Yemeni–Adenese clan violence

Yemeni–Adenese clan violence refers to sectarian violence in Yemen and Aden during 1956-60, resulting in some 1,000 deaths.[1]


In 1950, Kennedy Trevaskis, the Advisor for the Western Protectorate drew up a plan for the British protectorate states to form two federations, corresponding to the two-halves of the protectorate. Although little progress was made in bringing the plan to fruition, it was considered a provocation by Ahmad bin Yahya, the leader of the Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen. In addition to his role as king, he also served as the imam of the ruling Zaidi branch of Shi'a Islam. He feared that a successful federation in the Shafi'i Sunnite protectorates would serve as a beacon for discontented Shafi'ites who inhabited the coastal regions of Yemen. To counter the threat, Ahmad stepped up Yemeni efforts to undermine British control.


In the mid-1950s, Yemen supported a number of revolts by disgruntled tribes against protectorate states. The sectarian violence in Yemen Kingdom and Aden during 1956-60 resulted in some 1,000 deaths.[1] The appeal of Yemen was limited initially in the protectorate but a growing intimacy between Yemen and the popular Arab nationalist president of Egypt Gamal Abdel Nasser and the formation of United Arab States increased its attraction.

See also


  1. ^ a b "CSP – Major Episodes of Political Violence, 1946–2008". 12 June 2013. Retrieved 14 November 2013.
1935 Yazidi revolt

The 1935 Yazidi revolt took place in Iraq in October 1935. The Iraqi government, under Yasin al-Hashimi, crushed a revolt by the Yazidi people of Jabal Sinjar against the imposition of conscription. The Iraqi army, led by Bakr Sidqi, reportedly killed over 200 Yazidi and imposed martial law throughout the region. Parallel revolts opposing conscription also broke out that year in the northern (Kurdish populated) and mid-Euphrates (majorly Shia populated) regions of Iraq.

The Yazidis of Jabal Sinjar constituted the majority of Iraqi Yazidi population - the third largest non-Muslim minority within the kingdom, and the largest ethno-religious group in the province of Mosul. In 1939, the region of Jabal Sinjar was once again put under military control, together with the Shekhan District.

2006 Yemen prison escape

Twenty-three suspected Al-Qaeda members escaped from a Yemen prison in 2006. The escape is notable because the escapees included several individuals imprisoned for their participation in the USS Cole bombing. Gaber Al-Bana’a was believed to be an American citizen, who traveled to an Afghan training camp with some friends who became known as the Lackawanna Six or Buffalo Six, when they were rounded up as a "sleeper cell".

The prisoners escaped through a 140-metre tunnel.

2007 attack on tourists in Yemen

The 2007 Yemen tourist attack was a suicide car bomb attack on Spanish tourists visiting the Queen of Sheba temple in Mareb, Ma'rib Governorate on July 2, 2007.

2008 attack on tourists in Yemen

The 2008 Yemen tourist attack was an ambush attack on Belgian tourists traveling in a convoy through Hadhramaut in the Wadi Dawan desert valley on January 18, 2008.

2009 Yemeni tourist attacks

Two explosions targeting tourists in Yemen took place in mid-March 2009. Sixteen South Korean tourists were in Shibam, Yemen, at the time of the first blast. Four Korean tourists alongside their local Yemeni guide were killed in the original attack on 15 March, while three more tourists were injured. Relatives of the victims were involved in the second blast on 18 March; however, the perpetrator succeeded only in killing himself. The initial attack followed numerous calls by members of the Al-Qaeda military network to attack visitors in the region.

2014 Rada' bombings

The 2014 Rada' bombings occurred on December 16, 2014 after two car bombs exploded in Rada' District, Al Bayda' Governorate, Yemen killing as many as 31 people, including 20 children.

Aden unrest

Aden unrest can refer to the following violent incidents in Aden:

1947 Aden riots

Yemeni–Adenese clan violence 1956-60

Aden unrest (2015–present)

Al-Majalah camp attack

The al-Majalah camp attack also referred to as the al-Majalah massacre occurred on December 17, 2009 when the United States military launched Tomahawk cruise missiles from a ship off the Yemeni coast on a Bedouin camp in the southern village of al-Majalah in Yemen, killing 14 alleged Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula fighters and 41 civilians, including 14 women and 21 children.

Alwaziri coup

The Alwaziri coup, also referred as the Yahia clan coup was a violent dynasty overthrow attempt in the Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen in 1948, which created a great deal of violence and ended with around 5,000 fatalities. During the coup attempt, Imam Yahya Muhammad Hamid ed-Din, the ruler of the kingdom, was killed and the rival Sayyid family, the Alwazirs, seized power for several weeks. Backed by the al-Saud family of Saudi Arabia, the Hamidaddins restored their rule. After deposition of the Alwaziris, the restored monarchy of Imam Yahya was succeeded by his son Ahmad bin Yahya.

