Yancheng (Chinese: 盐城; pinyin: Yánchéng) is a prefecture-level city in northeastern Jiangsu province, People's Republic of China. As the city with the largest jurisdictional area in Jiangsu, Yancheng borders Lianyungang to the north, Huai'an to the west, Yangzhou and Taizhou to the southwest, Nantong to the south, and the Yellow Sea to the east.
Yancheng, literally "Salt City", is named after the salt harvest fields surrounding the city. According to historical records, collection and production of sea salt in the region began as early as 119 BC, during the Western Han Dynasty, when the settlement on the current location of Yancheng was named Yandu County (盐渎县). According to the 2010 Census, Yancheng has a registered population of 8,203,728 — with 7,260,240 permanent residents. Its built up area of Tinghu and Yandu Districts was home to 1,615,717 inhabitants in 2010.
Yancheng is highlighted on this map
Location in China
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• Type||Prefecture-level city|
|• CPC Yancheng Secretary||Zhu Kejiang (朱克江)|
|• Mayor||Dai Yuan (戴源)|
|• Prefecture-level city||16,920.83 km2 (6,533.17 sq mi)|
|• Urban||1,914 km2 (739 sq mi)|
|• Prefecture-level city||7,200,000|
|• Density||430/km2 (1,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
|ISO 3166 code||CN-JS-09|
|GDP||¥548.7 billion / US$79.77 billion (2018)|
|GDP per capita||¥75,986 / US$11,047 (2018)|
|License Plate Prefix||苏J|
|Literal meaning||Salt City|
The prefecture-level city of Yancheng administers 9 county-level divisions, including 3 districts, 1 county-level city and 5 counties. The population information here presented uses 2010 census data of permanent residents.
|Subdivision||Simplified Chinese||Hanyu Pinyin||Population (2010)||Area (km2)||Density (/km2)|
|Tinghu District||亭湖区||Tínghú Qū||904,417||1,072.25||843.48|
|Yandu District||盐都区||Yándū Qū||711,300||1,050.32||677.22|
|Dafeng District||大丰区||Dàfēng Qū||707,069||3,008.08||235.06|
|Xiangshui County||响水县||Xiǎngshuǐ Xiàn||509,524||1,473.80||345.72|
|Binhai County||滨海县||Bīnhǎi Xiàn||956,162||1,949.60||490.44|
|Funing County||阜宁县||Fùníng Xiàn||843,275||1,438.78||586.10|
|Sheyang County||射阳县||Shèyáng Xiàn||896,639||2,605.72||344.10|
|Jianhu County||建湖县||Jiànhú Xiàn||741,646||1,157.07||640.97|
|Satellite cities (County-level cities)|
|Dongtai City||东台市||Dōngtái Shì||990,208||3,175.67||311.81|
Yancheng has a history of 2,100 years since the first canton was founded here in Han Dynasty at year 119 BC. It was named for the salt reserves in rivers around the area, its name literally meaning "Salt City". In later years, the city was the home of Fan Zhongyan, the 12th century statesman and Shi Nai'an, the reputed author of famous novels.
Yancheng was in the limelight during the Chinese Civil War from the 1930s to 1940s. The New Fourth Army led by the Communist Party of China was reestablished in Yancheng after being ambushed and battered by the enemy. After the revival, the Army played a very important role in the war and finally the foundation of the People's Republic of China. Many monuments in honor of these heroes can still be found around Yancheng.
Yancheng occupies roughly 582 km (362 mi) of coastline, more than half of the whole province. By the end of the Mesolithic period, the marine transgressions changed almost of the area into a shallow bay. Continued deposition of silt carried by the Yangtze River and the Huai River extend its coast to the east gradually. Since 1128, the course of the Yellow River have changed to join up with the Huai River. The change has accelerated.
Xinyi-Changxing Railway runs through the city.
The BRT system of Yancheng uses a dedicated bus lane. The first line went into service since 2010.
Yancheng Nanyang International Airport now flies directly to Shanghai and Beijing, as well as flying directly to Hong Kong, Taiwan, South Korea, Japan and so on.
