar Archipelago location map
The Zanzibar Archipelago
Map of Zanzibar Archipelago-en
Unguja and Pemba Islands

List of islands

Main islands

Surrounding Unguja Island

Surrounding Pemba Island[3]

  • Fundo Island - settled
  • Funzi Island
  • Jombe Island
  • Kashani Island
  • Kisiwa Hamisi
  • Kisiwa Kamata
  • Kisiwa Mbali
  • Kisiwa N´gombe
  • Kojani Island - settled
  • Kokota Island - settled
  • Kuji Island
  • Kwata Islet
  • Makoongwe Island - settled
  • Matumbi Makubwa Island
  • Matumbini Island
  • Misali Island
  • Njao Island
  • Panani Island
  • Panza Island - settled
  • Shamiani Island - settled
  • Sumtama Island
  • Uvinje Island - settled
  • Vikunguni Island

References

  1. ^ Lizzie Williams (2005). Africa Overland. New Holland Publishers. ISBN 1-77007-187-3.
  2. ^ Implementation of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, United Republic of Tanzania, Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, United Nations Economic and Social Council, E/C.12/TZA/1-3, 28 March 2011, page 5
  3. ^ Pemba - The clove island 1:100,000, Map & Guide, 2013, Dept. of Surveys and mapping, Chake-Chake
  • Finke, J. (2006) The Rough Guide to Zanzibar (2nd edition). New York: Rough Guides.

External links

Ampelocissus africana

Ampelocissus africana is a type of vine that is woody, or liana of the grape family, bearing edible fruit. It is native to habitats in, and around forested areas in Guinea, Ivory Coast, Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, Central African Republic, Sudan, Kenya, Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania (including the Zanzibar Archipelago, from where the type specimen was collected), Malawi, Zambia, Mozambique, Zimbabwe and Botswana. It was originally described botanically in 1790 by João de Loureiro as Botria africanus, which is the basionym for its treatment here under Ampelocissus.

Angraecum eburneum

Angraecum eburneum is a species of orchid. Their common name the "comet orchid". They generally grow up to 2 meters in height and grows 10 to 15 flowers per plant. They are native to Madagascar, Comoros, Seychelles, Réunion, Mauritius, Kenya, and Tanzania.

Asplenium nidus

See bird's-nest fern for other plants with this common name.

Asplenium nidus is an epiphytic species of fern in the family Aspleniaceae, native to tropical southeastern Asia, eastern Australia, Hawaii, Polynesia, Christmas Island, India, and eastern Africa. It is known by the common names bird's-nest fern (a name shared by other aspleniums) or simply nest fern.A 2015 molecular study found that Asplenium nidus is polyphyletic, meaning that some populations were not closely related to others—A. nidus from Madagascar, Vanuatu and New Guinea were more closely related to other species than each other. Hence a revision with sampling of the species across its range was required to delineate the taxon and identify cryptic species.

Chake-Chake Bay

Chake-Chake Bay is a large indentation in the central west coast of Pemba Island, one of the two main islands of Tanzania's Zanzibar Archipelago.

Chwaka Bay

Chwaka Bay is a large indentation in the central east coast of the Tanzanian island of Unguja - the largest island of the Zanzibar Archipelago. The bay contains several small islands, and the towns of Chwaka and Kae are situated on its coast.The southwest corner of the bay forms part of the Jozani-Chwaka Bay National Park.

Intsia bijuga

This article is about ipil (Intsia bijuga), for the ipil-ipil tree, see Leucaena leucocephala.Intsia bijuga (commonly known as Borneo teak, Johnstone River teak, Moluccan ironwood, Pacific teak and scrub mahogany) is a species of flowering tree in the pea family, Fabaceae, native to the Indo-Pacific. It ranges from Tanzania and Madagascar east through India and Queensland, Australia to the Pacific islands of Fiji and Samoa. It grows to around 50 metres (160 feet) tall with a highly buttressed trunk. It inhabits mangrove forests.

The tree has a variety of common names including ipil, merbau and kwila. In the Philippines, it also known in some areas as taal.

Islam in Tanzania

Islam one of the 2 major religions in Tanzania. There are no reliable statistics, figures claimed vary between 35% and 55% of the people of Tanzania. On the mainland, Muslim communities are concentrated in coastal areas, with some large Muslim majorities also in inland urban areas especially and along the former caravan routes. More than 99% of the population of the Zanzibar archipelago is Muslim. The majority of Muslims in Tanzania are Sunni of Shafi school of jurisprudence, with unusually significant Shia and Ahmadi minorities in sub-Saharan Africa. According to Pew research center, two-thirds of the Muslim population of Tanzania is Sunni, while the rest is either Shia (20%) or Ahmadi (15%).

Mafia Island

Mafia Island ("Chole Shamba") is an island in Tanzania. As one of the six districts of the Pwani Region, Mafia Island is governed from the mainland, not from the semi-autonomous region of Zanzibar, of which it has never been considered to be a part politically.

According to the 2002 Tanzania census, the population of the Mafia District was 40,801. The economy is based on fishing, subsistence agriculture and the market in Kilindoni. The island attracts some tourists, mainly adventure scuba divers, game fishermen, and people wanting relaxation.

Menai Bay

Menai Bay is located on the southwestern coast of Unguja island (Zanzibar Island), in the Zanzibar Archipelago in Tanzania.

