Yorkshire Ambulance Service

Yorkshire Ambulance Service (YAS) is the NHS ambulance service covering most of Yorkshire in England. It was formed on 1 July 2006 following the mergers of the former West Yorkshire Metropolitan Ambulance Service (WYMAS), South Yorkshire Ambulance Service (SYAS) and Tees, East and North Yorkshire Ambulance Service (TENYAS). It is one of ten NHS Ambulance Trusts providing England with emergency medical services, free at the point of care and as part of the National Health Service it receives direct government funding for its role.

Yorkshire Ambulance Service
Created1 July 2006
HeadquartersWakefield, England
Region servedCounties of East Yorkshire, North Yorkshire, South Yorkshire and West Yorkshire
NHS regionNHS England
Area size6,000 sq miles
Population5 million
TypeNHS trust
ChairKathryn Lavery
Chief executiveRod Barnes
Number of employees> 5,000


Yorkshire Ambulance Service NHS Trust (YAS) serves a population of five million people and employs over 4500 staff and supported by over 1000 volunteers. On an average year, YAS will respond to 700,000 emergency calls and conduct one million patient transport journeys.[1]

YAS's main roles are to:

  • receive 999 calls in two Emergency Operations Centres, based in Wakefield and York, and deploy the most appropriate response to meet patients' needs
  • respond to 999 calls by getting medical help to patients who have serious or life-threatening injuries or illnesses as quickly as possible
  • take eligible patients to and from their hospital appointments with our non-emergency Patient Transport Service
  • provide the NHS 111 urgent medical help and advice line in Yorkshire and the Humber as well as Bassetlaw in Nottinghamshire.


Yorkshire Ambulance Service covers the counties of West Yorkshire, South Yorkshire, the East Riding of Yorkshire, and North Yorkshire (not including the boroughs of Middlesbrough, Redcar and Cleveland or Stockton-on-Tees, which are covered by the North East Ambulance Service).

The headquarters of YAS is located within the Wakefield 41 Business Park to the north of Wakefield city centre and near to junction 41 of the M1 motorway. There are two Administration Centres, one covering the northern area of the Trust, based in Skelton, York and the other covering the southern area of the Trust, based in Moorgate, Rotherham.

Accident and Emergency operations are divided into the following Clinical Business Units (CBUs) almost conterminous with the geographic boundaries:[2]

  • North Yorkshire
  • Hull & East Riding
  • Airedale, Bradford and Leeds (ABL)
  • Calderdale, Kirklees and Wakefield (CKW)
  • South Yorkshire


The Chief Executive is Rod Barnes who was made substantive in his role in May 2015 and prior to this, was the Interim Chief Executive and Executive Director of Finance and Performance.[3] His background is generally finance-based and he has worked in a number of other NHS provider organisations including Taunton and Somerset NHS Foundation Trust and Great Western Ambulance Service. He began his NHS career at Airedale and Harrogate district hospitals and has held a wide variety of leadership positions.

He replaced David Whiting, who was Chief Executive between February 2011 and November 2014.

Other former Chief Executives were Jayne Barnes OBE (1 July 2006 – 14 January 2008) and Martyn Pritchard (15 January 2008 – June 2010). Barnes emigrated to Australia to take up the post of Assistant Commissioner of Queensland Ambulance Service (South East region) and Pritchard left to take up a role at the Strategic Health Authority.[4]

Previous members of the executive team have left under less than auspicious circumstances. David Forster, the Policy and Strategy Director, resigned his position in 2010 after stating that the NHS employed "too many who are lazy, unproductive, obstinate, militant, aggressive at every turn" he also claimed some employees "couldn't secure a job anywhere outside the bloated public sector where mediocrity is too often shielded by weak and unprincipled HR policies".[5]

On 8 March 2016, the trust announced that the incumbent Chairman, Della Cannings QPM would be standing down from her position after six years with her final date in office being 9 May 2016.[6]


