Zaliche

Zaliche (Greek: Ζαλίχη) or Zaliches (Greek: Ζαλίχης) was an ancient town in the late Roman province of Helenopontus.

Zaliche
town
Zaliche is located in Turkey
Zaliche
Zaliche
Location of Zaliche
Coordinates: 41°36′36″N 35°35′42″E / 41.61000°N 35.59500°ECoordinates: 41°36′36″N 35°35′42″E / 41.61000°N 35.59500°E

Name

"Zaliche" is the form given in the indices of the editions, produced by Peter Wesseling,[1] and by B.G. Niebuhr[2] It is the form given also in Anthon's Classical Dictionary[3] On the other hand, the contributor (Leonhard Schmitz) of the entry on the town in William Smith's Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography gives it the name "Zaliches".[4] The Annuaire historique of the Société de l'histoire de France treats "Zaliches" instead as the genitive case of "Zaliche'.[5] It appears that the city was at some time also called Leontopolis,

History

The manuscripts of the Synecdemus list among the seven cities of Helenopontus one called Σάλτον Ζαλίχην,[2] which Peter Wesseling believes should be corrected to Σάλτος Ζαλίχης and suggests it indicates that the city was surrounded by forests (Latin, saltus),[1][2] making the name equivalent to "Forest of Zaliche".

At the Second Council of Nicaea in 787, a priest named Andronicus represented the Bishop John "Ζαλίχων", i.e., of Zaliche (Ζαλίχη, neuter plural). The priest is also called a priest Λεοντοπόλεως ἤτοι Ζαλίχου, an expression that treats "Leontopolis" as another name for the same town. Both Wesseling and the contributor to Smith's Geography also believe that this is the Leontopolis spoken of in Novella 28 as one of the cities of Helenopontus.[6]

Bishopric

The town was the seat of an ancient bishopric and remains today a vacant titular see. [7] Leontopolis is first mentioned as a suffragan bishopric of Amaseia in the 6th century and, although declining, survived until the thirteenth.[8][9][10] It is mentioned in the Notitia III and sent delegates to Second and Third Council of Constantinople.[11] At times this city was merged with the bishopric centered on Isauropolis.[11] but known bishops include:[12]

  • Metrodonus Council of Chalcedon [13]
  • John fl 787AD
  • John II (879)
  • Christopher (10th-11th century)[14]
  • Stephen of Leontopolis 10th century[15]
  • Leo of Leotopolis 11th century[16]
  • Elias Daniel von Sommerfeld † (13 Jun 1714 Appointed – 26 Jul 1742 Died)
  • Joaquim de Nossa Senhora de Nazareth Oliveira e Abreu, O.F.M. † (4 Sep 1815 Appointed – 23 Aug 1819 Confirmed, Bishop of São Luís do Maranhão)
  • Alexander Dobrzański † (17 Dec 1819 Appointed – 1831 Died)
  • Ludwig Forweck † (11 Jul 1854 Appointed – 8 Jan 1875 Died)
  • Jean-Pierre-François Laforce-Langevin † (13 Feb 1891 Appointed – 26 Jan 1892 Died)
  • Dominique-Clément-Marie Soulé † (21 Mar 1893 Appointed – 21 Apr 1919 Died) [17]
  • Franz Xaver Eberle † (2 Jun 1934 Appointed - 19 Nov 1951 Died)
  • Gustavo Posada Peláez, M.X.Y. † (24 Mar 1953 Appointed - 30 Apr 1990 Appointed, Bishop of Istmina-Tadó Colombia)

The seat has been vacant since April 30, 1990.

Site

Modern scholars place the town at Alaçam, Samsun Province, Turkey.[18][19]

