Ypsilanti, Michigan

Ypsilanti (/ˌɪpsɪˈlænti/ IP-si-LAN-tee, sometimes mispronounced /ˌjɪpsɪˈlænti/ YIP-si-LAN-tee),[6] commonly shortened to Ypsi, is a city in Washtenaw County in the U.S. state of Michigan, perhaps best known as the home of Eastern Michigan University. As of the 2010 census, the city's population was 21,018. The city is bounded to the north by Superior Township and on the west, south, and east by Ypsilanti Township. Ypsilanti is located 6 miles (10 km) east of Ann Arbor and about 18 miles (29 km) west of the Detroit city limits.

The geographic grid center of Ypsilanti is the intersection of the Huron River and Michigan Avenue, the latter of which connects downtown Detroit, Michigan, with Chicago, Illinois, and through Ypsilanti is partially concurrent with U.S. Route 12 Business and M-17.

Ypsilanti, Michigan
City
City of Ypsilanti
Images from top to bottom, left to right: Ypsilanti Water Tower, Depot Town/Sidetrack Bar & Grill, Ypsilanti Automotive Heritage Museum, Michigan Firehouse Museum, and Eastern Michigan University's Starkweather Hall
Flag of Ypsilanti, Michigan

Flag
Nickname(s): 
Ypsi, The Free Zone
Motto(s): 
"Pride. Diversity. Heritage."
Location within Washtenaw County
Location within Washtenaw County
Ypsilanti is located in Michigan
Ypsilanti
Ypsilanti
Location within the state of Michigan
Coordinates: 42°14′34″N 83°37′6″W / 42.24278°N 83.61833°WCoordinates: 42°14′34″N 83°37′6″W / 42.24278°N 83.61833°W
CountryUnited States
StateMichigan
CountyWashtenaw
First settled1823
Incorporated village1832
Incorporated city1858
Government
 • MayorBeth Bashert
 • City ManagerDarwin Parks McClary
Area
 • Total4.40 sq mi (11.39 km2)
 • Land4.23 sq mi (10.95 km2)
 • Water0.17 sq mi (0.44 km2)
Elevation
719 ft (219 m)
Population
 • Total19,435
 • Estimate 
(2017)[3]
21,076
 • Density4,986.04/sq mi (1,924.97/km2)
 • Density4,489.0/sq mi (1,733.2/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern Standard Time)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (Eastern Daylight Time)
ZIP Code
48197, 48198
Area code(s)734
FIPS code26-89140[4]
GNIS feature ID1616910[5]
Websitecityofypsilanti.com

History

Early history

Ypsilanti Water Tower Exterior Cross and bust
Bust of Demetrios Ypsilantis at the Ypsilanti Water Tower

Originally a trading post established in 1809 by Gabriel Godfroy, a French-Canadian fur trader from Montreal, a permanent settlement was established on the east side of the Huron River in 1823 by Major Thomas Woodruff. It was incorporated into the Territory of Michigan as the village Woodruff's Grove. A separate community a short distance away on the west side of the river was established in 1825 under the name "Ypsilanti", after Demetrios Ypsilantis, a hero in the Greek War of Independence.[7] Woodruff's Grove changed its name to Ypsilanti in 1829, the year its namesake effectively won the war for the Greek Independence at the Battle of Petra, with the two communities eventually merging. A bust of Demetrios Ypsilantis by Greek sculptor Christopher Nastos[8] stands between a Greek and a US flag at the base of the landmark Ypsilanti Water Tower.

Automotive history

Ypsilanti has played an important role in the automobile industry. From 1920 to 1922, Apex Motors produced the "ACE" car. It was in Ypsilanti that Preston Tucker (whose family owned the Ypsilanti Machine Tool Company) designed and built the prototypes for his Tucker '48. Tucker's story was related in the film Tucker: The Man and His Dream, directed by Francis Ford Coppola.

In 1945, Henry J. Kaiser and Joseph W. Frazer bought the nearby Willow Run B-24 Liberator bomber plant from Ford Motor Company, and started to make Kaiser and Frazer model cars in 1947. The last Kaiser car made in Ypsilanti rolled off the assembly line in 1953, when the company merged with Willys-Overland and moved production to Toledo, Ohio. General Motors purchased the Kaiser Frazer plant, and converted it into its Hydramatic Division (now called its Powertrain division), beginning production in November 1953. The GM Powertrain Division ceased production at this facility in 2010.

Ypsilanti is also the location of the last Hudson automobile dealership. Today, the former dealership is the site of the Ypsilanti Automotive Heritage Collection. The museum is the home to an original Fabulous Hudson Hornet race car, which inspired the character Doc Hudson in the 2006 Pixar animated film Cars.