Yorkshire Ambulance Service was formed on 1 July 2006 around the same time as many of the ambulance services in England merged with neighbouring services to become conterminous with the government regions following the 2005 publication of the Taking Healthcare to the Patient: Transforming NHS Ambulance Services report by Peter Bradley CBE.[7] The previous ambulance services are outlined below:

West Yorkshire Metropolitan Ambulance Service

WYMAS was formed in 1974 covering the then new metropolitan county of West Yorkshire and the Craven district of North Yorkshire. It brought together some of the individual city ambulance services which existed across the area and in 1992, it became an NHS trust, providing 24-hour emergency and healthcare services to more than 2.1 million people across the region. WYMAS had 21 ambulance stations within its operating area.

Tees, East and North Yorkshire Ambulance Service

TENYAS was formed on 1 April 1999 as a merger of the former Cleveland, Humberside and North Yorkshire ambulance services and served the urban areas of Middlesbrough, York and Hull along with the rural areas of the Yorkshire Dales and Yorkshire Wolds.

South Yorkshire Ambulance Service

SYAS was formed in 1974 as the South Yorkshire Metropolitan Ambulance Service covering the then new metropolitan county of South Yorkshire. On 1 April 1992 it became an NHS Trust and served over 1.4 million people in an area of over 600 square miles (1,600 km2).


YAS operates just over 500 emergency vehicles which are a mix of Double Crewed Ambulances (DCAs), crewed by two members of staff (usually a qualified Paramedic or Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) working with an Emergency Care Assistant) and Rapid Response Vehicles (RRVs) which are crewed by a single paramedic, EMT or Emergency Care Practitioner. The emergency fleet is primarily made up of Mercedes Sprinter ambulances, Fiat ducato DCAs[8] and Skoda Octavia rapid response vehicles.

YAS also has over 450 Patient Transport Service (PTS) vehicles which are operated by around 696 PTS staff.[9]

YAS can deploy rescue helicopters, including two Airbus H145s of the Yorkshire Air Ambulance to emergencies and incidents across the service area, however the Air Ambulance Service is a charity and not an integral part of YAS – paramedics are provided by YAS and work on a rota with doctors who are voluntary members of the BASICS (British Association for Immediate Care) to offer additional medical skills.

The Trust entered into a contract with Medical (Europe) Ltd of Malton trading as North of England Ambulance Service by which it could call on up to 13 ambulances, each with two crew members, to cover staff shortages in 2012. This contract was ended in early 2014, however YAS has the ability to call on private companies and St John Ambulance to provide cover in times of extreme need, and a long term contract is held with St John to provide fully crewed ambulances to YAS for emergency and non-emergency work.

Staff roles

YAS employs 4,679 staff, who together with 1,055 volunteers, provide a vital 24-hour emergency and healthcare service. The largest proportion of staff, over 62%, are employed in operational patient-facing roles including Accident and Emergency, Patient Transport Service, NHS 111, Hazardous Area Response Team, Yorkshire Air Ambulance paramedics, Emergency Operations Centre, Resilience and Special Services, Private and Events, Resource and Embrace paediatric and neonatal transport service.[9] There are various job roles which enable the service to operate, here are a few that are directly involved in the frontline and the control room of the service:[10]

Emergency Operations Centre

  • Emergency Operations Centre Call Handler
  • Emergency Operations Centre Call Dispatcher
  • Clinical Advisor

Operational A&E Frontline

  • Urgent Care Support Worker (UCSW)
  • Emergency Care Assistant (ECA)
  • Emergency Medical Technician 1 (EMT-1)
  • Emergency Medical Technician 2 (EMT-2)
  • Advanced Emergency Medical Technician (aEMT)
  • Newly Qualified Paramedic (NQP)
  • Paramedic
  • Specialist Paramedic Urgent and Emergency Care
  • Specialist Paramedic HART (Hazardous Area Response Team)
  • Specialist Paramedic HEMS (Helicopter Emergency Medical Services) Yorkshire Air Ambulance
  • Advanced Paramedics
  • Consultant Paramedics
  • Consultant Doctors (Yorkshire Critical Care Team)

