Yozgat Province

Yozgat Province (Turkish: Yozgat ili) is a province in central Turkey. Its adjacent provinces are Çorum to the northwest, Kırıkkale to the west, Kırşehir to the southwest, Nevşehir to the south, Kayseri to the southeast, Sivas to the east, Tokat to the northeast, and Amasya to the north. The provincial capital is Yozgat.

Yozgat Province

Yozgat ili
Location of Yozgat Province in Turkey
Location of Yozgat Province in Turkey
CountryTurkey
RegionCentral Anatolia
SubregionKayseri
Government
 • Electoral districtYozgat
Area
 • Total14,123 km2 (5,453 sq mi)
Population
 (2018)[1]
 • Total424,981
 • Density30/km2 (78/sq mi)
Area code(s)0354
Vehicle registration66

Districts

Yozgat province is divided into 14 districts (capital district in bold):

Etymology

The city's original name was "Bozok" and later the name was changed to Yozgat province. Oguz, "Bozok" arm began to flock to this area with the Turkmen regime. The area was referred to as "Bozok" even though the name Yozgat was also used. The origin of the name "Yozgat" is disputed. Different rumors have been put forward. According to a rumor,Yozgat layers are rising from the bottom up Saray from town. This is because many times the height of the rise and altitude at first "hundred times" was called. time grumbling under the name "Yozgat" has become.

History

Yozgat, presumably has a history of 5000 years. Yozgat around the state established the first political union is the Hittites. Hittite era, today Yozgat is located within the boundaries established in the ancient city of Hattusa.

Geography

Yozgat is located on the Plateau of Bozok in the Department of the Central Red River in the Central Anatolia Region. Samsun-Ankara-Sivas highway and Kayseri and Mersin highways pass through Yozgat. From our country and from Europe to the Middle East trade further increases the importance of this pathway. Projected area 13,597 km ², while the actual area 14,123 km ². More mountainous province in general is not.

Education

In the province, there are Bozok University offering bachelor's degree. In addition to this, There are Anatolian Teacher High School, Tourism and Hospitality Management and Anatolian high schools, Science High School and Yozgat Vocational High School in the province of Yozgat.

Economy

Major industries are food processing, clothing, metal processing, bricks and ready-mixed concrete production.

Agriculture

Yozgat's economy is largely based on agriculture. Grains and legumes predominate, while sugar beet, sunflower, potato and onion-family crops are grown in irrigated agricultural areas. Kadışehr district in fruit production between regions is expected to make great strides. Deveci Basin is an ideal area for apple production.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Population of provinces by years - 2000-2018". Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 9 March 2019.

External links

Media related to Yozgat Province at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 39°40′10″N 35°16′09″E / 39.66944°N 35.26917°E

Alişar Hüyük

Alishar Hüyük (in modern Yozgat Province, Turkey) was an ancient Near Eastern city. It is near the modern village of Alişar, Sorgun.

Basilica Therma

Basilica Therma (Turkish: Kral Kızı Hamamı or Sarıkaya Roma Hamamı) is an ancient Roman spa town located in the Yozgat province of Turkey.

The bath was built in the 2nd century and used in Byzantine, Selcuk and Ottoman periods and still open to the public in modern Turkey.The large thermal pool measures 23,30x12,80 meters and has a depth of 1.34 meters. Pool water is about 45°C. There is an inner pool measuring 16.00x4.00 meters with symmetrical ladders on its both sides. The third pool with thermal water boiling from the floor is positioned perpendicular to the inner pool. The pool is 15.00x5.20 meters with a semi-circular shape on its short sides.The bath is added to the UNESCO List of World Heritage Sites Tentative List in 2018.

Corniaspa

Corniaspa was a town of ancient Pontus, near the frontiers of Galatia, inhabited during Roman and Byzantine times. Eunomius of Cyzicus may have been born at Corniaspa.Its site is located east of Yozgat, Asiatic Turkey.

Euaissa

Euaissa was a town of ancient Cappadocia, inhabited in Byzantine times.Its site is tentatively located near Yoğunhisar, Asiatic Turkey.

Gelingüllü Dam

Gelingüllü Dam is a dam in Turkey. The development was backed by the Turkish State Hydraulic Works.

Kerkenes

Kerkenes (or Kerkenes Dağ; both names are modern) is the largest pre-Hellenistic site from the Anatolian Plateau (Turkey) – 7 km (4 mi) of strong stone defenses, pierced by seven gates, that enclose 2.5 km² (1.0 sq mi). It is located about 200 km (120 mi) east from Ankara (35.06E, 39.75N), between the towns of Yozgat (W) and Sorgun (E).

List of populated places in Yozgat Province

Below is the list of populated places in Yozgat Province, Turkey by the districts. In the following lists first place in each list is the administrative center of the district.

Pteria (Cappadocia)

Pteria (Ancient Greek: Πτερία) was the capital of the Assyrians in northern Cappadocia. They were said by Herodotus to have been taken and ruined by Croesus in 547 BCE. It also was the place of an undecided battle between Cyrus the Great and Croesus.Stephanus of Byzantium cites two towns with this or a similar name: a Pterium, which he calls a town of the Medes, and Pteria, a town in the territory of Sinope.Its site is located near Kerkenes Dağ, Asiatic Turkey.

Sibora

Sibora, also possibly called Foroba, was a town of ancient Pontus, inhabited in Roman and Byzantine times.Its site is located near Karamağara, Asiatic Turkey.

