Yongjinglong

Yongjinglong is an extinct genus of herbivorous derived titanosaur sauropod dinosaur known from the Early Cretaceous of Lanzhou-Minhe Basin of Gansu Province, China. It contains a single species, Yongjinglong datangi.[1]

Yongjinglong
Temporal range: Early Cretaceous
Yongjinglong
Holotype fossils
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Clade: Dinosauria
Order: Saurischia
Suborder: Sauropodomorpha
Clade: Sauropoda
Clade: Titanosauria
Genus: Yongjinglong
Li et al., 2014
Type species
Yongjinglong datangi
Li et al., 2014

Discovery

Yongjinglong map
Quarry map and fossils in situ

Yongjinglong was first described and named by Li-Guo Li, Da-Qing Li, Hai-Lu You and Peter Dodson in 2014 and the type species is Yongjinglong datangi. The generic name is derived from the name of the historical Yongjing County, near where the holotype of Yongjinglong and numerous dinosaur track fossils were collected, and from long, meaning "dragon" in Chinese. The specific name, datangi, honors the Tang dynasty and also Mr. Zhi-Lu Tang from the IVPP, for his contributions to the study of dinosaurs.[1]

Yongjinglong is known solely from the holotype GSGM ZH(08)-04, a partial postcranial skeleton and three teeth, currently housed at the Gansu Geological Museum, Gansu Province. The postcranial remains include one fragmentary dorsal rib, the left scapulocoracoid, the right ulna and radius, as well as eight presacral vertebrae including one caudal cervical vertebra, four cranial dorsal vertebrae, and three articulated middle dorsal vertebrae. It represents a subadult individual. GSGM ZH(08)-04 was by Li Daqing and You Hailu discovered in 2008 beside the G75 Highway, less than a kilometer from the quarries of Daxiatitan and Huanghetitan liujiaxiaensis, near Zhongpu. It was collected from the upper Hekou Group, in the southeastern part of the Lanzhou-Minhe Basin, Gansu Province, dating to the Early Cretaceous.[1]

Description

Yongjinglong teeth
Teeth of the holotype

Yongjinglong was a medium-sized sauropod.

The describers established some diagnostic traits. The premaxillary teeth are long and spoon-shaped. The neck vertebrae and anterior dorsal vertebrae possess large and deep pleurocoels, pneumatic depressions, that cover the entire sides of the centra. The ridges on the sides of the middle dorsal vertebrae form a pattern shaped like a "XI", with the "X" in front. The spine of at least one middle dorsal vertebra is low and not bifurcated and forms with the postzygapophyses a triangular bone plate, directed upwards. The shoulder blade is extremely long, with, in side view, exceptionally straight front and rear edges.[1]

Phylogeny

Yongjinglong was placed in the Titanosauria. A cladistic analysis showed it was a member of the Somphospondyli and a sister species of Opisthocoelicaudia.[1]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Li, L. G.; Li, D. Q.; You, H. L.; Dodson, P. (2014). Butler, Richard J (ed.). "A New Titanosaurian Sauropod from the Hekou Group (Lower Cretaceous) of the Lanzhou-Minhe Basin, Gansu Province, China". PLoS ONE. 9: e85979. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0085979. PMC 3906019. PMID 24489684.
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