The Yukon–Kuskokwim Delta is a river delta located where the Yukon and Kuskokwim rivers empty into the Bering Sea on the west coast of the U.S. state of Alaska. At approximately 129,500 square kilometers (50,000 sq mi) in size, it is one of the largest deltas in the world. It is larger than the Mississippi River Delta (which varies between 32,400 and 122,000 square kilometers (12,500 and 47,100 sq mi)), and comparable in size to the entire U.S. state of Louisiana (135,700 square kilometers (52,400 sq mi)). The delta, which consists mostly of tundra, is protected as part of the Yukon Delta National Wildlife Refuge.
The delta has approximately 25,000 residents. 85% of these are Alaska Natives: Yupik Eskimos and Athabaskan Indians. The main population center and service hub is the city of Bethel, with an estimated population of around 6,219 (as of 2011). Bethel is surrounded by 49 smaller villages, with the largest villages consisting of over 1,000 people. Most residents live a traditional subsistence lifestyle of hunting, fishing, and gathering. More than 30 percent have cash incomes well below the federal poverty threshold.
Bethel is the location of the Yukon Kuskokwim Correctional Center.
The meridian 165° west of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, North America, the Pacific Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.
The 165th meridian west forms a great circle with the 15th meridian east.Ann Fienup-Riordan
Ann Fienup-Riordan (born 1948) is an American cultural anthropologist known for her work with the Yup'ik of western Alaska, particularly on Nelson Island and the Yukon–Kuskokwim Delta. She lives in Anchorage, Alaska.
She received her Ph.D. in anthropology in 1980 from the University of Chicago, where she was influenced by David M. Schneider. Her dissertation was based on 1976-77 fieldwork on Nelson Island, Alaska.Baird Inlet
Baird Inlet (Nanvaruk in Yup'ik, literally: ‘big lake’) is a 35-mile-long (56 km) bay in the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta in the U.S. state of Alaska. It borders Nelson Island and is drained primarily by the Ninglick and Kolavinarak Rivers. Ivan Petrof named the inlet for Spencer Fullerton Baird in 1880. The Eskimo name is "Nunavarok" according to a 1949 U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey report.Bethel Broadcasting, Incorporated
Bethel Broadcasting, Incorporated, doing business as KYUK, KYUK-FM and KYUK-TV is a non-profit corporation dedicated to serving the Yup'ik Eskimo and residents of populations of southwest Alaska with local, non-commercial public radio and television. KYUK is a National Public Radio and Alaska Public Radio affiliate and PBS member station through the Alaska One Public Television Network. KYUK is located in Bethel, Alaska a town situated on the banks of the Kuskokwim River within the Yukon/Kuskokwim Delta region of southwestern Alaska.
KYUK has maintained an archive of their programs and productions. The Archive has over 5,000 audio and video recordings from the mid-1970s to the present. The mission of the Archive is to preserve, organize, store and make accessible moving image and sound recordings produced by KYUK Television and Radio about the culture, language, history and contemporary life of Yup'ik people and residents of the region.
The contents of the Archive include local news footage, newscasts, long form documentaries and documentary production elements, instructional public affairs, feature magazine shows, and Yup'ik dance performance programs. Many programs were produced in both English and Yup'ik languages.Black turnstone
The black turnstone (Arenaria melanocephala) is a species of small wading bird. It is one of two species of turnstone in the genus Arenaria the ruddy turnstone (A. interpres) being the other. It is now classified in the sandpiper family, Scolopacidae, but was formerly sometimes placed in the plover family, Charadriidae. It is native to the west coast of North America and breeds only in Alaska.Dog Salmon River
The Dog Salmon River is a 70-mile (110 km) tributary of the Ugashik River in the U.S. state of Alaska. Beginning on the flanks of Mount Kialagvik, it flows northwest through the Alaska Peninsula National Wildlife Refuge to meet the larger river 4 miles (6 km) southwest of Ugashik, at the head of Ugashik Bay, an arm of Bristol Bay.It descends to the upper reaches of the bay from an elevation of 981 feet (299 m) in a valley of the Aleutian Range between Mount Chiginagak and Mount Kialagvik. Among its feeder streams are Figure Eight, Goblet, and Wandering creeks.It is shallow with many oxbow turns and is not navigable. The streambed is a mix of gravel and mud, with its milky glacier headwaters growing increasingly muddy as it progresses.
There are many rivers in Alaska bearing the name Dog Salmon River and this river should not be confused with those located on the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta or eastern Norton Sound.
