Youlgreave

Youlgreave or Youlgrave listen  is a village and civil parish in the Derbyshire Peak District, lying on the River Bradford, 2 12 miles (4.0 km) south of Bakewell. Both spellings are used on different local signposts and on different maps. The name possibly derives from "yellow grove" coming from the ore mined locally being yellow in colour,[2][3] though historically the village was called "Giolgrave".[4] The village is locally known as "Pommy".[5] The population of the parish in 1991 was 1256;[6] it is one of the largest villages wholly within the Peak District National Park.

As well as three public houses (the George Hotel, The Farmyard Inn and The Bulls Head Hotel), the village has a filling station (Youlgreave Garage), a doctors' surgery and two shops (one with a post office annex).

Youlgreave
Youlgreave- village centre (geograph 3372342)

Youlgreave village centre
Youlgreave is located in Derbyshire
Youlgreave
Youlgreave
Youlgreave shown within Derbyshire
Area3.93 sq mi (10.2 km2)
Population1,190 [1]
• Density303/sq mi (117/km2)
OS grid referenceSK209642
• London133 miles (214 km) SW
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townBAKEWELL
Postcode districtDE45
Dialling code01629
PoliceDerbyshire
FireDerbyshire
AmbulanceEast Midlands
EU ParliamentEast Midlands
UK Parliament

Geography

The village is on the B5056 and the parish has an area of 2,515 acres (3.93 sq mi; 1,020 ha). Youlgrave is at an altitude of 600 feet (183 m) located on the southwestern edge of a Carboniferous plateau. It stands on the hillside above the confluence of Lathkill Dale and Bradford Dale. To the east, the geology is shale-like rather than limestone. The area is home to many mineral veins such as fluorspar, galena (lead ore) and calamine (zinc ore).[1]

Three long-distance paths, the Alternative Pennine Way, the Limestone Way and the White Peak Way, pass through the village, swelling the numbers of walkers.

History

Youlgreave was mentioned in the Domesday Book as belonging to Henry de Ferrers[7] and being worth sixteen shillings.[8]

All Saints’ Church, Youlgreave has a 12th-century font.

There are also a number of historic buildings in the village, such as Old Hall Farm (1630), Thimble Hall and The Old Hall (c.1650).

Most of the village's households get their water from Youlgreave Water Works Limited, one of very few private water companies in Britain. It came about when Youlgreave Friendly Society for Women helped to set up a fund to pipe water from Mawstone springs into the village. In the 1930s, as new houses were built and older ones were modernised with bathrooms and toilets, water often became short. In 1932 the main underground pipe cracked after an explosion in Mawstone lead mine. Springs at Harthill were connected to the system in 1949 and other major improvements followed. Most homes in the village could be supplied with local water until there were just too many new houses to cope with. Extra supplies are purchased from larger water companies nowadays.

In 1932 five of six miners working on a ventilation fan at Mawstone Mine were killed after an explosion filled the gallery with carbon monoxide. The sixth miner was able to reach the surface and raise the alarm. A rescue party of two workers and the mine manager descended into the mine, but were themselves killed by the fumes. Although Mawstone Mine was eventually closed, a water supply for the village is still obtained from this site.[9]

Names

The following is a list of spellings of the name of ‘the most mis-spelt village’ as compiled by local historian and former teacher at Youlgreave school, Mr J W Shimwell:

Giolgrave, Yolgrave, Jalgrave, Hyolgrave, Hyolegrave, Yolgreff, Yoleg, Yolegreve, Yolegrave, Youlgraue, Welegreve, Yoelgreve, Oelgreve, Yelegreve, Yeolegreve, Yolgreave, Yolgreve, Yollegreve, Jol've, Zolgrelf, Yollgreve, Yoligrewe, Yollegrewe, Youlgreve, Zolgreff, Youlgrave, Yolgreyva, Yolgreyve, Yeolgreave, Youlgreave, Yellegrave, Yollogreve, Yollograve, Yeollgreave, Youldgreave, Yograve, Isgrave, Yalgrove, Yolegreue, Jolegreue, lolegrave, Jholegreve, Yelegrave, Yellegrave, Iolgrave, Yholgreve, Yelgreve, Zolgreve,

It is only recently that the Highways Department has used 'Youlgrave', and the Ordnance Survey still use 'Youlgreave', so the argument continues.

Tourism

Because of its scenic location in the Peak District, Youlgreave is a popular destination for hikers.[10] The Limestone Way passes through Bradford Dale, immediately south of the village. Langley Park School for Boys owns a building in the village, which is used for school trips, students taking part in various local sporting activities and a visit to nearby Alton Towers.