Political history

Statue of Harriet Tubman Ypsilanti Michigan
Statue of Harriet Tubman in Ypsilanti, Michigan.

In the early 1970s, along with neighboring city of Ann Arbor, the citizens reduced the penalty for the use and sale of marijuana to $5[9] (the Ypsilanti Marijuana Initiative; see also the Human Rights Party). When Ypsilanti prosecuted a man possessing 100 pounds (45 kg) of cannabis under state law, the defense argued he should have been charged under Ypsilanti's ordinance. The trial judge declared the ordinance's requirement that Ypsilanti prosecute only under city law unenforceable. An appeal court upheld the trial judge's ruling. Later, Ypsilanti City Council, using its power of codification, deleted the ordinance.

In 1979, Faz Husain was elected to the Ypsilanti city council, the first Muslim and the first native of India to win elected office in Michigan.

In the 1990s Ypsilanti became the first city in Michigan to pass a living wage ordinance.

On July 23, 2007, Governor Jennifer Granholm announced that Ypsilanti, along with the cities of Caro and Clio, was chosen by the Michigan State Housing Development Authority (MSHDA) to take part in the Blueprints for Michigan's Downtowns program. The award provides for an economic development consultant to assist Ypsilanti in developing a growth and job creation strategy for the downtown area.[10]

Timeline

  • 1809 – Trading post established by French-Canadian Gabriel Godfroy from Montreal
  • 1823 – Village of Woodruff's Grove platted
  • 1825 – April 21, Plat recorded under the name Ypsilanti
  • 1827 – Ypsilanti Township organized
  • 1832 – June 19, Woodruff's Grove re-organized and incorporated as the Village of Ypsilanti
  • 1849 – Eastern Michigan University founded as Michigan State Normal School
  • 1858 – February 4, the Village of Ypsilanti reincorporated as a city
  • 1890 – Michigan's first interurban, the Ann Arbor and Ypsilanti Street Railway, begins service
  • 1890 – The Ypsilanti Water Tower is completed
  • 1929 – Miller Motors Hudson opens, it eventually becomes the last Hudson dealership in the world[11]
  • 1931 – McKenny Union opens as the first student union on the campus of a teachers' college.[12]
  • 1959 – Eastern Michigan becomes a university
  • 1960 – Tom Monaghan founds Domino's Pizza as DomiNick's Pizza at 507 W. Cross St, Ypsilanti.
  • 1967 – Ypsilanti resident John Norman Collins is suspected of being the perpetrator of the Michigan murders, a series of murders of coeds at the University of Michigan and Eastern Michigan University. He was convicted in 1969, but of only one of the murders.
  • 1990 – Eastern Michigan University achieves its highest student enrollment of 26,000
  • 1998 – The Michigan Firehouse Museum is established preserving a firehouse built in 1898.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.52 square miles (11.71 km2), of which 4.33 square miles (11.21 km2) is land and 0.19 square miles (0.49 km2) is water.[13] The Huron River flows through both the City of Ypsilanti and the Charter Township of Ypsilanti.

Ypsilanti is located at 42°14′N 83°37′W / 42.24°N 83.62°W, in the western reaches of the Detroit/Windsor metropolitan area. Suburban development between Ypsilanti and Ann Arbor, via Washtenaw Avenue and Packard Road, has been unbroken since the late 1960s. Downtown Ypsilanti and the surrounding neighborhoods are the site of many historical homes, including kit homes by companies like Aladdin and Sears.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18603,955
18705,47138.3%
18804,984−8.9%
18906,12923.0%
19007,37820.4%
19106,230−15.6%
19207,41319.0%
193010,14336.8%
194012,12119.5%
195018,30251.0%
196020,95714.5%
197029,53840.9%
198024,031−18.6%
199024,8183.3%
200022,362−9.9%
201019,435−13.1%
Est. 201721,076[3]8.4%
Sources: United States Census[14] (1900–2000)
U.S. Census Bureau[15] (2009)

2010 census

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 19,435 people, 8,026 households, and 2,880 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,488.5 inhabitants per square mile (1,733.0/km2). There were 9,271 housing units at an average density of 2,141.1 per square mile (826.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 61.5% White, 29.2% African American, 0.6% Native American, 3.4% Asian, 1.1% from other races, and 4.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.9% of the population.

There were 8,026 households of which 18.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 19.7% were married couples living together, 12.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 64.1% were non-families. 42.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.06 and the average family size was 2.92.

