Yancheng

Yancheng (Chinese: 盐城; pinyin: Yánchéng) is a prefecture-level city in northeastern Jiangsu province, People's Republic of China. As the city with the largest jurisdictional area in Jiangsu, Yancheng borders Lianyungang to the north, Huai'an to the west, Yangzhou and Taizhou to the southwest, Nantong to the south, and the Yellow Sea to the east.

Yancheng, literally "Salt City", is named after the salt harvest fields surrounding the city. According to historical records, collection and production of sea salt in the region began as early as 119 BC, during the Western Han Dynasty, when the settlement on the current location of Yancheng was named Yandu County (盐渎县). According to the 2010 Census, Yancheng has a registered population of 8,203,728 — with 7,260,240 permanent residents.[1] Its built up area of Tinghu and Yandu Districts was home to 1,615,717 inhabitants in 2010.

Yancheng

盐城市

Yencheng
Yancheng
Yancheng
Yancheng is highlighted on this map
Yancheng is highlighted on this map
Yancheng is located in China
Yancheng
Yancheng
Location in China
Coordinates: 33°23′37″N 120°08′02″E / 33.39361°N 120.13389°ECoordinates: 33°23′37″N 120°08′02″E / 33.39361°N 120.13389°E
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceJiangsu
Government
 • TypePrefecture-level city
 • CPC Yancheng SecretaryZhu Kejiang (朱克江)
 • MayorDai Yuan (戴源)
Area
 • Prefecture-level city16,920.83 km2 (6,533.17 sq mi)
 • Urban
1,914 km2 (739 sq mi)
Population
 (2018 Census)
 • Prefecture-level city7,200,000
 • Density430/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
 • Urban
1,615,717
 • Metro
1,615,717
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
224000
(Urban center)
224100-224700
(Other areas)
Area code(s)515
ISO 3166 codeCN-JS-09
GDP¥548.7 billion / US$79.77 billion (2018)
GDP per capita¥75,986 / US$11,047 (2018)
Major NationalitiesHan
County-level divisions9
Township-level divisions144
License Plate Prefix苏J
Websitewww.yancheng.gov.cn
Yancheng
Hanyu PinyinYánchéng
Literal meaningSalt City

Administration

The prefecture-level city of Yancheng administers 9 county-level divisions, including 3 districts, 1 county-level city and 5 counties. The population information here presented uses 2010 census data of permanent residents.

Map
Subdivision Simplified Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Population (2010) Area (km2) Density (/km2)
City Proper
Tinghu District 亭湖区 Tínghú Qū 904,417 1,072.25 843.48
Yandu District 盐都区 Yándū Qū 711,300 1,050.32 677.22
Suburban
Dafeng District 大丰区 Dàfēng Qū 707,069 3,008.08 235.06
Rural
Xiangshui County 响水县 Xiǎngshuǐ Xiàn 509,524 1,473.80 345.72
Binhai County 滨海县 Bīnhǎi Xiàn 956,162 1,949.60 490.44
Funing County 阜宁县 Fùníng Xiàn 843,275 1,438.78 586.10
Sheyang County 射阳县 Shèyáng Xiàn 896,639 2,605.72 344.10
Jianhu County 建湖县 Jiànhú Xiàn 741,646 1,157.07 640.97
Satellite cities (County-level cities)
Dongtai City 东台市 Dōngtái Shì 990,208 3,175.67 311.81
Total 7,260,240 16,931.29 428.80

History

Yancheng has a history of 2,100 years since the first canton was founded here in Han Dynasty at year 119 BC. It was named for the salt reserves in rivers around the area, its name literally meaning "Salt City". In later years, the city was the home of Fan Zhongyan, the 12th century statesman and Shi Nai'an, the reputed author of famous novels.[2]

Yancheng was in the limelight during the Chinese Civil War from the 1930s to 1940s. The New Fourth Army led by the Communist Party of China was reestablished in Yancheng after being ambushed and battered by the enemy. After the revival, the Army played a very important role in the war and finally the foundation of the People's Republic of China. Many monuments in honor of these heroes can still be found around Yancheng.[2]

Geography

Yancheng occupies roughly 582 km (362 mi) of coastline, more than half of the whole province. By the end of the Mesolithic period, the marine transgressions changed almost of the area into a shallow bay. Continued deposition of silt carried by the Yangtze River and the Huai River extend its coast to the east gradually. Since 1128, the course of the Yellow River have changed to join up with the Huai River. The change has accelerated.

