Young Egypt Party (1933)

The Young Egypt Party (Arabic: حزب مصر الفتاة‎, Misr El-Fatah) was an Egyptian political party.

Young Egypt Party

حزب مصر الفتاة
ChairpersonAhmed Hussayn
FoundedOctober 1933
Dissolved1953
HeadquartersCairo, Egypt
NewspaperAl-Sha'ab
Paramilitary wingGreen Shirts
IdeologySunni Islamism
Fascism (Egypt)
Clerical fascism
Political positionFar-right
ReligionSunni Islam
International affiliationNone
Colours     Green
Ahmed Hussein - Young Egypt party 1933
Ahmed Hussein - Young Egypt party 1933
Green Shirts including Gamal Abdel-Nasser
Green Shirts of Young Egypt party including Gamal Abdel-Nasser 1930s.
Al-Ishtrakeyia Journal (Young Egypt party)
Al-Ishtrakeyia Journal (Young Egypt party)

History

The party was formed October 1933 as a "radical nationalist" party with "religious elements" by its leader Ahmed Husayn. Its aim was to make Egypt an "empire"—the empire consisting of Egypt and Sudan—that would ally with other Arab countries and "serve as the leader of Islam". It was also a militaristic organization whose young members were organized in a paramilitary movement called the Green Shirts. Founded around the same time as many other fascist organisations, it openly admired the achievements of Nazi Germany, the enemy of Egypt's occupier, Great Britain. As German power grew, its anti-British tone increased.[1]

During its heyday in the 1930s Young Egypt's[2] "Green Shirts" had some violent confrontations with the Wafd party's "Blue Shirts". One member even tried to assassinate Mustafa el-Nahas Pasha in November 1937. Under government pressure, the Green Shirts were disbanded in 1938. The group was renamed the Nationalist Islamic Party in 1940, when it took on a more religious, as well as anti-British tone. After the war it was renamed yet again, now the Socialist Party of Egypt. The group's one electoral success came when it sent Ibrahim Shukri, its vice-president, to parliament in 1951. However it was disbanded, along with all other parties, in 1953 following the 1952 Coup d'état.

After parties were allowed again in Egypt, Ibrahim Shoukry formed a group, the Socialist Labor Party in 1978, which despite its name it took much of the populistic and nationalistic ideology of Young Egypt. Its organ was Al-Sha'ab (The People).

References

  1. ^ THE ERA OF LIBERAL CONSTITUTIONALISM AND PARTY POLITICS
  2. ^ Lewis, Bernard (1999). Semites and anti-Semites: an inquiry into conflict and prejudice. W. W. Norton & Company. p. 148. ISBN 978-0-393-31839-5.

External links

Adel Hussein

Adel Hussein (1932–2001) was an Egyptian journalist and oppositional political activist, who moved from Marxism to Islamism.

List of fascist movements by country A–F

A list of political parties, organizations, and movements adhering to various forms of fascist ideology, part of the list of fascist movements by country.

Communist & Socialist
Liberal
Centrist
Conservative
Islamist

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