The median age in the city was 25 years. 14.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 35.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.3% were from 25 to 44; 16.6% were from 45 to 64; and 8.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.7% male and 50.3% female.

2000 census

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 22,362 people, 8,551 households, and 3,377 families residing in the city. The population density was 5,081.5 per square mile (1,962.3/km2). There were 9,215 housing units at an average density of 2,094.0 per square mile (808.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 61.40% White, 30.58% African American, 0.44% Native American, 3.18% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 1.32% from other races, and 3.01% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.47% of the population. 13.6% were of German, 6.8% Irish, 6.4% English and 5.5% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 8,551 households out of which 19.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 23.0% were married couples living together, 13.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 60.5% were non-families. 40.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.15 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the city the population was spread out with 15.9% under the age of 18, 38.2% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 12.4% from 45 to 64, and 7.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 24 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $28,610, and the median income for a family was $40,793. Males had a median income of $30,328 versus $26,745 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,692. About 16.9% of families and 25.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.1% of those under age 18 and 15.3% of those age 65 or over.

Nicknames

Ypsilanti is often shortened to "Ypsi," particularly in spoken conversation and local/regional usage.

Because a large number of residents or their ancestors migrated from Appalachia, certain neighborhoods (particularly on the far east side of the city and into Ypsilanti Township) are sometimes called "Ypsitucky." Harriette Arnow's book The Dollmaker, which was made into a film starring Jane Fonda, focused on the lives of these "Ypsituckians."

Recently, the use of the term "Ypsitucky" has come under increased scrutiny due to its historically derogatory connotation. In 2008, the issue was raised after a dinner being held in Ann Arbor to honor Harriette Arnow was described as an "Ypsitucky Supper" in some of the event organizer's media releases.[16][17] In 2009, planning began for the "Ypsitucky Jamboree," a new music festival celebrating bluegrass music to be held in Ypsilanti in September 2009; this resulted in objections from some area residents and some members of the City Council, leading to renaming the event as simply "The Jamboree."[18][19][20]

Education

K–12 education

Ypsilanti Community Schools serve residents of the city, as well as parts of Ypsilanti Township and Superior Township. Ypsilanti Public Schools and Willow Run Community Schools merged to form a new, united district on July 1, 2013. Charter schools in the city include Arbor Preparatory High School.

It also was the setting of a well known and long running High/Scope Perry Preschool Study regarding the effects of early childhood education in children. The study researched the effects of preschool on the later lives of low income children from the area.[21]

Global Educational Excellence operates the Global Tech Academy (PreK-5) in nearby Ypsilanti Township.[22][23]

Higher education

EasternMichUniPark
University Park on EMU campus.

A college town, Ypsilanti is home to Eastern Michigan University, founded in 1849 as Michigan State Normal School. Today, Eastern Michigan University has 17,500+ undergraduate and more than 4,800 graduate students.[24] As well, Ypsilanti is home to Washtenaw Community College (WCC) sponsored off-site extension center.

Linguist List

Ypsilanti was also the home to the main editing site of the Linguist List, a major online resource for the field of linguistics. It was mostly staffed by graduate students who attend Eastern Michigan University and runs several database websites and mailing lists.[25]

Sites of interest

Michigan Firehouse Museum PICT0035
The new addition to the historic building which houses the Michigan Firehouse Museum was completed in the summer of 2002.

Ypsilanti has the second largest contiguous historic district in the state of Michigan,[26] behind only the much larger city of Grand Rapids. The historic district includes both downtown Ypsilanti, along Michigan Avenue, and the Depot Town area adjacent to Frog Island Park and Riverside Park, which features many specialty shops, bars and grills, and a farmers' market.

The Tridge is a three-way wooden footbridge under the Cross Street bridge over the Huron River at 42°14′44″N 83°36′42″W / 42.24561°N 83.61160°W. The Tridge connects Riverside Park, Frog Island Park, and Depot Town.[27][28]

The Ypsilanti Water Tower, adjacent to the campus of Eastern Michigan University, holds the unique distinction of being the winner of the Most Phallic Building contest.

Starkweather Chapel
Starkweather Chapel, in Richardsonian Romanesque architectonic style, in Highland Cemetery

Other sites of interest include:

Local media

Ypsilanti is served by daily newspapers from Detroit. Ypsilanti once had its own daily newspaper, the Ypsilanti Press, but that paper closed June 28, 1994, after 90 years in business.[29] Upon closing, the Press sold its masthead, archives and subscriber list to the Ann Arbor News, which then began publishing an Ypsilanti edition. The Ann Arbor News ceased publication on July 23, 2009; it was replaced by a new Internet-based news operation, AnnArbor.com, which also produces print editions on Thursdays and Sundays. A weekly newspaper, the Ypsilanti Courier, is published every Thursday by Heritage Media from their Saline, MI offices.