Climate

Yancheng has a temperate climate with fairly mild winters and distinctly tropical late summers. Under the Köppen climate classification, the city has a humid subtropical climate.

Transportation

Road

Expressways

National Highway

Railway

Xinyi-Changxing Railway runs through the city.

Buses

The BRT system of Yancheng uses a dedicated bus lane. The first line went into service since 2010.

Air

Yancheng Nanyang International Airport now flies directly to Shanghai and Beijing, as well as flying directly to Hong Kong, Taiwan, South Korea, Japan and so on.

Economy

The economy of Yancheng City has sustained its momentum. Preliminary statistics found that in 2015 gross regional products of the city was RMB 421,250,000,000, a 10.5 percent increase by comparable price from previous year. Agriculture has increased by RMB 51,653,000,000 in value, a 3.6 percent increase from previous year; industry has increased by RMB 192,547,000,000 in value, a 10.5 percent increase from previous year; tertiary business has increased by RMB 177,050,000,000 in value, a 12.5 percent increase from previous year.

Gross regional products per capita was RMB 58,299 (or USD 8,862 at the average exchange rate of 2015), a 10.4 percent increase from previous year.

Education

Universities and colleges

  • Yancheng Institute of Technology
  • Yancheng Teachers University

High schools

  • Jiangsu Yancheng Middle School
  • Jiangsu Yancheng Jingshan Middle School
  • Tinghu High School of Jiangsu Province
  • Jiangsu Funing Middle School
  • Jiangsu Yancheng NO.1 Middle shool

Tourism

Outdoor activities include the Yangcheng wetlands and salt marshes, home of some unique and endangered species, including Père David's deer and the red-crowned crane. There is also a famous food street in east road springing up in recent years in which stands many restaurants in the style of Huizhou architecture.

Notable people

Twin cities

Yancheng is twinned with the following domestic and foreign cities.

Domestic

International

Formal paper to be signed

In addition, the county-level city of Dafeng, administered by Yancheng, is also twinned with Ascoli Piceno, Italy (September 2001) and Guri, South Korea (February 20, 2003) respectively.

References

  1. ^ (in Chinese) Compilation by LianXin website. Data from the Sixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China
  2. ^ a b "Yancheng Introduction (Yancheng Middle School)".

External links

Binhai County

Binhai County (simplified Chinese: 滨海县; traditional Chinese: 濱海縣; pinyin: Bīnhǎi Xiàn; literally: 'marine') is a coastal county under the administration of Yancheng, Jiangsu province, China. In this county, the Yellow Sea coast turns from a north-northwest/south-southeast bearing to a northwest/southeast bearing.

Coastal passageway

The Coastal passageway is a high-speed rail corridor running along the eastern coast of China, stretching from Dalian in the north to Fangchenggang in the south and passing through the cities of Qinhuangdao, Tianjin, Dongying, Weifang, Qingdao, Lianyungang, Yancheng, Nantong, Shanghai, Ningbo. Fuzhou, Xiamen, Shenzhen, and Zhanjiang. The Weifang–Qingdao stretch splits into two, one directly connecting Weifang to Qingdao, the other connecting Weifang to Qingdao through Yantai. Announced in 2016 as part of the national "eight vertical and eight horizontal" high-speed railway network as an expanded Hangzhou–Fuzhou–Shenzhen passenger railway from the "four vertical and four horizontal" plan. The line will comprise a mixture of high-speed railway lines, upgraded conventional rail lines and intercity railways.

