Yukigassen (雪合戦) is a snowball fighting-competition from Japan. Today there are annual tournaments in Sōbetsu, Hokkaidō in Japan, Kemijärvi in Finland, Vardø in Norway, Murmansk in Russia, Mount Buller, Victoria in Australia, Luleå in Sweden, Anchorage in Alaska, Aparan in Armenia, Jasper, Alberta and Saskatoon, Saskatchewan in Canada.

The word consists of the Japanese words yuki (snow) and kassen (battle) with rendaku. Hence yukigassen means snow battle, but is a common term for 'snowball fight' in Japanese.

Court for the Japanese snow game Yukigassen
Kemijärvi Yukigassen 2011 Final


Yukigassen is a game between two teams with seven players each. The game is played on a court with certain measurements, and the winner is determined through rules made by the Japan Yukigassen Federation.[1] It is similar to capture the flag; players are eliminated when hit with snowballs. Players wear special yukigassen helmets with face shields, and a set number of snowballs (90) are made in advance.[2]


Medal winners


Here is a list of medal winners in the Swedish championship, held in Luleå in 2017

Gold Medal Team Minttu

Silver medal unknown

Bronze medal unknown


Here is a list of medal winners in the third Swedish championship, held in Luleå in 2012

Gold Medal I & Co

Silver medal KREwasion Invation

Bronze medal Team LTU/Backyard Porsön


Here is a list of medal winners in the second Swedish championship, held in Luleå in 2011

Gold Medal Backyard Porsön

Silver medal Cockroaches

Bronze medal I & Co


Here is a list of medal winners in the first Swedish Championship, held in Luleå in 2010

Gold Medal Team LTU/Backyard Porsön

Silver medal I & Co

Bronze medal Gefle Snow Warriors


Here is a list of the medal winners in the European Nordic Tournament in Vardø in 2007

Gold Medal Hiawatha (Norwegian)

Silver medal IL Tempo Gigante (Norwegian)

Bronze medal KP 55 (Finnish)


Here is a list of the medal winners in the Nordic Tournament in Vardø in 2006:

Gold: Lapin Peurat (Finnish)

Silver: KP 55 (Finnish)

Bronze: Små Rasmus etterkommere (Norwegian)


Here is a list of the medal winners in the Nordic Tournament in Vardø in 2005:

Gold: Små Rasmus etterkommere (Norwegian)

Silver: Hiawatha (Norwegian)

Bronze: KP 55 (Finnish)

See also


  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on February 21, 2006. Retrieved April 23, 2006.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ http://yukigassenfinlandinenglish.blogspot.se/p/rules.html

External links

Iya Valley

The Iya Valley (祖谷 Iya) region in Tokushima Prefecture, Japan is a scenic area known for its dramatic mountain valleys, thatched roof farmhouses and historic vine bridges. Although access has improved in recent years, the Iya Valley and the inner parts of Shikoku have historically been remote and difficult to enter, making them a favorite retreat for refugees and defeated warriors. Most notably, members of the Taira clan (aka Heike clan) were rumored to have entered the area after losing the Genpei War to the Minamoto clan in the late 12th century.

In modern times, the Iya Valley has become an increasingly popular tourist destination due to its natural environment and to being one of the last few vestiges of old world Japan. Although the west part of the valley (known as Nishi-Iya) has good road access and other tourist facilities, the eastern area known as Higashi-Iya (東祖谷) or Oku-Iya (奥祖谷) is still relatively difficult to access. Several vine bridges, once the only method for crossing the rivers, continue to span the valleys and have become a tourist attraction.

JDC West

Jeux du Commerce West, JDC West Business Competition or informally, JDC West is an annual business competition featuring top business schools and students from across Western Canada, as well as the largest undergraduate business competition in Western Canada. The first competition, hosted by UBC, occurred January 20-23, 2006, and attracted over 400 students. JDC West was modeled after Jeux du Commerce and allows the competition to move from host university/city to host university/city each given year.


Kī-o-rahi is a ball sport played in New Zealand with a small round ball called a 'kī'. It is a fast-paced game incorporating skills similar to rugby union, netball and touch. Two teams of seven players play on a circular field divided into zones, and score points by touching the 'pou' (boundary markers) and hitting a central 'tupu' or target. The game is played with varying rules (e.g. number of people, size of field, tag ripping rules etc.) depending on the geographic area it is played in. A process called Tatu, before the game, determines which rules the two teams will use.