Operational Patient Transport Services Frontline

  • PTS Ambulance Driver (Band 2)
  • PTS Ambulance Care Assistant (Band 3)

Patient Transport Services Communications

  • PTS Scheduler/Controller
  • PTS Call Handler
  • PTS Call Handler Apprentice


  • Community First Responder
  • PTS Car Driver
  • Emergency Doctor BASICS

Accident and Emergency

In 2013–14, YAS staff received 795,750 emergency and urgent calls, an average of over 2,180 calls a day. YAS responded to a total of 708,883 incidents by either a vehicle arriving on scene or by telephone advice. Of these, 267,716 were categorised as immediately life-threatening.

Like other English ambulance trusts, YAS has experienced year-on-year growth in activity since it was established in 2006; overall response activity was up by 2% from 2012–13 to 2013–14.

YAS delivered the national emergency response target (75% of immediately life-threatening calls were reached in eight minutes and 95% of these calls within 19 minutes) for the third consecutive year in 2013–14.[9] This was only achieved by YAS downgrading a large number of calls to a less serious category, they are due to be investigated by the CQC for this.[11]

Patient Transport Service (PTS)

YAS PTS is the largest ambulance provider of non-emergency transport in Yorkshire and the Humber. In 2013–14, YAS PTS undertook 886,312 non-emergency journeys.[9]

Transport is provided for people who are unable to use public or other transport due to their medical condition. This includes those:

  • attending hospital outpatient clinics and community-based care
  • being admitted to or discharged from hospital
  • needing life-saving treatment such as chemotherapy or renal dialysis.

NHS 111

Call 111 Logo

YAS runs the NHS 111 service in Yorkshire and the Humber, Bassetlaw, North Lincolnshire and North East Lincolnshire. The service took its one millionth call in February 2014 and is one of the highest performing NHS 111 services in England. Up to the end of 2013–14, the service responded to 1,100,599 calls, 94.9% of which were answered within 60 seconds (the national target is 95%).[9]

Yorkshire Ambulance Service Charitable Fund

YAS has its own Charitable Fund which receives donations and legacies from grateful patients, members of the public and fundraising initiatives throughout Yorkshire.

The Charitable Fund exists to support the work of the Trust. Key uses of funds include the provision of additional training and equipment for services over and above the level that would normally be delivered as part of core NHS funding.

During 2013–14 and continuing into 2014, the Charitable Fund has been focusing its efforts on raising money for community medical units, which provide on-scene medical treatment for patients with minor injuries and illnesses, and public access defibrillators.[9]

YAS Community and Commercial Training

The YAS Community and Commercial Training Department has provided first aid and other training services to the NHS, local community and many other organisations for over 15 years. Income generated from these commercial activities is used directly to help fund YAS community initiatives in Yorkshire and the Humber.[12]

University First Responders

Students from the Hull York Medical School (HYMS) and Community First Responders (CFR) from across Yorkshire received training from YAS at Hull Royal Infirmary. In 2012 there were 63 medical students who trained as Community First Responders in Hull and York.[13]

Following the success of this scheme, a similar scheme-LMSCFR-was launched by medical students from the University of Leeds in December 2016. This scheme now has around 40 volunteer responders from all years of the Leeds undergraduate medical course working to provide responder cover in Leeds, especially within the city centre, Hyde Park and Headingley areas.[14]


