Yugoslav People's Army ranks

The Yugoslav People's Army ranks are the military insignia used by the Yugoslav People's Army.

Ranks (1945-47)

Officers

The rank insignia for commissioned officers for the Ground forces, Navy and Air force respectively.

Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia Yugoslavia-Army-OF-10 (1943–1947).svg No equivalent Yugoslavia-Army-OF-8 (1943–1947).svg Yugoslavia-Army-OF-7 (1943–1947).svg Yugoslavia-Army-OF-6 (1943–1947).svg Yugoslavia-Army-OF-5 (1943–1947).svg Yugoslavia-Army-OF-4 (1943–1947).svg Yugoslavia-Army-OF-3 (1943–1947).svg Yugoslavia-Army-OF-2 (1943–1947).svg Yugoslavia-Army-OF-1b (1943–1947).svg Yugoslavia-Army-OF-1a (1943–1947).svg Yugoslavia-Army-OF-(D) (1943–1947).svg
Maršal Jugoslavije[a] General-pukovnik General-lajtant General-major Pukovnik Potpukovnik Major Kapetan Poručnik Potporučnik Zastavnik
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia None.svg No equivalent
None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg Unknown
Maršal Jugoslavije[a] Admiral Vice admiral Kontraadmiral Kapetan Bojnog Broda Kapetan Fregate Kapetan Korvete Poručnik Bojnog Broda Poručnik Fregate Poručnik Korvete Potporučnik
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia Yugoslavia-AirForce-OF-10 (1943–1947).svg No equivalent None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg
Maršal Jugoslavije[a] General-pukovnik General-lajtant General-major Pukovnik Potpukovnik Major Kapetan Poručnik Potporučnik Zastavnik
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer

Enlisted

The rank insignia for enlisted personnel for the Ground forces, Navy and Air force respectively.

Equivalent
NATO code
OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia No equivalent
Yugoslavia-Army-OR-7b (1943–1947) Yugoslavia-Army-OR-7a (1943–1947) Yugoslavia-Army-OR-6 (1943–1947) Yugoslavia-Army-OR-5 (1943–1947) Yugoslavia-Army-OR-4 (1943–1947) Yugoslavia-Army-OR-3 (1943–1947) Yugoslavia-Army-OR-2 (1943–1947) No insignia
Stariji vodnik 1. klase Stariji vodnik Vodnik 1. klase Vodnik Mlađi vodnik Desetar Razvodnik Vojnik
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia No equivalent
Yugoslavia-Navy-OR-7b (1943–1947) Yugoslavia-Navy-OR-7a (1943–1947) Yugoslavia-Navy-OR-6 (1943–1947) Yugoslavia-Navy-OR-5 (1943–1947) Yugoslavia-Navy-OR-4 (1943–1947) Yugoslavia-Navy-OR-3 (1943–1947) Yugoslavia-Navy-OR-2 (1943–1947) No insignia
Zastavnik Stariji vodnik Vodnik 1. klase Vodnik Mlađi vodnik Desetar Razvodnik Vojnik
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia No equivalent
Yugoslavia-AirForce-OR-7b (1943–1947) Yugoslavia-AirForce-OR-7a (1943–1947) Yugoslavia-AirForce-OR-6 (1943–1947) Yugoslavia-AirForce-OR-5 (1943–1947) Yugoslavia-AirForce-OR-4 (1943–1947) Yugoslavia-AirForce-OR-3 (1943–1947) Yugoslavia-AirForce-OR-2 (1943–1947) No insignia
Stariji vodnik 1. klase Stariji vodnik Vodnik 1. klase Vodnik Mlađi vodnik Desetar Razvodnik Vojnik
Equivalent
NATO code
OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1

Ranks (1947-55)

Officers

The following are the rank insignia for commissioned officers for the Ground forces, Navy and Air force respectively.

Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia Yugoslavia-Army-OF-10 (1947–1951).svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg
Maršal Jugoslavije[a] General-armije General-pukovnik General-potpukovnik General-major Pukovnik Potpukovnik Major Kapetan prve klase Kapetan Poručnik Potporučnik Zastavnik
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia No equivalent Generic-Navy-(star)-O12.svg Generic-Navy-(star)-O11.svg Generic-Navy-(star)-O10.svg Generic-Navy-(star)-O9.svg Generic-Navy-(star)-O8.svg Generic-Navy-(star)-O7.svg Generic-Navy-(star)-O5.svg UdSSR Navy 1943-1991 OF2 insignia.svg Generic-Navy-(star)-O3.svg Generic-Navy-(star)-O2.svg Generic-Navy-(star)-O1.svg Unknown
Admiral flote Vice admiral Kontraadmiral Kapetan Kapetan Bojnog Broda Kapetan Fregate Kapetan Korvete Poručnik Bojnog Broda Poručnik Fregate Poručnik Korvete Potporučnik
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia No equivalent None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg
General-armije General-pukovnik General-potpukovnik General-major Pukovnik Potpukovnik Major Kapetan prve klase Kapetan Poručnik Potporučnik Zastavnik
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer

Enlisted

The rank insignia for enlisted personnel for the Ground forces, Navy and Air force respectively.

Equivalent
NATO code
OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia No equivalent
Yugoslavia-Army-OR-7 (1947–1951).svg Yugoslavia-Army-OR-6 (1947–1951).svg Yugoslavia-Army-OR-5 (1947–1951).svg Yugoslavia-Army-OR-4 (1947–1951).svg Yugoslavia-Army-OR-3 (1947–1951).svg Yugoslavia-Army-OR-2 (1947–1951).svg No insignia
Stariji vodnik Vodnik 1. klase Vodnik Mlađi vodnik Desetar Razvodnik Vojnik
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia No equivalent
Yugoslavia-Navy-OR-7 (1947–1951).svg Yugoslavia-Navy-OR-6 (1947–1951).svg Yugoslavia-Navy-OR-5 (1947–1951).svg Yugoslavia-Navy-OR-4 (1947–1951).svg Yugoslavia-Navy-OR-3 (1947–1951).svg Yugoslavia-Navy-OR-2 (1947–1951).svg No insignia
Stariji vodnik Vodnik 1. klase Vodnik Mlađi vodnik Desetar Razvodnik Vojnik
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia No equivalent
Yugoslavia-AirForce-OR-7 (1947–1951).svg Yugoslavia-AirForce-OR-6 (1947–1951).svg Yugoslavia-AirForce-OR-5 (1947–1951).svg Yugoslavia-AirForce-OR-4 (1947–1951).svg Yugoslavia-AirForce-OR-3 (1947–1951).svg Yugoslavia-AirForce-OR-2 (1947–1951).svg No insignia
Stariji vodnik Vodnik 1. klase Vodnik Mlađi vodnik Desetar Razvodnik Vojnik
Equivalent
NATO code
OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1

Ranks (1955-82)

This table shows the rank structure in use by Yugoslav People's Army from 1955 to 1982.

Officers

The rank insignia for commissioned officers for the Ground forces, Navy and Air force respectively.

Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg No equivalent
Maršal Jugoslavije[a] General[b] General-armije General-pukovnik General-potpukovnik General-major Pukovnik Potpukovnik Major Kapetan prv klase Kapetan Poručnik Potporučnik
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia Yugoslavia-Navy-OF-10 (1947–1951).svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg Unknown
Maršal Jugoslavije[a] Admiral flote Admiral Vice admiral Kontraadmiral Kapetan Bojnog Broda Kapetan Fregate Kapetan Korvete Poručnik Bojnog Broda Poručnik Fregate Poručnik Korvete Potporučnik
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg No equivalent
Maršal Jugoslavije[a] General-armije General-pukovnik avijacije General-potpukovnik avijacije General-major avijacije Pukovnik avijacije Potpukovnik avijacije Major avijacije Kapetan prv klase avijacije Kapetan avijacije Poručnik avijacije Potporučnik avijacije
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer

Enlisted

The rank insignia for enlisted personnel for the Ground forces, Navy and Air force respectively.