As its name suggests, the river primarily hosts large numbers of Chum Salmon along with smaller numbers of Pink Salmon and Dolly Varden char.Grant Aviation
Grant Aviation is a regional airline that serves the town of Kenai, the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta, Bristol Bay and the Aleutian Chain in Alaska. The airline was formed in 1971 as Delta Air Services based in Emmonak. The current owners are Bruce McGlasson and Mark "Woody" Richardson, who purchased the airline in 2004.Ingakslugwat Hills
The Ingakslugwat Hills volcanic field is in the Yukon–Kuskokwim Delta in western Alaska. It contains eight large craters and about thirty small pyroclastic cones in an area of some 500 km2. The field contains unusual so-called "Ingakslugwat volcanoes", volcanic ridges up to 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) long and 400 metres (1,300 ft) high which are formed by pyroclastic material. They most likely formed by the interaction of permafrost with magma, seeing as they have a hydrovolcanic nature despite being high above the water table.The field is located 35 miles (56 km) north of Baird Inlet. The volcanoes rise 600 feet (180 m) over the surrounding plains and often contain small crater lakes. The height of the cones ranges 8–190 metres (26–623 ft). The volcanoes were active between 1 million and 700,000 years ago, but the latest activity may be of Holocene age. The volcanoes are formed by basaltic rocks. Other Quaternary volcanic centres in the region are Nelson Island and the Kusilvak Mountains.Olivine basalt is the principal volcanic rock but basanite and nephelinite are also found.Kigigak Island
Kigigak Island is an island located near the northwest corner of Nelson Island at the mouth of Ninglick River, 110 miles west of Bethel in the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta. It is 5 miles across. The island has a land area of 31.839 km² (12.293 sq mi) and was unpopulated at the 2000 census. It is part of the Bethel Census Area. The nearest populated communities are Newtok and Tununak.List of hospitals in Alaska
List of hospitals in Alaska (U.S. state), sorted by hospital name.
Alaska Native Medical Center, Anchorage
Alaska Regional Hospital, Anchorage
Bartlett Regional Hospital, Juneau
Bassett Army Community Hospital, Fort Wainwright
Central Peninsula General Hospital, Soldotna
Cordova Community Medical Center, Cordova
Elmendorf AFB Hospital, Anchorage
Fairbanks Memorial Hospital, Fairbanks
Kanakanak Hospital, Dillingham
PeaceHealth Ketchikan Medical Center, Ketchikan
Maniilaq Health Center, Kotzebue
Mat-Su Regional Medical Center, Palmer
Mt. Edgecumbe Hospital, Sitka
Northstar Hospital, Anchorage
Norton Sound Regional Hospital, Nome
Petersburg Medical Center Petersburg
Providence Alaska Medical Center, Anchorage
Providence Kodiak Island Medical Center, Kodiak
Providence Seward Medical and Care Center, Seward
Samuel Simmonds Memorial Hospital, Utqiagvik
Sitka Community Hospital, Sitka
South Peninsula Hospital, Homer
St. Elias Specialty Hospital, Anchorage
Wrangell Medical Center, Wrangell
Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta Regional Hospital, BethelMountain Village, Alaska
Mountain Village (Asaacarsaq in Central Yup'ik) is a city in Kusilvak Census Area, Alaska, United States, located on the Yukon River near the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta. At the 2010 census the population was 813, up from 755 in 2000.Mousefood
Mousefood or Anlleq is a native food highly prized by Yupik people on the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta. It consists of the roots of various tundra plants which are cached by voles in underground burrows. Raindrops are the roots of tall cottongrass. These roots are less than an inch long and are shaped, as the name suggests, like a drop of water. They are eaten with seal oil or put in soup. Eskimo sweet potatoes are the roots of Hedysarum alpinum. As the name suggests, these roots are somewhat sweet and are used in Akutaq. Elders teach that when collecting mousefood, one should always leave half of the cache for the "mouse." They also recommend leaving a gift – something that the mouse can eat – for the mouse.The Bush (Alaska)
In Alaska, the bush typically refers to any region of the state not connected to the North American road network or ready access to the state's ferry system. A large proportion of Alaska's native populations live in the bush, often substantially depending on subsistence hunting and fishing.Geographically, the bush comprises the Alaska North Slope; Northwest Arctic; West, including the Baldwin and Seward Peninsulas; the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta; Southwest Alaska; Bristol Bay; Alaska Peninsula; and remote areas of the Alaska Panhandle and Interior.