  1. ^ "YAS Operating Plan" (PDF). Yorkshire Ambulance Service NHS Trust. Retrieved 4 July 2015.
  2. ^ "YAS in NHS - Yorkshire Ambulance Service NHS Trust". Yorkshire Ambulance Service NHS Trust. Retrieved 4 July 2015.
  3. ^ "Yorkshire Ambulance Service appoints new Chief Executive and Director of Operations" (Press release). Yorkshire Ambulance Service NHS Trust. 12 May 2015. Retrieved 4 July 2015.
  4. ^ "Changes in Yorkshire Ambulance Service Trust Board". Association of Ambulance Chief Executives. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  5. ^ "Ambulance service director criticises 'lazy' staff". The Northern Echo. Retrieved 19 April 2018.
  6. ^ Yorkshire Ambulance Service (8 March 2016). "Chairman steps down after six successful years" (Press release). Yorkshire Ambulance Service NHS Trust. Retrieved 12 March 2016.
  7. ^ "Taking Healthcare to the Patient: Transforming NHS Ambulance Services" (PDF). Department of Health. Retrieved 9 January 2016.
  8. ^ "New fleet of A&E Ambulances hit Yorkshire - Yorkshire Ambulance Service - O&H". O&H Vehicle Conversions. 25 October 2018. Retrieved 3 December 2018.
  9. ^ a b c d e f "YAS AR-QA-FS 2013–14". Yorkshire Ambulance Service. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  10. ^ "YAS Ambulance Response". Yorkshire Ambulance Service NHS Trust. 6 April 2013. Retrieved 6 April 2013.
  11. ^ "Ambulance bosses dismiss union's accusations of "manipulating" response figures". Bradford Telegraph and Argus. Retrieved 19 April 2018.
  12. ^ "First Aid Courses Yorkshire". Yorkshire Ambulance Service. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  13. ^ "HYMS Medical Students train with YAS to be CRFs" (Press release). 22 February 2012. Retrieved 1 May 2012.
  14. ^ "Dennis Parker Innovation Prize" (Press release). 9 December 2016. Retrieved 30 October 2017.

External links


The Metropolitan Borough of Calderdale is a metropolitan borough of West Yorkshire, England. It takes its name from the River Calder, whose upper part flows through the borough. Several small valleys contain tributaries of the River Calder. The population at the 2011 Census was 203,826.Calderdale covers part of the South Pennines and is the southern-most of the Yorkshire Dales, though it is not part of the Yorkshire Dales National Park.

The borough was formed by the merger of six former local government districts, spanning, from east to west, the towns of Brighouse, Elland, Halifax, Sowerby Bridge, Hebden Bridge and Todmorden. Mytholmroyd, together with Hebden Bridge, forms Hebden Royd.

Halifax is the main commercial, cultural and administrative centre of the borough, with numerous high street chain stores, markets, central library, borough council offices, public transport hub, central police station and the further and higher education college, as well as other major local organisations. Calderdale is served by Calderdale Council, Calderdale's admin headquarters is in Halifax, with some council organisations based in Todmorden.

Emergency care assistant

An emergency care assistant (ECA) is a type of NHS ambulance service worker in the United Kingdom, often used to support paramedics in responding to emergency calls. The role is similar to an ambulance technician, but with less training.

This frontline staff role was introduced in 2006 as part of the modernisation of NHS emergency ambulances and also to lower costs. By 2011 there were 2000 people working as ECAs in the United Kingdom. The role is evolving rapidly, and there is variation across the country, although usually the role involves assisting paramedics. ECAs commonly help to transfer patients and may use advanced driving skills. They may carry out basic diagnostic procedures under the direct supervision of a paramedic. The College of Paramedics has said that it expects that ECAs will not be called upon to make complex clinical decisions.

Fire Service Co-Responder

Seventeen Fire Services in the United Kingdom work with nine Ambulance Services to provide emergency medical cover in areas that have been identified as having a greater need for ambulance cover. The aim of a co-responder team is to preserve life until the arrival of either a Rapid Response Vehicle (RRV) or an ambulance. Co-responder vehicles are equipped with oxygen and automatic external defibrillation (AED) equipment.