Local radio stations include:

  • WEMU FM (89.1 FM), a public radio station, which broadcasts jazz and blues music and NPR news from Eastern Michigan University
  • WQBR (610 AM carrier-current and University Cable Channel 10), EMU's student-run radio station
  • WDEO (990 AM), a Catholic religious radio station targeting the Detroit area
  • WSDS (1480 AM), licensed to nearby Salem and a former longtime country-music station, now broadcasts Spanish-language popular music as "La Explosiva" and has studios in Ypsilanti.
  • WAAM (1600 AM), a conservative Talk and News station serving Washtenaw County. Broadcasting local talk, sports and music shows. Owned by First Broadcasting.

Transportation

Ypsi streets
Street map of Ypsilanti

Highways

  • I-94 bypasses the city to the south.
  • US 12 travels east to Detroit and west toward Chicago; it runs concurrently with I-94 from exit 181 to the west of the city to exit 185 to the east of the city.
  • US 23 passes just west of the city.

  • Bus. US 12 is a loop route through downtown Ypsilanti.
  • M-17 connects Ypsilanti with nearby Ann Arbor.

Other

Culture

Cultural history and attractions

Domino's Pizza was founded in Ypsilanti in 1960 near the campus of Eastern Michigan University.

By 1963, Clara Owens established the Ypsilanti Greek Theater in Ypsilanti, Michigan for the performance of Greek theater productions.

In 1966 the Ypsilanti Greek Theater opened at the EMU Baseball field. Bert Lahr and Dame Judith Anderson starred in two productions, The Oresteia, a trilogy of Greek tragedies written by Aeschylus and The Birds by playwright Aristophanes.

Since 1979, the city has become known for summer festivals in the part of the city called "Depot Town", which is adjacent to both Riverside and Frog Island Parks along the banks of the Huron River. Festivals include the annual Ypsilanti Heritage Festival, Michigan ElvisFest, the Orphan Car Festival, the Michigan Brewers Guild Summer Beer Festival, the former Frog Island Festival, and a Latino festival.

Painter Fay Kleinman moved to Ypsilanti in the late 1980s with her husband, pianist Emanuel Levenson.

Overlooking Riverside Park is the non-profit Riverside Arts Center. Established in 1994 through the efforts of the Ypsilanti Downtown Development Authority and several public spirited citizens, the Riverside boasts a 115-seat black box theater, a sizable art gallery and some meeting rooms and offices. In 2006 the adjacent DTE building was renovated with "Cool Cities Initiative" money and is in the process of being incorporated into the center's activities.

In popular culture

  • It has been said that Ypsilanti is the Brooklyn to Ann Arbor's Manhattan.[34] Comparable to the gentrification causing many artists, poets, musicians, and hipsters to flee the Lower East Side of Manhattan, New York City to areas like Bushwick, Brooklyn, nearby Ann Arbor has experienced massive increases in land value and taxes over the last several decades. Despite Ann Arbor's reputation in the region as a bohemian cultural center, many creative people have been driven out of the city to Ypsilanti due to these changes. A vibrant, underground arts scene has begun to emerge as a result.[35] This community gathered semiannually at the juried Shadow Art Fair held at the Arbor Brewing Company Microbrewery,[36] which has now evolved into DIYpsi.[37]
  • Milton Rokeach's 1964 psychiatric case study, The Three Christs of Ypsilanti, inspired a stage play and two operas. Poet W. H. Auden described it as "a very funny book ... about a hospital in which there are three gents, all of whom believe themselves to be the Lord. Which is common enough, except in the case of one—who had actually found a disciple!"[38]
  • Author Kurt Vonnegut has a chapter titled "A Sappy Girl From Ypsilanti" in his 2005 book A Man Without a Country.
  • The Ypsilanti City Council declared Lee Osler's "Back To Ypsilanti" the city's official song in 1983.
  • Ypsilanti is the subject of Sufjan Stevens' song, "For The Widows in Paradise, For The Fatherless in Ypsilanti", on his 2003 album Michigan.
  • A portrait of jazz guitarist Randy Napoleon, painted by his grandmother, Fay Kleinman, is part of the permanent art collection of the Ypsilanti District Library. Napoleon performed his first public gig as leader at the age of twelve under a tent at the Ypsilanti Heritage Festival, an event sponsored by WEMU radio.
  • The Emmanuel Lutheran Church of Ypsilanti hosted filming for two days of the Movie Stone, starring Robert De Niro. The funeral service and a few outside scenes were filmed at the Church, with locals posing as extras.[39]
  • In the 2004 cartoon Superior Defender Gundam Force, in the intro for the eighth episode "A Princess, A Cake, and A Winged Knight" a character named Shute goes on to describe his hometown and claims it to be Ypsilanti, Michigan, shortly after he says he was "just kidding" and introduces the city as Neotopia.