A Guinness World Records Certificate names Thimble Hall in Youlgreave as 'the world's smallest detached house' at 11 feet 10 inches (3.61 m) × 10 feet 3 inches (3.12 m) and 12 feet 2 inches (3.71 m) high.[11] The property made national headlines in 1999 when sold at auction for £39,500. Each room is less than 8 feet square and there was a fixed ladder to the bedroom, a stone fireplace, exposed beams and exposed floorboards in the bedroom. It was home to a family of eight around a hundred years ago. It was last occupied as a dwelling in the early 1930s[12] and is currently being converted into a craft gallery.[11] It is a Grade II listed building.[13]

The Youlgreave Festival, founded in 2001, is becoming an increasingly popular event, offering local artists and musicians a chance to showcase their talents.[14]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Conservation Area Appraisal Youlgrave" (PDF). Peak District National Park Authority. October 2010.
  2. ^ Richards, Mark (1985). White Peak Walks: The Northern Dales. Cicerone Press. ISBN 0-902363-53-0.
  3. ^ "Youlgrave History". peakdistrictonline.co.uk. Retrieved 21 November 2016.
  4. ^ "YOULGREAVE (Ancienty "Giolgrave"), Derbyshire". Genuki. Retrieved 21 November 2016.
  5. ^ "Bed & Breakfast In Youlgreave". Peak District online. Retrieved 21 November 2016.
  6. ^ "Population and Employment". peakdistrict-education.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 8 March 2010. Retrieved 21 November 2016.
  7. ^ Henry was given a large number of manors in Derbyshire including Doveridge, Breaston, Duffield and Cowley.
  8. ^ Domesday Book: A Complete Translation. London: Penguin. 2003. p. 748. ISBN 0-14-143994-7.
  9. ^ Woolley, Richard (22 May 2007). "Mawstone Mine Disaster – 75 years on". Matlock Mercury.
  10. ^ "Middleton–by–Youlgreave". aboutderbyshire.co.uk. Retrieved 21 November 2016.
  11. ^ a b "Thimble Hall". Retrieved 21 November 2016.
  12. ^ "History of Thimble Hall". Thimble Hall. Retrieved 21 November 2016.
  13. ^ Historic England. "Thimble Hall  (Grade II) (1109818)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 November 2016.
  14. ^ History of Youlgravefest, Official Site, accessed 15 September 2009

External links

All Saints’ Church, Youlgreave

All Saints’ Church, Youlgreave is a Grade I listed parish church in the Church of England in Youlgreave, Derbyshire.

Alport

Alport is a hamlet in the White Peak area of Derbyshire, England. It lies east of Youlgreave, at the confluence of the River Bradford and the River Lathkill. The oldest house in the hamlet is Monks Hall. There also used to be a pub, which was demolished thanks the construction of a main road, which leads to the A6 and towards Buxton.

There are lead mines in the area, and at the Alport mine, an early steam-powered Nutating disc engine was installed.

In chronostratigraphy, the British sub-stage of the Carboniferous period, the 'Alportian' derives its name from study of a core from a borehole drilled at Alport.The name "Alport" means "Old town", possibly with market trading connotations.

Bill Burgess

Thomas William Burgess (15 June 1872 – 2 July 1950) was the second person to successfully complete a swim of the English Channel after Matthew Webb. He performed the feat on 6 September 1911, on his 16th attempt. British by nationality, Burgess spent most of his life in France, and won a bronze medal with the French water polo team at the 1900 Olympics.

Birley

Birley ward — which includes the districts of Base Green, Birley Estate, Charnock, Frecheville, Scowerdons and part of Hackenthorpe — is one of the 28 electoral wards in City of Sheffield, England. It is located in the southeastern part of the city and covers an area of 5.1 km2. The population of this ward in 2011 was 16,943 people in 7,393 households. It is one of the five wards that make up the Sheffield Attercliffe constituency.

Birley Estate (grid reference SK402830) is a housing estate in the southeastern part of Sheffield. It is built on what was Birley Moor just to the north of the small hamlet of Birley. Birley Spa to the northeast was a hotel and spa built in 1842 around a spring of mineral water. The building was restored in 2001/02 and is Grade II listed.

DE postcode area

The DE postcode area, also known as the Derby postcode area, is a group of 23 postcode districts in England, which are subdivisions of 11 post towns. These postcode districts cover south and central Derbyshire (including Derby, Alfreton, Ashbourne, Bakewell, Belper, Heanor, Ilkeston, Matlock, Ripley and Swadlincote), parts of east Staffordshire (including Burton upon Trent) and north-west Leicestershire, and very small parts of Nottinghamshire.

Derbyshire Dales

Derbyshire Dales () is a local government district in Derbyshire, England. The population of the district as taken at the 2011 Census was 71,116. Much of the district is situated in the Peak District, although most of its population lies along the River Derwent.