The economy of Yancheng City has sustained its momentum. Preliminary statistics found that in 2015 gross regional products of the city was RMB 421,250,000,000, a 10.5 percent increase by comparable price from previous year. Agriculture has increased by RMB 51,653,000,000 in value, a 3.6 percent increase from previous year; industry has increased by RMB 192,547,000,000 in value, a 10.5 percent increase from previous year; tertiary business has increased by RMB 177,050,000,000 in value, a 12.5 percent increase from previous year.
Gross regional products per capita was RMB 58,299 (or USD 8,862 at the average exchange rate of 2015), a 10.4 percent increase from previous year.
Outdoor activities include the Yangcheng wetlands and salt marshes, home of some unique and endangered species, including Père David's deer and the red-crowned crane. There is also a famous food street in east road springing up in recent years in which stands many restaurants in the style of Huizhou architecture.
Yancheng is twinned with the following domestic and foreign cities.
Binhai County (simplified Chinese: 滨海县; traditional Chinese: 濱海縣; pinyin: Bīnhǎi Xiàn; literally: 'marine') is a coastal county under the administration of Yancheng, Jiangsu province, China. In this county, the Yellow Sea coast turns from a north-northwest/south-southeast bearing to a northwest/southeast bearing.Coastal passageway
The Coastal passageway is a high-speed rail corridor running along the eastern coast of China, stretching from Dalian in the north to Fangchenggang in the south and passing through the cities of Qinhuangdao, Tianjin, Dongying, Weifang, Qingdao, Lianyungang, Yancheng, Nantong, Shanghai, Ningbo. Fuzhou, Xiamen, Shenzhen, and Zhanjiang. The Weifang–Qingdao stretch splits into two, one directly connecting Weifang to Qingdao, the other connecting Weifang to Qingdao through Yantai. Announced in 2016 as part of the national "eight vertical and eight horizontal" high-speed railway network as an expanded Hangzhou–Fuzhou–Shenzhen passenger railway from the "four vertical and four horizontal" plan. The line will comprise a mixture of high-speed railway lines, upgraded conventional rail lines and intercity railways.Dafeng District
Dafeng (simplified Chinese: 大丰; traditional Chinese: 大豐; pinyin: Dàfēng) is a coastal district under the administration of Yancheng, Jiangsu province, China. Located on the Jiangsu North Plain with a coastline of 112 km (70 mi), Dafeng was historically one of the largest salt-making areas in China and now is famed for its well preserved eco-system and numerous national conservation parks. The district has the largest national nature reserve for a rare deer species, Père David's Deer or Milu (麋鹿) in Chinese. It borders the prefecture-level city of Taizhou to the southwest.
The district nicknamed "the enclave of Shanghai" was a major destination for the sent-down youth from the city. Part of the county was put under Shanghai to establish a municipal farm since 1950, and there are still several farms and two prisons administered by Shanghai at present.Dongfeng Yueda Kia
Dongfeng Yueda Kia Motor Co., Ltd. is an automotive manufacturing company headquartered in Yancheng, China and a joint venture between Dongfeng Motor Corporation, Yueda Group and Kia Motors.Dongtai
Dongtai (simplified Chinese: 东台; traditional Chinese: 東台; pinyin: Dōngtái) is a coastal county-level city under the administration of Yancheng, Jiangsu province, China. It has a population of roughly 1,170,000 estimated for 2007. Out of the total population, about 260,000 live in the Dongtai urban core, others are distributed in the 23 suburban towns and rural regions (Some famous towns include Touzao, Anfeng, Qingdong, Sancang, Qianggang, Fu'an, Tangyang, etc.). With some Yellow Sea coast, it borders the prefecture-level cities of Nantong to the south and Taizhou to the west, and is the southernmost county-level division of Yancheng.