Notable people

Sister cities

See also

  • Flag of Michigan.svg Michigan portal
  • Category:People from Ypsilanti, Michigan

References

  1. ^ "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jan 3, 2019.
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-25.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved March 24, 2018.
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ "LARA - Pronunciation Guide - 'You Say it How in Michigan?' for Michigan Names and Places". www.michigan.gov. Archived from the original on 2019-02-01. Retrieved 2019-02-01.
  7. ^ "How Did Michigan Cities Get Their Names? Part 7". State of Michigan. March 9, 2012. Retrieved 2013-01-31. Like Pigeon, Ypsilanti wasn't always known by the name it has today. The city was originally a trading post set up in 1823 and called Woodruff's Grove after Major Thomas Woodruff. The name was later changed to Ypsilanti in 1829 in honor of Demetrius Ypsilanti. Ypsilanti was a hero in the Greek War of Independence from the Ottoman Empire.
  8. ^ Kvaran, Einar Einarsson, An Annotated Inventory of Outdoor Sculpture in Washtenaw County, Independent Study/Masters Thesis, Eastern Michigan University, Ypsilanti, MI, 1989
  9. ^ "Ann Arbor Votes $5 Fine For the Use of Marijuana," New York Times: April 3, 1974
  10. ^ "Governor Granholm Announces Michigan Main Street and Blueprints for Michigan's Downtowns Winners".
  11. ^ Blumberg, George P. (April 11, 2003). "Driving; Hudsons Survive. The Dealer Does, Too". The New York Times. Retrieved February 18, 2012.
  12. ^ "Charles McKenny Hall Dedicated Today". The Ypsilanti Daily Press. October 24, 1931. Retrieved 2011-02-12.
  13. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 24, 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-25.
  14. ^ "Historical Population and Employment by Minor Civil Division, Southeast Michigan" (PDF). Southeast Michigan Council of Governments. 2002. Retrieved 2009-12-06.
  15. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau Population Finder". U.S. Census Bureau. 2009. Retrieved 2010-11-18.
  16. ^ Miller, Jordan (June 21, 2009). "'Ypsitucky Supper' planned next week, but term raises some eyebrows". Ann Arbor News. Retrieved 2009-08-03.
  17. ^ Davis, Merlene (May 29, 2009). "A dirty word you might not have heard: Ypsitucky". Lexington Herald-Leader. Retrieved 2009-05-29.
  18. ^ Gantert, Tom (March 20, 2009). "Planned "YpsiTucky" music festival draws criticism over event's name". Ann Arbor News. Retrieved 2009-08-03.
  19. ^ Mulcahy, John (May 29, 2009). ""Ypsitucky" debate heads toward Ypsilanti City Council; city officials hope to resolve issue with festival promoter". Ann Arbor News. Retrieved 2009-08-03.
  20. ^ Mulcahy, John (June 10, 2009). "Updated: Depot Town group will drop "Ypsitucky" from name of music festival planned in Ypsilanti". Ann Arbor News. Retrieved 2009-08-03.
  21. ^ "Rice University School Literacy and Culture – High/Scope Perry Preschool Study". centerforeducation.rice.edu. Retrieved 2015-09-07.
  22. ^ "GEE Academies." Global Educational Excellence. Retrieved on September 1, 2015. "1715 E. Forest Ave. Ypsilanti MI 48198"
  23. ^ Township Map (Map). Ypsilanti Township. Archived from the original (JPG) on November 9, 2005. Retrieved June 22, 2009. (Archive on webcitation)
  24. ^ "Eastern Michigan University Website – Fast Facts". Archived from the original on August 15, 2006.
  25. ^ "About Linguist List".
  26. ^ "Conversation:Laura Bien", Michigan History, Historical Society of Michigan, p. 10, March–April 2012
  27. ^ Dodd, Tom; Mann, James Thomas, eds. (1999). Our Heritage: Down by the Depot in Ypsilanti. Depot Town Association. p. 82.
  28. ^ Discover: The Greater Ann Arbor Area. Ann Arbor News. 2006. p. 46.
  29. ^ "The Argus-Press – Google News Archive Search".
  30. ^ "Michigan Services Schedule" (PDF). Amtrak. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-10-04. Retrieved 2018-10-04.
  31. ^ Amtrak back in Depot Town? Ypsilanti officials to consider request, Retrieved March 5, 2011
  32. ^ "Contact Us". www.theride.org. Retrieved 2018-10-04.
  33. ^ "Ann Arbor > Schedules, Maps, and Tools > Route Maps and Schedules". www.theride.org. Retrieved 2018-10-04.
  34. ^ "Washtenw County Cultural Master Plan" (PDF). p. 38.
  35. ^ "Hipsilanti".
  36. ^ "New local art shows launched in the Shadow Art Fair's absence". December 2010.
  37. ^ "Shadow Art Fair takes a final bow, then it is no more". AnnArbor.com. Retrieved 2017-05-15.
  38. ^ Newman, Michael (Spring 1974). "The Art of Poetry: An Interview with W. H. Auden (No. 17)". Paris Review. Retrieved March 12, 2013.
  39. ^ "De Niro flick films in Ypsilanti". Ann Arbor News (Ann Arbor News). Retrieved November 18, 2009.
  40. ^ Needham, Bob (August 23, 2011). "Nickolas Ashford, singer and songwriter from Ypsilanti, dies". Ann Arbor News.
  41. ^ Stone, Mike and Regner, Art (2008). The Great Book of Detroit Sports Lists. Running Press. p. 203.
  42. ^ "CUTCHEON, Byron M., (1836–1908)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved March 21, 2014.
  43. ^ Baines, Tim (January 14, 2014). "Ottawa RedBlacks sign NFL DB". Ottawa Sun. Retrieved April 15, 2014.
  44. ^ "Ypsilanti: Native Amy Devers appears on OWN remodeling program". Ypsilanti Courier. Retrieved August 9, 2014.
  45. ^ Stone, Mike and Regner, Art (2008). The Great Book of Detroit Sports Lists. Running Press.
  46. ^ "Long after she helped change Little League, Carolyn King's legacy remains alive and well". The Ann Arbor News. Retrieved March 21, 2014.
  47. ^ "LUCKING, Alfred, (1856–1929)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved March 20, 2014.
  48. ^ "Russell Ostrander".
  49. ^ Iggy Confidential June 12, 2015 50 mins 30 seconds
  50. ^ "Ypsilanti Public Schools Hall of Fame Inductees". Ypsilanti High School. Retrieved March 21, 2014.
  51. ^ "Don Schwall Awards". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved March 21, 2014.
  52. ^ "Shara Worden of My Brightest Diamond on NYC". Paste Magazine. Retrieved March 21, 2014.

