Yesterday (time)

Yesterday is a temporal construct of the relative past; literally of the day before the current day (today), or figuratively of earlier periods or times, often but not always within living memory.

The date
Yesterday is between Friday, 21 June 2019 and Saturday, 22 June 2019, subject to local timezone.

Learning and language

The concepts of "yesterday", "today" and "tomorrow" are among the first relative time concepts acquired by infants.[1] In language a distinctive noun or adverb for "yesterday" is present in most but not all languages, though languages with ambiguity in vocabulary also have other ways to distinguish the immediate past and immediate future.[2] "Yesterday" is also a relative term and concept in grammar and syntax.[3]

Yesterday is an abstract concept in the sense that events that occurred in the past do not exist in the present reality, though their consequences persist. An often-quoted aphorism states something along the lines of "Yesterday is history, tomorrow is a mystery, but today is a gift. That is why it is called the present".[4] The earliest version of this aphorism appears to occur in 1912, with the Frank M. Pixley quote, "Yesterday is history; to-morrow is merely a hope; to-day is the only absolute asset of time that is yours".[5]

Some languages have a hesternal tense: a dedicated grammatical form for events of the previous day.


  1. ^ Cath Arnold Child Development and Learning 2-5 Years: Georgia's Story 0761972994 1999 "She is referring, not only to her correct use of language, but to the concept of 'yesterday', which she uses correctly in this instance."
  2. ^ Mary R. Key The Relationship of Verbal and Nonverbal Communication 3110813092 1980 p.20 "The consideration of time calls for communicating the concept of 'yesterday' and 'tomorrow'. In some languages the same term is used for both of these English words, though assuredly the people also have a way of dealing with past and future actions. For example, in Chama (Tacanan) mekawaxe means both 'yesterday' and 'tomorrow'. It is of interest that this same language group deals with space in a similar way. Thus, in Chama sam' means both 'left' and 'right';"
  3. ^ The Function of tense in texts Jadranka Gvozdanović, Theodorus Albertus Johannes Maria Janssen, Östen Dahl - 1991 - Volumes 144 to 146 - Page 100 "Yesterday is relative to the day 'where we are', a minute ago to the minute, more or less, 500 years ago to 'our present' in a thematically suitable sense, perhaps 'this century', or 'modern times'. "
  4. ^ As spoken in Kung Fu Panda, (2008), written by Jonathan Aibel and Glen Berger.
  5. ^ Frank M. Pixley, Thoughts and Things (1912), p. 29.
Adjunct (grammar)

In linguistics, an adjunct is an optional, or structurally dispensable, part of a sentence, clause, or phrase that, if removed or discarded, will not otherwise affect the remainder of the sentence. Example: In the sentence John helped Bill in Central Park, the phrase in Central Park is an adjunct.A more detailed definition of the adjunct emphasizes its attribute as a modifying form, word, or phrase that depends on another form, word, or phrase, being an element of clause structure with adverbial function. An adjunct is not an argument (nor is it a predicative expression), and an argument is not an adjunct. The argument–adjunct distinction is central in most theories of syntax and semantics. The terminology used to denote arguments and adjuncts can vary depending on the theory at hand. Some dependency grammars, for instance, employ the term circonstant (instead of adjunct), following Tesnière (1959).

The area of grammar that explores the nature of predicates, their arguments, and adjuncts is called valency theory. Predicates have valency; they determine the number and type of arguments that can or must appear in their environment. The valency of predicates is also investigated in terms of subcategorization.

Frank Goldsborough

Francis Herbert Goldsborough (July 16, 1910 – July 16, 1930) was a record-holding aviator who died in a plane crash in Vermont on his 20th birthday.

Hitoshi Okamoto

Hitoshi Okamoto (岡本 仁志, born 12 June 1976) is a Japanese guitarist, composer, arranger and the former member of the J-pop band Garnet Crow in years 1999-2013, as well as some of his own solo releases.

Human height

Human height or stature is the distance from the bottom of the feet to the top of the head in a human body, standing erect. It is measured using a stadiometer, usually in centimetres when using the metric system, or feet and inches when using the imperial system.A particular genetic profile in men called Y haplotype I-M170 is correlated with height. Ecological data shows that as the frequency of this genetic profile increases in the population, the average male height in a country also increases.

Studies show that there is a correlation between small stature and a longer life expectancy. Individuals of small stature are also more likely to have lower blood pressure and are less likely to acquire cancer. The University of Hawaii has found that the “longevity gene” FOXO3 that reduces the effects of aging is more commonly found in individuals of a small body size. Short stature decreases the risk of venous insufficiency.When populations share genetic background and environmental factors, average height is frequently characteristic within the group. Exceptional height variation (around 20% deviation from average) within such a population is sometimes due to gigantism or dwarfism, which are medical conditions caused by specific genes or endocrine abnormalities.The development of human height can serve as an indicator of two key welfare components, namely nutritional quality and health. In regions of poverty or warfare, environmental factors like chronic malnutrition during childhood or adolescence may result in delayed growth and/or marked reductions in adult stature even without the presence of any of these medical conditions. Some research indicates that a greater height correlates with greater success in dating and earning in men, although other research indicates that this does not apply to non-white men.Height is a sexually dimorphic trait in humans. A study of 20th century British natality trends indicated that while tall men tended to reproduce more than short men, women of below average height had more children than taller women.

Ortega family

The Ortega family is a Spanish dynastic family that is the fifth wealthiest family in the world and the wealthiest family in Europe. The majority of the family's wealth comes from the clothing company Inditex and its flagship store Zara. As of November 2018, the family has an estimated net worth of $73.8 billion. The head of the family, billionaire Amancio Ortega, is the sixth richest person in the world.


Yesterday or yesterdays may refer to:

Yesterday (time), the day before the present day

Yesterday Is Time Killed

Yesterday Is Time Killed was the first full-length album by Eighteen Visions. It was also their last indi-signed record. Five of these songs were later re-recorded for The Best of Eighteen Visions compilation. The last untitled song is actually split onto 8 tracks, for each "part" of the song.

Key concepts
Measurement and
  • Religion
  • Mythology
Philosophy of time
Human experience
and use of time
Time in
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