Hazardous Area Response Team

The hazardous area response team (HART) is an NHS ambulance service initiative devoted to providing medical care to patients in the "hot zone" of hazardous environments.

Teams are activated and sent to various incidents, such as CBRNe, hazmat, collapsed buildings, patients at height or in confined space, water rescue, and flooding, firearms incidents and explosions.

HART teams are made up of emergency medical personnel, such as paramedics who have undergone specialised training in the use of special procedures, skills and vehicles & equipment.

Their specialised equipment includes personal protective equipment (such as breathing apparatus, hazmat suits, and climbing tethers for working at height), cutting equipment for extrication, and flotation devices and rafts for working on water.

Healthcare in Yorkshire

Healthcare in Yorkshire from 2016 was the responsibility of 19 Clinical Commissioning Groups covering:

Airedale, Wharfedale and Craven


Bradford City

Bradford Districts



East Riding of Yorkshire

Greater Huddersfield

Hambleton, Richmondshire and Whitby

Harrogate and Rural District


Leeds North

Leeds South and East

Leeds West

North Kirklees



Vale of York


List of NHS trusts

This is a list of NHS trusts established in England. It includes Acute Hospital Trusts, Ambulance Trusts, Mental Health Trusts, and the unique Isle of Wight NHS Trust. Many trusts have dissolved or have changed their name, and each is listed separately, under each significant name. If the same trust has continued with only a slight name change, it is only listed once, with the latest name.

Community Health NHS Trusts present particular difficulties. Like all the trusts they were originally established under the National Health Service and Community Care Act 1990. They have been frequently merged, split and reorganised, sometimes combined with hospital trusts or mental health trusts. After 2001 most of them were subsumed into Primary Care Trusts and under the Transforming Community Services programme they were then re-established in various organisational forms, not always within the NHS. A further wave of community trusts were established between 2010 and 2013 when PCTs were abolished, sometimes reusing a previous name.

There is a separate List of Primary Care Trusts in England which did not have the same legal status.

Dates of mergers and dissolutions are generally the date of legislation. The operational date may be different.

For the distinct system of NHS Health Boards in Scotland, see NHS Scotland

For the system in Northern Ireland, see Health and Social Care in Northern Ireland

For the system in Wales, see NHS WalesNHS Foundation Trusts were regulated by Monitor. Trusts that had not attained Foundation Trust status were supervised by the NHS Trust Development Authority. From 1 April 2016 they are all supervised by NHS Improvement.

Middlewood, South Yorkshire

Middlewood is a north western suburb of Sheffield, South Yorkshire, England. The suburb falls within the Stannington ward of the City.

Murray Naylor

Major-General (David) Murray Naylor CB MBE DL (born 5 March 1938) is a former British Army officer who commanded 2nd Infantry Division.

NHS ambulance services trust

NHS ambulance services trusts are organisations which provide ambulance services within the English National Health Service.

North East Ambulance Service

North East Ambulance Service NHS Foundation Trust (NEAS) is the authority responsible for providing NHS ambulance services in North East England, covering the counties of County Durham, Northumberland and Tyne and Wear and the area of the former county of Cleveland in North Yorkshire. The trust was formed on 1 July 2006, following the merger of the existing North East Ambulance Service and the Tees division of the Tees, East and North Yorkshire Ambulance Service (TENYAS). Northumbria Ambulance Service and County Durham Ambulance Service had previously merged on 1 April 1999.[1]

It is one of 10 Ambulance Trusts providing England with Emergency medical services, and is part of the National Health Service, receiving direct government funding for its role. There is no charge to patients for use of the service, and under the Patient's Charter, every person in the United Kingdom, has the right to the attendance of an ambulance in an emergency. The North East Ambulance Service also provides Patient Transport Services (PTS) or non-emergency services to patients in the area.