Further reading

External links

2009–10 Eastern Michigan Eagles men's basketball team

The 2009–10 Eastern Michigan Eagles basketball team represented Eastern Michigan University in the college basketball season of 2009–10. The team was coached by Charles E. Ramsey and played their homes game in Convocation Center.

Adam Gase

Adam Gase (born March 29, 1978) is an American football coach who is the head coach of the New York Jets of the National Football League (NFL). He came to prominence as the offensive coordinator for the Denver Broncos from 2013 to 2014, whose offense set the NFL record for points scored in 2013 and helped the team reach Super Bowl XLVIII. Gase also served as the head coach of the Miami Dolphins from 2016 to 2018.

Brinkerhoff–Becker House

The Brinkerhoff–Becker House, also known as the Becker–Stachlewitz House, was built as a private home, and is located at 601 West Forest Avenue Ypsilanti, Michigan. It was designated a Michigan State Historic Site in 1977 and listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1982.

Carol Fox (figure skater)

Carol Jean Fox (born July 11, 1956 in Ypsilanti, Michigan) is an American figure skater. She competed in ice dance with Richard Dalley at the 1984 Winter Olympics.

Prior to ice dancing, Carol and her partner Richard Dalley were competitive roller figure skaters and competed out of the Riverside Skating Club in Livonia, Michigan..

Eagle Crest Resort (Ypsilanti, Michigan)

Eagle Crest Resort is located in Ypsilanti, Michigan, located in the southeast part of the state. The resort consists of the Ann Arbor Marriott Ypsilanti at Eagle Crest, Eastern Michigan University's Eagle Crest Conference Center and Eagle Crest Golf Club. The facility was built in 1989. In 2006, Golf Digest gave the golf course a 4 out of 5 star rating.