Dafeng District

Dafeng (simplified Chinese: 大丰; traditional Chinese: 大豐; pinyin: Dàfēng) is a coastal district under the administration of Yancheng, Jiangsu province, China. Located on the Jiangsu North Plain with a coastline of 112 km (70 mi), Dafeng was historically one of the largest salt-making areas in China and now is famed for its well preserved eco-system and numerous national conservation parks. The district has the largest national nature reserve for a rare deer species, Père David's Deer or Milu (麋鹿) in Chinese. It borders the prefecture-level city of Taizhou to the southwest.

The district nicknamed "the enclave of Shanghai" was a major destination for the sent-down youth from the city. Part of the county was put under Shanghai to establish a municipal farm since 1950, and there are still several farms and two prisons administered by Shanghai at present.

Dongfeng Yueda Kia

Dongfeng Yueda Kia Motor Co., Ltd. is an automotive manufacturing company headquartered in Yancheng, China and a joint venture between Dongfeng Motor Corporation, Yueda Group and Kia Motors.

Dongtai

Dongtai (simplified Chinese: 东台; traditional Chinese: 東台; pinyin: Dōngtái) is a coastal county-level city under the administration of Yancheng, Jiangsu province, China. It has a population of roughly 1,170,000 estimated for 2007. Out of the total population, about 260,000 live in the Dongtai urban core, others are distributed in the 23 suburban towns and rural regions (Some famous towns include Touzao, Anfeng, Qingdong, Sancang, Qianggang, Fu'an, Tangyang, etc.). With some Yellow Sea coast, it borders the prefecture-level cities of Nantong to the south and Taizhou to the west, and is the southernmost county-level division of Yancheng.

Transportation in Dongtai is fairly convenient. There are four International airports (Shanghai Pudong, Shanghai Hongqiao, Nanjing Lukou, Yancheng Nanyang) within 200 kilometers. There are also several other domestic airports nearby. The Xinchang Railway traverses the downtown. China National Highway 204, No. 333 provincial highway, An-qiang provincial road, and G15 Shenyang–Haikou Expressway, alternatively known in the province as the Coastal Expressway (沿海高速公路).

The dialect in Dongtai is quite different from Mandarin. The local accent is close to that in nearby Taizhou, Haiyan, Xinghua, Dafeng area.

The food style in Dongtai belongs to Huai-Yang series. The taste is not strong, and that is different from most of other regions in China. In Dongtai, people also have chance to eat different seafoods.

Tourist can also find fun in Dongtai. Xi-xi ancient town is the cradle of Dongtai and it is also a Holy land of Buddhism. The Yellow Sea (Huanghai) National Park is on the east coastal region of Dongtai and there are also a national everglade protection region and a five-A (the highest level) precious animal protection region nearby.

Funing County, Jiangsu

Funing County (simplified Chinese: 阜宁县; traditional Chinese: 阜寧縣; pinyin: Fùníng Xiàn) is under the administration of Yancheng, Jiangsu province, China. The county borders the prefecture-level city of Huai'an to the west. It has a population of 1.08 million, with 180,000 in the urban area, and a jurisdiction area of 1,436 km2. It is under the jurisdiction of Yancheng municipality. The county was incorporated in 1731. Its seat of government is located at Fucheng Town. Funing is a 400-km drive from Shanghai up the Ningjingyan Expressway.

Funing is famous for being a revolutionary area of the Communist Party of China.

It is also home to the Jiangsu Funing Economic Development Zone.

Hu Qiaomu

Hu Qiaomu (4 June 1912 – 28 September 1992) was a revolutionary, sociologist, Marxist philosopher and prominent politician of People's Republic of China. In the age of economic reform that followed the death of Mao Zedong, Hu was one of the reform's most prominent opponents.

He was the first president of Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, member of Politburo of the Communist Party of China, permanent member of Central Advisory Commission, and the former president of Xinhua News Agency. He was an academician of Chinese Academy of Sciences.