Transportation in Dongtai is fairly convenient. There are four International airports (Shanghai Pudong, Shanghai Hongqiao, Nanjing Lukou, Yancheng Nanyang) within 200 kilometers. There are also several other domestic airports nearby. The Xinchang Railway traverses the downtown. China National Highway 204, No. 333 provincial highway, An-qiang provincial road, and G15 Shenyang–Haikou Expressway, alternatively known in the province as the Coastal Expressway (沿海高速公路).
The dialect in Dongtai is quite different from Mandarin. The local accent is close to that in nearby Taizhou, Haiyan, Xinghua, Dafeng area.
The food style in Dongtai belongs to Huai-Yang series. The taste is not strong, and that is different from most of other regions in China. In Dongtai, people also have chance to eat different seafoods.
Tourist can also find fun in Dongtai. Xi-xi ancient town is the cradle of Dongtai and it is also a Holy land of Buddhism. The Yellow Sea (Huanghai) National Park is on the east coastal region of Dongtai and there are also a national everglade protection region and a five-A (the highest level) precious animal protection region nearby.Funing County, Jiangsu
Funing County (simplified Chinese: 阜宁县; traditional Chinese: 阜寧縣; pinyin: Fùníng Xiàn) is under the administration of Yancheng, Jiangsu province, China. The county borders the prefecture-level city of Huai'an to the west. It has a population of 1.08 million, with 180,000 in the urban area, and a jurisdiction area of 1,436 km2. It is under the jurisdiction of Yancheng municipality. The county was incorporated in 1731. Its seat of government is located at Fucheng Town. Funing is a 400-km drive from Shanghai up the Ningjingyan Expressway.
Funing is famous for being a revolutionary area of the Communist Party of China.
It is also home to the Jiangsu Funing Economic Development Zone.Hu Qiaomu
Hu Qiaomu (4 June 1912 – 28 September 1992) was a revolutionary, sociologist, Marxist philosopher and prominent politician of People's Republic of China. In the age of economic reform that followed the death of Mao Zedong, Hu was one of the reform's most prominent opponents.
He was the first president of Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, member of Politburo of the Communist Party of China, permanent member of Central Advisory Commission, and the former president of Xinhua News Agency. He was an academician of Chinese Academy of Sciences.Jiangsu
Jiangsu (江苏; formerly Kiangsu) is an eastern-central coastal province of the People's Republic of China. It is one of the leading provinces in finance, education, technology, and tourism, with its capital in Nanjing. Jiangsu is the third smallest, but the fifth most populous and the most densely populated of the 23 provinces of the People's Republic of China. Jiangsu has the highest GDP per capita of Chinese provinces and second-highest GDP of Chinese provinces, after Guangdong. Jiangsu borders Shandong in the north, Anhui to the west, and Zhejiang and Shanghai to the south. Jiangsu has a coastline of over 1,000 kilometres (620 mi) along the Yellow Sea, and the Yangtze River passes through the southern part of the province.
Since the Sui and Tang dynasties, Jiangsu has been a national economic and commercial center, partly due to the construction of the Grand Canal. Cities such as Nanjing, Suzhou, Wuxi, Changzhou and Shanghai (separated from Jiangsu in 1927) are all major Chinese economic hubs. Since the initiation of economic reforms in 1990, Jiangsu has become a focal point for economic development. It is widely regarded as China's most developed province, when measured by its Human Development Index (HDI).Jiangsu is home to many of the world's leading exporters of electronic equipment, chemicals and textiles. It has also been China's largest recipient of foreign direct investment since 2006. Its 2014 nominal GDP was more than 1 trillion US dollars, which is the sixth-highest of all country subdivisions.Jiangsu Yancheng Dingli F.C.
Jiangsu Yancheng Dingli Football Club are a China League Two club. They are an association football club from Yancheng, Jiangsu. The Dafeng Olympic Sports Centre is their home venue.Jianhu County
Jianhu County (simplified Chinese: 建湖县; traditional Chinese: 建湖縣; pinyin: Jiànhú Xiàn) is under the administration of Yancheng, Jiangsu province, China. It borders the prefecture-level cities of Huai'an and Yangzhou to the west.