Equivalent
NATO code
OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia Yugoslavia-Army-OR-9 (1951–1982).svg Yugoslavia-Army-OR-8 (1951–1982).svg Yugoslavia-Army-OR-7b (1951–1982).svg Yugoslavia-Army-OR-7a (1951–1982).svg Yugoslavia-Army-OR-6 (1951–1982).svg Yugoslavia-Army-OR-5 (1951–1982).svg Yugoslavia-Army-OR-4 (1951–1982).svg Yugoslavia-Army-OR-3 (1951–1982).svg Yugoslavia-Army-OR-2 (1951–1982).svg Yugoslavia-Army-OR-1 (1951–1982).svg
Zastavnik 1. klase Zastavnik Stariji vodnik 1. klase Stariji vodnik Vodnik 1. klase Vodnik Mlađi vodnik Desetar Razvodnik Vojnik
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg
Zastavnik 1. klase Zastavnik Stariji vodnik 1. klase Stariji vodnik Vodnik 1. klase Vodnik Mlađi vodnik Desetar Razvodnik Vojnik
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg
Zastavnik 1. klase Zastavnik Stariji vodnik 1. klase Stariji vodnik Vodnik 1. klase Vodnik Mlađi vodnik Desetar Razvodnik Vojnik
Equivalent
NATO code
OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1

Ranks (1982-92)

Officers

The rank insignia for commissioned officers for the Ground forces, Navy and Air force respectively.

Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia No equivalent None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg No equivalent
General-armije General-pukovnik General-potpukovnik General-major Pukovnik Potpukovnik Major Kapetan prv klase Kapetan Poručnik Potporučnik
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia No equivalent Generic-Navy-(star)-O12.svg Generic-Navy-(star)-O11.svg Generic-Navy-(star)-O10.svg Generic-Navy-(star)-O9.svg Generic-Navy-(star)-O7.svg None.svg Generic-Navy-(star)-O5.svg Generic-Navy-(star)-O4.svg Generic-Navy-(star)-O3.svg Generic-Navy-(star)-O2.svg Generic-Navy-(star)-O1.svg Unknown
Admiral flote Admiral Vice admiral Kontraadmiral Kapetan Bojnog Broda Kapetan Fregate Kapetan Korvete Poručnik Bojnog Broda Poručnik Fregate Poručnik Korvete Potporučnik
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia No equivalent None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg No equivalent
General-armije General-pukovnik General-potpukovnik General-major Pukovnik Potpukovnik Major Kapetan prv klase Kapetan Poručnik Potporučnik
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer

Enlisted

The rank insignia for enlisted personnel for the Ground forces, Navy and Air force respectively.

Equivalent
NATO code
OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia Yugoslavia-Army-OR-9 (1982–1992).svg Yugoslavia-Army-OR-8 (1982–1992).svg Yugoslavia-Army-OR-7b (1982–1992).svg Yugoslavia-Army-OR-7a (1982–1992).svg Yugoslavia-Army-OR-6 (1982–1992).svg Yugoslavia-Army-OR-5 (1982–1992).svg Yugoslavia-Army-OR-4 (1951–1982).svg Yugoslavia-Army-OR-3 (1951–1982).svg Yugoslavia-Army-OR-2 (1951–1982).svg Yugoslavia-Army-OR-1 (1951–1982).svg
Zastavnik 1. klase Zastavnik Stariji vodnik 1. klase Stariji vodnik Vodnik 1. klase Vodnik Mlađi vodnik Desetar Razvodnik Vojnik
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg No insignia
Zastavnik 1. klase Zastavnik Stariji vodnik 1. klase Stariji vodnik Vodnik 1. klase Vodnik Mlađi vodnik Desetar Razvodnik Vojnik
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg
Zastavnik 1. klase Zastavnik Stariji vodnik 1. klase Stariji vodnik Vodnik 1. klase Vodnik Mlađi vodnik Desetar Razvodnik Vojnik
Equivalent
NATO code
OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Marshal of Yugoslavia (Marshal) - Maršal of Yugoslavia was an honorary title of the Supreme Commander of Armed Forces and not a military rank. The first and the only one was given to Josip Broz Tito, who (beside the title of Maršal and Supreme Commander), also held the lifelong function of the President of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and the leader of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia.
  2. ^ General - was highest military rank for deputy supreme commander. Ivan Gošnjak, while serving as a defence minister and deputy supreme commander of SFRY with a rank of General of the Army - 4 star, was considered for promotion in to this rank, no officers were promoted to this rank.

External links

Chief of the General Staff (Yugoslavia)

This is a list of the Chiefs of the General Staff of the Royal Yugoslav Army from 1918 to 1945, the Yugoslav People's Army from 1945 to 1992 and the Armed Forces of Serbia and Montenegro (officially named the Armed Forces of Yugoslavia between 1992 and 2003) from 1992 to 2006.