In 2005 kī-o-rahi was chosen to represent New Zealand by global fast-food chain McDonald's as part of its 'Passport to Play' programme to teach physical play activities in 31,000 American schools.

The programme will give instruction in 15 ethnic games to seven million primary school children.The New Zealand kī-o-rahi representative organisation, Kī-o-Rahi Akotanga Iho, formed with men's and women's national teams, completed a 14 match tour of Europe in September and October 2010. The men's team included 22-test All Black veteran Wayne Shelford who led the team to a 57–10 test win against Kī-o-Rahi Dieppe Organisation, the French Kī-o-Rahi federation.

Shelford's kī-o-rahi test jersey made him the first kī-o-rahi/rugby double international for NZ. The women's team coached by Andrea Cameron (Head of PE at Tikipunga High School) also won by 33–0. These were the first historic test matches between NZ and France.

List of Haruhi Suzumiya chapters

Several manga series have been developed based on the Haruhi Suzumiya light novels written by Nagaru Tanigawa and illustrated by Noizi Ito.

The first one, by Makoto Mizuno, ran from May to December 2004 and was considerably different from the light novels in its one published volume, having little input from the original author.

The second series, illustrated by Gaku Tsugano, ran from November 2005 to September 2013, with a younger target audience than the original novels. On April 17, 2008, Yen Press announced that they had acquired the license for the North American release of the first four volumes of the second manga series, promising the manga would not be censored.The third adaptation, was an official parody four-panel comic strip titled The Melancholy of Suzumiya Haruhi-chan by Puyo started serialization in Shōnen Ace on July 26, 2007 and in The Sneaker on August 30, 2007.

Yen Press licensed the Haruhi-chan manga series for an English release in North America and released the first volume on October 26, 2010.Another manga, The Disappearance of Nagato Yuki-chan (長門有希ちゃんの消失, Nagato Yuki-chan no Shōshitsu), also by Puyo, was serialized in Kadokawa Shoten's Young Ace between July 2009 and August 2016. It is set in the alternate timeline established in the fourth light novel, The Disappearance of Haruhi Suzumiya, where Yuki Nagato is a shy schoolgirl as opposed to an alien. The series has also been licensed in North America by Yen Press.A dōjinshi of note is the four-panel parody manga Nyorōn Churuya-san by Eretto (Utsura Uraraka). Starring a super deformed, smoked cheese-loving version of Tsuruya this manga was published in three volumes (released on August 2006, February 2007, and October 2007) before beginning serialization in the magazine Comp Ace in November 2008.

List of Oh My Goddess! soundtracks

Below is a list of soundtracks (OSTs) from the anime series derived from the Oh My Goddess! (Ah! My Goddess!, ああっ女神さまっ - Aa! Megami-sama!) manga.

List of Reborn! chapters

The chapters of the manga series Reborn!, titled as Katekyō Hitman Reborn! in Japan, are written and drawn by Akira Amano and have been serialized in Weekly Shōnen Jump by Shueisha since its premiere on May 31, 2004 and ran until its conclusion on November 12, 2012, with the final 42nd volume released in March 2013. The series revolves around the life of 14-year-old Tsunayoshi "Tsuna" Sawada, a timid boy who finds out that he is the next in line to become the boss of the most powerful Mafia organization, the Vongola Family. As such, the Vongola's most powerful hitman, a gun-toting infant named Reborn, is sent to tutor Tsuna on how to become a respectable boss.

Since its premiere, over three hundred chapters, which are each referred to as a "Target" (標的, Tāgetto), have been released in Japan. The manga has been adapted into an anime series by Artland and it premiered on the Japanese network TV Tokyo on October 7, 2006. On September 21, 2006, Viz Media announced that they licensed the manga for an English language release in North America. The manga has also been licensed in France by Glénat, in Spain by Planeta DeAgostini, and is released in Germany by Tokyopop.The individual chapters are published in tankōbon volumes by Shueisha. The first volume was released on October 4, 2004, forty two volumes have been released. Viz released the first collected volume on October 3, 2006 under their "Shōnen Jump Advanced" imprint, and a total of sixteen volumes have been released.