The main town in Jianhu is commonly just called Jianhu, and sometimes Huduo (湖垛) or “Hutu“ (“糊涂“).
The county includes 15 towns:
近湖 = Jìn-hú
建阳 = Jiàn-yáng
蒋营 = Jiǎng-yíng
恒济 = Héng-jì
颜单 = Yán-shàn
沿河 = Yán-hé
芦沟 = Lú-gōu
庆丰 = Qìng-fēng
上冈 = Shàng-gāng
冈东 = Gāng-dōng
草堰口 = Cǎo-yàn-kǒu
冈西 = Gāng-xī
钟庄 = Zhōng-zhuāng
宝塔 = Bǎo-tǎ
高作 = Gāo-zuòList of administrative divisions of Jiangsu
Jiangsu, a province of the People's Republic of China, is made up of three levels of administrative division: prefectural, count, and township.Luohe
Luohe (Chinese: 漯河; pinyin: Luòhé; postal: Loho) is a prefecture-level city in central Henan province, China. It is surrounded by the cities of Xuchang, Zhoukou, Zhumadian and Pingdingshan on its north, east, south and west respectively.
Its population was 2,544,266 inhabitants at the 2010 census whom 1,294,974 lived in the built-up (or metro) area made up of Yancheng, Shaoling and Yuanhui districts.Sheyang County
Sheyang County (simplified Chinese: 射阳县; traditional Chinese: 射陽縣; pinyin: Shèyáng Xiàn) is under the administration of Yancheng, Jiangsu province, China. It is located northeast of the Yancheng urban area, and has a population of 1,047,000. It has a Yellow Sea coastline of 103 km (64 mi).Tinghu District
Tinghu District (simplified Chinese: 亭湖区; traditional Chinese: 亭湖區; pinyin: Tínghú Qū) is one of three districts of Yancheng, Jiangsu province, China. (The other two are Yandu District and Dafeng District). Prior to 2004, Tinghu District was called the Chengqu (城区; 城區; Chéngqū) of Yancheng.Xiangshui County
Xiangshui County (simplified Chinese: 响水县; traditional Chinese: 响水縣; pinyin: Xiǎngshuǐ Xiàn; literally: 'loud water') is a coastal county under the administration of Yancheng, Jiangsu province, China. The northernmost county-level division of Yancheng, it borders the prefecture-level cities of Lianyungang to the northwest and Huai'an to the southwest. The county was founded in April 1966.Yancheng District, Kaohsiung
Yancheng District (Chinese: 鹽埕區; pinyin: Yánchéng Qū; Wade–Giles: Yen²-chʻêng² Chʻü¹) is a district in Kaohsiung City, Taiwan. It is the smallest district in Kaohsiung City. It has been the least populous district of Kaohsiung since 2004. Yancheng District is also an old town of Kaohsiung.Yancheng District, Luohe
Yancheng District (Chinese: 郾城区; pinyin: Yǎnchéng Qū) is a district of the city of Luohe, Henan province, China.Yancheng Nanyang International Airport
Yancheng Nanyang International Airport (IATA: YNZ, ICAO: ZSYN) is an airport serving the city of Yancheng in Jiangsu Province, China. It is located in the town of Nanyang (南洋), 8.3 kilometres (5.2 mi) from the city center. Commercial flights started in 2000, and international flights started in 2008.Yandu District
Yandu District (simplified Chinese: 盐都区; traditional Chinese: 鹽都區; pinyin: Yándū Qū; literally: 'salt capital') is one of three districts of Yancheng, Jiangsu province, China. (The other two are Tinghu District and Dafeng District).
Yandu District occupies southwestern suburbs of Yancheng.
|Climate data for Yancheng 1981－2010|
|Record high °C (°F)||19.9
|Average high °C (°F)||6.1
|Daily mean °C (°F)||1.7
|Average low °C (°F)||−1.7
|Record low °C (°F)||−13.5
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||30.4
|Source: "中国气象数据网". 国家气象信息中心.|