Jiangsu

Jiangsu (江苏; formerly Kiangsu) is an eastern-central coastal province of the People's Republic of China. It is one of the leading provinces in finance, education, technology, and tourism, with its capital in Nanjing. Jiangsu is the third smallest, but the fifth most populous and the most densely populated of the 23 provinces of the People's Republic of China. Jiangsu has the highest GDP per capita of Chinese provinces and second-highest GDP of Chinese provinces, after Guangdong. Jiangsu borders Shandong in the north, Anhui to the west, and Zhejiang and Shanghai to the south. Jiangsu has a coastline of over 1,000 kilometres (620 mi) along the Yellow Sea, and the Yangtze River passes through the southern part of the province.

Since the Sui and Tang dynasties, Jiangsu has been a national economic and commercial center, partly due to the construction of the Grand Canal. Cities such as Nanjing, Suzhou, Wuxi, Changzhou and Shanghai (separated from Jiangsu in 1927) are all major Chinese economic hubs. Since the initiation of economic reforms in 1990, Jiangsu has become a focal point for economic development. It is widely regarded as China's most developed province, when measured by its Human Development Index (HDI).Jiangsu is home to many of the world's leading exporters of electronic equipment, chemicals and textiles. It has also been China's largest recipient of foreign direct investment since 2006. Its 2014 nominal GDP was more than 1 trillion US dollars, which is the sixth-highest of all country subdivisions.

Jiangsu Yancheng Dingli F.C.

Jiangsu Yancheng Dingli Football Club are a China League Two club. They are an association football club from Yancheng, Jiangsu. The Dafeng Olympic Sports Centre is their home venue.

Jianhu County

Jianhu County (simplified Chinese: 建湖县; traditional Chinese: 建湖縣; pinyin: Jiànhú Xiàn) is under the administration of Yancheng, Jiangsu province, China. It borders the prefecture-level cities of Huai'an and Yangzhou to the west.

The main town in Jianhu is commonly just called Jianhu, and sometimes Huduo (湖垛) or “Hutu“ (“糊涂“).

The county includes 15 towns:

近湖 = Jìn-hú

建阳 = Jiàn-yáng

蒋营 = Jiǎng-yíng

恒济 = Héng-jì

颜单 = Yán-shàn

沿河 = Yán-hé

芦沟 = Lú-gōu

庆丰 = Qìng-fēng

上冈 = Shàng-gāng

冈东 = Gāng-dōng

草堰口 = Cǎo-yàn-kǒu

冈西 = Gāng-xī

钟庄 = Zhōng-zhuāng

宝塔 = Bǎo-tǎ

高作 = Gāo-zuò

List of administrative divisions of Jiangsu

Jiangsu, a province of the People's Republic of China, is made up of three levels of administrative division: prefectural, count, and township.

Luohe

Luohe (Chinese: 漯河; pinyin: Luòhé; postal: Loho) is a prefecture-level city in central Henan province, China. It is surrounded by the cities of Xuchang, Zhoukou, Zhumadian and Pingdingshan on its north, east, south and west respectively.

Its population was 2,544,266 inhabitants at the 2010 census whom 1,294,974 lived in the built-up (or metro) area made up of Yancheng, Shaoling and Yuanhui districts.

Sheyang County

Sheyang County (simplified Chinese: 射阳县; traditional Chinese: 射陽縣; pinyin: Shèyáng Xiàn) is under the administration of Yancheng, Jiangsu province, China. It is located northeast of the Yancheng urban area, and has a population of 1,047,000. It has a Yellow Sea coastline of 103 km (64 mi).

Tinghu District

Tinghu District (simplified Chinese: 亭湖区; traditional Chinese: 亭湖區; pinyin: Tínghú Qū) is one of three districts of Yancheng, Jiangsu province, China. (The other two are Yandu District and Dafeng District). Prior to 2004, Tinghu District was called the Chengqu (城区; 城區; Chéngqū) of Yancheng.