List of Reborn! episodes

The episodes of the Reborn! anime series, also known as Katekyō Hitman Reborn!, is a Japanese television series directed by Kenichi Imaizumi and produced and animated by Artland. It first began airing in Japan on the television network TV Tokyo on October 7, 2006, and has since broadcast over 200 episodes, which are each referred to as a "Target". The anime is an adaptation of Akira Amano's manga series of the same name, which was first serialized in Japan's Weekly Shōnen Jump in 2004. The series centers around the life of Tsunayoshi "Tsuna" Sawada, a timid boy who learns he is the great-great-great grandson of the founder of the Italian Vongola Mafia family. Tsuna, who is the only living heir, must learn to become a proper Mafia boss and is required to undergo training from the Vongola's number one hitman, an infant named Reborn.

As of June 26, 2009, a total of twenty-eight DVD volumes have been released in Japan by Marvelous Entertainment, with another four scheduled to have consecutive monthly releases. The DVDs have secondary volume titles: the first eight volumes are "Bullets" which contains the first thirty-three episodes; the next eight are "Battles", and contains episodes 34 to 65; volumes seventeen and eighteen are "Daily Chapters", containing episodes 66 to 73; volumes nineteen to twenty-five are "Burn" volumes, and contains episodes 75 to 101; and twenty-sixth onwards are referred to as "X.Burn" volumes.In 2008, Funimation, on behalf of Japan's d-rights production company, exercised a power of attorney to remove fansubbed episodes of the Reborn! anime from the internet. Thus, to prevent copyright infringement, cease and desist notices were sent to fansub groups who were subtitling the series. On March 21, 2009, d-rights collaborated with the anime-streaming website Crunchyroll in order to begin streaming subbed episodes of the Japanese-dubbed series in North America. New episodes were available within an hour after the airing in Japan.On April 19, 2017, the first Blu-ray box set released with episodes 1 to 73 including 2 CDs. The second box set includes episodes 74 to 141 along with 1 CD, and the third box set includes episodes 142 to 203 and 2 CDs. The Blu-ray box sets were released celebrating the series' 10th anniversary.

List of Reborn! episodes (season 1)

The first season of the Reborn! anime series is a compilation of the first thirty-three episodes from the series, which first aired in Japan from October 7, 2006 to May 26, 2007 on TV Tokyo. Titled as Katekyō Hitman Reborn! in Japan, the Japanese television series was directed by Kenichi Imaizumi, and produced and animated by Artland. The plot, based on the Reborn! manga by Akira Amano, centers around the life of Tsunayoshi "Tsuna" Sawada, a timid boy who learns he is the great-great-great grandson of the founder of the Italian Vongola mafia family. Tsuna, who is the only living heir, must learn to become a proper Mafia boss and is required to undergo training from the Vongola's number one hitman, an infant named Reborn.Five pieces of theme music are used for the episodes: two opening themes and three ending themes. The first opening theme, which is used for the first twenty-six episodes, is "Drawing days" by SPLAY. It is followed by LM.C's "Boys and Girls", used for the following episodes. The first ending theme is "Michishirube" by Keita Tachibana, which is used for the first twelve episodes, followed by the Arrows' "One Night Star" from episodes thirteen to twenty-nine, then Splay's "Echo Again" for the remainder of the season.Marvelous Entertainment, the Japanese company that handles the DVD distribution of the series, released the volumes of this season with the name "Bullet". Each of them contain four episodes with the exception of Bullet.8 which contains five episodes. The first volume was released on January 26, 2007, while the eighth was released on August 31, 2007. A DVD box containing the Bullet episodes was published in Japan on June 17, 2009.On March 21, 2009, Japan's d-rights production company collaborated with the anime-streaming website called Crunchyroll in order to begin streaming subbed episodes of the Japanese-dubbed series worldwide. New episodes are available to everyone a week after its airing in Japan.

List of Sgt. Frog episodes (season 1)

The first season of the Sgt. Frog anime series is a compilation of the first fifty-one episodes from the series, which first aired in Japan from April 3, 2004 to March 26, 2005 on TV Tokyo.