Some of the larger, hub communities in the bush, which typically can be reached by larger, commercial airplanes, include Bethel, Dillingham, King Salmon, Nome, Utqiagvik, Kodiak Island, Kotzebue, and Unalaska-Dutch Harbor.Most parts of Alaska that are off the road or ferry system can be reached by small bush airplanes. Travel between smaller communities or to and from hub communities is typically accomplished by snow machines, boats, or ATVs.The Delta Discovery
The Delta Discovery is a weekly newspaper serving Bethel, Alaska, and the villages of the Yukon–Kuskokwim Delta and Bristol Bay regions of southwestern Alaska. Its motto is "Real news for the real people". ("Real people" is a rough translation of the indigenous name of the local tribe.)Tutakoke River
The Tutakoke River is a small coastal river in the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta. The river is located near Hooper Bay, Alaska, within the Kusilvak Census Area.Village Area Network
The concept of the Village Area Network or (VAN) was coined to demonstrate the importance of a networked community of technology users in small villages throughout the Yukon–Kuskokwim Delta in southwest Alaska.
The term was originally used by key members of the Distance Delivery Consortium (DDC) in 1997: H.A.'Red' Boucher; Rebecca Grandusky; Martin Leonard III; Curt Madison, and Robert Medinger.Yukon-Kuskokwim Health Corporation
The Yukon-Kuskokwim Health Corporation (YKHC), administers a health care delivery system for over 50 rural communities in the Yukon–Kuskokwim Delta in southwest Alaska. The YKHC is accredited by the Joint Commission.
The YKHC system consists of a primary facility in Bethel and five sub-regional clinics in Aniak, Emmonak, Hooper Bay, St. Mary's and Toksook Bay. This system offers inpatient services at the Bethel hospital, primary care, specialty services, pediatric care, emergency services, behavioral health counseling and treatment services, dental and optometry clinics, home care services, specialized programs for people living with diabetes, tobacco cessation, and many outreach/education programs to promote healthy living.
Additionally, the Community Health Aide Program (CHAP) provides village-based primary health care in 47 village clinics in the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta, including acute, chronic and emergency care, preventative services, and health promotion disease prevention activities to individuals, families, and their communities.Yup'ik doll
Yup'ik doll (Yup'ik yugaq sg yugak dual yugat pl or yuguaq, irniaruaq, irnianguaq, inuguaq; also, yunguaq in Unaliq-Pastuliq dialect, sugaq, sugaruaq, suguaq in Bristol Bay dialect, cugaq, cugaruaq in Hooper Bay-Chevak dialect, cuucunguar in Nunivak dialect) is a traditional Eskimo style doll and figurine form made in the southwestern Alaska by Yup'ik people. Also known as Cup'ik doll for the Chevak Cup'ik dialect speaking Eskimos of Chevak and Cup'ig doll for the Nunivak Cup'ig dialect speaking Eskimos of Nunivak Island. Typically, Yup'ik dolls are dressed in traditional Eskimo style Yup'ik clothing (as irniaruam atkua "doll parka"), intended to protect the wearer from cold weather, and are often made from traditional materials obtained through food gathering. Play dolls from the Yup'ik area were made of wood, bone, or walrus ivory and measured from one to twelve inches in height or more. Male and female dolls were often distinguished anatomically and can be told apart by the addition of ivory labrets for males and chin tattooing for females. The information about play dolls within Alaska Native cultures is sporadic. As is so often the case in early museum collections, it is difficult to distinguish dolls made for play from those made for ritual. There were always five dolls making up a family: a father, a mother, a son, a daughter, and a baby. Some human figurines were used by shamans.Yupik peoples
The Yupik () are a group of indigenous or aboriginal peoples of western, southwestern, and southcentral Alaska and the Russian Far East. They are Eskimo and are related to the Inuit and Iñupiat peoples. Yupik peoples include the following:
Alutiiq people, or Sugpiaq, of the Alaska Peninsula and coastal and island areas of southcentral Alaska
Central Alaskan Yup'ik people of the Yukon-Kuskokwim delta, the Kuskokwim River, and along the northern coast of Bristol Bay as far east as Nushagak Bay and the northern Alaska Peninsula at Naknek River and Egegik Bay in Alaska
Siberian Yupik people, including Naukan, Chaplino, and Sirenik of the Russian Far East and St. Lawrence Island in western Alaska
|Largest cities |
pop. over 25,000
|Smaller cities |
pop. over 2,000