References

  1. ^ a b Augustus, A.; de La Tourrette, C.; Société de Géographie de Lyon (1735). Vetera Romanorum itineraria, sive Antonini Augusti itinerarium, cum integris Jos. Simleri, Hieron, Suritae, et And. Schotti notis. Itinerarium hierosolymitanum; et Hieroclis grammatici synecdemus. Curante Petro Wesselingio, qui & suas addidit adnotationes. apud J. Wetstenium & G. Smith. Retrieved 2017-01-07.
  2. ^ a b c Niebuhr, B.G.; Choniates, N.; Akropolitēs, G.; Anagnōstēs, I.; Cantacuzenus, J.; Chalkokondylēs, L.; Zonaras, J. (1840). Corpus Scriptorum Historiae Byzantinae. impensis E. Weberi. Retrieved 2017-01-07.
  3. ^ The North American Review. 54. 1842. p. 196. Retrieved 2017-01-07.
  4. ^ Smith, W. (1857). Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography: Iabadius-Zymethus. Little, Brown and Company. Retrieved 2017-01-07.
  5. ^ Société de l'histoire de France (1845). Annuaire historique. 10. Société de l'histoire de France. p. 265. Retrieved 2017-01-07.
  6. ^ "Novella constitutio XXVIII ( Schoell & Kroll )". droitromain.upmf-grenoble.fr. Retrieved 2017-01-07.
  7. ^ Leontopolis.
  8. ^ La sede titolare at www.gcatholic.org
  9. ^ Pius Bonifacius Gams, Series episcoporum Ecclesiae Catholicae, Leipzig 1931, p.442.
  10. ^ Michel Le Quien, Oriens christianus in quatuor Patriarchatus digestus, p1740, vol I, coll.
  11. ^ a b W. M. Ramsay, The Historical Geography of Asia Minor(Cambridge University Press, 24 Jun. 2010) p 362
  12. ^ La sede titolare at www.catholic-hierarchy.org.
  13. ^ Richard Price, Michael Gaddis, The Acts of the Council of Chalcedon, Volume 1 p338.
  14. ^ Gustave Léon Schlumberger, Sigillographie de l'empire byzantin, 1884, p.
  15. ^ Dumbarton Oaks, John W. Nesbitt, Eric McGeer, Nicolas Oikonomidès, Catalogue of Byzantine Seals at Dumbarton Oaks and in the Fogg Museum of Art: The East (Dumbarton Oaks, 2001) p79.
  16. ^ http://www.doaks.org/resources/seals/byzantine-seals/BZS.1958.106.302.
  17. ^ Hierarchia Catholica, Volume 8, Page 247, and Page 293 and Page 339.
  18. ^ Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2013, ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 1011
  19. ^ Richard Talbert, Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World, (ISBN 0-691-03169-X), Map 87 & notes.
Alaçam

Alaçam is a central town of Alaçam district of Samsun Province of Turkey. Scholars believe that Alaçam is the site of the ancient city of Zaliche or Zaliches.

Ancient Greek dialects

Ancient Greek in classical antiquity, before the development of the common Koine Greek of the Hellenistic period, was divided into several varieties.

Most of these varieties are known only from inscriptions, but a few of them, principally Aeolic, Doric, and Ionic, are also represented in the literary canon alongside the dominant Attic form of literary Greek.

Likewise, Modern Greek is divided into several dialects, most derived from Koine Greek.

Ariassus

Ariassus or Ariassos (Ancient Greek: Άριασσός) was a town in Pisidia, Asia Minor built on a steep hillside about 50 kilometres inland from Attaleia (modern Antalya).

Caloe

Caloe was a town in the Roman province of Asia. It is mentioned as Kaloe or Keloue in 3rd-century inscriptions, as Kalose in Hierocles's Synecdemos (660), and as Kalloe, Kaloe, and Kolone in Parthey's Notitiæ episcopatuum, in which it figures from the 6th to the 12fth or 13th century.

Cestrus

Cestrus was a city in the Roman province of Isauria, in Asia Minor. Its placing within Isauria is given by Hierocles, Georgius Cyprius, and Parthey's (Notitiae episcopatuum). While recognizing what the ancient sources said, Lequien supposed that the town, whose site has not been identified, took its name from the River Cestros and was thus in Pamphylia. Following Lequien's hypothesis, the 19th-century annual publication Gerarchia cattolica identified the town with "Ak-Sou", which Sophrone Pétridès called an odd mistake, since this is the name of the River Cestros, not of a city.

Cotenna

Cotenna was a city in the Roman province of Pamphylia I in Asia Minor. It corresponds to modern Gödene, near Konya, Turkey.

Cycladic culture

Cycladic culture (also known as Cycladic civilisation or, chronologically, as Cycladic chronology) was a Bronze Age culture (c. 3200–c. 1050 BC) found throughout the islands of the Cyclades in the Aegean Sea. In chronological terms, it is a relative dating system for artefacts which broadly complements Helladic chronology (mainland Greece) and Minoan chronology (Crete) during the same period of time.

Docimium

Docimium, Docimia or Docimeium (Greek: Δοκίμια and Δοκίμειον) was an ancient city of Phrygia, Asia Minor where there were famous marble quarries.

Drizipara

Drizipara (or Druzipara, Drousipara. Drusipara) now Karıştıran (Büyükkarıştıran) in Lüleburgaz district was a city and a residential episcopal see in the Roman province of Europa in the civil diocese of Thrace. It is now a titular see of the Catholic Church.

