Yisrael Galili

Yisrael Galili (Hebrew: ישראל גלילי‎, born 10 February 1911, died 8 February 1986) was an Israeli politician, government minister and member of Knesset. Before Israel's independence in 1948, he served as Chief of Staff of the Haganah.

Yisrael Galili
Israel Galili
Date of birth10 February 1911
Place of birthBrailov, Russian Empire
Year of aliyah1914
Date of death8 February 1986 (aged 74)
Knessets1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
Faction represented in Knesset
1949–1951Mapam
1955–1965Ahdut HaAvoda
1965–1968Alignment
1968–1969Labor Party
1969–1977Alignment
Ministerial roles
1966–1967Minister without Portfolio
1967–1969Minister of Information
1969–1977Minister without Portfolio

Biography

Yisrael Berchenko (later Galili) was born in the town of Brailov in the Russian Empire (now Ukraine). His family immigrated to Palestine when he was three years old and settled in Tel Aviv. Galili attended school there and apprenticed with a printer.

Israel Galili Yoav
Israel Galili meeting with other commanders during Operation Yoav

Galili was a founder of the HaNoar HaOved ("Working Youth") youth group, and of Na'an, a kibbutz where he lived until his death.

Military career

Galili began his military career in 1927, when he enlisted in the Haganah. He was appointed to the organization's leadership committee in 1935, and was later placed in charge of Acquisitions and Armaments. During the Second World War, he was involved in preparations to counter an anticipated German invasion of Palestine. He was appointed Chief of Staff of the Haganah in 1946, and served in that capacity until June 1948 when he was removed by David Ben-Gurion in what was called the "Generals' Revolt".

Political career

He served in the first Knesset from 1949 to 1951, and then again from 1955 until 1977, first on behalf of the Mapam party, before being part of the split that formed Ahdut HaAvoda and later merged into the Alignment. He served briefly as Minister of Information and was Minister without Portfolio in several governments. One of Prime Minister Golda Meir's top advisers, and member of her Cabinet, he was also a member of the prestigious Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee and on the Ministerial Committee for Settlement.

Victor John Ostrovsky, a self-proclaimed former katsa (case officer) for the Israeli Mossad (foreign intelligence service) claimed in his book By Way of Deception that Galili had a lengthy affair with Golda Meir (Prime Minister of Israel) who was some 13 years his senior.[1]

References

  1. ^ Ostrovsky, Victor and Hoy, Claire (1990) By Way of Deception - The Making and Unmaking of a Mossad Officer ISBN 0-312-05613-3. Page 190.

External links

1959 Israeli legislative election

Legislative elections were held in Israel on 3 November 1959 to elect the 120 members of the fourth Knesset. Mapai remained the dominant party, gaining seven seats. Following the elections, Mapai leader David Ben-Gurion formed ninth government on 17 December 1959. His coalition included the National Religious Party, Mapam, Ahdut HaAvoda, the Progressive Party and the three Israeli Arab parties, Progress and Development, Cooperation and Brotherhood and Agriculture and Development. The government had 16 ministers. Mapai's Kadish Luz became the Speaker of the Knesset.

Voter turnout was 81.5%.

1961 Israeli legislative election

Elections for the fifth Knesset were held in Israel on 15 August 1961. Voter turnout was 81.6%.

1965 Israeli legislative election

Elections for the sixth Knesset were held in Israel on 2 November 1965. Voter turnout was 85.9%.

1986 in Israel

Events in the year 1986 in Israel.

Arnan Azaryahu

Arnan "Sini" Azaryahu (26 June 1917 – 26 November 2008) was a long-time political insider within the Israeli government, where he served as a trusted aide and confidant to Minister Yisrael Galili, a close ally and advisor to Israeli prime minister Golda Meir.

Einav Galili

Einav Galili (Hebrew: עינב גלילי‎‎; born 21 April 1969) is an Israeli journalist, satirist, television host and radio host.

Fourteenth government of Israel

The fourteenth government of Israel was formed by Golda Meir on 17 March 1969, following the death of Prime Minister Levi Eshkol on 26 February. She kept the same national unity government coalition, including the newly formed Alignment alliance of the Labor Party and Mapam, as well as Gahal, the National Religious Party, the Independent Liberals, Poalei Agudat Yisrael, Progress and Development, Cooperation and Brotherhood. The only change to the cabinet was the scrapping of the Minister of Information post, with the previous post-holder Yisrael Galili becoming a Minister without Portfolio instead.

The government served until the formation of the fifteenth government by Meir on 15 December 1969, following the October elections.

Information Minister of Israel

The Minister of Information (Hebrew: שר ההסברה‎, Sar HaHasbara) is a post in the Israeli cabinet.