The season features one opening song and three different ending songs. "Kero! to March" (ケロッ!とマーチ, Kero! tto Māchi, Ribbit March) by Nobuaki Kakuda & Juri Ihata is used as the opening from episode 1 to 51. "Afro Gunsō" (アフロ軍曹, Afuro Gunsō) by Dance Man is used as the ending from episode 1 to 18 and again from episode 27 to 39. "Pekopon Shinryaku Ondo" (地球(ペコポン)侵略音頭, Pekopon Invasion Song) by Ondo Girls meet Keroro Platoon is used as the ending from episode 19 to 26. "Keroro-shōtai Kōnin! Netsuretsu Kangeiteki Ekaki Uta!!" (ケロロ小隊公認!熱烈歓迎的えかきうた!!, Keroro Platoon Authorized! Passionate Learn to Draw Song!!) by Keroro Platoon is used as the ending from episode 40 to 51.

Funimation Entertainment licensed this season for distribution in 2008, and released it on DVD from 2009 to 2010 as two separate seasons. The first set, entitled "Season 1 Part 1", was released September 22, 2009, and contains episodes 1 through 13, The second set, "Season 1 Part 2", was released on November 24, 2009, and contains episodes 14 through 26. A third set, "Season 2 Part 1", was released on January 26, 2010, containing episodes 27 through 39. "Season 2 Part 2" was released on March 30, 2010 containing episodes 40 through 51. The first two boxsets were re-released into one set on March 29, 2011, with the complete second season set following up on April 26, 2011.This is currently the only season of Sgt. Frog in which all the episodes have a received an English dub.

List of sports

The following is a list of sports/games, divided by category.

According to the World Sports Encyclopedia (2003), there are 8,000 indigenous sports and sporting games.


Luleå ( LOO-lay-oh, Swedish: [ˈlʉːlɛɔ] (listen), locally [ˈlʉːlɛ] (listen); Westrobothnian: Lul, Leul, or Leol [²lʉːɽ], locally [²lewɽ]; Lule Sami: Luleju) is a city on the coast of northern Sweden, and the capital of Norrbotten County, the northernmost county in Sweden. Luleå has about 75,000 inhabitants and is the seat of Luleå Municipality (with a total population of 76,770).

Luleå has the seventh biggest harbor in Sweden for shipping goods. It has a large steel industry and is a center for extensive research. Luleå University of Technology is one of Sweden’s three technology universities (the other two are KTH and Chalmers) and the northernmost university in Sweden.

Ninja Sentai Kakuranger

Ninja Sentai Kakuranger (忍者戦隊カクレンジャー, Ninja Sentai Kakurenjā) is a Japanese tokusatsu television series. It was Toei Company Limited's eighteenth production of the Super Sentai metaseries. The name given to this series by Toei for international distribution is Ninja Rangers.Action footage from the series was used in the third season of Mighty Morphin Power Rangers and Mighty Morphin Alien Rangers. The core Zyuranger costumes from Kyoryu Sentai Zyuranger and the Kiba Ranger costume from Gosei Sentai Dairanger were mainly used in the third season of Mighty Morphin Power Rangers while the core Kakuranger costumes were used in Mighty Morphin Alien Rangers. In January 2016, Shout! Factory announced that they would release "Ninja Sentai Kakuranger: The Complete Series" on DVD in North America. Kakuranger was released on DVD in North America on May 17, 2016. This is the third Super Sentai Series to be released in North America. In addition on May 22, 2017, Shout! streamed the series on their website.

Place to Place

Place to Place (あっちこっち, Atchi Kotchi, or Acchi Kocchi) is a Japanese yonkoma manga series by Ishiki which began serialisation in Houbunsha's Manga Time Kirara magazine from 2006. An anime adaptation by AIC aired on TBS between April and June 2012.

Quidditch (sport)

Quidditch is a sport of two teams of seven players each mounted on broomsticks played on a hockey rink-sized pitch. It is based on a fictional game of the same name invented by author J. K. Rowling, which is featured in the Harry Potter series of novels and related media.[3] The game is also sometimes referred to as muggle quidditch to distinguish it from the fictional game, which involves magical elements such as flying broomsticks and enchanted balls. In the Harry Potter universe, a "muggle" is a person without the power to use magic.