Xiangshui County

Xiangshui County (simplified Chinese: 响水县; traditional Chinese: 响水縣; pinyin: Xiǎngshuǐ Xiàn; literally: 'loud water') is a coastal county under the administration of Yancheng, Jiangsu province, China. The northernmost county-level division of Yancheng, it borders the prefecture-level cities of Lianyungang to the northwest and Huai'an to the southwest. The county was founded in April 1966.

Yancheng District, Kaohsiung

Yancheng District (Chinese: 鹽埕區; pinyin: Yánchéng Qū; Wade–Giles: Yen²-chʻêng² Chʻü¹) is a district in Kaohsiung City, Taiwan. It is the smallest district in Kaohsiung City. It has been the least populous district of Kaohsiung since 2004. Yancheng District is also an old town of Kaohsiung.

Yancheng District, Luohe

Yancheng District (Chinese: 郾城区; pinyin: Yǎnchéng Qū) is a district of the city of Luohe, Henan province, China.

Yancheng Nanyang International Airport

Yancheng Nanyang International Airport (IATA: YNZ, ICAO: ZSYN) is an airport serving the city of Yancheng in Jiangsu Province, China. It is located in the town of Nanyang (南洋), 8.3 kilometres (5.2 mi) from the city center. Commercial flights started in 2000, and international flights started in 2008.

Yandu District

Yandu District (simplified Chinese: 盐都区; traditional Chinese: 鹽都區; pinyin: Yándū Qū; literally: 'salt capital') is one of three districts of Yancheng, Jiangsu province, China. (The other two are Tinghu District and Dafeng District).

Yandu District occupies southwestern suburbs of Yancheng.

Transcriptions
Standard Mandarin
Hanyu PinyinYánchéng
Wu
Romanizationyiezen
Yue: Cantonese
Jyutpingjim4sing4
Climate data for Yancheng 1981-2010
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 19.9
(67.8)
25.0
(77.0)
26.6
(79.9)
32.5
(90.5)
35.4
(95.7)
37.2
(99.0)
37.9
(100.2)
38.1
(100.6)
35.5
(95.9)
31.4
(88.5)
27.3
(81.1)
20.2
(68.4)
38.1
(100.6)
Average high °C (°F) 6.1
(43.0)
8.2
(46.8)
12.7
(54.9)
19.2
(66.6)
24.9
(76.8)
28.2
(82.8)
30.8
(87.4)
30.4
(86.7)
26.8
(80.2)
22.1
(71.8)
15.4
(59.7)
8.8
(47.8)
19.5
(67.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) 1.7
(35.1)
3.5
(38.3)
7.6
(45.7)
13.6
(56.5)
19.3
(66.7)
23.4
(74.1)
26.9
(80.4)
26.5
(79.7)
22.4
(72.3)
16.9
(62.4)
10.3
(50.5)
4.0
(39.2)
14.7
(58.4)
Average low °C (°F) −1.7
(28.9)
−0.1
(31.8)
3.6
(38.5)
8.8
(47.8)
14.6
(58.3)
19.6
(67.3)
23.8
(74.8)
23.4
(74.1)
18.9
(66.0)
12.9
(55.2)
6.3
(43.3)
0.4
(32.7)
10.9
(51.6)
Record low °C (°F) −13.5
(7.7)
−11.2
(11.8)
−6.4
(20.5)
−0.3
(31.5)
5.2
(41.4)
11.1
(52.0)
17.5
(63.5)
17.5
(63.5)
10.6
(51.1)
2.2
(36.0)
−4.5
(23.9)
−10.2
(13.6)
−13.5
(7.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 30.4
(1.20)
34.2
(1.35)
53.6
(2.11)
52.1
(2.05)
77.7
(3.06)
121.2
(4.77)
228.7
(9.00)
172.9
(6.81)
106.4
(4.19)
50.1
(1.97)
50.3
(1.98)
24.1
(0.95)
1,001.7
(39.44)
Source: "中国气象数据网". 国家气象信息中心.
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