The North East Ambulance Service currently operates 107 emergency ambulances, 50 rapid response cars, 28 urgent care vehicles, 2 bariatric ambulances, 242 patient transport vehicles, 5 community paramedic cars, and 120 support service vehicles.


Northallerton ( nor-THAL-ər-tən) is a market town and civil parish in the Hambleton district of North Yorkshire, England. It lies in the Vale of Mowbray and at the northern end of the Vale of York. It had a population of 15,741 according to the 2001 census, which had risen to 16,832 in 2011. It has served as the county town of the North Riding of Yorkshire and since 1974, of North Yorkshire. Northallerton is made up of four wards, North, Broomfield, Romanby and Central.

There has been a settlement at Northallerton since Roman times, however its growth in importance began in the 11th century when King William II gifted land to the Bishop of Durham. Under the Bishop's authority Northallerton became an important centre for religious affairs. It was also a focus for much conflict in subsequent years between the English and the Scots, most notably the Battle of the Standard, nearby in 1138, which saw losses of as many as 12,000 men.In later years trade and transport became more important. The surrounding area was discovered to have large phosphorus reserves which brought industry to Northallerton due to the easy trade routes. Lying on the main route between Edinburgh and London it became an important stopping point for coaches travelling the route, eventually superseded by the growth of the railways in the 19th century. Lying in the centre of a large rural area Northallerton was established as a market town in 1200 by Royal Charter, and there is still a market in the town today.It continues to be a major retail centre for the local area. As the administrative centre for Hambleton district and the county of North Yorkshire, the councils, and several other associated public sector organisations have their headquarters in the town.

South Yorkshire Ambulance Service

South Yorkshire Ambulance Service was the NHS ambulance service covering South Yorkshire, England. On 1 July 2006 it was merged into the new Yorkshire Ambulance Service.

Tees, East and North Yorkshire Ambulance Service

Tees, East and North Yorkshire Ambulance Service (TENYAS) was the NHS ambulance service covering the urban areas of Middlesbrough, Stockton-on-Tees, York and Hull along with the rural areas of the Yorkshire Dales and Yorkshire Wolds. In total the organisation provided ambulance cover for an area of the size of approximately 4,500 square miles (12,000 km2).The service was formed on 1 April 1999 as a merger of the former Cleveland, North Yorkshire and the northern half of Humberside Ambulance Services and had 37 ambulance stations within its operating area with the southern half of Humberside Ambulance Service being absorbed by Lincolnshire Ambulance Service. Resources were deployed from the two control rooms situated in Middlesbrough and at ambulance headquarters in Skelton, York known as 'Fairfields'. This building was a purpose built ambulance headquarters, commissioned by the previous incumbent service, North Yorkshire Ambulance Service.

Thames Ambulance Service

Thames Ambulance Service is a private ambulance service based on Canvey Island.

It had a sub-contract for patient transport services in Sussex with Coperforma. In November 2016 it proposed to make the staff redundant, claiming it had not been paid since June 2016.The Care Quality Commission inspected it in 2017 and ordered it to improve after it found issues with found cleanliness, infection control and hygiene.It took over patient transport services in North East Lincolnshire in October 2016. Six extra ambulance crews were brought in to temporarily support the local operation.It started a contract for patient transport services in Hull in April 2017. Staff who were transferred from Yorkshire Ambulance Service were told that they would not be paid overtime and expenses in the first month because of “cash flow problems”. After the Clinical Commissioning Group intervened they were paid. The local branch of the health union UNISON said that workers remained concerned about the problems with payment.It won a five-year contract worth £28 million in Leicestershire and Rutland from October 2017, taking over from Arriva.

Tony Audenshaw

Antony "Tony" Audenshaw (born 6 September 1964, in Denton, Lancashire) is an English actor, best known for his role as Bob Hope on the popular ITV1 soap Emmerdale a role he has played since 2000.