Kitchen Cabinet of Israel

The Kitchen (Hebrew: המטבח‎, HaMitbah) or The Kitchen Cabinet (Hebrew: המטבחון‎, HaMitbahon, lit. The kitchenette) is a term used in Israeli politics to describe the collection of senior officials, or unofficial advisers to the Security Cabinet, as a narrow forum of 'Inner Security Cabinet', operating alongside the Security Cabinet, with the purpose of assisting it in formulating security assessments and policy, in preparation for debating and resolving these issues within the appropriate legal forums.

LaMerhav

LaMerhav (Hebrew: למרחב‎) was a Hebrew language daily newspaper published in Israel between 1954 and 1971.The paper was owned by the Ahdut HaAvoda party and later HaKibbutz HaMeuhad, and was edited by Yisrael Even-Nur, Moshe Carmel and David Padhatzor, though most of its articles were written by Yisrael Galili.

List of members of the fourth Knesset

The 120 members of the fourth Knesset were elected on 3 November 1959. The breakdown by party was as follows:

Mapai: 47

Herut: 17

National Religious Party: 12

Mapam: 9

General Zionists: 8

Ahdut HaAvoda: 7

Religious Torah Front: 6

Progressive Party: 6

Maki: 3

Progress and Development: 2

Cooperation and Brotherhood: 2

Agriculture and Development: 1

List of members of the seventh Knesset

The 120 members of the seventh Knesset were elected on 28 October 1969. The breakdown by party was as follows:

Alignment: 56

Gahal: 26

National Religious Party: 12

Agudat Yisrael: 4

Independent Liberals: 4

National List: 4

Rakah: 3

Progress and Development: 2

Poalei Agudat Yisrael: 2

Cooperation and Brotherhood: 2

HaOlam HaZeh – Koah Hadash: 2

Free Centre: 2

Maki: 1

List of members of the third Knesset

The 120 members of the third Knesset were elected on 26 July 1955. The breakdown by party was as follows:

Mapai: 40

Herut: 15

General Zionists: 13

National Religious Party: 11

Ahdut HaAvoda: 10

Mapam: 9

Religious Torah Front: 6

Maki: 6

Progressive Party: 5

Democratic List for Israeli Arabs: 2

Progress and Work: 2

Agriculture and Development: 1

Mapam

Mapam (Hebrew: מַפָּ״ם, an acronym for מִפְלֶגֶת הַפּוֹעֲלִים הַמְּאוּחֶדֶת, Mifleget HaPoalim HaMeuhedet lit. United Workers Party; Arabic: حزب العمال الموحد‎, abbr. 'مبام') was a left-wing political party in Israel. The party is one of the ancestors of the modern-day Meretz party.

Na'an

Na'an (Hebrew: נַעַן) is a kibbutz near the city of Rehovot in Israel. Located within the Central District, it falls under the jurisdiction of Gezer Regional Council and borders the villages of Ganei Hadar, Ramot Meir and Sitria. Founded in 1930, it is the first kibbutz established by Jews born in Eretz Israel. Kibbutz Naan is the largest kibbutz in Israel in terms of population.

Negev Brigade

The 12th Negev Brigade (Hebrew: חטיבת הנגב‎, Hativat HaNegev) is an Israeli reserve infantry brigade under the Sinai Division, that originally served in the 1948 Arab-Israeli war.

Thirteenth government of Israel

The thirteenth government of Israel was formed by Levi Eshkol on 12 January 1966, following the November 1965 elections. His coalition included the Alignment (an alliance of Mapai and Ahdut HaAvoda), the National Religious Party, Mapam, the Independent Liberals, Poalei Agudat Yisrael, Progress and Development and Cooperation and Brotherhood, and had eighteen ministers.

On 5 June 1967, the first day of the Six-Day War, Gahal and Rafi joined the government, with the number of ministers rising to 21. Eshkol died on 26 February 1969, and the government was temporarily led by Yigal Allon until Golda Meir formed the fourteenth government on 17 March 1969.

New posts in the government included the Minister of Immigrant Absorption and the Minister of Information.

Yisrael Galil

Yisrael Galil or Yisrael Galili (born Yisrael Balashnikov) (October 23, 1923 – March 9, 1995), is best known for inventing the Galil assault rifle. He also helped create the Uzi submachine gun. He was known in the military by the nickname 'Father of the Rifle'.

Yitzhak Sadeh Prize

The Yitzhak Sadeh Prize for Military Literature is an annual award literary award given in Israel for the finest book on a military topic. It is named in honor of Yitzhak Sadeh.

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