Yuraygir National Park

Yuraygir is a national park in New South Wales, Australia, located 482 km (300 mi) northeast of Sydney. It was created in 1980, a result of the merger and enlargement of two national parks, Angourie and Red Rock National Parks, both of which had been established in 1975. At the time of its establishment in 1980, the park was fragmented, and parcels of land were bought over the following two decades to unite segments into a more contiguous protected area. Sometimes these acquisitions required protracted negotiations (and legal disputes) with land owners.[1]

Yuraygir National Park
New South Wales
IUCN category II (national park)
Sternopriscus weiri New South Wales Yuraygir NP Minnie Water Lake
Minnie Water Lake
Yuraygir National Park is located in New South Wales
Yuraygir National Park
Yuraygir National Park
Coordinates29°54′19″S 153°13′37″E / 29.90528°S 153.22694°ECoordinates: 29°54′19″S 153°13′37″E / 29.90528°S 153.22694°E
Established1980
Area313.71 km2 (121.1 sq mi)
Managing authoritiesNew South Wales National Parks and Wildlife Service
See alsoProtected areas of
New South Wales

Etymology

The name is a phonetic translation of the local indigenous tribe who had lived in the area, and had formerly been transcribed variously as Jeigir, Jiegera, Jungai, Yagir, Yegera, Yegir, Yiegera or Youngai.

Description

Covering 65 km (40 mi) of coastline, it is the largest coastal park in New South Wales.[1] The Yuraygir coastal walk traverses the coastline,[2] and takes four days to complete.[3] There are 48 beaches, including the highly regarded 800-metre (2,600 ft)-long Shelley Beach.[4]

Thirty species of mammal have been recorded within the park, including the threatened rufous bettong (Aepyprymnus rufescens), tiger quoll (Dasyurus maculatus), brush-tailed phascogale (Phascogale tapoatafa) and squirrel glider (Petaurus norfolcensis). Swamps and wet heath are habitat for the threatened eastern ground parrot (Pezoporus wallicus) and eastern grass owl (Tyto longimembris).[5]

Pests include feral pigs, cats, dogs and horses, and foxes, while problem weeds include groundsel bush (Baccharis halimifolia), bitou bush (Chrysanthemoides monilifera subsp. rotunda), lantana (Lantana camara) and slash pine (Pinus elliottii).[6]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Kijas, Johanna (November 2007). "Yuraygir National Park Contextual History" (PDF). Environment NSW. Sydney, New South Wales: Department of Environment and Climate Change. Retrieved 3 February 2015.
  2. ^ "Yuraygir coastal walk". National Parks NSW. NSWNPWS. 29 January 2015. Retrieved 3 February 2015.
  3. ^ Stone, Derrick (2012). Walks, Tracks and Trails of New South Wales. Csiro Publishing. p. 13. ISBN 9780643106901.
  4. ^ Andrew D. Short, Brad Farmer (2012). 101 Best Australian Beaches. NewSouth. p. 176. ISBN 9781742245997.
  5. ^ "Yuraygir National Park: Native animals". Environment NSW. Department of Environment and Climate Change. 29 January 2015. Retrieved 3 February 2015.
  6. ^ "Yuraygir National Park: Pests and Weeds". Environment NSW. Department of Environment and Climate Change. 29 January 2015. Retrieved 3 February 2015.
Angourie, New South Wales

Angourie is a small coastal village in the Clarence Valley Council of New South Wales, Australia. Angourie is located 5 km south of Yamba, New South Wales, and is at the northern tip of Yuraygir National Park. Towns that surround Angourie are Yamba and Wooloweyah.

Banksia ericifolia

Banksia ericifolia, the heath-leaved banksia (also known as the lantern banksia or heath banksia), is a species of woody shrub of the family Proteaceae native to Australia. It grows in two separate regions of Central and Northern New South Wales east of the Great Dividing Range. Well known for its orange or red autumn inflorescences, which contrast with its green fine-leaved heath-like foliage, it is a medium to large shrub that can reach 6 m (20 ft) high and wide, though is usually half that size. In exposed heathlands and coastal areas it is more often 1–2 m (3.3–6.6 ft).

Banksia ericifolia was one of the original Banksia species collected by Joseph Banks around Botany Bay in 1770 and was named by Carl Linnaeus the Younger, son of Carl Linnaeus, in 1782. A distinctive plant, it has split into two subspecies: Banksia ericifolia subspecies ericifolia of the Sydney region and Banksia ericifolia subspecies macrantha of the New South Wales Far North Coast which was recognized in 1996.

Banksia ericifolia has been widely grown in Australian gardens on the east coast for many years, and is used to a limited extent in the cut flower industry. Compact dwarf cultivars such as Banksia 'Little Eric' have become more popular in recent years with the trend toward smaller gardens.