Greece in the Roman era

Greece in the Roman era describes the period of Greek history when Ancient Greece was dominated by the Roman Republic (509 – 27 BC), the Roman Empire (27 BC – AD 395), and the Byzantine Empire (AD 395 – 1453). The Roman era of Greek history began with the Corinthian defeat in the Battle of Corinth in 146 BC. However, before the Achaean War, the Roman Republic had been steadily gaining control of mainland Greece by defeating the Kingdom of Macedon in a series of conflicts known as the Macedonian Wars. The Fourth Macedonian War ended at the Battle of Pydna in 148 BC and defeat of the Macedonian royal pretender Andriscus.

The definitive Roman occupation of the Greek world was established after the Battle of Actium (31 BC), in which Augustus defeated Cleopatra VII, the Greek Ptolemaic queen of Egypt, and the Roman general Mark Antony, and afterwards conquered Alexandria (32 BC), the last great city of Hellenistic Greece. The Roman era of Greek history continued with Emperor Constantine the Great's adoption of Byzantium as Nova Roma, the capital city of the Roman Empire; in AD 330, the city was renamed Constantinople; afterwards, the Byzantine Empire was a generally Greek-speaking polity.

Hisarlik

Hisarlik (Turkish: Hisarlık, "Place of Fortresses"), often spelled Hissarlik, is the modern name for an ancient city in modern day located in what is now Turkey (historically Anatolia) near to the modern city of Çanakkale. The unoccupied archaeological site lies approximately 6.5 km from the Aegean Sea and about the same distance from the Dardanelles. The archaeological site of Hisarlik is known in archaeological circles as a tell. A tell is an artificial hill, built up over centuries and millennia of occupation from its original site on a bedrock knob.

It is believed by many scholars to be the site of ancient Troy, also known as Ilion.

Lyrbe

Lyrbe (spelled Lyrba in the 1910 Catholic Encyclopedia) was a city and episcopal see in the Roman province of Pamphylia Prima and is now a titular see.

Paideia

In the culture of ancient Greece, the term paideia (also spelled paedeia) (; Greek: παιδεία, paideía) referred to the rearing and education of the ideal member of the polis. It incorporated both practical, subject-based schooling and a focus upon the socialization of individuals within the aristocratic order of the polis. The practical aspects of this education included subjects subsumed under the modern designation of the liberal arts (rhetoric, grammar, and philosophy are examples), as well as scientific disciplines like arithmetic and medicine. An ideal and successful member of the polis would possess intellectual, moral and physical refinement, so training in gymnastics and wrestling was valued for its effect on the body alongside the moral education which the Greeks believed was imparted by the study of music, poetry, and philosophy. This approach to the rearing of a well-rounded Greek male was common to the Greek-speaking world, with the exception of Sparta where a rigid and militaristic form of education known as the agoge was practiced.

Rhodiapolis

Rhodiapolis (Ancient Greek: Ῥοδιάπολις), also known as Rhodia (Ῥοδία) and Rhodiopolis (Ῥοδιόπολις), was a city in ancient Lycia. Today it is located on a hill northwest of the modern town Kumluca in Antalya Province, Turkey.

Rubab (instrument)

Rubab, robab or rabab (Urdu: رباب‎, Hindi: रुबाब, Azerbaijani: Rübab, Turkish: Rübab, Persian: رُباب‎ rubāb, Tajik and Uzbek рубоб) is a lute-like musical instrument originating from central Afghanistan. The rubab is mainly used by various ethnic groups in Western Asia. Rubab is one of the national musical instruments of Afghanistan. It has "proliferated throughout West, Central, South and Southeast Asia."

Stratonicea (Lydia)

Stratonicea – (Greek: Στρατoνικεια, or Στρατονίκεια) also transliterated as Stratoniceia and Stratonikeia, earlier Indi, and later for a time Hadrianapolis – was an ancient city in the valley of the Caicus river, between Germe and Acrasus, in Lydia, Anatolia; its site is currently near the village of Siledik, in the district of Kırkağaç, Manisa Province, in the Aegean Region of Turkey.

Tyana

Tyana (Ancient Greek: Τύανα; Hittite Tuwanuwa) was an ancient city in the Anatolian region of Cappadocia, in modern Kemerhisar, Niğde Province, Central Anatolia, Turkey. It was the capital of a Luwian-speaking Neo-Hittite kingdom in the 1st millennium BC.

Üçayaklı ruins

The Üçayaklı ruins are in Mersin Province, Turkey.

Aegean
Black Sea
Central Anatolia
Eastern Anatolia
Marmara
Mediterranean
Southeastern
Anatolia

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.