Ar-Rashid revolt

The ar-Rashid revolt refers to a 1963 failed uprising against the Baathist government in Iraq. The revolt was plotted by followers of the Iraqi Communist Party in junction with military officers. The revolt failed to spread outside Baghdad and was crushed by the Baathist forces.

List of wars involving Yemen

This is a list of wars that Yemen has been involved in.

Ma'rib Campaign

The Ma'rib campaign is a campaign for control of the Ma'rib Governorate of Yemen, between the Houthis and Yemen Army units loyal to Ali Abdullah Saleh on one side, and militiamen and Yemen Army units loyal to Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi on the other side.

NDF Rebellion

The NDF Rebellion was an uprising in the Yemen Arab Republic by the National Democratic Front, under Yahya Shami, between 1978 and 1982.

Revolts during the Turkish War of Independence

A number of revolts against the Turkish Revolutionaries broke out during the Turkish War of Independence.

Kemal Atatürk, who was the leader of the nationalist government of Turkey during the war of independence was primarily concerned about subduing the internal revolts and establishing domestic security. To achieve this, the parliament passed the Law of Treachery to the Homeland and established Mobile Gendarmerie Troops. These revolts had the effect of delaying the nationalist movement's struggle against the occupying foreign forces on several fronts. These revolts, such as those by Ahmed Anzavur, were put down with some difficulty by nationalist forces.

South Yemen Civil War

The South Yemen Civil War, colloquially referred to as The Events of '86, or more simply as The Events, was a failed coup d'etat and armed conflict which took place in January 1986 in South Yemen. The civil war developed as a result of ideological and tribal tensions between two factions of the ruling Yemeni Socialist Party (YSP), centred on Abdul Fattah Ismail and Ali Nasir Muhammad for the leadership of the YSP. The conflict quickly escalated into a costly civil war that lasted eleven days and resulted in thousands of casualties. Additionally, the conflict resulted in the demise of much of the Yemeni Socialist Party's most experienced leadership cadre, contributing to the country's eventual unification with North Yemen in 1990.

Southern Abyan Offensive (2016)

The Southern Abyan Offensive refers to a 2016 offensive that AQAP launched in late February, which ended with a victory for AQAP as Yemeni tribal fighters loyal to president Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi were driven out of the Abyan Governorate.

Ulbricht Doctrine

The Ulbricht Doctrine, named after East German leader Walter Ulbricht, was the assertion that normal diplomatic relations between East Germany and West Germany could occur only if both states fully recognised each other's sovereignty. That contrasted with the Hallstein Doctrine, a West German policy which insisted that West Germany was the only legitimate German state.

East Germany gained acceptance of its view from fellow Communist states, such as Czechoslovakia, Poland, Hungary, and Bulgaria, which all agreed not to normalise relations with West Germany until it recognised East German sovereignty.

West Germany eventually abandoned its Hallstein Doctrine, instead adopting the policies of Ostpolitik. In December 1972, a Basic Treaty between East and West Germany was signed that reaffirmed two German states as separate entities. The treaty also allowed the exchange of diplomatic missions and the entry of both German states to the United Nations as full members.

Yemeni Civil War

Yemeni Civil War may refer to several historical events which have taken place in Yemen:

Alwaziri coup, February – March 1948

Yemeni–Adenese clan violence, 1956–60

North Yemen Civil War, 1962–70

Aden Emergency, 1963–67

North Yemen-South Yemen Border Conflict of 1972

Yemenite War of 1972

NDF Rebellion, 1978–82

Yemenite War of 1979

South Yemen Civil War, January 13–25, 1986

Yemeni Civil War (1994)

Al-Qaeda insurgency in Yemen, 1998–present

Houthi insurgency in Yemen, 2004–15

South Yemen insurgency, 2009–15

Yemeni Crisis (2011–present)

Yemeni Revolution, 2011–12

Yemeni Civil War (2015–present), ongoing

Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen, ongoing

Lahij insurgency, March 27 – August 4, 2015

Aden unrest (2015–present), ongoing

Hadramaut Insurgency, April 26, 2016 – present

Yemeni Civil War (1994)

The May–July 1994 civil war in Yemen, also known as the First Yemeni Civil War, was a civil conflict waged between the two Yemeni forces of the pro-union northern and the socialist separatist southern Yemeni states and their supporters. The war resulted in the defeat of the southern armed forces, the reunification of Yemen, and the flight into exile of many Yemeni Socialist Party (YSP) leaders and other separatists.


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