Yuehai dialects

Yuehai (Chinese: 粵海方言; pinyin: Yuèhái fāngyán; Jyutping: jyut6 hoi2 fong1 jin4) is the main branch of Yue Chinese, spoken in the Pearl River Delta of the province of Guangdong, as well as Hong Kong and Macau. It is commonly called Cantonese, though that name is more precisely applied to the Guangzhou dialect of Yuehai.

Yuehai
粵海方言
Native toChina
RegionPearl River Delta, Guangdong
Native speakers
13 million? (1998)[1]
Dialects
  • Guangfu
  • Sanyi
  • Xiangshan
  • Guanbao
Language codes
ISO 639-3
ISO 639-6(none)
Glottologyueh1236[2]
Linguasphere79-AAA-ma
Ping and Yue dialect map
The four main Yuehai dialects, at right, are shaded in pink

Dialects

Yuehai is divided into four principal dialects, each of which contains various subdialects. Cantonese is the prestige form.

References

  1. ^ "Guangfu" (apparently = all of Yuehai) in Olson, An Ethnohistorical Dictionary of China
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Yuehai". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
Pearl River Delta

The Pearl River Delta Metropolitan Region (PRD, Chinese: 珠江三角洲城市圈; pinyin: Zhūjiāng Sānjiǎozhōu Chéngshìquān) is the low-lying area surrounding the Pearl River estuary, where the Pearl River flows into the South China Sea. It is one of the most densely urbanized regions in the world, and is often considered as a megacity. It is now the wealthiest region in South China and one of the wealthiest in the whole China along with Yangtze River Delta in East China and Jingjinji in North China. The region's economy is referred to as Pearl River Delta Economic Zone, it is also part of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Greater Bay Area.

The PRD is a megalopolis, with future development into a single mega metropolitan area, yet itself is at the southern end of a larger megalopolis running along the southern coast of China, which include metropolises such as Chaoshan, Zhangzhou-Xiamen, Quanzhou-Putian and Fuzhou. The nine largest cities of the PRD had a combined population of 57.15 million at the end of 2013, comprising 53.69% of the provincial population. According to the World Bank Group, the PRD has become the largest urban area in the world in both size and population.The west side of this region, along with Chaoshan, was also the source of much Chinese emigration from the 19th to the mid 20th centuries, including to the Western world, where they formed many Chinatowns. Today, much of the Chinese diaspora in the US, Canada, Australia, Latin America, and much of Southeast Asia traces their ancestry to the west side of this region. Its dominant language is Cantonese.

Sanyi

The Sanyi, Three Counties, or Nanpanshun also known by various Cantonese romanizations such as Sam Yup and Nam Pun Shun refers to the three former counties of Nanhai, Panyu, and Shunde surrounding Guangzhou and Foshan.

Major
subdivisions
Standardised
forms
Phonology
Grammar
Set phrase
Input method
History
Literary
forms
Scripts

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