The pitch is rectangular with rounded corners 55 meters (60 yards) by 33 meters (36 yards) with three hoops of varying heights at either end.[4] The sport was created in 2005 and is therefore still quite young. However, quidditch is played around the world and actively growing.[5] The ultimate goal is to have more points than the other team by the time the snitch, a tennis ball inside a long sock hanging from the shorts of an impartial official dressed in yellow, is caught. Rules of the sport are governed by the International Quidditch Association, or the IQA, and events are sanctioned by either the IQA or that nation's governing body.

To score points, chasers or keepers must get the quaffle, a slightly deflated volleyball, into one of three of the opposing hoops which scores the team 10 points.[6] To impede the quaffle from advancing down the pitch, chasers and keepers are able to tackle opposing chasers and keepers at the same time as beaters using their bludgers—dodgeballs—to take out opposing players. Once a player is hit by an opposing bludger, that player must dismount their broom, drop any ball being held, and return to and touch their hoops before being allowed back into play.[7] The game is ended once the snitch is caught by one of the seekers, awarding that team 30 points.[8]A team consists of minimum seven (maximum 21) players, of which six are always on the pitch, those being the three chasers, one keeper, and two beaters. Besides the seeker who is off-pitch, the six players are required to abide by the gender rule, which states that a team may have a maximum of four players who identify as the same gender, making quidditch one of the few sports that not only offers a co-ed environment but an open community to those who do not identify with the gender binary.[10] Matches or games often run about 30 to 40 minutes but tend to be subject to varying lengths of time due to the unpredictable nature of the snitch catch. If the score at the end of the match including the 30 point snitch catch is tied (such that the team that caught the snitch was 30 points behind the other), the game moves to overtime where the snitch is constrained to the pitch's dimensions and the game ends after five minutes or when the snitch is legally caught.

Snowball fight

A snowball fight is a physical game in which balls of snow are thrown with the intention of hitting somebody else. The game is similar to dodgeball in its major factors, though typically less organized. This activity is primarily played during winter when there is sufficient snowfall.


Vardø (also Finnish: Vuoreija, Kven: Vuorea, Northern Sami: Várggát) is a municipality in Finnmark county in the extreme northeastern part of Norway. The administrative centre of the municipality is the town of Vardø. Two of the larger villages in the municipality are Kiberg and Svartnes.

The 601-square-kilometre (232 sq mi) municipality is the 186th largest by area of the 422 municipalities in Norway, and the 319th most populous, with a population of 2,110. The municipality's population density is 3.6 inhabitants per square kilometre (9.3/sq mi) and its population has decreased by 3.7% over the last decade.

Wakasa, Tottori

Wakasa (若桜町, Wakasa-chō) is a town located in Yazu District, Tottori Prefecture, Japan.As of 2016, the town has an estimated population of 3,209 and a density of 16 persons per km². The total area is 199.31 square kilometres (76.95 sq mi). Wakasa, located deep in the Chūgoku Mountains, is 95% mountainous. The population of Wakasa is primarily located in mountain villages in a line from the southeast to northwest of the town. Most of the population is located along the Hattō River or its small tributaries.The town hosts an annual 'Yukigassen', an organised snowball fighting tournament in which up to fifty teams participate. The winners win a trip to participate in the Hokkaido grand tournament.

Winter sports

Winter sports or winter activities are competitive sports or non-competitive recreational activities which are played on snow or ice. Most are variations of skiing, ice skating and sledding. Traditionally, such games were only played in cold areas during winter, but artificial snow and artificial ice allow more flexibility. Artificial ice can be used to provide ice rinks for ice skating, ice hockey, and bandy in a milder climate.

Common individual sports include cross-country skiing, alpine skiing, snowboarding, ski jumping, speed skating, figure skating, luge, skeleton, bobsleigh, ski orienteering and snowmobiling. Common team sports include ice hockey, curling, and bandy. Based on the number of participants, ice hockey is by far the world's most popular winter sport, followed by bandy. Winter sports have their own multi-sport events, such as the Winter Olympic Games and the Winter Universiade.

Basket sports
Football codes
Bat-and-ball games
Stick and ball sports
Net sports
Other sports

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