Yongzhou

Yongzhou is a prefecture-level city in the south of Hunan province, People's Republic of China, located on the southern bank of the Xiang River, which is formed by the confluence of the Xiao and Xiang Rivers, and bordering Guangdong to the southeast and Guangxi to the southwest. With a history of 2000 years, Yongzhou is one of the four ancient counties in Hunan. Its total area is 22,441 square kilometres (8,665 sq mi), and it has a total population of nearly 5.8 million people.

History

Du Halde - Description de la Chine - Autres villes de la province de Hou quang
Maps of "Hoang-tcheou-fou" and "Yong-tcheou-fou" in "Hou-quang" from Du Halde's 1735 Description of China, based on accounts by Jesuit missionaries.

During late imperial China, Yongzhou was also the seat of a prefecture.

Geography and climate

Yongzhou is the southernmost prefecture-level division of Hunan, and is located at the confluence of the Xiao (Xiaoshui) and Xiang Rivers. Within its borders is the Nan Mountains (Nan Ling), which increases the complexity of climatic variation. It borders Chenzhou to the east, Hezhou (Guangxi), Guilin (Guangxi) and Qingyuan (Guangdong) to the south, and Hengyang and Shaoyang to the north. Its area spans around 22,400 km2 (8,650 sq mi).

Yongzhou has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa), with an annual mean temperature of 17.78 °C (64.0 °F), although within the prefecture-level city this ranges from 17.6 to 18.6 °C (63.7 to 65.5 °F).[1] Winters are mild and brief, beginning somewhat dry and turning wet and gloomy as the season progresses. Spring is very rainy, especially in May, which is the wettest month. Summer is very hot and humid, with moderate levels of rain, and generous sunshine; on average, July and August are the only two months where the area receives more than half of possible sunshine. Autumn is the driest season. From January to May, on average, more than half of the days each month receive some precipitation. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from 6.1 °C (43.0 °F) in January to 29.0 °C (84.2 °F) in July. The annual precipitation is around 1,426 mm (56 in). With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 15% in February and March to 58% in July, the city receives 1,491 hours of sunshine annually.

Administrative divisions

Map

Government

The current CPC Party Secretary of Yongzhou is Li Hui and the current Mayor is Zhao Yingyun.

Transportation

Air

Rail

YongZhou Railway Station
Yongzhou railway station (永州站)

Highway

Notable citizens

Yongzhou is the home of Chinese supermodel Liu Wen.

Sister cities

Country City State / Region Since
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Sri Lanka Emblem of Sri Lanka.svg Nuwara Eliya[3] Central Province 2009
Flag of Malaysia.svg Malaysia Flag of Selangor.svg Klang[4] Selangor

Courthouse incident

Three judges were killed and three court staff were injured by submachine gun in the 2010 Yongzhou courthouse shooting.[5] The assailant was apparently angry at the Chinese justice system about the results of his divorce settlement.[6]

External links

References

  1. ^ 永州城市介绍 (in Chinese). Weather China. Retrieved 2013-05-27.
  2. ^ 中国地面气候标准值月值(1981-2010) (in Chinese). China Meteorological Data Service Center. Retrieved 20 October 2018.
  3. ^ Nuwara Eliya strengthens ties with Chinese Yongzhou city Archived June 5, 2011, at the Wayback Machine Sri Lanka News
  4. ^ "List of Sister cities of Hunan". Hunan Government. Archived from the original on 21 December 2015. Retrieved 21 December 2015.
  5. ^ "Three judges shot dead at a court in Hunan, China". BBC News. 1 June 2010.
  6. ^ Jacobs, Andrew (June 1, 2010). "Fatal Shooting at Chinese Courthouse". New York Times.
Dao County

Dao County (simplified Chinese: 道县; traditional Chinese: 道縣; pinyin: Dào Xiàn) is a county in Hunan Province, China, it is under the administration of Yongzhou prefecture-level City.

Located on the southern margin of the province, it is adjacent to the northeastern border of Guangxi. The county borders to the northeast by Shuangpai County, to the east by Ningyuan County, to the south by Jianghua County, to the southwest by Jiangyong County, to the northwest and the north by Guanyang and Quanzhou Counties of Guangxi. Dao County covers 2,448 km2 (945 sq mi), as of 2015, It had a registered population of 802,800 and a resident population of 624,600. The county has 11 towns, 4 townships and 7 subdistricts under its jurisdiction, the county seat is Lianxi (濂溪街道).

Dong'an County

Dong'an County (simplified Chinese: 东安县; traditional Chinese: 東安縣; pinyin: Dōng'ān Xiàn; literally: 'Eastern peace') is a county of Hunan Province, China, it is under the administration of Yongzhou prefecture-level City.