The borough borders the districts of High Peak, Amber Valley, North East Derbyshire and South Derbyshire in Derbyshire and also Sheffield in South Yorkshire. The district also lies within the Sheffield City Region, and the district council is a non-constituent partner member of the Sheffield City Region Combined Authority. A significant amount of the working population is employed in Sheffield and Chesterfield.

The district offices are in Matlock. It was formed on 1 April 1974, originally under the name of West Derbyshire. The district adopted its current name in 1988. The district was a merger of Ashbourne, Bakewell, Matlock and Wirksworth urban districts along with Ashbourne Rural District and Bakewell Rural District.

Following their review of parliamentary representation in Derbyshire, the Boundary Commission for England has formed a new constituency called Derbyshire Dales.

Holy Trinity Church, Stanton-in-Peak

Holy Trinity Church, Stanton-in-Peak is a Grade II listed parish church in the Church of England in Stanton in Peak, Derbyshire.

Hulleys of Baslow

Hulleys of Baslow is a bus company based in Baslow, Derbyshire, England.

Limestone Way

The Limestone Way is a long-distance footpath in Derbyshire, England. It runs through the White Peak of the Peak District National Park, from Castleton south to Rocester over the county boundary in Staffordshire. It originally ran to Matlock, but was diverted to its current, longer route to join up with the Staffordshire Way. The trail is named for the limestone scenery along its route. It was created by the West Derbyshire District Council (now Derbyshire Dales).

Middleton-by-Youlgreave

Middleton, often known as Middleton-by-Youlgreave or Middleton-by-Youlgrave to distinguish it from nearby Middleton-by-Wirksworth, is a village in the Peak District, Derbyshire, England. The appropriate civil parish is called Middleton and Smerrill. The population of this parish was 137 at the 2011 Census. It lies south west of Youlgreave, above the River Bradford. Its main industries are farming and tourism.

Over Haddon

Over Haddon is a small village and civil parish in Derbyshire, England. The population of the civil parish (including Nether Haddon) at the 2011 Census was 255. It is near the small town of Bakewell, south of the B5055 road.

Over Haddon overlooks Lathkill Dale and the River Lathkill, which may be crossed by a clapper bridge on a footpath running south from the village. It has two churches, a public house, and a car park.

Around the year 1667 Over Haddon was home to Martha Taylor, one of the earliest documented examples of a fasting girl, who claimed to be able to survive for months without food.The name "Haddon" means "Heath Hill", the "Over" referring to being above "Nether Haddon" (Haddon Hall).The site of a deserted medieval village, Conksbury, is on the south bank of the River Lathkill, between Over Haddon and Youlgreave.

Over Haddon is the birthplace of Maurice Oldfield, a former head of MI6 and reputedly the inspiration for both John le Carré's George Smiley and 'M' in the James Bond books. He died in 1981 is buried in the village.

Richard Norman Shaw

Richard Norman Shaw RA (7 May 1831 – 17 November 1912), sometimes known as Norman Shaw, was a Scottish architect who worked from the 1870s to the 1900s, known for his country houses and for commercial buildings. He is considered to be among the greatest of British architects; his influence on architectural style was strongest in the 1880s and 1890s.

River Bradford

The River Bradford is a river in the Peak District National Park in Derbyshire. Its source is on Gratton Moor and after passing below Youlgreave it joins the River Lathkill at Alport. Less than 4 miles (7 km) in length, its waters are very clear due to the limestone rock over which it flows, and its width has been enhanced by a number of weirs which also encourage white-throated dippers to breed in the ponds created. The river is owned and managed by the Haddon Estate and is home to brown trout and white-clawed crayfish. The valley is known as Bradford Dale, and the Limestone Way passes through it.

River Lathkill

The River Lathkill is a river in the Peak District National Park in Derbyshire, England.

First recorded in 1280, the name "Lathkill" possibly has Scandinavian roots, the old Norse hlada-kill translating as "narrow valley with a barn".

Ron Hewitt (footballer, born 1924)

Ronald Hewitt (21 January 1924 – June 2011) was an English professional footballer who played as a goalkeeper in the Football League for Sheffield United and Lincoln City and in non-League football for Worksop Town, Grantham and Spalding United.

St Michael's Church, Birchover

St Michael’s Church, Birchover is a Grade II listed parish church in the Church of England in Birchover, Derbyshire.

Thomas Bateman

Thomas Bateman (8 November 1821 (baptised) – 28 August 1861) was an English antiquary and barrow-digger.

Youlgreave Festival

Youlgreave Festival is an annual event held in the village of Youlgreave situated in the heart of the Peak District. Started in 2001 by local entrepreneur Philip Wildbore as a community event, hosted by the local parish council on the playing fields. Typically, the festival runs throughout the 2nd weekend of September every year.

Now in its 9th year, it has become an established part of the calendar and has grown steadily year on year, now hosting two stages. With a 2nd stage introduced in 2008, the festival now has room for more local acts and less space between the performers.

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