Sorgun YHT railway station

Sorgun YHT railway station, short for Sorgun Yüksek Hızlı Tren station (Turkish: Sorgun Yüksek Hızlı Tren garı), is a railway station located just northwest of Sorgun, Turkey. The station is situated on Ziya Gökalp Avenue and is about 3 km (1.9 mi) northwest of the town center and 30 km (19 mi) east of Yozgat.

The station will service high-speed trains along the Ankara-Sivas high-speed railway and is expected to open towards the end of 2018. The station will be the first railway link in the region.

Süreyyabey Dam

Süreyyabey Dam is a dam on the Çekerek River in Yozgat Province, Turkey. The development was backed by the Turkish State Hydraulic Works.

Tavium

Tavium, or Tavia (Ancient Greek: Τάουιον, romanized: Taouion; Latin: Taouion or Tavium), was the chief city of the Galatian tribe of Trocmi, one of the three Celtic tribes which migrated from the Danube Valley to Galatia in present-day central Turkey in the 3rd century BCE. Owing to its position on the high roads of commerce was an important trading post. The site was successively occupied by Hittites, Cimmerians, Persians, Celts, Greeks, Romans, Seljuk Turks and Ottoman Turks. At the time of the Roman Empire, Tavium was an important crossroads and a stopping place on the caravan routes.

One of the few things known about Tavium is that there was metalworking, because coins have been found that were minted there in the early 1st century bearing the likenesses of Marcus Aurelius and Elagabalus. Copper, tin, iron and silver were mined in the nearby mountains. Similar to other Celtic towns of the time, the smelting and stamping was done by a small group of artisans working in one or two stone huts.

In the temple at Tavium there was a colossal statue of Jupiter in bronze, greatly venerated by the Galatians. There was some doubt about the exact site of the city, but it is today generally believed to be the ruins situated close to the village of Nefezköy (today known as Büyüknefes), lying in a very fertile plain east of the Halys in the province of Yozgat.

These ruins were partly used in building the neighbouring town of Yozgat, where there exist the remains of a theatre and possibly of a temple of Jupiter; these have a number of inscriptions, mostly Byzantine. In the Notitiæ Episcopatuum the bishopric of Tavium is mentioned up to the 13th century as the first suffragan of Ancyra.

The names of five bishops of the area are known: Dicasius, present at the Councils of Neocæsarea and Nice; Julian, at the second Council of Ephesus (449), and at the Council of Chalcedon (451), and a signer of the letter from the Galatian bishops to the Emperor Leo (458); Anastasius, present at the second Council of Constantinople (553); Gregory at the Council in Trullo (692); Philaretus at Constantinople (869).

As of the early 20th century, Büyüknefes was inhabited during the winter by nomadic Turkish tribes. It was then in the kaza (district) of Sungurlu and the vilayet of Ankara. Now it is a part of Yozgat Province.

Uzunlu Dam

Uzunlu Dam is a dam in Turkey. The development was backed by the Turkish State Hydraulic Works.

Yahyasaray Dam

Yahyasaray Dam is a dam in Turkey. The development was backed by the Turkish State Hydraulic Works.

Yerköy YHT railway station

Yerköy YHT railway station, short for Yerköy Yüksek Hızlı Tren station (Turkish: Yerköy Yüksek Hızlı Tren garı), is a railway station located north of Yerköy, Turkey, that is under construction. The station is located just north of the D.200 highway near the village of Akpınar, and will service high-speed trains along the Ankara-Sivas high-speed railway.

Yerköy YHT station will become the second railway station in Yerköy, together with Yerköy station, which is serviced by conventional trains. The YHT stands for HSR or High-speed railway.

Yozgat

Yozgat is a city and the capital district of Yozgat province in the Central Anatolia Region of Turkey. According to 2009 census, population of the district is 645,266 of which 75,853 live in the city of Yozgat.

Yozgat Museum

Yozgat Museum is a museum in Yozgat, Turkey.

The museum building is an old mansion named Nizamoğlu Mansion. It was built in 1871. The mansion was purchased by the Ministry of Culture in 1979. After a restoration period it was opened as a museum in 1985.

In the museum there are both ethnographic and archaeological items. Among the ethnographic items there are hand written manuscripts, local clothing, carpets, kitchen and everyday tools, wooden artifacts and weapons. Sculptures, sarcophagi, coins, stamps and inscriptions make up the archaeological section. There are over 2800 ethnographic and 1640 archaeological items in the museum.

Yozgat YHT railway station

Yozgat YHT railway station, short for Yozgat Yüksek Hızlı Tren station (Turkish: Yozgat Yüksek Hızlı Tren garı), is a railway station located just north of the village of Divanlı, about 7.5 km (4.7 mi) south of Yozgat.

Due to the mountainous terrain of the land, the railway will not be built directly near the city of Yozgat. The station will become the realization of the Turkish State Railways' 70-year-old plan to build a railway line to Yozgat as the original railway was planned to be built from Yerköy to Yozgat in 1948.

Çapanoğlu Mosque

The Çapanoglu Mosque is a mosque in Yozgat City, Yozgat Province, Turkey.

Influenced by European architectural styles, the mosque was constructed in two parts, by members of the Çapanoglu family: the first part was constructed by Çapanoglu Mustafa Ahmed Pasha in 1779, and the second in 1794/95 by his brother Süleyman.

Yozgat Province of Turkey
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