Located on the south central margin of the province, it is adjacent to the eastern border of Guangxi. The county is bordered to the north by Shaoyang County, to the east by Lengshuitan District, to the south by Lingling District, Quanzhou County of Guangxi, to the west and the northwest by Xinning County. Dong'an County covers 2,204 km2 (851 sq mi), as of 2015, It had a registered population of 643,179. The county has 13 towns and 2 townships under its jurisdiction, the county seat is Baiyashi (白牙市镇).Dong'an County is the source place of Dong'an Chicken (东安子鸡), which is one of well-known Hunan foods.

G9211 Ningbo–Zhoushan Expressway

The Ningbo−Zhoushan Expressway (simplified Chinese: 宁波−舟山高速公路; traditional Chinese: 寧波−舟山高速公路), commonly referred to as the Yongzhou Expressway (Chinese: 甬舟高速公路) is an expressway in Zhejiang, China which links Ningbo to Zhoushan. In the National Trunk Highway System (NTHS) in China, the number of this highway is G9211.

The expressway derives its name from the combination of two one-character Chinese abbreviations of both Ningbo and Zhoushan (Ningbo−Yong, Zhoushan−Zhou). Starting from the Qianyang hub on the G1501 Ningbo Ring Expressway and ending on the National Highway G329 at Yadanshan Dock, the road can be divided into two parts. The first section which was opened to traffic at the end of 2010, starts from the Qianyang hub and ends at the Jiaochuan hub, which is shared with the G1501 Ningbo Ring Expressway. The second section starts from the Jiaochuan hub and ends at the Yadanshan Dock. It contains 5 cross-sea bridges, and was opened to traffic on December 25, 2009.

Hohhot–Nanning passageway

The Hohhot–Nanning passageway is a proposed high-speed railway in China running from Hohhot in Inner Mongolia to Nanning in Guangxi. It will pass through the cities of Taiyuan, Zhengzhou, Xiangyang, Changde, Yiyang, Shaoyang, Yongzhou and Guilin. The passageway is one of the sixteen railway lines proposed under the "eight horizontal and eight vertical" railway network introduced in 2016.

Huang Gai

Huang Gai (pronunciation ) (fl. 180s–210s), courtesy name Gongfu, was a military general who served under the warlord Sun Quan during the late Eastern Han dynasty of China. He previously served under Sun Quan's predecessors – Sun Jian (Sun Quan's father) and Sun Ce (Sun Quan's elder brother).

Jianghua Yao Autonomous County

Jianghua ( "Jianghua Yao Autonomous County", simplified Chinese: 江华瑶族自治县; traditional Chinese: 江華瑤族自治縣; pinyin: Jiānghuá Yáozú Zìzhìxiàn; usually referred to as "Jianghua County", 江华县; 江華縣; Jiānghuá Xiàn) is an autonomous county of Yao people in the Province of Hunan, China, it is under the administration of Yongzhou Prefecture-level City.

Located on the southernmost margin of the province, it lies to the west of the border with Guangxi, and the north of the border with Guangdong. The county is bordered to the north by Dao and Ningyuan Counties, to the northeast by Lanshan County, to the east by Lianzhou City, Liannan and Lianshan Counties of Guangdong, to the south by Babu and Pinggui Districts of Hezhou City and Zhongshan County of Guangxi, to the west by Fuchuan County of Guangxi and Jiangyong County. Jianghua County covers 3,248 km2 (1,254 sq mi), as of 2015, It had a registered population of 521,400 and a resident population of 429,100. The county has 9 towns and 7 townships under its jurisdiction, the county seat is Tuojiang (沱江镇).

Jiangyong County

Jiangyong County (simplified Chinese: 江永县; traditional Chinese: 江永縣; pinyin: Jiāngyǒng Xiàn) is a county of Hunan Province, China, it is under the administration of Yongzhou prefecture-level City.

Located on the south margin of the province, it is bordered on the west by Guangxi. The county is bordered to the northeast by Dao County, to the southeast by Jianghua County, to the south by Fuchuan County of Guangxi, to the west by Gongcheng County of Guangxi, to the souty by Guanyang County of Guangxi. Jiangyong County covers 1,627 km2 (628 sq mi), as of 2015, It had a registered population of 278,715 and a permanent resident population of 240,900. The county has 6 towns and 4 ethnic townships under its jurisdiction, the county seat is Xiaopu Town (潇浦镇).Nüshu script is a local script understood only by women in Jiangyong County.

Lanshan County

Lanshan County (simplified Chinese: 蓝山县; traditional Chinese: 藍山縣; pinyin: Lánshān Xiàn) is a county of Hunan Province, China, it is under the administration of Yongzhou prefecture-level City.