Eastern Michigan Eagles baseball

The Eastern Michigan Eagles baseball team (formerly the Eastern Michigan Hurons) is a varsity intercollegiate athletic team of Eastern Michigan University in Ypsilanti, Michigan, United States. The team is a member of the Mid-American Conference West division, which is part of the National Collegiate Athletic Association's Division I. Eastern Michigan's first baseball team was fielded in 1901. The team plays its home games at Oestrike Stadium in Ypsilanti, Michigan.

Edward P. Allen

Edward Payson Allen (October 28, 1839 – November 25, 1909) was a politician from the U.S. state of Michigan.

Frank Owen (baseball)

Not to be confused with Frank Yip Owens, a Major League Baseball catcher.Frank Malcolm Owen (December 23, 1879 – November 24, 1942) was a pitcher in Major League Baseball who played eight seasons with the Detroit Tigers and Chicago White Sox.

Born in Ypsilanti, Michigan (and nicknamed "Yip" for it), he pitched the final six innings of Game 2 of the 1906 World Series, replacing Doc White. In 194 career games, Owen had an 82–67 won-loss record with a 2.55 ERA.

Owen was the first American League pitcher to pitch complete game wins in both games of a doubleheader, winning against the St. Louis Browns on 1 July 1905. Owen was mistakenly referred to as "Billy Owen" in the 1906 version of the "Fan Craze" board game, released by the Fan Craze Co of Cincinnati.In 1904, as a member of the White Sox, in 315 innings of work, he handled 151 chances (21 PO, 130 A) without an error and also executed 8 double plays.

Helen Walker McAndrew

Helen Walker McAndrew (6 February 1825, Kirkintilloch – 26 October 1906, Ypsilanti, Michigan) was Washtenaw County's first woman physician.

In 1849 in Glasgow, Helen Walker, daughter of Thomas Walker and Margaret Boyd, married William McAndrew, a cabinet maker from Perth. The couple emigrated after their wedding and arrived via New York in Michigan in a rounadabout way. No school in Michigan would admit McAndrew because she was a woman, and she traveled to New York to attend the New York Hydropathic and Hygienic Institute, where she received an M.D. When she returned to Ypsilanti, Michigan, where she was ostracized for being a woman. She only began to be accepted into the community when she saved a prominent citizen's life, though all other physicians at the time had given up. She subsequently established a private practice with a Sanatorium in her house. McAndrew was a leader of the push to admit women into the medicine department ofUniversity of Michigan, which succeeded in 1870. She, working with her husband participated in the Underground Railroad and the suffrage movement, working with several prominent leaders of both movements, including Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony. She was posthumously named Ypsilanti's "Most Distinguished Business and Professional Woman".

Kalitta Charters

Not to be confused with sister company, Kalitta Air.

Kalitta Charters is an American charter airline based in Ypsilanti, Michigan, USA. Its main base is Willow Run Airport. The company is owned and run by Doug Kalitta, nephew of Kalitta Air founder Connie Kalitta.

Kalitta Charters is now the sole company that has a contract with the US government to fly the remains of soldiers to their final resting places. Kalitta Charters offers Executive Charter, Air Ambulance & Air Cargo services as well as a FAR Part 145 aircraft repair station at their operating facility in Ypsilanti, Michigan.

Ladies' Literary Club Building

The Ladies' Literary Club Building, also known as the William M. Davis House or the Arden H. Ballard House, was built as a private home, and is currently used as the meeting place for the Ladies' Literary Club. It is located at 218 North Washington Street Ypsilanti, Michigan. It was designated a Michigan State Historic Site in 1965 and listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1972.

Mike Bass

Michael Thomas Bass (born March 31, 1945) is a former American football player.

Bass played professional football in the National Football League (NFL) as a cornerback for the Washington Redskins from 1969 to 1975. He appeared in 104 consecutive games for the Redskins between 1969 and 1975, recorded 30 interceptions, and scored the Redskins' only touchdown in Super Bowl VII on a 49-yard fumble return. In 2002, Bass was selected as one of the 70 greatest Redskins players of all time.

A native of Ypsilanti, Michigan, Bass played college football as a halfback for the University of Michigan from 1964 to 1966. He also appeared in two games as a special teams player for the Detroit Lions in 1967.

National Airlines (N8)

National Air Cargo, also operating as National Airlines, is an American airline based in Orlando, Florida. It operates on-demand cargo and passenger charter services. It added scheduled passenger service on December 16, 2015, from its hub at Orlando-Sanford International Airport, Orlando.