Coffs Harbour

Coffs Harbour is a city on the Mid North Coast of New South Wales, Australia, 540 km (340 mi) north of Sydney, and 390 km (240 mi) south of Brisbane. It is one of the largest urban centres on the North Coast, with an estimated population of 71,822 in 2018.Coffs Harbour's economy was once based mainly on bananas, now being superseded by blueberries as well as tourism and fishing. The wider region is known as the Bananacoast.The city has a campus of Southern Cross University, a public and a private hospital, several radio stations, and three major shopping centres. Coffs Harbour is near numerous national parks, including a marine national park.

There are regular passenger flights each day to Sydney and Melbourne departing from Coffs Harbour Airport. Coffs Harbour is also accessible by road, by NSW TrainLink, and by regular bus services.

Coldstream River

Coldstream River, a watercourse of the Clarence River catchment, is located in the Northern Rivers district of New South Wales, Australia.

Forest raven

The forest raven (Corvus tasmanicus, also commonly known as the Tasmanian raven) is a passerine bird in the family Corvidae native to Tasmania and parts of southern Victoria, such as Wilsons Promontory and Portland. Populations are also found in parts of New South Wales, including Dorrigo and Armidale. Measuring 50–53 cm (20–21 in) in length, it has all-black plumage, beak and legs. As with the other two species of raven in Australia, its black feathers have grey bases. Adults have white irises; younger birds have dark brown and then hazel irises with an inner blue rim. New South Wales populations are recognised as a separate subspecies C. tasmanicus boreus, but appear to be nested within the Tasmanian subspecies genetically.

The forest raven lives in a wide variety of habitats in Tasmania but is restricted to more closed forest on mainland Australia. Breeding takes place in spring and summer, occurring later in Tasmania than in New South Wales. The nest is a bowl-shaped structure of sticks sited high in a tree. An omnivorous and opportunistic feeder, it eats a wide variety of plant and animal material, as well as food waste from urban areas and roadkill. It has been blamed for killing lambs and poultry and raiding orchards in Tasmania, and is unprotected under Tasmanian legislation. The forest raven is sedentary, with pairs generally bonding for life and establishing permanent territories.

Gumbaynggirr

Gumbaynggir (also "Kumbainggar", as pronounced by the first European settlers) are an Australian Aboriginal group on the Mid North Coast of New South Wales. The Gumbaynggirr Nation is from Tabbimoble Yamba- Clarence River to Ngambaa-Stuarts Point, SWR- Macleay. The Gumbaynggirr have the largest midden-shell deposit in the Southern Hemisphere.

High Conservation Value Old Growth forest

The High Conservation Value Old Growth forest is a heritage-listed forest located across twelve local government areas in the Northern Rivers, Mid North Coast, and New England regions of New South Wales, Australia. The conservation area is also known as Old Growth Forest; HCVOG Forest; and Upper North East NSW. Broadly speaking, the conservation area forms part of the much larger Gondwana Rainforests, a UNESCO World Heritage site totalling more than 366,000 hectares (900,000 acres). The conservation area is owned by the NSW Department of Primary Industries and the NSW Office of Environment and Heritage, both agencies of the Government of New South Wales. The conservation area was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 22 December 2000.

List of national parks of Australia

This is a list of national parks within Australia that are managed by Australian, state and territory governments.

Protected areas of New South Wales

The Protected areas of New South Wales include both terrestrial and marine protected areas. At 30 June 2010 there were 776 separate terrestrial protected areas with a total land area of 6,641,256 hectares (16,410,900 acres) (8.29% of the state’s area). 189 of these are national parks, totalling 5,045,422 hectares (12,467,510 acres). At the same time there were 18 aquatic protected areas with a total area of 347,087 hectares (857,670 acres).

Royal National Park Coastal Cabin Communities

Royal National Park Coastal Cabin Communities are heritage-listed cabin communities in the Royal National Park, Lilyvale, City of Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia. They were built from 1930 to 1950 by private citizens using their own initiative, resources and labour. It refers to the specific communities of Little Garie, Era and Burning Palms, also known collectively as the Royal National Park Coastal Shack Communities. The area is owned by the Office of Environment and Heritage. It was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 27 April 2012.

Yamba, New South Wales

Yamba is a locality in northern New South Wales, Australia at the mouth of the Clarence River. The first European to visit the area was Matthew Flinders, who stopped in Yamba Bay for six days in July 1799.The town economy is strongly based on fishing and tourism, but has a diverse range of influences, due to the 'Sea Change' phenomena and the large number of baby boomers who are starting to retire to the warmer climates.In 2017, Yamba had a population of 6,135, but as a popular tourist destination, it can triple its population in the holiday period. In 2009 Yamba was voted the number 1 town in Australia by Australian Traveller Magazine.Yamba is known to have experienced the natural phenomenon known as sea foam.

Yaygirr

The Yaygir, Yuraygir, or Yaegl, were an Australian Aboriginal tribe who traditionally lived in and around Coffs Harbour, New South Wales.

Central West, North West Slopes,
Riverina, and South West Slopes
Hunter and Mid North Coast
New England Tablelands
Northern Rivers
Outback NSW
South Coast and Highlands
Sydney and surrounds

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