Yengisar County

Yengisar County is a county in the southwest of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region. It is under the administration of the Kashgar Prefecture. It contains an area of 3,373 km2 (1,302 sq mi). As of the 2002 census, it had a population of 230,000.

The county seat is the city of Yengisar, a town that is best known among the local Uyghurs for its handmade knives. The finely-tuned skill of knife making used to be passed down among generations in Yengisar[1] but is slowly dying due to China's strict response to deadly clashes in the Xinjiang region.[2]

Yengisar was also historically known as Yangi Hissar.

Yengisar County
英吉沙县يېڭىسار ناھىيىسى
County
Signs advertising Yengisar's famous knives.
Signs advertising Yengisar's famous knives.
Location of Yengsiar County (red) within Kashgar Prefecture (yellow) and Xinjiang

Location of Yengsiar County (red) within Kashgar Prefecture (yellow) and Xinjiang
Country People's Republic of China
Province Xinjiang
Prefecture Kashgar
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard)
Yengisar County
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese 英吉沙县
Traditional Chinese 英吉沙縣
Transcriptions
Standard Mandarin
Hanyu Pinyin Yīngjíshā Xiàn
Wade–Giles Ying1-chi2-sha1 Hsien4
Alternative Chinese name
Simplified Chinese 新城县
Traditional Chinese 新城縣
Transcriptions
Standard Mandarin
Hanyu Pinyin Xīnchéng Xiàn
Uyghur name
Uyghur
يېڭىسار ناھىيىسى
Literal meaning New Town County
Transcriptions
Latin Yëziqi Yéngisar Nahiyisi
Yengi Yeziⱪ Yengisar nah̡iyisi
Siril Yëziqi Йеңисар наһийиси

History

The Battle of Yangi Hissar took place there, In April 1934, Ma Zhancang led the Chinese Muslim 36th division to attack the Turkic Muslim Uighur forces at Yangi Hissar, wiping out the entire Uighur force of 500, and killing the Emir Nur Ahmad Jan Bughra.[3][4]

Wildlife

The city of Yengisar gave its name to a lizard species, Yangihissar gecko (Cyrtopodion elongatum), which occurs throughout eastern Central Asia, including Xinjiang and Gansu Province.[1]

Transportation

Yengisar is served by China National Highway 315 and the Southern Xinjiang Railway.

Yengisar Knife Factory
Yengisar Knife Factory.

References

  1. ^ Summers, Josh. "The Uyghur Knife and My Visit to Yengisar". FarWestChina.com. Retrieved June 16, 2016.
  2. ^ Makinen, Julie (September 17, 2014). "For China's Uighurs, Knifings Taint an Ancient Craft". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 17, 2016.
  3. ^ "Fighting Continues Tungan Troops Still Active in Chinese Turkestan". The Montreal Gazette. 10 May 1934.
  4. ^ Andrew D. W. Forbes (1986). Warlords and Muslims in Chinese Central Asia: a political history of Republican Sinkiang 1911-1949. Cambridge, England: CUP Archive. p. 123. ISBN 0-521-25514-7. Retrieved 2010-06-28.

Coordinates: 38°55′33″N 76°10′17″E / 38.92583°N 76.17139°E

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