Pacino Horne

Pacino Horne (born November 23, 1983 in Ypsilanti, Michigan) is a professional Canadian football defensive back who is currently a free agent. He most recently was a member of the Hamilton Tiger-Cats of the Canadian Football League. He signed as a free agent with the Toronto Argonauts on May 30, 2012. Horne was a member of the 100th Grey Cup winning team, recording a 25-yard interception return for a touchdown in that game. He also played college football for the Central Michigan Chippewas. On June 17, 2013, Horne was cut by the Argonauts. On September 3, 2013, Horne signed a practice roster agreement with the Hamilton Tiger-Cats.On September 5, 2013, Horne left the Ticats. "Pacino wasn't ready to commit completely to being here, wants to explore another potential opportunity," said head coach Kent Austin.

Starkweather Hall

Starkweather Hall, also known as Starkweather Religious Center, is a religious and educational building located at 901 West Forest Avenue in Ypsilanti, Michigan, on the campus of Eastern Michigan University. It was designated a Michigan State Historic Site in 1972 and listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1977. It is also part of the Eastern Michigan University Historic District (listed on the Register in 1984) and is the oldest building on EMU's campus.

U.S. Route 12 in Michigan

US Highway 12 (US 12) is an east–west US Highway that runs from Aberdeen, Washington, to Detroit, Michigan. In Michigan it runs for 210 miles (338 km) between New Buffalo and Detroit as a state trunkline highway and Pure Michigan Byway. On its western end, the highway is mostly a two-lane road that runs through the southern tier of counties roughly parallel to the Indiana state line. It forms part of the Niles Bypass, a four-lane expressway south of Niles in the southwestern part of the state, and it runs concurrently with the Interstate 94 (I-94) freeway around the south side of Ypsilanti in the southeastern. In between Coldwater and the Ann Arbor area, the highway angles northeasterly and passes the Michigan International Speedway. East of Ypsilanti, US 12 follows a divided highway routing on Michigan Avenue into Detroit, where it terminates at an intersection with Cass Avenue.

When US 12 was designated in Michigan on November 11, 1926, along with the other original US Highways, it ran along a more northerly course. It originally replaced sections of the original M-11 and M-17 along Michigan Avenue in the state, the route of the much older St. Joseph Trail, a footpath used by Native Americans before European settlement in the area. It entered from Indiana as it does now, but it followed the Lake Michigan shoreline farther north to Benton Harbor–St. Joseph before turning eastward to run through Kalamazoo, Battle Creek and Jackson. In the Ann Arbor area, it followed a more northerly path into Detroit before terminating downtown. In the 1940s and 1950s, sections of the highway were converted into expressways and freeways. Starting in 1959, these freeway segments were renumbered as part of I-94, and in January 1962, US 12 was shifted to replace US Highway 112 (US 112). That highway, when it was designated in 1926 replaced the original M-23 along the Chicago Road. Later, US 112 replaced the first M-151 when the former was extended to New Buffalo in the mid-1930s. Since 1962, the highway has remained relatively unchanged aside from minor truncations in the city of Detroit. US 112 previously had two business loops, both of which were renumbered Business US 12 (Bus. US 12) in 1962. In 2010, the Niles business loop was decommissioned, but the one in Ypsilanti remains. One section of the former US 112 was renumbered US 112S for a few years in the 1930s.

Walter Briggs Sr.

Walter Owen Briggs Sr. (February 27, 1877 – January 17, 1952) was an American entrepreneur and professional sports owner. He was part-owner of the Detroit Tigers in Major League Baseball from 1919 to 1935, and then sole owner from 1935 to his death in 1952. Briggs also helped found the Detroit Zoo in 1928, and personally paid for many of its first exhibits. He was also a patron of Eastern Michigan University and the Detroit Symphony Orchestra.

Ypsilanti Automotive Heritage Museum

The Ypsilanti Automotive Heritage Museum in Ypsilanti, Michigan is a unique automotive museum that is home to cars from the local Willow Run Plant and cars from Hudson Motors. The collection includes the original Fabulous Hudson Hornet and a Tucker automobile movie prop from the movie Tucker: The Man and His Dream. The prop is a feature of a Preston Tucker display. Preston Tucker was from Ypsilanti and did his engineering work a couple of blocks from the museum.

The museum is an official site of the MotorCities National Heritage Area, which is "dedicated to preserving, interpreting and promoting the automotive and labor heritage of the State of Michigan."

Ypsilanti Courier

The Ypsilanti Courier is a weekly newspaper based in Ypsilanti, Michigan. The Ypsilanti Courier is part of Heritage Newspapers, a conglomerate of weekly newspapers in Washtenaw County owned by 21st Century Media, part of Digital First Media. The newspaper provides news, life, sports and entertainment news from Ypsilanti and Washtenaw County, Michigan.

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