Ying-Yi dialect

Ying-Yi, sometimes called Yingtan dialect after its principal variety, is a dialect of the Gan Chinese. It is named after Yingtan and Yiyang, and is spoken in those areas as well as in Yugan Guixi, Yujiang, Wannian, Leping, Poyang, Pengze, Hengfeng, Chuanshan in Jiangxi province.

Native to China
Region Northeastern Jiangxi
Language codes
ISO 639-3
ISO 639-6 yiyi
Glottolog ying1246[1]


The Yugan variety of Ying-Yi will be taken as representative.


Consonants of the Yugan Gan
  bilabial alveolar alveolo-palatal Post-
velar glottal
Nasal m ɲ   ŋ  
Plosive voiceless unaspirated p t     k  
voiceless aspirated      
Affricate voiceless unaspirated   ts    
voiceless aspirated   tsʰ tɕʰ tʃʰ    
Fricative ɸ s ɕ ʃ   h
Lateral approximant   l        


Citation tones

Tone chart of Yugan Gan
Tone number Tone name Tone contour Description
1 yin ping (陰平) ˧ (33) falling
2 yang ping (陽平) ˩˦ (14) rising
3 shang sheng (上聲) ˨˩˧ (213) dipping
4 yin qu (陰去) ˦˥ (45) high
5 yang qu (陽去) ˩˨ (12) low
6 ru sheng (入聲) ˩˦̚ (14) checked
7 ru sheng (入聲) ˩̚ (1) checked


  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Ying-Yi". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.

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