Mnemba Island

Mnemba Island is a single small island located about 3 km off the northeast coast of Unguja, the largest island of the Zanzibar Archipelago, Tanzania, opposite Muyuni Beach. It is roughly triangular in shape, about 500 metres (1,640 ft) in diameter and about 1.5 kilometres (0.9 mi) in circumference. It is surrounded by an oval reef seven by four kilometres in extent. These reefs have been declared a Marine Conservation area. Mnemba Island and its reef are sometimes called Mnemba Atoll which is incorrect because an atoll is an island that encircles a lagoon, which is not the case for Mnemba Island.

Mnemba Island is a popular scuba diving site, with a wide variety of corals and associated species, as well as occasional sightings of larger species such as turtles and dolphins. Calm conditions are most frequent in November and March, with maximum visibility. The island itself is privately owned and can be visited only as a guest at a price of US$1155 to US$1600 per person per night (2015 rates). As Mnemba is a private island, non-guests are not permitted to land on the island. The island has a 200-meter exclusion zone around the island within which non-guests are not permitted.Mnemba Island is a 90-minute drive from Stone Town across the main Zanzibar Island, before a twenty-minute boat crossing.

The marine reserve comprises four distinct habitats which are home to a diverse array of Indian Ocean wildlife:

Nesting place of threatened green turtles (monitoring and protection project has been underway since 1996)

Humpback whales (July to September)

Three species of dolphin

Whale sharks (the world's largest fish)

Migratory and resident shore birds feed and roost on the Island

Approximately 600 species of coral reef fish.Green Sea Turtles can be seen laying their eggs on the beaches between February and September.

Njao Island

Njao Island is located off the northwest coast of Pemba Island, one of the two main islands of Tanzania's Zanzibar Archipelago. Together with the larger Fundo Island, which lies immediately to the south, it forms a natural barrier and breakwater for the harbour of the town of Wete, which lies seven kilometres to the southeast.

Pemba Channel

The Pemba Channel is the strait separating the eastern coast of mainland Africa from Pemba Island to the south of the Somali sea. The northernmost part of the channel faces the coast of Kenya, while the rest of it faces mainland Tanzania.

The Pemba Channel is well known to be teeming with fish; marlins, tiger sharks, hammerhead sharks, yellowfin tunas, wahoos, giant trevallies and barracudas are some of the species found in the area, together with sea turtles, dolphins, dugongs and occasional whales.The Pemba Channel Fishing Club, located on the Kenyan coast at Shimoni, is one of the oldest and most famous African fishing clubs; Ernest Hemingway, among others, practiced high sea fishing there.

Pemba Island

Pemba Island (Arabic: الجزيرة الخضراء‎ al-Jazīra al-khadrā, literally "The Green Island"), is an island forming part of the Zanzibar Archipelago, lying within the Swahili Coast in the Indian Ocean.

Postage stamps and postal history of Zanzibar

This is a survey of the postage stamps and postal history of Zanzibar.

Zanzibar is a semi-autonomous part of the United Republic of Tanzania, in East Africa. It comprises most of the Zanzibar Archipelago in the Indian Ocean.

The islands were once governed by the Zanzibar Sultanate, a sovereign state with a long trading history within the Arab world. In 1964 it united with Tanganyika to form Tanzania.

Telecommunications in Tanzania

Telecommunications in Tanzania include radio, television, fixed and mobile telephones, and the Internet available in mainland Tanzania and the semiautonomous Zanzibar archipelago.

Unguja

Unguja (also referred to as Zanzibar Island or simply Zanzibar, in Ancient Greek Menuthias, Μενουθιάς - as mentioned in The Periplus of the Erythraean Sea) is the largest and most populated island of the Zanzibar archipelago, in Tanzania.

Vangueria madagascariensis

Vangueria madagascariensis, commonly known by the names Spanish-tamarind, tamarind-of-the-Indies, or voa vanga, is a species of flowering plant in the Rubiaceae family native to the African continent having edible fruit. It is the type species of the genus Vangueria and was described in 1791 by Johann Friedrich Gmelin.

Zanzibar

Zanzibar (; Swahili: Zanzibar; Arabic: زنجبار‎, translit. Zanjibār) is a semi-autonomous region of Tanzania. It is composed of the Zanzibar Archipelago in the Indian Ocean, 25–50 kilometres (16–31 mi) off the coast of the mainland, and consists of many small islands and two large ones: Unguja (the main island, referred to informally as Zanzibar) and Pemba Island. The capital is Zanzibar City, located on the island of Unguja. Its historic centre is Stone Town, which is a World Heritage Site.

Zanzibar's main industries are spices, raffia, and tourism. In particular, the islands produce cloves, nutmeg, cinnamon, and black pepper. For this reason, the Zanzibar Archipelago, together with Tanzania's Mafia Island, are sometimes referred to locally as the "Spice Islands" (a term borrowed from the Maluku Islands of Indonesia).

Zanzibar is the home of the endemic Zanzibar red colobus, the Zanzibar servaline genet, and the (possibly extinct) Zanzibar leopard.

Zanzibar Channel

The Zanzibar Channel is a strait in south-eastern Africa, separating the island of Unguja (also known as Zanzibar) from mainland Tanzania. The channel is 120 km long and 29-37 km wide, with depth varying from a few dozen metres (in the centre) to a few hundred metres to the north and to the south. In ancient times the overall depth of the channel has been considerably smaller (about 120 m less during the last ice age).The southern entrance to the Channel is indicated by a lighthouse located on the mainland coast on the Ras Kanzi promontory, 22 km south of Dar es Salaam.

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