Originally a supporter of the Pakistan Peoples Party, Jamali emerged from the politics of Balochistan Province under military governor Rahimuddin Khan during the 1970s. He became a national figure as part of the government of Nawaz Sharif, and was Chief Minister of Balochistan for two non-consecutive terms (from June–December 1988 and November 1996 –February 1997). Although he was a senior leader in the Pakistan Muslim League (PML) and Sharif's confidant, relations between Jamali and Sharif cooled and Jamali joined the Pakistan Muslim League (Q) after the 1999 coup led by General Pervez Musharraf. In the 2002 general election, Jamali won his bid for the office of Prime Minister after his supporters and colleagues crossed party lines to support him. On 21 November 2002 Jamali was appointed the 13th Prime Minister of Pakistan-designate. He took the oath on 23 November 2002, until he unexpectedly announced his resignation in 2004.
Zafarullah Khan Jamali
|15th Prime Minister of Pakistan|
23 November 2002 – 26 June 2004
|Preceded by||Pervez Musharaf (as Chief Executive)|
Nawaz Sharif (as Prime Minister)
|Succeeded by||Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain|
|Chief Minister of Balochistan|
9 November 1996 – 22 February 1997
|Governor||Imran Ullah Khan|
|Preceded by||Zulfikar Ali Magsi|
|Succeeded by||Akhtar Mengal|
23 June 1988 – 24 December 1988
|Preceded by||Ghulam Qadir Khan|
|Succeeded by||Bux Marie (acting)|
|Born||January 1, 1944|
Dera Murad Jamali, Baluchistan Agency, British India
(now in Balochistan, Pakistan)
|Political party||Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf|
|Pakistan Peoples Party (before 1977)|
Pakistan Muslim League (1985–1988)
Islami Jamhoori Ittehad (1988–1993)
Pakistan Muslim League (N) (1993–2002, 2013–2018)
Pakistan Muslim League (Q) (2002–2004)
|Relatives||A.R. Jamali (brother)|
|Alma mater||Government College University|
Jamali was born on 1 January 1944 to a political, religious and landlord family in Rowjhan village of Commissariat Baluchistan of the British Indian Empire, now Nasirabad District in Balochistan, Pakistan.
Jamali received his early education at Lawrence College, Murree and A levels from Aitchison College, Lahore. He then studied in a government college for a bachelor's degree. He received his master's degree in political science at the University of the Punjab in 1965.
Jamali was a sportsman during his student days and was a member of his school and then university’s hockey team.
He was appointed a provincial minister in the provincial cabinet of Balochistan. As part of the new government in 1972, Jamali was appointed provincial home minister and Minister of Food, Information and Parliamentary Affairs in the Balochistan provisional cabinet.
In Pakistani general elections, 1977 Jamali was re-elected as the member of the Provincial Assembly of Balochistan for the second time. He briefly held portfolios for the departments of Food, Information, Law and Parliamentary Affairs.
Jamali left the PPP in 1977.
Jamali was elected as the member of the National Assembly of Pakistan in Pakistani general election, 1985 from Naseerabad constituency and was inducted into the federal cabinet of Junejo and given the portfolio of Federal Minister of water and power.
He was re-elected as the member of the Provincial Assembly in Pakistani general elections, 1993 on the PML ticket and defeated a PPP nominee. Jamali was re-appointed caretaker as the chief minister of Balochistan in 1997.
He was re-elected as the member of the National Assembly of Pakistan in Pakistani general election, 2002.
In November 2002, Jamali became the 13th Prime Minister of Pakistan by a simple majority for five years for the first time after securing 188 votes out of 342 seats in the National Assembly of Pakistan. He was the first politician from Balochistan to become prime minister of Pakistan.
Since no party had an exclusive mandate, his election as Prime Minister followed weeks of negotiation. He formed a coalition government with MQM, MMA, PPPP and the splinter group of the Pakistan Muslim League. He oversaw Pakistan's transition from two-party to multi-party democracy.
In 2004, Jamali visited Afghanistan which was the first highest-level visit from Pakistan since the fall of the Taliban government in 2001 which was an ally of Pakistan. Jamali supported Hamid Karzai as President of Afghanistan and assured him of cooperation between the government of both countries in everything, from trade to terrorism. Jamali announced donations of 300 buses and trucks, scholarships for Afghan students and aid for improvement of road, railway and hospital projects in Afghanistan.
Jamali vowed to improve relations with India immediately after assuming office and procuring a peace agreement and cease-fire in the disputed Kashmir region. He appointed a special envoy to improve relations and lessen tensions between the two countries which had arisen during the 1990s and early 2000s.
In 2004, Jamali abruptly announced his resignation on television after a three-hour meeting with Musharraf. There had been rumours of Jamali's strained relationship with Musharraf on the execution of government policies. According to media reports, resignation became inevitable when Musharraf became unhappy with Jamali's performance and his failure to strongly endorse Musharraf's policies.
The Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal was initially surprised; the mainstream parties saw Jamali's resignation as "forced and [a] humiliation for democracy" and "bad for the future". With his surprise announcement, Jamali dissolved the cabinet and nominated his party's president Shujaat Hussain as interim prime minister. Weeks after his resignation, it was learned that it came as the result of deteriorating relations with Hussain.
After resigning, Jamali pursued his passion for field hockey. In 2004, he became president of the Pakistan Hockey Federation and vowed to solve the problems facing by the Pakistan Hockey Federation and revive the Pakistan men's national field hockey team. He previously played for Punjab province, acted as Chief-de-Mission for the 1984 Summer Olympics and has been chief selector for the national team.
In 2008, he resigned as its president after the national hockey team performed poorly at the Olympic Games.
Ghulam Qadir Khan
| Chief Minister of Balochistan
Khuda Bux Marri
Zulfikar Ali Magsi
| Chief Minister of Balochistan
as chief executive of Pakistan
| Prime Minister of Pakistan
Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain
Sher Bahadur Deuba
| Chairperson of SAARC