In 1989 he appeared in Inspector Morse as a fast bowler for the Clarets cricket team in the episode "Deceived by Flight". Between 1994 and 1996, he played the recurring role of PC Ian Coban in the Channel 4 soap Brookside. In 1996 he appeared as an unnamed South Yorkshire Ambulance Service officer in the TV drama Hillsborough. His Emmerdale debut was in 2000 and he has been a cast member ever since. In December 2006 he appeared as himself alongside other members of the Emmerdale cast on a celebrity version of the TV show Family Fortunes. In 2009 he appeared in and won an episode of Celebrity Mastermind. His specialist subject was 'British Birds'.

Audenshaw has completed ten London Marathons. In 2010, he broke the Guinness World Record for the fastest time set by a runner dressed as a baby, when he completed the London Marathon in 3 hours and 13 minutes. He ran the Robin Hood Marathon in Nottingham on Sunday 12 September 2010 in 3 hours 54 minutes and 29 seconds. Audenshaw often runs in fancy dress for the charity Leukaemia & Lymphoma Research. On 17 April 2011, Audenshaw ran the 2011 London Marathon in 3 hours and 18 minutes dressed as a fairy. He has presented a feature called Tony's Trials in the weekly running podcast Marathon Talk, in which he recounts a humorous anecdote from his week of training.

Audenshaw is the lead singer of a band called White Van Man, who collaborated with an acclaimed opera singer to release "Viva Englandia" in support of England's 2010 World Cup campaign.

West Yorkshire Metropolitan Ambulance Service

West Yorkshire Metropolitan Ambulance Service, or 'WYMAS', was the NHS ambulance service covering West Yorkshire and the western side of North Yorkshire. On 1 July 2006 it was merged to the single Yorkshire Ambulance Service.


Withernsea is a seaside resort town and civil parish in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England, and forms the focal point for a wider community of small villages in Holderness. Its most famous landmark is the white inland lighthouse, rising around 127 feet (39 m) above Hull Road. The lighthouse – no longer active – now houses a museum to 1950s actress Kay Kendall, who was born in the town.

The Prime Meridian crosses the coast to the north-west of Withernsea.

According to the 2011 UK census, Withernsea parish had a population of 6,159, an increase on the 2001 UK census figure of 5,980.


York is a city and unitary authority area in North Yorkshire, England, with a population of 208,200 as of 2017. Located at the confluence of the Rivers Ouse and Foss, it is the county town of the historic county of Yorkshire and was the home of the House of York throughout its existence. The city is known for its famous historical landmarks such as York Minster and the city walls, as well as a variety of cultural and sporting activities, which makes it a popular tourist destination in England. The local authority is the City of York Council, a single tier governing body responsible for providing all local services and facilities throughout the city. The City of York local government district includes rural areas beyond the old city boundaries.

The city was founded by the Romans as Eboracum in 71 AD. It became the capital of the Roman province of Britannia Inferior, and later of the kingdoms of Deira, Northumbria and Jórvík. In the Middle Ages, York grew as a major wool trading centre and became the capital of the northern ecclesiastical province of the Church of England, a role it has retained. In the 19th century, York became a major hub of the railway network and a confectionery manufacturing centre, a status it maintained well into the 20th century. During the Second World War, York was bombed as part of the Baedeker Blitz. After suffering heavy damage in the Blitz, most buildings were completely gutted and left in disrepair until restorations began during 1960s. In 2000, York suffered very severe flooding as the River Ouse rose, affecting over 300 homes.The economy of York is dominated by services. The University of York and National Health Service are major employers, whilst tourism has become an important element of the local economy. In 2016, York became sister cities with the Chinese city of Nanjing. An agreement signed by the Lord Mayor of York, focusing on building links in tourism, education, science, technology and culture. Today, the city is a popular tourist attraction to Chinese visitors. In 2017, York became UK's first human rights city, which formalised the city’s aim to use human rights in decision making.

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