Located on the south margin of the province, it is adjacent to the northern border of Guangdong. Lanshan covers 1,806 km2 (697 sq mi). In 2015, it had a registered population of 400,200 and a permanent resident population of 339,100. The county has eight towns and six ethnic townships of Yao people under its jurisdiction. The county seat and the largest town is Tafeng (塔峰镇).

Lengshuitan District

Lengshuitan District (simplified Chinese: 冷水滩区; traditional Chinese: 冷水灘區; pinyin: Lěngshuǐtān Qū; literally: 'cold water shoal') is one of two urban districts of Yongzhou City, Hunan Province, China. It is located on the north of the city proper, and lies to the eastern border of Guangxi.

The district is bordered to the northwest and the north by Dong'an County, to the northeast and the east by Qidong and Qiyang Counties, to the south by Lingling District. The district covers 1,221 km2 (471 sq mi), as of 2015, It had a registered population of 552,600 and a resident population of 529,200. Lengshuitan District has 8 subdistricts, 8 towns ( and 3 townships) under its jurisdiction, the government seat is Wutong (梧桐街道).

Lingling District

Lingling District (simplified Chinese: 零陵区; traditional Chinese: 零陵區; pinyin: Línglíng Qū; literally: 'zero hill') is one of two urban districts of Yongzhou City, Hunan Province, China. It is located on the south of the city proper, and lies to the eastern border of Guangxi.

The district is bordered to the north by Dong'an County and Lengshuitan District, to the east by Qiyang County, to the south by Shuangpai County, to the west by Quanzhou County of Guangxi. Lingling District covers 1,962 km2 (758 sq mi), as of 2015, It had a registered population of 622,400. Lingling District has 4 subdistricts, 7 towns and 3 townships under its jurisdiction, the government seat is Xujiajing (徐家井街道).

List of administrative divisions of Hunan

The administrative divisions of Hunan, a province of the People's Republic of China, consists of prefecture-level divisions subdivided into county-level divisions then subdivided into township-level divisions.

Ningyuan County

Ningyuan County (simplified Chinese: 宁远县; traditional Chinese: 寧遠縣; pinyin: Níngyuǎn Xiàn) is a county of Hunan Province, China, it is under the administration of Yongzhou prefecture-level City.Located on the southern part of the province, the county is bordered to the north by Qiyang County, to the northeast by Xintian County, to the east by Jiahe County, to the southeast by Lanshan County, to the southwest by Jianghua and Dao Counties, to the northwest by Shuangpai County. Ningyuan County covers 1,806 km2 (697 sq mi), as of 2015, It had a registered population of 871,200 and a permanent resident population of 726,700. The county has 12 towns, 4 ethnic townships of Yao people and 4 subdistricts under its jurisdiction, the county seat is Shunling (舜陵街道).

Qiyang County

Qiyang County (simplified Chinese: 祁阳县; traditional Chinese: 祁陽縣; pinyin: Qíyáng Xiàn) is a county of Hunan Province, China. It is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Yongzhou.

Located on the south central part of the province, it is adjacent to the city proper of Yongzhou. The county is bordered to the north and the northeast by Qidong County, to the east by Changning City, to the south by Xintian and Ningyuan Counties, to the southwest and the west by Shuangpai County, Lingling and Lengshuitan Districts. Qiyang County covers 2,538 km2 (980 sq mi). It has a registered population of 1,061,000 and has a permanent resident population of 879,900. The county has 20 towns, 3 townships and 3 subdistricts under its jurisdiction, the county seat is Changhong Subdistrict (长虹街道}}).

Shuangpai County

Shuangpai County (simplified Chinese: 双牌县; traditional Chinese: 雙牌縣; pinyin: Shuāngpái Xiàn) is a county in Hunan Province, China, it is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Yongzhou. Shuangpai is also the 3rd smallest administrative unit (after Shaoshan and Guzhang) by population in the counties and county-level cities of the province.

Located on the southern margin of the province, it is adjacent to the city proper of Yongzhou, and lies to the eastern border of Guangxi. The county is bordered to the north and the northwest by Lingling District, to the east and the southeast by Ningyuan County, to the southwest and the south by Dao County, Quanzhou County of Guangxi. Shuangpai County covers 1,751 km2 (676 sq mi), as of 2015, it had a permanent resident population of 202,400. The county has 6 towns and 5 townships under its jurisdiction, the county seat is Shuangpo (泷泊镇).

Tao Zhu

Tao Zhu (simplified Chinese: 陶铸; traditional Chinese: 陶鑄; pinyin: Táo Zhù; Wade–Giles: T'ao Chu; 16 January 1908 – 30 November 1969) was a member of the Politburo Standing Committee of the Communist Party of China .