Ministry of Defence (Yugoslavia)

Through the history of Yugoslavia, the defence ministry which was responsible for defence of the country was known under several different names. The Ministry of the Army and Navy was responsible for defence of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia from 1918 to 1945, the Federal Secretariat of People's Defence for the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia from 1945 to 1992 and the Ministry of Defence for Serbia and Montenegro (officially named the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia between 1992 and 2003) from 1992 to 2006.

Ranks and insignia of the Armed Forces of Serbia and Montenegro

Ranks and insignia of the Military of Serbia and Montenegro were the military insignia used by the Armed Forces of Serbia and Montenegro. The Military of Serbia and Montenegro used same military ranks insignia as Yugoslav People's Army, with some ranks abolished. The same ranks and insignia system was used both before and after the constitutional reforms of 2003, before which the military held the name "Military of Yugoslavia". When the union of Serbia and Montenegro was dissolved, the two new armies created new systems of ranks and insignia.

Territorial Defense (Yugoslavia)

The Territorial Defense (TO) were a separate part of the armed forces of the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. The forces acted as a Home Guard which roughly corresponded to a military reserve force or an official governmental paramilitary. Each of the Yugoslav constituent republics had its own Territorial Defense military formations, while the regular army for the whole Federation was the Yugoslav People's Army (JNA), which also maintained its own reserve forces.

Yugoslav Air Force

The Air Force and Air Defence (Serbo-Croatian: Ratno vazduhoplovstvo i protivvazdušna odbrana / Ратно ваздухопловство и противваздушна одбрана; abbr. RV i PVO / РВ и ПВО), was one of three branches of the Yugoslav People's Army, the Yugoslav military. Commonly referred-to as the Yugoslav Air Force, at its height it was among the largest in Europe. The branch was disbanded in 1992 after the Breakup of Yugoslavia.

Yugoslav Ground Forces

The Yugoslav Ground Forces (Serbo-Croatian: Kopnena Vojska – KoV, Cyrillic script: Копнена Војска – КоВ) was the ground forces branch of the Yugoslav People's Army (JNA) from 1 March 1945 until 20 May 1992 when it became the Ground Forces of Serbia and Montenegro (then called Federal Republic of Yugoslavia) under the threat of sanctions.

Yugoslav Navy

The Yugoslav Navy (Serbo-Croatian: Jugoslavenska Ratna Mornarica, Југословенска Pатна Mорнарица, lit. Yugoslavian War Navy), was the navy of Yugoslavia from 1945 to 1992. It was essentially a coastal defense force with the mission of preventing enemy landings along Yugoslavia's rugged 4,000-kilometer shoreline or coastal islands, and contesting an enemy blockade or control of the strategic Strait of Otranto.

In 1990 it had 10,000 sailors (including 4,400 conscripts), including 2,300 in 25 coastal artillery batteries and 900 marines in one light naval infantry brigade. Its successors are the Croatian Navy, Montenegrin Navy, Serbian River Flotilla, and Slovene Navy.

Yugoslav People's Army

The Yugoslav National Army (Serbian: Југословенска народна армија [ЈНА], Jugoslovenska narodna armija [JNA], Croatian: Jugoslavenska narodna armija), also called the Yugoslav People's Army (Slovene: Jugoslovanska ljudska armada [JLA]), was the military of Yugoslavia from 1945 to 1992.

Yugoslav frigate Split

Split (pennant number VPBR-31) was a Koni-class frigate acquired by the Yugoslav Navy (Jugoslavenska ratna mornarica; JRM) in 1980. Designated as large patrol boats with anti-submarine warfare and air defence capabilities, both Split and its sister ship Koper were eventually armed with launchers for four P-20 anti-ship missiles making them one of the best armed ships in the navy's inventory at the time.

During the Croatian War of Independence Split took part in the Battle of the Dalmatian Channels where it was noted for shelling the city of Split after which it was named. With the withdrawal of Yugoslav Navy forces from Croatian territorial waters, Split, along with most of the fleets ships, was relocated to Montenegro. During the 1990s, it was redesignated as RF-31 and possibly renamed Beograd. The ship was decommissioned sometime between 2001 and 2005. After unsuccessful attempts of selling it as a complete warship, it was sold for scrap and broken up in 2013.

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