Xiao River

The Xiao River (Chinese: 瀟水; pinyin: Xiāoshuǐ [ɕjáu.ʂwèi]) is the Main Stream of the upper Xiang River located in Yongzhou, Hunan. As of 2011 Water Census of China, it has a length of 346 kilometres (215 mi) from the headwaters to the confluence in the Ping Island of Yongzhou with the Xiang River West Branch (Left Branch) originating from Guangxi. With the tributaries, its drainage basin area is 12,094 square kilometres (4,670 sq mi).

Xintian County

Xintian County (simplified Chinese: 新田县; traditional Chinese: 新田縣; pinyin: Xīntián Xiàn) is a county of Hunan Province, China, it is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Yongzhou.

Located on the southern part of the province and the west of Yongzhou, the county is bordered to the north by Qiyang County and Changning City, to the east by Guiyang County, to the southeast by Jiahe County, to the southwest and the west by Ningyuan County. Xintian County covers 1,022.4 km2 (394.8 sq mi), as of 2015, it had a registered population of 431,500 and a permanent resident population of 339,200. The county has 11 towns and a townships under its jurisdiction, the county seat is Longquan (龙泉镇).

Yong Province

Yong Province or Yongzhou was the name of various regions and provinces in ancient China, usually around the Wei River or the imperial capital.

Yongzhou Lingling Airport

Yongzhou Lingling Airport (IATA: LLF, ICAO: ZGLG) is an airport serving the city of Yongzhou in Hunan Province, China. It is located in Lengshuitan District, 8.8 kilometers from the city center. The airport was first built in 1938 for military use and expanded several times. Commercial flights started in 2001, ceased in October 2005, and resumed in January 2008.

Transcriptions
Standard Mandarin
Hanyu PinyinYǒngzhōu
Wade–GilesYung-chou
Climate data for Yongzhou (1981−2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 25.9
(78.6)
31.6
(88.9)
35.7
(96.3)
35.7
(96.3)
35.2
(95.4)
38.0
(100.4)
39.7
(103.5)
40.3
(104.5)
38.1
(100.6)
36.2
(97.2)
33.7
(92.7)
26.3
(79.3)
40.3
(104.5)
Average high °C (°F) 9.2
(48.6)
11.3
(52.3)
15.6
(60.1)
22.2
(72.0)
27.0
(80.6)
30.3
(86.5)
33.5
(92.3)
32.7
(90.9)
28.7
(83.7)
23.6
(74.5)
18.0
(64.4)
12.4
(54.3)
22.0
(71.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 6.1
(43.0)
8.1
(46.6)
11.9
(53.4)
18.1
(64.6)
22.8
(73.0)
26.2
(79.2)
29.0
(84.2)
28.1
(82.6)
24.4
(75.9)
19.3
(66.7)
13.9
(57.0)
8.5
(47.3)
18.0
(64.5)
Average low °C (°F) 3.9
(39.0)
5.9
(42.6)
9.3
(48.7)
15.1
(59.2)
19.6
(67.3)
23.1
(73.6)
25.6
(78.1)
24.8
(76.6)
21.2
(70.2)
16.1
(61.0)
10.8
(51.4)
5.6
(42.1)
15.1
(59.2)
Record low °C (°F) −3.9
(25.0)
−4.6
(23.7)
0.0
(32.0)
4.1
(39.4)
9.3
(48.7)
14.5
(58.1)
18.7
(65.7)
18.4
(65.1)
13.0
(55.4)
4.7
(40.5)
−0.6
(30.9)
−5.2
(22.6)
−5.2
(22.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 82.2
(3.24)
112.9
(4.44)
148.7
(5.85)
173.1
(6.81)
214.7
(8.45)
182.8
(7.20)
127.7
(5.03)
136.6
(5.38)
58.2
(2.29)
68.1
(2.68)
72.0
(2.83)
49.4
(1.94)
1,426.4
(56.14)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 16.3 16.1 18.9 18.2 17.3 14.2 10.7 12.1 9.4 11.6 9.5 9.4 163.7
Average relative humidity (%) 80 82 82 80 78 79 71 75 76 75 74 73 77
Mean monthly sunshine hours 61.5 47.1 56.6 84.9 124.9 152.5 243.0 212.4 154.2 129.0 117.3 107.9 1,491.3
Percent possible sunshine 19 15 15 22 30 37 58 53 42 36 36 33 34
Source #1: China Meteorological Data Service Center[2]
Source #2: China Meteorological Administration(precipitation days, sunshine hours 1971–2000)
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